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Marmara Denizi'ndeki bentik deniz çöpleri

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2, 111 - 119, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.04

Öz



Bu çalışma, Marmara Denizi'ndeki bentik deniz çöpüne ilişkin ilk verileri ortaya koymaktadır. Bu amaçla Mayıs 2017-Şubat 2018 tarihleri arasında 34 istasyonda dip trolü araştırması yapılmıştır. Çöplerin kategorize edilmesi ve sınıflandırılması MEDIT standardına göre belirlenmiştir. Toplam 660 adet ve 434,9 kg çöp tespit edilmiştir. Çöp yoğunluğu 27,5 adet/km2 - 661,2 adet/km2 arasında değişirken, ortalama 73,9 adet/km2 tespit edilmiştir, ağırlık değerleri 0,03 kg/km2 - 1597,8 kg/km2 arasında değişmiş ve ortalama 48,7 kg/km2 belirlenmiştir. Plastik (L1) grubu toplam çöp bolluğunun %71,7'sini oluşturmuştur. 2018 yılında, ilkbahar ve yaz mevsimlerinde ve Marmara Denizi'nin kuzeydoğu kesiminde daha yüksek çöp yoğunluğu tespit edilmiştir. Deniz kirliliğini azaltmak için daha etkin mücadele gerektiği görülmüştür.


Kaynakça

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  • Artüz, M.L., Artüz, O.B., & Artüz, S.D. (2021) First report of quantifcation and classifcation of buried litter on the public beaches around the Sea of Marmara. Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 165, 112-117. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112117
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  • Garofalo, G., Quattrocchi, F., Bono, G., Di Lorenzo, M., Di Maio, F., Falsone, F., Gancitano, V., Geraci, M.L., Lauria, V., Massi, D., Scannella, D., Titone, A., & Fiorentino, F. (2020). What is in our seas? Assessing anthropogenic litter on the seafloor of the central Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Pollution, 266, 115213. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115213
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Benthic marine litter in the Marmara Sea, Turkey

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2, 111 - 119, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.04

Öz



This study presents the first data on the benthic marine litter in the Marmara Sea, Turkey. To obtain the data, bottom trawl surveys were conducted at 34 sites between May 2017 and February 2018. The litter items were sampled and sorted following the MEDITS’ relevant instructions. 660 pieces of litter, weighing 434.9 kg, were sampled. The litter density was found to range between 27.5 n/km2 and 661.2 n/km2, averaging 73.9 n/km2, and the obtained items’ weightss ranged between 0.03 kg/km2 and 1597.8 kg/km2, averaging 48.7 kg/km2. The plastic group L1 constituted 71.7% of the trawled litter. The highest mean litter density was detected in the Northeastern Marmara Sea in spring and summer in 2018. The mean benthic litter density was found to be higher than the nearby areas. It was concluded that more effort should be invested in reducing marine pollution.


