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Avrupa Deniz Levreği (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) balıklarında aşılamanın beslenme ve gelişim üzerine etkisi

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 157 - 162, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.10

Abstract

Öz: Bu çalışma İzmir’in Çeşme ilçesindeki Gerence Körfezinde yer alan özel bir su ürünleri yetiştiricilik işletmesine ait çipura-levrek üretim tesisinde toplam 91 gün süreyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Deneme süresince ortalama canlı ağırlıkları 35,6±1 g olan Avrupa deniz levreği (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) balıkları, 20m çaplı 4 adet dairesel ağ kafes içinde 50.000’er adet olacak şekilde yerleştirilmiştir. Ağ kafeslerden A1 ve A2 (grup A) grubunda olan balıklara aşı uygulaması yapılmış, B1 ve B2 (grup B) grubunda yer alanlara ise aşı uygulaması yapılmamış ve bu gruptaki balıklar kontrol grubu olarak ayrılmıştır. Çalışma süresince ortam koşulları ve enjeksiyon yöntemiyle aşı yapılan levrek yavrularının aşı yapılmayanlara göre gelişimleri karşılaştırılmış, Mortalite oranları, Yem Dönüşüm oranı (FCR), Kondüsyon faktörü (CF) ve Spesifik Büyüme Oranı (SGR) değerleri tespit edilmiştir. Buna göre aşılamanın gelişim üzerinde pozitif etkisi olduğu gözlenmiş ve sonuçlarla ilgili önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

Anahtar kelimeler: Avrupa Deniz Levreği, Dicentrarchus labrax, Aşılama, Gelişim, FCR, SGR, CF

