Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Eber Gölü’nde (Türkiye) su, sediment ve Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) dokularında ağır metal birikimi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4, 507 - 514, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.12

Öz



Bu çalışmada Nisan 2014 ile Şubat 2015 arasında Eber Gölü'nden alınan su, sediment ve Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) dokularındaki (kas, solungaç ve karaciğer) ağır metal içeriklerinin mevsimsel değişimlerini belirlemek amaçlanmıştır. Su, sediment ve balık dokularında iz elementler tespit edilmiştir. Su örneklerinde ortalama yıllık konsantrasyonlar içerisinde en yüksek Mn (0,1584 mg/L) İlkbahar mevsimde en düşük konsantrasyon ise Pb elementinde bulunmuştur. Sediment örneklerinde ortalama yıllık konsantrasyonlar içerisinde en yüksek Fe (16245,84 mg/kg) İlkbahar mevsimde en düşük konsantrasyon ise Co elementinde bulunmuştur. Balıklarda, en yüksek konsantrasyonlar karaciğer dokusunda (Mo, Ni, Pb, Co, Cu, Fe) bulunurken, en düşük konsantrasyonlar solungaç (Mn, Zn) ve kas dokularında (Cd, Cr, Se) tespit edilmiştir. En yüksek ağır metal konsantrasyonları sedimentte gözlenirken, en düşük ağır metal konsantrasyonları balık dokularında sırasıyla karaciğer, solungaç ve kasda bulunmuştur. Eber Gölü'nde ölçülen ağır metal seviyelerinin çevre ve halk sağlığı açısından herhangi bir risk taşımadığı tespit edilmiştir.


