Araştırma Makalesi
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Uzatma ağlarında ip kalınlığının Marmara Gölü’ndeki sazan (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) avcılığında av verimi ve seçicilik üzerine etkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2, 88 - 96, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.01

Öz



Bu çalışma ile sazan avcılığında kullanılan multifilament sade uzatma ağlarının ip kalınlığının, seçicilik ve av verimliliği üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Denemeler, Türkiye’nin batısındaki Marmara Gölü’nde, 140, 150, 160, 180, 200 mm tam göz boyundaki multifilament sade uzatma ağları ile iki farklı ip kalınlığında (210d/2 ve 210d/3), Haziran 2015 ve Aralık 2016 tarihleri arasında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Kalın ipte (210d/3), aynı göz genişliğindeki ince ipe göre (210d/2) daha yüksek model boyları, daha düşük birim çabaya düşen av miktarı (CPUE) değerleri ve daha düşük oranda yasal yakalama boyu (YYB) altında balık (180 ve 200 mm tam göz boyları hariç) elde edilmiştir. Her iki ip kalınlığında tüm ağ göz genişliklerinde YYB üzerinde model boyları sağlanmıştır. Ancak, tüm ağ boyları birlikte değerlendirildiğinde ince ipte YYB altı balık oranı (%8), toplam av için kabul edilen yasal sınırın (%5) üzerinde çıkmıştır. Sonuç olarak, kalın iple model boyları ve yayılım değerleri artmış, seçicilik ve av verimi azalmıştır.