Kaynakça

  • Akoumianaki, I., Kontolefas, P., Katsanevakis, S., Nicolaidou, A., & Verriopoulos, G. (2008). Subtidal littering: indirect effects on soft substratum macrofauna? Mediterranean Marine Science, 9(2), 35-52. DOI: 10.12681/mms.131
  • Anonymous. (2018). General Directorate of Coastal Safety of Turkey, The statistics of vessels passed Turkish Straits. Retrived from https://atlantis.udhb.gov.tr/istatistik/gemi_gecis.aspx (01.08.2021).
  • Artüz, M.L., Artüz, O.B., & Artüz, S.D. (2021) First report of quantifcation and classifcation of buried litter on the public beaches around the Sea of Marmara. Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 165, 112-117. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112117
  • Aydın, C., Güven, O., Salihoğlu, B., & Kıdeyş, A.E. (2016). The influence of land use on coastal litter: an approach to identify abundance and sources in the coastal area of cilician basin, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 16(1), 29-39. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_1_04
  • Barnes, D.K.A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R.C., & Barlaz, M. (2009). Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences, 364(1526), 1985-1998. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0205
  • Burak, S., Bilge, A. H., & Ülker, D. (2021). Assessment and simulation of water transfer for the megacity Istanbul. Physical Geography, DOI: 10.1080/02723646.2021.1904698
  • Büyükdeveci F, & Gündoğdu S (2021) Composition and abundance of benthic marine litter in the fshing grounds of Iskenderun Bay, northeastern Levantine coast of Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 172, 112840. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112840
  • Corcoran, P. L. (2015). Benthic plastic debris in marine and fresh water environments. Environmental Science:ProcessandImpacts, 17, 1365. DOI: 10.1039/c5em00188a
  • Çardak, M., Altuğ, G., & Türetken, P.S. (2015). Variations of Culturable and Metabolically Active Bacteria in a Stratified Water Column: The Example of Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits, Turkey. International Journal of Environmental Research, 9(4), 1333-1340.
  • Danovaro, R., Gambi, C., & Corinaldesi, C. (2015). Knowledge and implications of global change in the oceans for biology, ecology, and ecosystem services. In S. Aricò (Ed.), Ocean Sustainability in the 21st Century (pp 84-108). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Derraik, J.G.B. (2002). The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44(9), 842-852. DOI: 10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00220-5
  • Erüz, C., Terzi, Y., Öztürk, R.Ç., Karakoç, F.T., Özşeker, K., Şahin, A., & Ismail, N.P. (2022). Spatial pattern and characteristics of the benthic marine litter in the southern BlackSea shelf. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 175, 113322. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113322
  • Eryaşar, A.R., Özbilgin, H., Gücü, A.C., & Sakinan, S. (2014). Marine debris in bottom trawl cages and their effects on the selectivity grids in the northeastern Mediterranean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 81(1), 80-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.02.017
  • Fortibuoni, T., Ronchi, F., Mačić, V., Mandić, M., Mazziotti, C., Peterlin, M., Prevenios, M., Prvan, M., Somarakis S., Tutman, P., Varezić, D.B., Virsek, M.K., Vlachogianni, T., & Zeri, C. (2019). A harmonized and coordinated assessment of the abundance and composition of seafloor litter in the Adriatic-Ionian macroregion (Mediterranean Sea). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 139, 412-426. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.017
  • Garofalo, G., Quattrocchi, F., Bono, G., Di Lorenzo, M., Di Maio, F., Falsone, F., Gancitano, V., Geraci, M.L., Lauria, V., Massi, D., Scannella, D., Titone, A., & Fiorentino, F. (2020). What is in our seas? Assessing anthropogenic litter on the seafloor of the central Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Pollution, 266, 115213. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115213
  • Godoy, V., Martín-Lara, M.A., Calero, M., & Blázquez, G. (2020). The relevance of interaction of chemicals/pollutants and microplastic samples as route for transporting contaminants. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 138, 312-323. DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2020.03.033
  • Gomiero, A., Strafella, P., & Fabi, G. (2018). From macroplastic to microplastic litter: Occurrence, composition, source identification and interaction with aquatic organ-isms. experiences from the Adriatic Sea Plastics in the environment. Plastics in the Environment (pp 1-20). IntechOpen.
  • Gönülal, O., Oz, I., Ozan, S., & Ozturk, B. (2016). Abundance and composition of marine litter around Gökçeada island (northern Aegean Sea). Aquatic Ecosystem Health, 19(4), 461-467. DOI: 10.1080/14634988.2016.1257898
  • Green, D. S., Boots, B., Blockley, D. J., Rocha, C., & Thompson, R. C. (2015). Impacts of discarded plastic bags on marine assemblages and ecosystem functioning. Environmental Science and Technology, 49, 5380-5389. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00277