References

  • Adams, A., & Thompson, K. D. (2006). Biotechnology offers revolution to fish health management. Trends in Biotechnology, 24 (5), 201-205. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2006.03.004
  • Akhan, S., Tanrıkul, T., T., Balta, F. & Serezli, R. (2003). Analyzing the effect of oxytetracycline on phagocytic activity of neutrophiles in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) (in Turkish with English abstract). Fırat Üniversitesi Science and Engineering Sciences Magazine, 15(3):1300-2708.
  • Angelidis, P. (2006). Immersion booster vaccination effect on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) juveniles. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 90:1-2, P.46-49. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2005.00572.x
  • Bassompierre, M., Ostenfeld, T.H., McLean, E., & Torrissen, K. (1998). Growth and in vitro protein digestion of Atlantic salmon with genetically different trypsin isozymes. Aquaculture International (6), 47–56. doi: 10.1023/A:1009269703297
  • Berg, A., Rodseth, O.M., & Hansen, T. (2007). Fish size at vaccination influence the development of sideeffects in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture, (265), 9-15. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.02.014
  • Buchmann, K., Dalsgaard, I., Nielsen, M.E., Pedersen, K., Uldal, A., Garcia, J.A., & Larsen, J.L. (1997). Vaccination improves survival of Baltic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts in delayed release sea ranching (net-pen period). Aquaculture (156), 339– 351.
  • Çağırgan, H. (2004). Vaccine development in sea bass fry (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758) against vibriosis (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, (21), (3-4): 271– 274.
  • Hill, B.J. (2005). The need for effective disease control in international aquaculture. Development in Biological Standardization, (121), 3-12.
  • Hjeltnes, B., Andersen, K., & Ellingsen, H.M. (1989). Vaccination against Vibrio salmonicida: the effect of different routes of administration and of revaccination. Aquaculture, (83) 1-2, 1-6.
  • doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(89)90055-0
  • Johnson, K.A., Flynn, J.K., & Amend, D.F. (1982). Duration of immunity in salmonids vaccinated by direct immersion with Yersinia ruckeri and Vibrio anguillarum bacterins. Journal of Fish Diseases, 5:3, 207-213. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.1982.tb00475.x
  • Kitlen, J.W., Hejbøl, E.K., Zinck, T., Varming, K., Byatt, J.C., & McLean, E. (1997). Growth performance and respiratory burst activity in rainbow trout treated with growth hormone and vaccine. Fish and Shellfish Immunology (7), 297– 304. doi: 10.1006/fsim.1997.0085
  • Korkut, A. Y., Temelli, B. & Vural, A. F. (1995). A research on feeding and growing of sea basses (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758) in different water temperatures (in Turkish with English abstract). S.D.Ü. Journal of Eğirdir Faculty of Fisheries, (4):201-210.
  • Korkut, Y.A., Kop, A., Demirtaş, N., & Cihaner, A. (2007). Monitoring Methods of Growth Performance in Fish Feding. (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 24 (1-2): 201-205.
  • Koskela, J., Pirhonen, J. & Jobling, M. (1997). Growth and Feeding Responses of a Hatchery Population of Brown Trout (Salmo trutta L.) at Low Temperatures. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, (6): 116-121. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0633.1997.tb00152.x
  • Koskela, J., Rahkonen R. Pasternack M., & Knuutinen H. (2004). Effect of immunization with two commercial vaccines on feed intake, growth, and lysozyme activity in European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.). Aquaculture (234), 41–50. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.11.036
  • Lanari, D., Ballestrazzi, R., Tulli, F. & Tibaldi, E. (1991). Effect of Dietary Fatty Acids Ca Salt on Performance and Body Composition on Juvenile Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), IV.International Symposium on Fish Nutrition and Feeding, Piarritz, 891 - 896. In: Akbulut, B., Şahin, T., Aksungur, M., Aksungur, N., Ertegen, A., 1999, Sea Bass Aquaculture in Black Sea, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon.
  • LeRuyet, P., Mahé, K., Le Bayon, N & LeDelliou, H. (2004). Effects of temperature on growth and metabolism in a Mediterranean population of European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Aquaculture, 237 (1-4): 269-280. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.04.021
  • Lillehaug, A. (1990). A field trial of vaccination against cold-water vibriozis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture, 87:1, 1-12. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(90)90295-X
  • Lillehaug, A. (1991). Vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against cold-water vibriozis duration of protection and effect on growth rate. Aquaculture, 92 (2-3), 99-107. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(91)90011-U
  • Lillehaug, A. (1997). Vaccination strategies in seawater cage culture of salmonids. Development of Biology. (90):401-8.
  • McLean, E., Devlin, R.H., Byatt, J.C., Clarke, W.C. & Donaldson, E.M. (1997). Evaluation of a controlled release formulation of recombinant bovine growth hormone on growth and seawater adaption in coho Oncorhynchus kisutch and chinook O. tshawytscha salmon. Aquaculture (156), 113–128. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00071-9
  • Melingen, G.O., & Wergeland, H.I. (2002). Physiological effects of an oil-adjuvanted vaccine on out-of-season Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolt. Aquaculture (214), 397–409. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00867-5
  • Midtlyng, P.J. (1996). A field study on intraperitoneal vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against furunculosis. Fish Shellfish Immunology (6), 553-565. doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0052
  • Midtlyng, P.J., Reitan, L.J. & Speilberg, L. (1996b). Experimental studies on the efficacy and side-effects of intraperitoneal vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against furunculosis. Fish Shellfish Immunology (6), 335-350. doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0034
  • Midtlyng, P.J., & Lillehaug, A. (1998). Growth of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar after intraperitioneal administration of vaccines containing adjuvant. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (32), 91– 97. doi:10.3354/dao032091
  • Neary E. T., Develi N., & Yüksel S. A. (2008). Use of Fish Vaccine in Aquaculture (in Turkish with English abstract). Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG), 25(2), 29-35.
  • Pylkko, P., Lyytikäinen, T., Ritola, O.., Pelkonen, S., & Valtonen E. T. (2002). Temperature effect on the immune defense functions of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus. Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms. (52): 47–55. doi:10.3354/dao052047
  • Rønsholdt, B., & McLean, E. (1999). The effect of vaccine components upon short-term growth and feed conversion efficiency in rainbow trout. Aquaculture (174), 213– 221. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00016-2
  • Siwicki, A., K., Morand, M., Kazun, K., Keck, N., Gtqbski, E., & Mataczewska, J. (2002). Applıcatıon of anti-stress products in aquaculture: influence of propiscin on the effectiveness of an anti-Yersinia ruckeri vaccine in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Archives of Polish Fisheries 10 (2): 143-152.
  • Sommerset I., Krossoy B., Biering E., & Frost P. (2005). Vaccines for fish in aquaculture. Expert Review Vaccines 4(1), 89-101. doi:10.1586/14760584.4.1.89
  • Sorum, U., & Damsgård, B. (2003). Effects of anaesthetisation and vaccination on feed intake and growth of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture (232):333-341.
  • Tanrıkul, T.T. (1995). Bacterial fish vaccines and vaccination methods (in Turkish with English abstract). The Journal of Bornova Veterinary Science (19):33-40.
  • Türk, N. (2000). Vibriosis, yersiniosis, streptococcus infections (in Turkish with English abstract). The Journal of Bornova Veterinary Science (23):23-32.
  • Viale, L., Cubadda, C., Angelucci, G., & Salati, F. (2006). Immunization of european sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1758, fingerlings with a commercial vaccine against vibriozis: a one year survey on antibody level, diseases and growth. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 18(3). doi: 10.1300/J028v18n03_04
  • Zanuy, S. & Carrillo, M. (1985). Annual Cycles of Growth, Feeding Rate, Gross Conversion Efficiency and Hematocrit Levels of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Adapted to Two Different Osmotic Media (in Turkish). Aquaculture, 44, 11 - 25. In: Akbulut, B., Şahin, T., Aksungur, M., Aksungur, N., Ertegen, A., 1999, Sea Bass Aquaculture in Black Sea, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon.

