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Assessment of the ecological and trophic status of Lake Bafa (Turkey) based on phytoplankton

Year 2021, Volume 38, Issue 2, 135 - 146, 15.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.2.01

Abstract



Phytoplankton groups are one of the major quality element to be used in the evaluation of the trophic and ecological state of freshwater ecosystems according to the EU Water Framework Directive. This research was made to assess the trophic and ecological status of Lake Bafa in Turkey, on the basis of phytoplankton communities. Büyük Menderes River is one of the most important factor that carries pollutants to Lake Bafa. The eight sampling station were assigned to evaluate the ecological and trophic state of the lake. Phytoplankton species were collected monthly for 2 years study period. Most commonly used phtoplankton indices Q index and Carlson’s Trophic State Index (TSI), and different versions of diversity indices were used to estimate trophic and ecological state of the lake. Similarities between the sampling stations were clustured by using the unweighted pair group method using arithmetic average (UPGMA), based on phytoplankton communities. Correlations between the applied indices were determined by using Pearson Correlation. After the identification of collected phytoplanktons, total of 63 taxa which belong to classis of Cyanophyceae (11.2%), Bacillariophyceae (49.2%), Chlorophyceae (23.8%), Xanthophyceae (1.5%), Euglenophyceae (11.2%) and Dinophyceae (3.1%) were detected. The 1st and 2nd stations were the most similar stations to each other (88%) according to phytoplankton communities. Secchi disc depth (SD) and TP played an important role in the distribution of phytoplankton species in Lake Bafa. The highest significant positive correlation was determined between Q and TSI (r = 0.987, p˂0.01). Considering the TDI values in the phytoplankton composition of the lake, it can be said that although the productivity status of the studied lake is still “mesotrophic”, it has a tendency towards “eutrophic” state. According to the Q values, the first five stations reflect the moderate ecological state, while the 6th, 7th and 8th stations represent the poor ecological state.


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Bafa Gölü'nün (Türkiye) ekolojik ve trofik durumunun fitoplankton bazlı değerlendirilmesi

Year 2021, Volume 38, Issue 2, 135 - 146, 15.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.2.01

Abstract



Fitoplankton, AB Su Çerçeve Direktifi'ne göre tatlı su ekosistemlerinin trofik ve ekolojik durumunun değerlendirilmesinde kullanılan en önemli kalite unsurlarından biridir. Bu araştırma, Bafa Gölü'nün trofik ve ekolojik durumunu fitoplankton grupları temel alarak değerlendirmek için yapılmıştır. Büyük Menderes Nehri, kirleticileri Bafa Gölü'ne taşıyan en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Gölün ekolojik ve trofik durumunu değerlendirmek için sekiz örnekleme istasyonu belirlenmiştir. Fitoplankton türleri 2 yıllık çalışma süresi boyunca aylık olarak toplanmıştır. Gölün trofik ve ekolojik durumunu tahmin etmek için en yaygın kullanılan fitoplankton indeksleri Q indeksi ve Carlson'un Trofik Durum İndeksi (TDI) ve çeşitlilik indekslerinin farklı versiyonları kullanılmıştır. Uygulanan indeksler arasındaki korelasyonlar Pearson Korelasyonu kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Örnekleme istasyonları arasındaki benzerlikler, fitoplankton topluluklarına dayanan aritmetik ortalama ile ağırlıksız çift grup metodu (UPGMA) kümeleme yöntemiyle belirlenmiştir. Toplanan fitoplankton örneklerinin tanımlanmasından sonra, Cyanophyceae (11.2%), Bacillariophyceae (49.2%), Chlorophyceae (23.8%), Xanthophyceae (1.5%), Euglenophyceae (11.2%) ve Dinophyceae (3.1%) sınıflarına ait toplam 63 takson tespit edilmiştir. Fitoplankton topluluklarına göre 1. ve 2. istasyonlar (%88) birbirlerine en yakın istasyonlar olduğu görülmüştür. Secchi disk derinliği (SD) ve TP Bafa Gölünde fitoplankton türlerine dağılımında önemli rol oynamıştır. En yüksek anlamlı pozitif korelasyon Q ve TDI arasında belirlenmiştir (r =0.987, p˂0.01). Gölün fitoplankton dağılımındaki TDI değerleri göz önüne alındığında, incelenen gölün verimlilik durumu halen “mezotrofik” olmakla birlikte, “ötrofik” duruma doğru bir eğilim gösterdiği söylenebilir. Q değerlerine göre, ilk beş istasyon orta ekolojik durumu yansıtırken, 6., 7. ve 8. istasyonlar kötü ekolojik durumu temsil etmektedir.




References

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  • Çelekli, A. & Öztürk, B. (2014). Determination of ecological status and ecological preferences of phytoplankton using multivariate approach in a Mediterranean reservoir. Hydrobiologia, 740, 115–135. DOI:10.1007/s10750-014-1948-8
  • Çelekli, A., Toudjani, A.A., Lekesiz, H.Ö. & Çetin, T. (2018). Ecological quality assessment of running waters in the North Aegean catchment with diatom metrics and multivariate approach. Limnologica, 73, 20-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2018.09.001
  • Çelekli, A. & Lekesiz, Ö. (2020). Eco-assessment of West Mediterranean basin’s rivers (Turkey) using diatom metrics and multivariate approaches. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27, 27796–27806. DOI:10.1007/s11356-020-09140-1
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  • Feret, L., Bouchez, A. & Rimet, F. (2017). Benthic diatom communities in high altitude lakes: a large scale study in the French Alps. Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology, 53, 411–423. DOI:10.1051/limn/2017025
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  • Gürbüz, H. & Altuner, Z. (2000). Palandöken (Tekederesi) Göleti fitoplankton toplulugu üzerinde kalitatif ve kantitatif bir arastırma. Turkish Journal of Biology, 24, 13–30.
  • Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta Diatome Heft: 10 A Pascher DieSusswasser Flore Mitteleuropas. Ed. Gustav Fischer Pub., Jena, 466p, Germany.
  • İşbakan Taş, B., Gönülol, A. & Taş, E. (2002). A study on the seasonal variation of the phytoplankton of Lake Cernek (Samsun-Turkey), Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2, 1231-128.
  • James, F.C. & McCulloch, C.F. (1990). Multivariate analysis in ecology and systematics: Panacea or pandora’s box. Annual Review of Ecology, 21, 129-66. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.es.21.110190.001021
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Limnology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Atakan SUKATAR
EGE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1895-0165
Türkiye


Alperen ERTAŞ (Primary Author)
EGE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
0000-0001-8510-6100
Türkiye


Rıza AKGÜL
MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BURDUR MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0002-0280-2897
Türkiye


İnci TÜNEY KIZILKAYA
EGE UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0293-6964
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TUBİTAK
Project Number 114Y249
Thanks Bu araştırmaya verdikleri desteklerden ötürü Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TUBİTAK)'a yazarlar teşekkür etmektedir. (TUBITAK, Proje no: 114Y249)
Publication Date June 15, 2021
Application Date March 22, 2020
Acceptance Date December 20, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 38, Issue 2

Cite

APA Sukatar, A. , Ertaş, A. , Akgül, R. & Tüney Kızılkaya, İ. (2021). Assessment of the ecological and trophic status of Lake Bafa (Turkey) based on phytoplankton . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 38 (2) , 135-146 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.38.2.01