Kaynakça

  • Anonymous. (2020). Notification 5/1 regulating (2020/20) commercial fishing for 2020-2024. The Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 69p. (in Turkish).
  • Aras, S. (2015). The investigation of effect of twine thickness on selectivity of gillnets used carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) catching. (Master's thesis, Tunceli University, Turkey). (in Turkish).
  • Armstrong, D.W., Ferro, R.S.T., MacLennan, D.N., & Reeves, S.A. (1990). Gear selectivity and the conservation of fish. Journal of Fish Biology, 37, 261-262. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1990.tb05060.x
  • Ayaz, A., Altinagac, U., Ozekinci, U., Ozen, O., Altın, A., & Ismen, A. (2011). Effect of twine thickness on selectivity of gillnets for bogue, Boops boops, in Turkish waters. Mediterranean Marine Science, 12(2), 358-368. DOI: 10.12681/mms.37
  • Aydın, C., Cilbiz, C., İlhan, A., & Sarı, H.M. (2016). Selectivity of multifilament trammel and gillnets for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Lake Marmara. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 33(3), 183-192. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.01
  • Balık, İ. (1999). Investigation of the selectivity of monofilament gillnets used in carp fishing (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Lake Beyşehir. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(2), 185-187.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2001a). The Effect of net colours on effeciency monofilament gillnets for catching some fish species in Lake Beyşehir. Turkish Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Sciences, 1, 29-32.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2001b). Catching efficiency of gillnets on capture of some fish species in Lake Uluabat. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(3-4), 149-154.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2004). Effect of net twine on efficiency of trammel nets for catching carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in Lake Beyşehir and silver crucian carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in Lake Eğirdir. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 4(1), 39-44.
  • Carol, J., & García Berthou, E. (2007). Gillnet selectivity and its relationship with body shape for eight freshwater fish species. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(6), 654-660. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00871.x
  • Cilbiz, M., Küçükkara, R., Ceylan, M., Savaşer, S., & Meke, T. (2015). Trammel net selectivity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Manyas Lake, Turkey. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 1(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.17216/limnofish.205728
  • Constat. (1998). GILLNET software. Granspaettevej 10, DK9800 Hjjlarring, Denmark.
  • Cui, G., Wardle, C.S., Glass, C.W., Johnstone A.D.F., & Mojsiewiez W.R. (1991). Light level thresholds for visual reactions of mackerel (Scombrus scombrus L.) to coloured monofilament nylon gillnet materials on apperance under water. Fisheries Research, 10, 225-263. DOI:10.1016/0165-7836(91)90079-U
  • Çetinkaya, O., Sarı, M., & Arabacı M. (1995). A preliminary study on catch composition and selectivity of the trammel net used in fishing of Chalcalburunus tarichi (Palas, 1811) in lake Van (Turkey). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12(1-2), 1-13.
  • Dartay, M., & Atessahin, T. (2017). Selectivity of gillnets with different characteristics for Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 caught in inland waters of Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(5), 3374-3378.
  • Feller, W. (1968). An introduction to probability theory and its application. New York: John Wiley and Sons Publishing.
  • Geldiay, R., & Balık, S. (2009). Freshwater fishes of Turkey. İzmir: Ege University Faculty of Fisheries Publications. (in Turkish).
  • Gray, C.A., Broadhurst, M.K., Johnson, D.D., & Young, D.J. (2005). Influences of hanging ratio, fishing height, twine diameter and material of bottom-set gillnets on catches of dusky flathead Platycephalus fuscus and non-target species in New South Wales, Australia. Fisheries Science, 71, 1217- 1228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2005.01086.x
  • Hamley, J.M. (1975). Review of gillnets selectivity. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 32, 1943-1969. DOI: 10.1139/f75-233
  • Hansen, R.G. (1974). Effect of different filament diameters on the selective action of monofilament gill nets. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 2, 386-387. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8659(1974)103<386:EODFDO>2.0.CO;2
  • Holst, R., Wıleman, D., & Madsen, N. (2002). The effect of twine thickness on the size selectivity and fishing power of Baltic cod gill nets. Fisheries Research, 56, 303-312. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00328-9 Hovgard, H. (1996). Effect of twine diameter on fishing power of experimental gill nets used in Greenland waters. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Aquatic Sciences, 53, 1014-1017. DOI:10.1139/f96-023
  • Hyvärinen, P., & Salojärvi, K. (1991). The applicability of catch per unit effort (CPUE) statistics in fisheries management in Lake Dulujärvi, Northern Finland. In I. G. Cowx (Ed.), Catch Effort Sampling Strategies (pp 241-261). Oxford: Fishing News Books . Jensen, J.W. (1995). Evaluating catches of salmonids taken by gillnets. Journal of Fish Biology, 46(5), 862-871. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1995.tb01609.x
  • Millar, R.B. (1992). Estimating the size-selectivity of fishing gear by conditioning on the total catch. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 87, 962-968. DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1992.10476250
  • Millar, R.B. (1995). The functional form of hook and gill net selection curves cannot be determined from comparative catch data alone. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 52(5), 883–891. DOI: 10.1139/f95-088
  • Millar, R.B., & Holst, R. (1997). Estimation of gillnet and hook selectivity using log-linear models. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 471-477. DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1996.0196
  • Millar, R.B., & Fryer, R.J. (1999). Estimating the size-selection curves of towed gears, traps, nets and hooks. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 9, 89-116. DOI: 10.1023/A:1008838220001
  • Özdemir, S., & Erdem, Y. (2006). Effect on catchability of species and species selectivity of structure properties and net material of gillnets. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23(3-4), 429-433.
  • Özyurt, C.E., & Avşar, D. (2005). Investigation of the selectivity parameters for carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in Seyhan Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29(2), 219-223.
  • Park, C.D., Jeong, E.C., Shın, J.K., An, H.C., & Fujimori, Y. (2004). Mesh selectivity of encircling gill net for gizzard shad Konosirus punctatus in the coastal sea of Korea. Fisheries Science, 70(4), 553-560. DOI:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2004.00840.x
  • Şen, Y. (2016). Determination of the selectivity and catching efficiency of the gill nets used for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Demirköprü Dam Lake. (Master's thesis, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Turkey). (in Turkish).
  • TUIK. (2020). Turkish Statistical Institute (Fishery Statistic). Retrieved from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1005 (15.03.2021).
  • Turunen, T. (1996). The effects of twine thickness on the catchability of gillnets for pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca (L.)). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 33: 621-625.
  • Yalçın, N. (2006). Comparison of the selectivity parameters for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L, 1758) and mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758 var. specularis) in Dam Lakes. In 1st Fish Introduction and Reservoir Management Symposium 2006 (pp. 11-19). Antalya, Turkey: Proceedings Book.
  • Yokota, K., Fujimori, Y., Shıode, D., & Tokai, T. (2001). Effect of thin twine on gill net size-selectivity analyzed with the direct estimation method. Fisheries Science, 67, 851-856. DOI: 10.1046/j.1444-2906.2001.00332.x
  • Yüksel, F., & Aydın, F. (2012). Gillnet selectivity and factors affecting selectivity. Ecological Life Sciences, 7(2), 12-21.