Avrupa Deniz Levreği (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) balıklarında aşılamanın beslenme ve gelişim üzerine etkisi

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 157 - 162, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.10

Abstract

Bu çalışma İzmir’in Çeşme ilçesindeki Gerence Körfezinde yer alan özel bir su ürünleri yetiştiricilik işletmesine ait çipura-levrek üretim tesisinde toplam 91 gün süreyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Deneme süresince ortalama canlı ağırlıkları 35,6±1 g olan Avrupa deniz levreği (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) balıkları, 20m çaplı 4 adet dairesel ağ kafes içinde 50.000’er adet olacak şekilde yerleştirilmiştir. Ağ kafeslerden A1 ve A2 (grup A) grubunda olan balıklara aşı uygulaması yapılmış, B1 ve B2 (grup B) grubunda yer alanlara ise aşı uygulaması yapılmamış ve bu gruptaki balıklar kontrol grubu olarak ayrılmıştır. Çalışma süresince ortam koşulları ve enjeksiyon yöntemiyle aşı yapılan levrek yavrularının aşı yapılmayanlara göre gelişimleri karşılaştırılmış, Mortalite oranları, Yem Dönüşüm oranı (FCR), Kondüsyon faktörü (CF) ve Spesifik Büyüme Oranı (SGR) değerleri tespit edilmiştir. Buna göre aşılamanın gelişim üzerinde pozitif etkisi olduğu gözlenmiş ve sonuçlarla ilgili önerilerde bulunulmuştur

