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Effects of various environments on number of cocoon and offspring in breeding of southern medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 207 - 211, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.01

Abstract

Breeding medicinal leeches in controlled environments is extremely important in order to prevent their extinction. Moreover, due to medicinal leeches coming into contact with the patient's blood, breeding medicinal leeches in hygienic conditions is essential to prevent possible complications. In this study, breeding patterns of Hirudo verbana were studied in controlled conditions and the effects of various moist environments were examined. Peat, hydrogel and chopped sponge materials were compared in terms of number of cocoon and offspring in medicinal leech breeding. Peat and hydrogel environments didn’t show any statistically significant difference for number of cocoon and offspring breeding. Cocoon per leech was 3.13 ± 0.74 for peat and 2.80 ± 0.56 for hydrogel respectively. Offspring per cocoon was 11.81 ± 2.27 for peat and 12.52 ± 1.98 for hydrogel (P>0.05) respectively. In conclusion, hydrogel could be a new material for medicinal leech cocoon deposition environment especially for laboratory breeders.

References

  • Abobatta, W. (2018). Impact of hydrogel polymer in agricultural sector. Advances in Agriculture and Environmental Science: Open Access (AAEOA), 1(2), 59–64. DOI:10.30881/aaeoa.00011
  • Ahmed, E. M. (2015). Hydrogel: Preparation, characterization, and applications: A review. Journal of Advanced Research, 6(2), 105–121. DOI:10.1016/j.jare.2013.07.006
  • Ceylan, M., Çetinkaya, O., Küçükkara, R., & Akçimen, U. (2015). Reproduction efficiency of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15, 411–418. DOI:10.4194/1303-2712-v15_2_27
  • Elliott, J. M., & Kutschera, U. (2011). Medicinal Leeches: Historical use, Ecology, Genetics and Conservation. Freshwater Reviews, 4(1), 21–41. DOI:10.1608/FRJ-4.1.417
  • Gileva, O., & Mumcuoglu, K. (2013). Hirudotherapy. In Biotherapy - History, Principles and Practice (pp. 31–76). DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-6585-6_3
  • J. Wilkin, P., & M. Scofield, A. (1991). Growth of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, under natural and laboratory conditions. Freshwater Biology (Vol. 25). DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2427.1991.tb01398.x
  • Küster, E. (1972). MICROBIOLOGY OF PEAT. In Acta Horticulturae (pp. 23–28). International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1972.26.3
  • Kutschera, U., & Elliott, J. (2014). The European medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis L.: Morphology and occurrence of an endangered species. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 90(2), 271–280. DOI:10.3897/zse.90.8715
  • McLoughlin, N. J., & Davies, R. W. (1996). The effects of feeding regime on the growth and reproduction of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 36(3), 563–568.
  • Michalsen, A., Roth, M., & Dobos, G. (2007). Medicinal Leech Therapy.
  • Narjary, B., Aggarwal, P., Kumar, S., & Meena, M. D. (2013). Significance of hydrogel. Indian Farming, 62(10), 15–17.
  • Petrauskiene, L., Utevska, O., & Utevsky, S. (2009). Can different species of medicinal leeches (Hirudospp.) interbreed? Invertebrate Biology, 128(4), 324–331. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2009.00180.x
  • Saglam, N. (2017). Basic Principles of Breeding of Medicinal Leech, Hirudo verbana.
  • Saglam, N. (2018). The effects of environmental factors on leeches. Adv Agr Environ Sci., 1, 1–3. DOI:10.30881/aaeoa.00001
  • Saglam, N., Saunders, R., Lang, S. A., & Shain, D. H. (2016). A new species of Hirudo (Annelida: Hirudinidae): historical biogeography of Eurasian medicinal leeches. BMC Zoology, 1(1), 5. DOI:10.1186/s40850-016-0002-x
  • Spencer, W., & Jones, G. (2007). The captive breeding and educational display of the Medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus 1758) at Bristol Zoo Gardens. International Zoo Yearbook, 41(1), 138–144. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2007.00005.x
  • Zhang, B., Lin, Q., Lin, J., Chu, X., & Lu, J. (2008). Effects of broodstock density and diet on reproduction and juvenile culture of the Leech, Hirudinaria manillensis Lesson, 1842. Aquaculture, 276(1), 198–204. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.02.003

Güney tıbbi sülüğü, Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820 yetiştiriciliğinde farklı ortamların koza ve yavru sayısına etkisi

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 207 - 211, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.01