The effect of gillnet twine thickness on catching efficiency and selectivity for common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) fishery in Marmara Lake

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2, 88 - 96, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.01

Öz



The effects of multifilament gillnet twine thickness on selectivity and catching efficiency for the common carp fishery were investigated in this study. Sampling was carried out with multifilament gillnets of two different twine thicknesses (with 210d/2 and 210d/3) on 140, 150, 160, 180, 200 mm mesh sizes between June 2015 and December 2016 in Marmara Lake, located in Western Turkey. Higher modal lengths and lower catch per unit effort (CPUE) values and lower sub-minimum landing size (MLS) individuals rate (excluding 180 and 200 mm mesh sizes) were obtained in the thick multifilament material (210d/3) with the same mesh size compared to thin material (210d/2). All mesh sizes in both twine thickness provided modal lengths above the MLS. However, the thin twine material had a higher nominal percentage of undersized fish (8%), greater than the 5% accepted limit for total catches when all mesh sizes are considered together. As a result, the modal lengths and spread values increased and the selectivity and catching efficiency decreased with the thicker twine material.


Kaynakça

  • Anonymous. (2020). Notification 5/1 regulating (2020/20) commercial fishing for 2020-2024. The Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 69p. (in Turkish).
  • Aras, S. (2015). The investigation of effect of twine thickness on selectivity of gillnets used carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) catching. (Master's thesis, Tunceli University, Turkey). (in Turkish).
  • Armstrong, D.W., Ferro, R.S.T., MacLennan, D.N., & Reeves, S.A. (1990). Gear selectivity and the conservation of fish. Journal of Fish Biology, 37, 261-262. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1990.tb05060.x
  • Ayaz, A., Altinagac, U., Ozekinci, U., Ozen, O., Altın, A., & Ismen, A. (2011). Effect of twine thickness on selectivity of gillnets for bogue, Boops boops, in Turkish waters. Mediterranean Marine Science, 12(2), 358-368. DOI: 10.12681/mms.37
  • Aydın, C., Cilbiz, C., İlhan, A., & Sarı, H.M. (2016). Selectivity of multifilament trammel and gillnets for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Lake Marmara. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 33(3), 183-192. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.01
  • Balık, İ. (1999). Investigation of the selectivity of monofilament gillnets used in carp fishing (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Lake Beyşehir. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(2), 185-187.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2001a). The Effect of net colours on effeciency monofilament gillnets for catching some fish species in Lake Beyşehir. Turkish Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Sciences, 1, 29-32.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2001b). Catching efficiency of gillnets on capture of some fish species in Lake Uluabat. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(3-4), 149-154.
  • Balık, İ., & Çubuk, H. (2004). Effect of net twine on efficiency of trammel nets for catching carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in Lake Beyşehir and silver crucian carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in Lake Eğirdir. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 4(1), 39-44.
  • Carol, J., & García Berthou, E. (2007). Gillnet selectivity and its relationship with body shape for eight freshwater fish species. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(6), 654-660. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00871.x
  • Cilbiz, M., Küçükkara, R., Ceylan, M., Savaşer, S., & Meke, T. (2015). Trammel net selectivity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Manyas Lake, Turkey. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 1(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.17216/limnofish.205728
  • Constat. (1998). GILLNET software. Granspaettevej 10, DK9800 Hjjlarring, Denmark.
  • Cui, G., Wardle, C.S., Glass, C.W., Johnstone A.D.F., & Mojsiewiez W.R. (1991). Light level thresholds for visual reactions of mackerel (Scombrus scombrus L.) to coloured monofilament nylon gillnet materials on apperance under water. Fisheries Research, 10, 225-263. DOI:10.1016/0165-7836(91)90079-U
  • Çetinkaya, O., Sarı, M., & Arabacı M. (1995). A preliminary study on catch composition and selectivity of the trammel net used in fishing of Chalcalburunus tarichi (Palas, 1811) in lake Van (Turkey). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12(1-2), 1-13.
  • Dartay, M., & Atessahin, T. (2017). Selectivity of gillnets with different characteristics for Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 caught in inland waters of Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(5), 3374-3378.
  • Feller, W. (1968). An introduction to probability theory and its application. New York: John Wiley and Sons Publishing.
  • Geldiay, R., & Balık, S. (2009). Freshwater fishes of Turkey. İzmir: Ege University Faculty of Fisheries Publications. (in Turkish).
  • Gray, C.A., Broadhurst, M.K., Johnson, D.D., & Young, D.J. (2005). Influences of hanging ratio, fishing height, twine diameter and material of bottom-set gillnets on catches of dusky flathead Platycephalus fuscus and non-target species in New South Wales, Australia. Fisheries Science, 71, 1217- 1228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2005.01086.x