References

  • Adams, A., & Thompson, K. D. (2006). Biotechnology offers revolution to fish health management. Trends in Biotechnology, 24 (5), 201-205. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2006.03.004
  • Akhan, S., Tanrıkul, T., T., Balta, F. & Serezli, R. (2003). Analyzing the effect of oxytetracycline on phagocytic activity of neutrophiles in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) (in Turkish with English abstract). Fırat Üniversitesi Science and Engineering Sciences Magazine, 15(3):1300-2708.
  • Angelidis, P. (2006). Immersion booster vaccination effect on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) juveniles. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 90:1-2, P.46-49. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2005.00572.x
  • Bassompierre, M., Ostenfeld, T.H., McLean, E., & Torrissen, K. (1998). Growth and in vitro protein digestion of Atlantic salmon with genetically different trypsin isozymes. Aquaculture International (6), 47–56. doi: 10.1023/A:1009269703297
  • Berg, A., Rodseth, O.M., & Hansen, T. (2007). Fish size at vaccination influence the development of sideeffects in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture, (265), 9-15. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.02.014
  • Buchmann, K., Dalsgaard, I., Nielsen, M.E., Pedersen, K., Uldal, A., Garcia, J.A., & Larsen, J.L. (1997). Vaccination improves survival of Baltic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts in delayed release sea ranching (net-pen period). Aquaculture (156), 339– 351.
  • Çağırgan, H. (2004). Vaccine development in sea bass fry (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758) against vibriosis (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, (21), (3-4): 271– 274.
  • Hill, B.J. (2005). The need for effective disease control in international aquaculture. Development in Biological Standardization, (121), 3-12.
  • Hjeltnes, B., Andersen, K., & Ellingsen, H.M. (1989). Vaccination against Vibrio salmonicida: the effect of different routes of administration and of revaccination. Aquaculture, (83) 1-2, 1-6.
  • doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(89)90055-0
  • Johnson, K.A., Flynn, J.K., & Amend, D.F. (1982). Duration of immunity in salmonids vaccinated by direct immersion with Yersinia ruckeri and Vibrio anguillarum bacterins. Journal of Fish Diseases, 5:3, 207-213. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.1982.tb00475.x
  • Kitlen, J.W., Hejbøl, E.K., Zinck, T., Varming, K., Byatt, J.C., & McLean, E. (1997). Growth performance and respiratory burst activity in rainbow trout treated with growth hormone and vaccine. Fish and Shellfish Immunology (7), 297– 304. doi: 10.1006/fsim.1997.0085
  • Korkut, A. Y., Temelli, B. & Vural, A. F. (1995). A research on feeding and growing of sea basses (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758) in different water temperatures (in Turkish with English abstract). S.D.Ü. Journal of Eğirdir Faculty of Fisheries, (4):201-210.
  • Korkut, Y.A., Kop, A., Demirtaş, N., & Cihaner, A. (2007). Monitoring Methods of Growth Performance in Fish Feding. (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 24 (1-2): 201-205.
  • Koskela, J., Pirhonen, J. & Jobling, M. (1997). Growth and Feeding Responses of a Hatchery Population of Brown Trout (Salmo trutta L.) at Low Temperatures. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, (6): 116-121. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0633.1997.tb00152.x
  • Koskela, J., Rahkonen R. Pasternack M., & Knuutinen H. (2004). Effect of immunization with two commercial vaccines on feed intake, growth, and lysozyme activity in European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.). Aquaculture (234), 41–50. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.11.036
  • Lanari, D., Ballestrazzi, R., Tulli, F. & Tibaldi, E. (1991). Effect of Dietary Fatty Acids Ca Salt on Performance and Body Composition on Juvenile Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), IV.International Symposium on Fish Nutrition and Feeding, Piarritz, 891 - 896. In: Akbulut, B., Şahin, T., Aksungur, M., Aksungur, N., Ertegen, A., 1999, Sea Bass Aquaculture in Black Sea, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon.
  • LeRuyet, P., Mahé, K., Le Bayon, N & LeDelliou, H. (2004). Effects of temperature on growth and metabolism in a Mediterranean population of European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Aquaculture, 237 (1-4): 269-280. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.04.021
  • Lillehaug, A. (1990). A field trial of vaccination against cold-water vibriozis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture, 87:1, 1-12. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(90)90295-X
