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Diversity of the EPT complex (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera) in the Western and Eastern Ghats (South India) caused by the variations of landscape elements and mesohabitats

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1, 24 - 31, 15.03.2022

Öz



The present study was carried out in 27 streams of the southern part of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats from January to December 2018. The outcomes show that there is an increase in the percentage of Ephemeroptera (71%) in the first order and there was a negligible fall in the abundance of the fourth-ordered stream. LSE results show a gradual increase of Plecoptera and a gradual decrease of Trichoptera and no such variations in Ephemeroptera. Variations in mesohabitat richness were highest in the run (38.38%) and it was lowest in silt (0.5%). To compare the taxa composition in Western and Eastern Ghats taxa, five different types of river basins were classified. The species richness and abundance were higher in Tampiraparani East flowing and Vamanapuram River basin communities (Western Ghats) than in the Eastern Ghats and this shows mega diversity of Western Ghats compared to the Eastern Ghats. The results of both cluster and ordination analysis also strongly support the discrimination between Western and Eastern Ghats diversity and distribution of EPT taxa.


Kaynakça

  • APHA (American Public Health Association). (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st Edition, Washington D.C.
  • Azrina, M.Z., Yap, C.K., Rahim Ismail, A., Ismail, A. & Tan, S.G. (2005). Anthropogenic impacts on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macro-invertebrates and water quality of the Langat River, Peninsular Malaysia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 16, 184-210.
  • Burton, T.M. & Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. (1993). Composition of the insect community in the streams of the silent valley National Park in South India. Tropical Ecology, 34, 1-16. Chakona, A., Phiri, C. & Day, J.A. (2009). Potential for Trichoptera communities as biological indicators of morphological degradation in riverine systems. Hydrobiologia, 621, 155-167. DOI:10.1007/s10750-008-9638-z
  • Cummins, K.W. & Merritt, R.W. (1996). Ecology and distribution of aquatic insects. Third edition, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa, 862 pp. Dinakaran, S. & Anbalagan, S. (2007). Anthropogenic impacts on aquatic insects in six streams of South Western Ghats. Journal of Insect Science, 7, 37. DOI:10.1673/031.007.3701
  • Dudgeon, D. (1994). The influence of riparian vegetation on macroinvertebrate community structure and functional organization in six New Guinea streams. Hydrobiologia, 294, 65-85. DOI:10.1007/BF00017627
  • Dudgeon, D. (1999). Tropical Asian streams Zoobenthos, Ecology and Conservation. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 830pp.
  • Ferro, M.L. & Sites, R.W. (2007). The Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Tricoptera of Missouri State Parks, with Notes on Biomonitoring, Mesohabitat Associations, and Distribution. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 80(2), 105-129. DOI:10.2317/0022-8567(2007)80[105:TEPATO]2.0.CO;2