  • Gunderson, D.R. (1993). Surveys of fisheries resources. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Gündoğdu, S., Çevik, C., & Karaca, S. (2017). Fouling assemblage of benthic plastic debris collected from Mersin Bay, NE Levantine coast of Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 124(1), 147-154. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.023
  • Gündoğdu, S., & Çevik, C. (2019). Mediterranean dirty edge: High level of meso and macroplastics pollution on the Turkish coast. Environmental Pollution,1-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113351
  • Büyükdeveci, F., & Gündoğdu, S. (2021). Composition and abundance of benthic marine litter in the fishing grounds of Iskenderun Bay, northeastern Levantine coast of Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 172, 112840. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112840
  • Gündogdu, S., & Walker, T.R. (2021). Why Turkey should not import plastic waste pollution from developed countries? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 171, 11277. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112772
  • Güven, O., Gülyavuz, H., & Deval, M.C. (2013). Benthic debris accumulation in bathyal grounds in the Antalya Bay, Eastern Mediterranean. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13, 43-49. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v13_1_06
  • Hammer, Q., Harper, D.A.T., & Ryan, P.D. (2001). PAST: Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analyses. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1), 1-9.
  • Katsanevakis, S., Verriopoulos, G., Nicolaidou, A., & Thessalou-Legaki, M. (2007). Effect of marine litter on the benthic megafauna of coastal soft bottoms: a manipulative experiment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54, 771-778. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.12.016
  • Koutsodendris, A., Papatheodorou, G., Kougiourouki, O., and Georgiadis, M. (2008). Benthic marine litter in four Gulfs in Greece, Eastern Mediterranean; abundance, composition and source identification. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 77, 501–512. DOI:10.1016/j.ecss.2007.10.011
  • Mancini, E., Miccoli, A., Piazzolla, D., Saraceni, P.R., Lezzi, M., Tiralongo, F., Bonifazi, A., Picchietti, S., & Marcelli, M., 2021. Macrozoobenthic fauna associated with benthic marine litter (Northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) and first report of two bryozoan species in Italian waters. Regional Studies in Marine Scice, 47, 101912. DOI: 10.1016/j.rsma.2021.101912
  • Mankou-Haddadi, N., Bachir-bey, M., Galgani, F., Mokrane, K., & Sidi, H. (2021). Benthic marine litter in the coastal zone of Bejaia (Algeria) as indicators of anthropogenic pollution. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 170, 112634. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112634
  • Maryam, B., & Büyükgüngör, H. (2019). Wastewater reclamation and reuse trends in Turkey: Opportunities and challenges. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 30, 100501. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.10.001
  • Mecozzi, M., Pietroletti, M., Scarpiniti, M., Acquistucci, R., & Conti, M.E. (2012). Monitoring of marine mucilage formation in Italian seas investigated by infrared spectroscopy and independent component analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184, 6025-6036. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-011-2400-4
  • Misfud, R., Dimech, M., and Schembri, P. J. (2013). Marine litter from circalittoral and deeper bottoms off the Maltese islands (Central Mediterranean). Mediterranean Marine Science, 14, 298-308. DOI: 10.12681/mms.413
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Çevre Bilimleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Murat ŞİRİN>
1General Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ortahisar District Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry
0000-0003-3556-7472
Türkiye


İsmail Burak DABAN>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2973-5698
Türkiye


Ali İŞMEN>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2456-0232
Türkiye


Mukadder ARSLAN İHSANOĞLU> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ AVLAMA VE İŞLEME TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-0072-5848
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum (TAGEM) General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policy
Proje Numarası TAGEM / HAYSÜD /2014/05/01
Teşekkür The authors would like to thanks Haşim İnceoğlu, Alpaslan Kara, Engin Kocabaş, Habip Bal, Ahmet Öktener, Güzin Gül, Koray Cabbar, Gürkan Ali Yazıcı and G. Erman Uğur for their contributions in the field samplings.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Haziran 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 12 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 6 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Şirin, M. , Daban, İ. B. , İşmen, A. & Arslan İhsanoğlu, M. (2022). Benthic marine litter in the Marmara Sea, Turkey . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 39 (2) , 111-119 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.39.2.04