  • Lillehaug, A. (1991). Vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against cold-water vibriozis duration of protection and effect on growth rate. Aquaculture, 92 (2-3), 99-107. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(91)90011-U
  • Lillehaug, A. (1997). Vaccination strategies in seawater cage culture of salmonids. Development of Biology. (90):401-8.
  • McLean, E., Devlin, R.H., Byatt, J.C., Clarke, W.C. & Donaldson, E.M. (1997). Evaluation of a controlled release formulation of recombinant bovine growth hormone on growth and seawater adaption in coho Oncorhynchus kisutch and chinook O. tshawytscha salmon. Aquaculture (156), 113–128. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00071-9
  • Melingen, G.O., & Wergeland, H.I. (2002). Physiological effects of an oil-adjuvanted vaccine on out-of-season Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolt. Aquaculture (214), 397–409. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00867-5
  • Midtlyng, P.J. (1996). A field study on intraperitoneal vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against furunculosis. Fish Shellfish Immunology (6), 553-565. doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0052
  • Midtlyng, P.J., Reitan, L.J. & Speilberg, L. (1996b). Experimental studies on the efficacy and side-effects of intraperitoneal vaccination of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against furunculosis. Fish Shellfish Immunology (6), 335-350. doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0034
  • Midtlyng, P.J., & Lillehaug, A. (1998). Growth of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar after intraperitioneal administration of vaccines containing adjuvant. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (32), 91– 97. doi:10.3354/dao032091
  • Neary E. T., Develi N., & Yüksel S. A. (2008). Use of Fish Vaccine in Aquaculture (in Turkish with English abstract). Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG), 25(2), 29-35.
  • Pylkko, P., Lyytikäinen, T., Ritola, O.., Pelkonen, S., & Valtonen E. T. (2002). Temperature effect on the immune defense functions of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus. Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms. (52): 47–55. doi:10.3354/dao052047
  • Rønsholdt, B., & McLean, E. (1999). The effect of vaccine components upon short-term growth and feed conversion efficiency in rainbow trout. Aquaculture (174), 213– 221. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00016-2
  • Siwicki, A., K., Morand, M., Kazun, K., Keck, N., Gtqbski, E., & Mataczewska, J. (2002). Applıcatıon of anti-stress products in aquaculture: influence of propiscin on the effectiveness of an anti-Yersinia ruckeri vaccine in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Archives of Polish Fisheries 10 (2): 143-152.
  • Sommerset I., Krossoy B., Biering E., & Frost P. (2005). Vaccines for fish in aquaculture. Expert Review Vaccines 4(1), 89-101. doi:10.1586/14760584.4.1.89
  • Sorum, U., & Damsgård, B. (2003). Effects of anaesthetisation and vaccination on feed intake and growth of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture (232):333-341.
  • Tanrıkul, T.T. (1995). Bacterial fish vaccines and vaccination methods (in Turkish with English abstract). The Journal of Bornova Veterinary Science (19):33-40.
  • Türk, N. (2000). Vibriosis, yersiniosis, streptococcus infections (in Turkish with English abstract). The Journal of Bornova Veterinary Science (23):23-32.
  • Viale, L., Cubadda, C., Angelucci, G., & Salati, F. (2006). Immunization of european sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1758, fingerlings with a commercial vaccine against vibriozis: a one year survey on antibody level, diseases and growth. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 18(3). doi: 10.1300/J028v18n03_04
  • Zanuy, S. & Carrillo, M. (1985). Annual Cycles of Growth, Feeding Rate, Gross Conversion Efficiency and Hematocrit Levels of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Adapted to Two Different Osmotic Media (in Turkish). Aquaculture, 44, 11 - 25. In: Akbulut, B., Şahin, T., Aksungur, M., Aksungur, N., Ertegen, A., 1999, Sea Bass Aquaculture in Black Sea, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon.

Details

Journal Section Articles
Authors

Başak Özkesici


Ali Yıldırım Korkut


Aysun Kop
0000-0003-1724-5672


Ali Özcan Babaoğlu

Publication Date May 15, 2016
Application Date May 15, 2016
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2

Cite

APA Özkesici, B. , Korkut, A. Y. , Kop, A. & Babaoğlu, A. Ö. (2016). Avrupa Deniz Levreği (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) balıklarında aşılamanın beslenme ve gelişim üzerine etkisi . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 33 (2) , 157-162 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.10