  • Ghate, U., Joshi, N.V. & Gadgil, M. (1998). On the patterns of tree diversity in the Western Ghats of India. Current Science, 75(6), 594-603.
  • Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan, P.D. (2001). PAST (Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis). Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1), 9.
  • Lloyd, F., Sites, R.W. (2000). Microhabitat associations of three species of Dryopoidea (Coleoptera) in an Ozark stream: A comparison of substrate, and simple and complex hydraulic characters. Hydrobiologia, 439, 103-114. DOI:10.1023/A:1004151731374
  • Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Da Fonseca, G.A. & Kent J. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403(6772), 853. DOI:10.1038/35002501
  • Nagendra, H. & Gadgil, M. (1998). Linking regional and landscape scales for assessing biodiversity: A case study from Western Ghats. Current Science, 75(3), 264-271.
  • Nair, N.B., Arunachalam, M., Mathusoothanan Nair, K.C. & Suryanarayanan, H. (1989). A spatial study of the Neyyar River in the light of the River-Continuum-Concept. Tropical ecology, 30, 101-110.
  • Pflieger, W.L. (1997). The Fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, 372pp.
  • Rosenberg, D.M. & Resh, V.H. (1993). Freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. New York (NY), Springer, 488 pp.
  • Ross, D.H. & Wallace, J.B. (1983). Longitudinal patterns of production, food consumption and seston utilization by net spinning caddisflies (Trichoptera) in a southern Appalachian stream (USA). Holarctic Ecology, 6, 270-284. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0587.1983.tb01091.x
  • Sites, R.W. & Willing, M.L. (1991). Microhabitat associations of three sympatric species of Naucoridae (Insecta: Hemiptera). Environmental entomology, 20, 127-134. DOI:10.1093/ee/20.1.127
  • Sivaramakrishnan, K.G., Madhyastha, N.A. & Subramanian, K.A. (1998). Field guide to aquatic macroinvertebrates. Life scape, Bangalore, 8 pp.
  • Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. & Venkatraman, K. (1990). Abundance, altitudinal distribution and swarming of Ephemeroptera in Palni hills, South India. In Campbell, I.C (Ed.). Mayflies and Stoneflies (pp. 209-213). Kluwer Academic Publishers. DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-2397-3_24
  • Subramanian, K.A., Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. & Gadgil, M. (2005). Impact of riparian land use on stream insects of Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka state, India. Journal of insect science, 5, 10-49. DOI: 10.1093/jis/5.1.49
  • Unmack, P.J. (2001). Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of biogeography, 28: 1053-1089. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2001.00615.x
  • Vadas, R.L. & Orth, D.J. (1998). Use of physical variables to discriminate visually determined mesohabitat types in North American streams. Rivers, 6, 143-159.
  • Wiggins, G.B. & Mackay, R.J. (1978). Some relationships between systematics and trophic ecology in Nearctic aquatic insects, with special reference to Trichoptera. Ecology, 59: 1211-1220. DOI:10.2307/1938234
  • Wiggins, G.B. (1996). Larvae of the North America caddisfly genera (Trichoptera). University of Toronto Press, London, 457pp. DOI:10.3138/9781442623606