Abstract

Tıbbi sülüklerin kontrollü ortamda yetiştiriciliğinin yapılabilmesi, sülük neslinin tükenmesinin engellenmesi için büyük önem taşımaktadır. Ayrıca tıbbi sülüklerin, hijyenik koşullarda yetiştirilmesi, insan sağlığı için kullanım aşamasında istenmeyen komplikasyonların engellenmesi için gereklidir. Bu çalışmada, Hirudo verbana türünün yetiştiriciliği kontrollü ortamlarda yürütülmüş ve çeşitli nemli ortamların etkileri incelenmiştir. Torf, hidrojel ve kırpılmış süngerin koza ve koza içindeki yavru sayısı üzerine etkileri karşılaştırılmıştır. Torf ve hidrojel ortamları koza ve yavru sayısına etki edecek istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir farklılık göstermemiştir. Sülük başına koza sayısı torf için 3.13 ± 0.74, hidrojel için ise 2.80 ± 0.56 olarak belirlenmiştir. Koza başına yavru sayısı torf için 11.81 ± 2.27 hidrojel için ise 12.52 ± 1.98 olarak belirlenmiştir (P>0.05). Sonuç olarak, hidrojel özellikle laboratuvarda tıbbi sülük üretimi yapanlar için yeni bir koza bırakma ortamı materyali olabilecektir. 

References

  • Abobatta, W. (2018). Impact of hydrogel polymer in agricultural sector. Advances in Agriculture and Environmental Science: Open Access (AAEOA), 1(2), 59–64. DOI:10.30881/aaeoa.00011
  • Ahmed, E. M. (2015). Hydrogel: Preparation, characterization, and applications: A review. Journal of Advanced Research, 6(2), 105–121. DOI:10.1016/j.jare.2013.07.006
  • Ceylan, M., Çetinkaya, O., Küçükkara, R., & Akçimen, U. (2015). Reproduction efficiency of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15, 411–418. DOI:10.4194/1303-2712-v15_2_27
  • Elliott, J. M., & Kutschera, U. (2011). Medicinal Leeches: Historical use, Ecology, Genetics and Conservation. Freshwater Reviews, 4(1), 21–41. DOI:10.1608/FRJ-4.1.417
  • Gileva, O., & Mumcuoglu, K. (2013). Hirudotherapy. In Biotherapy - History, Principles and Practice (pp. 31–76). DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-6585-6_3
  • J. Wilkin, P., & M. Scofield, A. (1991). Growth of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, under natural and laboratory conditions. Freshwater Biology (Vol. 25). DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2427.1991.tb01398.x
  • Küster, E. (1972). MICROBIOLOGY OF PEAT. In Acta Horticulturae (pp. 23–28). International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1972.26.3
  • Kutschera, U., & Elliott, J. (2014). The European medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis L.: Morphology and occurrence of an endangered species. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 90(2), 271–280. DOI:10.3897/zse.90.8715
  • McLoughlin, N. J., & Davies, R. W. (1996). The effects of feeding regime on the growth and reproduction of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 36(3), 563–568.
  • Michalsen, A., Roth, M., & Dobos, G. (2007). Medicinal Leech Therapy.
  • Narjary, B., Aggarwal, P., Kumar, S., & Meena, M. D. (2013). Significance of hydrogel. Indian Farming, 62(10), 15–17.
  • Petrauskiene, L., Utevska, O., & Utevsky, S. (2009). Can different species of medicinal leeches (Hirudospp.) interbreed? Invertebrate Biology, 128(4), 324–331. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2009.00180.x
  • Saglam, N. (2017). Basic Principles of Breeding of Medicinal Leech, Hirudo verbana.
  • Saglam, N. (2018). The effects of environmental factors on leeches. Adv Agr Environ Sci., 1, 1–3. DOI:10.30881/aaeoa.00001
  • Saglam, N., Saunders, R., Lang, S. A., & Shain, D. H. (2016). A new species of Hirudo (Annelida: Hirudinidae): historical biogeography of Eurasian medicinal leeches. BMC Zoology, 1(1), 5. DOI:10.1186/s40850-016-0002-x
  • Spencer, W., & Jones, G. (2007). The captive breeding and educational display of the Medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus 1758) at Bristol Zoo Gardens. International Zoo Yearbook, 41(1), 138–144. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2007.00005.x
  • Zhang, B., Lin, Q., Lin, J., Chu, X., & Lu, J. (2008). Effects of broodstock density and diet on reproduction and juvenile culture of the Leech, Hirudinaria manillensis Lesson, 1842. Aquaculture, 276(1), 198–204. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.02.003

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology, Limnology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Bahadir UĞURAL (Primary Author)
İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7379-5826
Türkiye


Ramazan SEREZLİ This is me
İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4819-6607
Türkiye

Supporting Institution İzmir Katip Çelebi University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit
Project Number 2014-TYL-FEBE-0039
Thanks This study is part of the Master thesis of Bahadır UĞURAL and supported by İzmir Katip Çelebi University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit (Project No: 2014-TYL-FEBE-0039). We sincerely thank Dr. Viktor Saltykov for advising us to use hydrogel.
Publication Date September 15, 2020
Application Date October 12, 2019
Acceptance Date January 28, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3

Cite

APA Uğural, B. & Serezli, R. (2020). Effects of various environments on number of cocoon and offspring in breeding of southern medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820 . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (3) , 207-211 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.3.01