  • Hamley, J.M. (1975). Review of gillnets selectivity. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 32, 1943-1969. DOI: 10.1139/f75-233
  • Hansen, R.G. (1974). Effect of different filament diameters on the selective action of monofilament gill nets. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 2, 386-387. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8659(1974)103<386:EODFDO>2.0.CO;2
  • Holst, R., Wıleman, D., & Madsen, N. (2002). The effect of twine thickness on the size selectivity and fishing power of Baltic cod gill nets. Fisheries Research, 56, 303-312. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00328-9 Hovgard, H. (1996). Effect of twine diameter on fishing power of experimental gill nets used in Greenland waters. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Aquatic Sciences, 53, 1014-1017. DOI:10.1139/f96-023
  • Hyvärinen, P., & Salojärvi, K. (1991). The applicability of catch per unit effort (CPUE) statistics in fisheries management in Lake Dulujärvi, Northern Finland. In I. G. Cowx (Ed.), Catch Effort Sampling Strategies (pp 241-261). Oxford: Fishing News Books . Jensen, J.W. (1995). Evaluating catches of salmonids taken by gillnets. Journal of Fish Biology, 46(5), 862-871. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1995.tb01609.x
  • Millar, R.B. (1992). Estimating the size-selectivity of fishing gear by conditioning on the total catch. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 87, 962-968. DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1992.10476250
  • Millar, R.B. (1995). The functional form of hook and gill net selection curves cannot be determined from comparative catch data alone. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 52(5), 883–891. DOI: 10.1139/f95-088
  • Millar, R.B., & Holst, R. (1997). Estimation of gillnet and hook selectivity using log-linear models. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 471-477. DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1996.0196
  • Millar, R.B., & Fryer, R.J. (1999). Estimating the size-selection curves of towed gears, traps, nets and hooks. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 9, 89-116. DOI: 10.1023/A:1008838220001
  • Özdemir, S., & Erdem, Y. (2006). Effect on catchability of species and species selectivity of structure properties and net material of gillnets. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23(3-4), 429-433.
  • Özyurt, C.E., & Avşar, D. (2005). Investigation of the selectivity parameters for carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in Seyhan Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29(2), 219-223.
  • Park, C.D., Jeong, E.C., Shın, J.K., An, H.C., & Fujimori, Y. (2004). Mesh selectivity of encircling gill net for gizzard shad Konosirus punctatus in the coastal sea of Korea. Fisheries Science, 70(4), 553-560. DOI:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2004.00840.x
  • Şen, Y. (2016). Determination of the selectivity and catching efficiency of the gill nets used for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Demirköprü Dam Lake. (Master's thesis, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Turkey). (in Turkish).
  • TUIK. (2020). Turkish Statistical Institute (Fishery Statistic). Retrieved from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1005 (15.03.2021).
  • Turunen, T. (1996). The effects of twine thickness on the catchability of gillnets for pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca (L.)). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 33: 621-625.
  • Yalçın, N. (2006). Comparison of the selectivity parameters for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L, 1758) and mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758 var. specularis) in Dam Lakes. In 1st Fish Introduction and Reservoir Management Symposium 2006 (pp. 11-19). Antalya, Turkey: Proceedings Book.
  • Yokota, K., Fujimori, Y., Shıode, D., & Tokai, T. (2001). Effect of thin twine on gill net size-selectivity analyzed with the direct estimation method. Fisheries Science, 67, 851-856. DOI: 10.1046/j.1444-2906.2001.00332.x
  • Yüksel, F., & Aydın, F. (2012). Gillnet selectivity and factors affecting selectivity. Ecological Life Sciences, 7(2), 12-21.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Balıkçılık
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hakkı DERELİ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Faculty of Fisheries
0000-0002-1240-8922
Türkiye


Turhan KEBAPÇIOĞLU>
Akdeniz University, Manavgat Tourism Faculty
0000-0002-6230-1744
Türkiye


Yusuf ŞEN>
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology
0000-0002-0595-4618
Türkiye


Zeki Serkan ÖLÇEK Bu kişi benim
İzmir Directorate of Provincial Agriculture and Forestry
0000-0003-4743-6621
Türkiye


Ezgi DİNÇTÜRK>
İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Faculty of Fisheries
0000-0002-5826-2383
Türkiye


Aylin ULMAN Bu kişi benim
Mersea Marine Consulting
0000-0002-1904-8050
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Izmir Katip Çelebi University Scientific Research Projects
Proje Numarası 2014-GAP-SUÜF-0007
Teşekkür We thank to Fikret Öndes, Mirati Erdoğuş for their help with the fieldwork.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Haziran 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 30 Kasım 2021
Kabul Tarihi 21 Şubat 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Dereli, H. , Kebapçıoğlu, T. , Şen, Y. , Ölçek, Z. S. , Dinçtürk, E. & Ulman, A. (2022). The effect of gillnet twine thickness on catching efficiency and selectivity for common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) fishery in Marmara Lake . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 39 (2) , 88-96 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.39.2.01