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1, 24 - 31, 15.03.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • APHA (American Public Health Association). (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st Edition, Washington D.C.
  • Azrina, M.Z., Yap, C.K., Rahim Ismail, A., Ismail, A. & Tan, S.G. (2005). Anthropogenic impacts on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macro-invertebrates and water quality of the Langat River, Peninsular Malaysia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 16, 184-210.
  • Burton, T.M. & Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. (1993). Composition of the insect community in the streams of the silent valley National Park in South India. Tropical Ecology, 34, 1-16. Chakona, A., Phiri, C. & Day, J.A. (2009). Potential for Trichoptera communities as biological indicators of morphological degradation in riverine systems. Hydrobiologia, 621, 155-167. DOI:10.1007/s10750-008-9638-z
  • Cummins, K.W. & Merritt, R.W. (1996). Ecology and distribution of aquatic insects. Third edition, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa, 862 pp. Dinakaran, S. & Anbalagan, S. (2007). Anthropogenic impacts on aquatic insects in six streams of South Western Ghats. Journal of Insect Science, 7, 37. DOI:10.1673/031.007.3701
  • Dudgeon, D. (1994). The influence of riparian vegetation on macroinvertebrate community structure and functional organization in six New Guinea streams. Hydrobiologia, 294, 65-85. DOI:10.1007/BF00017627
  • Dudgeon, D. (1999). Tropical Asian streams Zoobenthos, Ecology and Conservation. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 830pp.
  • Ferro, M.L. & Sites, R.W. (2007). The Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Tricoptera of Missouri State Parks, with Notes on Biomonitoring, Mesohabitat Associations, and Distribution. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 80(2), 105-129. DOI:10.2317/0022-8567(2007)80[105:TEPATO]2.0.CO;2
  • Ghate, U., Joshi, N.V. & Gadgil, M. (1998). On the patterns of tree diversity in the Western Ghats of India. Current Science, 75(6), 594-603.
  • Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan, P.D. (2001). PAST (Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis). Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1), 9.
  • Lloyd, F., Sites, R.W. (2000). Microhabitat associations of three species of Dryopoidea (Coleoptera) in an Ozark stream: A comparison of substrate, and simple and complex hydraulic characters. Hydrobiologia, 439, 103-114. DOI:10.1023/A:1004151731374
  • Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Da Fonseca, G.A. & Kent J. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403(6772), 853. DOI:10.1038/35002501
  • Nagendra, H. & Gadgil, M. (1998). Linking regional and landscape scales for assessing biodiversity: A case study from Western Ghats. Current Science, 75(3), 264-271.
  • Nair, N.B., Arunachalam, M., Mathusoothanan Nair, K.C. & Suryanarayanan, H. (1989). A spatial study of the Neyyar River in the light of the River-Continuum-Concept. Tropical ecology, 30, 101-110.
  • Pflieger, W.L. (1997). The Fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, 372pp.
  • Rosenberg, D.M. & Resh, V.H. (1993). Freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. New York (NY), Springer, 488 pp.
  • Ross, D.H. & Wallace, J.B. (1983). Longitudinal patterns of production, food consumption and seston utilization by net spinning caddisflies (Trichoptera) in a southern Appalachian stream (USA). Holarctic Ecology, 6, 270-284. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0587.1983.tb01091.x
  • Sites, R.W. & Willing, M.L. (1991). Microhabitat associations of three sympatric species of Naucoridae (Insecta: Hemiptera). Environmental entomology, 20, 127-134. DOI:10.1093/ee/20.1.127
  • Sivaramakrishnan, K.G., Madhyastha, N.A. & Subramanian, K.A. (1998). Field guide to aquatic macroinvertebrates. Life scape, Bangalore, 8 pp.
  • Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. & Venkatraman, K. (1990). Abundance, altitudinal distribution and swarming of Ephemeroptera in Palni hills, South India. In Campbell, I.C (Ed.). Mayflies and Stoneflies (pp. 209-213). Kluwer Academic Publishers. DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-2397-3_24
  • Subramanian, K.A., Sivaramakrishnan, K.G. & Gadgil, M. (2005). Impact of riparian land use on stream insects of Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka state, India. Journal of insect science, 5, 10-49. DOI: 10.1093/jis/5.1.49
  • Unmack, P.J. (2001). Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of biogeography, 28: 1053-1089. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2001.00615.x
  • Vadas, R.L. & Orth, D.J. (1998). Use of physical variables to discriminate visually determined mesohabitat types in North American streams. Rivers, 6, 143-159.
  • Wiggins, G.B. & Mackay, R.J. (1978). Some relationships between systematics and trophic ecology in Nearctic aquatic insects, with special reference to Trichoptera. Ecology, 59: 1211-1220. DOI:10.2307/1938234
  • Wiggins, G.B. (1996). Larvae of the North America caddisfly genera (Trichoptera). University of Toronto Press, London, 457pp. DOI:10.3138/9781442623606

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi, Ekoloji, Limnoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Thambiratnam SİVARUBAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
The American College
0000-0001-8997-9355
India


Barathy SİVARUBAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Fatima college
0000-0002-9464-6464
India


Krishnaswamy VENKATARAMAN Bu kişi benim
0000-0003-3979-2829
India


Muthukumarasamy ARUNACHALAM Bu kişi benim
0000-0001-7239-5230
India


Pandiarajan SRİNİVASAN
The American college
0000-0001-8118-3256
India

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 26 Mayıs 2021
Kabul Tarihi 30 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Sivaruban, T. , Sivaruban, B. , Venkataraman, K. , Arunachalam, M. & Srinivasan, P. (2022). Diversity of the EPT complex (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera) in the Western and Eastern Ghats (South India) caused by the variations of landscape elements and mesohabitats . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 39 (1) , 24-31 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/tr/pub/issue/68550/943076