In this study, it was investigated that changed catch composition
reflected on characteristics of small scale fishing gear in Gökova Bay. For
this purpose technical characteristic of fishing gears, used in cooperative
members of Akyaka, Akçapınar and Akbük, were identified. FAO standardizations
were taken into consideration when technical drawing of fishing gear. The
changes in fishing gears have been presented to be compared with the previous
studies in the same region. In total 11 different nets, 5 gillnet, 5 trammel
net and combine (gill+trammel net), were identifies in the Gökova bay. In
additon, 3 different longline called thin, middle and thick were presented. The
most important changes were found in gillnets. While three type of gillnets,
red mullet, Atlantic bonito and sardine were used before 2005, five different
gillnets, red mullet, pink dentex, yem, air species, Atlantic bonito were
identified. For trammel nets, shrimp and bilidye nettings are no longer used.
There are some differences on technical structures (hanging ratio, length,
height, etc.) of both gill and trammel nets used before and after 2005.
Possible reason for these differences in inhabiting of lessepsian and invasive
species and to begin to exploit them commercially. In such areas where catch
composition changes, similar studies will be repeated at certain times to
contribute to better management of fisheries.