Kaynakça

  • Aktan, N. & Tekin-Özan, S. (2012). Levels of some heavy metals in water and tissues of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) compared with physico-chemical parameters seasons and size of the fish. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22 (3), 605-613.
  • Alaş, A., Özcan, M.M. & Harmankaya, M. (2014). Mineral contents of the head, caudal, central flashy part, and spinal columns of some fishes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 86, 889. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-013-3429-3
  • Altundag H., Yıldırım E., Altıntıg E. (2019). Determination of some heavy metals by ICP-OES in edible parts of fish from Sapanca Lake and streams. Journal of Chemical Metrology,13(1). DOI: 10.25135/jcm.24.19.03.1219
  • Al-Saadi, H. A., Al-Lami, A. A., Hassan, F. A. & Al-Dulymi, A. A. (2002). Heavy metals in water, suspended particles, sediments and aquatic plants of Habbaniya Lake, Iraq. International Journal Environmental Studies, 59 (5), 589. DOI: 10.1080/00207230212734
  • Arslan N., Koç B., Çiçek A., Emiroğlu Ö. & Malkoç S. (2009). Uluabat gölü bazı biyotik ve abiyotik öğelerinde gümüş birikimi. Türkiye Sulak Alanlar Kongresi, Eski Karaağaç Köyü, Bursa, 22-23 Mayıs 2009.
  • Barlas, N., Akbulut, N. & Aydoğan, M. (2005). Assessment of heavy metal residues in the sediment and water samples of Uluabat Lake. Turkey, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74, 286. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-004-0582-y
  • Brzozowska, R., Suı, Z. & Kang, K.H. (2011). Testing the usability of sea mussel (Mytilus sp.) for the improvement of seawater quality—An experimental study. Ecological Engineering, 39, 133-137. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.10.017
  • Canpolat, Ö. & Çalta, M. (2003). Heavy metals in some tissues and organs of Capoeta capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) fish species in relation to body size, age, sex and seasons. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 12, 961-966.
  • EC, (2006). European Commission, Commission Regulation No. 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of European Union.
  • Emiroğlu, Ö. & Arslan, N. (2015). Heavy metal accumulations in water, sediment and some Cyprinidae fısh species from Porsuk Stream (Turkey). Water Environmental Research, 87(3),195-204. DOI: 10.2175/106143015X14212658612993
  • EPA, (2018). Environmental Protection Agency. Regional Screening Level (RSL) Resident Soil Table. Washington, USA.
  • FAO, (1989). Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants, FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives: 33rd Report. Tech. Rep. Ser. 776, World Health Organization, Geneva
  • Fidan, A.F., Ciğerci, İ.H., Konuk, M., Küçükkurt, İ., Aslan, R. & Dündar, Y. (2008). Determination of some heavy metal levels and oxidative status in Carassius carassius L., 1758 from Eber Lake. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 147(1-3), 35-41. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-0095-3
  • Gümüş N.E. & Akköz, C. (2020). Eber Gölü (Afyonkarahisar) su kalitesinin araştırılması. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 6(2):153-163. DOI: 10.17216/LimnoFish.63856
  • Gümüş, N.E. (2021). Akarçay Akarsuyu (Afyonkarahisar) su kalitesi ve ağır metal kirliliği. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 6(1), 120-127. DOI: 10.35229/jaes.839147
  • Icaga, Y. (2007). Fuzzy evaluation of water quality classification. Ecological Indicators, 7(3), 710-718.
  • Karadede-Akın, H. (2009). Seasonal variations of heavy metals in water, sediments, pond weed (P. pectinatus L.) and fresh waterf ish (C. c. umbla) of Lake Hazar, Elazığ-Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 18, 511.
  • Kayrak, Ş. & Tekin-Özan, S. (2018). Determination of heavy metal contents in water, sediments and fish tissues of Tinca tinca in Kovada Lake, Turkey. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research. 4 (2): 73-84.
  • Kıvrak, E., Uygun, A. & Kalyoncu, H. (2012). Akarçay'ın (Afyonkarahisar, Türkiye) su kalitesini değerlendirmek için diyatome indekslerinin kullanılması 12, 27-38. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(2), 27-38.
  • Kivrak, E. & Uygun, A. (2012). The structure and diversity of the epipelic diatom community in a heavily polluted stream (the Akarçay, Turkey) and their relationship with environmental variables. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 27(3), 443-457.
  • Macdonald, D. D., Ingersoll, C. G. & Berger, T.A. (2000). Development and evaluation of consensus-based sediment quality Guidelines for Freshwater Ecosystems. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, (39) 20-31. DOI: 10.1007/s002440010075
  • Malik, N., Biswas, A. K., Qureshi, T. A., Borana, K. & Virha, R. (2010). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish tissues of a freshwater lake of bhopal. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 160 (1-4), 267. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0693-8
  • Milačič, R., Zuliani, T., Vidmar, J., Bergant, M., Kalogianni, E., Smeti, E., Skoulikids, N. & Ščančar, J. (2019). Potentially toxic elements in water, sediments and fish of the Evrotas River under variable water discharges. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 1087-1096. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.123
  • Mohammadi, M., Sary, A. A. & Khodadadi, M. (2011). Determination of heavy metals in two barbs, Barbus grypus and Barbus xanthopterus in Karoon and Dez Rivers, Khoozestan. Iran. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology, 87 (2), 158-162. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-011-0302-3
  • Mohiuddin, M. K., Ogava, Y., Zakir, M. H., Otona, K. & Shikazona, N. (2011). Heavy metals contamination in water and sediments of an Urban River in a developing country. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 8 (4), 723-736.
  • Nawaz, S., Nagra, S. A., Saleem, Y. & Priydarshs, A. (2010). Determination of heavy metals in fresh water fish species of the River Ravi, Pakistan compared to farmed fish varieties. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 67, 461-471. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-009-1064-9
  • Özparlak, H., Sanda, M.A. & Arslan, G. (2016). Some heavy metal levels in muscle tissue of seven fish species from the Sugla and Beysehir lakes, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 25, 2090-2098.
  • Özyurt, G., Polat, A. & Loker, G. B. (2009). Vitamin and mineral content of pike perch (Sander lucioperca), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and European catfish (Silurus glanis). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 33, 351-356. DOI: 10.3906/vet-0803-24
  • Rajeshkumar, S., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., Ravikumar, B., Bai, G. & Li, X. (2018). Studies on seasonal pollution of heavy metals in water, sediment, fish and oyster from the Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake in China. Chemosphere, 191, 626-638. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.078
  • Satheeshkumar, P. & Senthilkumar, D. (2011). Identification of heavy metals contamination by multivariate statistical analysis methods in Pondicherry mangroves, India. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 1(1), 30-48.
  • Shrivastava, P., Saxena, A. & Swarup, A. (2003). Heavy metal pollution in a sewage-fed lake of Bhopal. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management, 8(1).1-4. DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1770.2003.00211.x
  • Siddiqui, E., Verma, K., Pandey, U. & Pandey, J. (2019). Metal contamination in seven tributaries of the Ganga River and assessment of human health risk from fish consumption. Archives Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology, 77(2), 263-278. DOI: 10.1007/s00244-019-00638-5
  • Skujins, S. (1998). Handbook for ICP-AES (Varıan-Vista). A hort Guıde To Vista Series ICP-AES Operation.Varian Int. AGşZug. Version 1.0. pp 29. Switzerland.
  • Steel R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., & Dickey, D.A. (1996) Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc, New York, USA 1996.
  • TFC, (2011). Turkish Food Codex. Official Gazette, 23 December, No: 24885.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2019). Water and sediment quality assessment of the lifeblood of Thrace Region (Turkey): Meriç River basin. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28 (5): 4131-4140.
  • UNEP, (1984). Determination of total cadmiun, zinc, lead and copper in selected marine organisms by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry, reference methods for marine. Pollution Studies, No. 11 Rev. 1
  • Uysal, K. (2010). Heavy metal in edible portions (muscle and skin) and other organs (gill, liver and intestine) of selected freshwater fish Species. International Journal of Food Properties, 14:280-286. DOI: 10.1080/10942910903176378
  • Varol, M, & Sünbül, M.R. (2019). Environmental contaminants in fish species from a large dam reservoir and their potential risks to human health. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 169, 507–515. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.11.060
  • Withanachchi, S., Ghambashidze, G., Kunchulia, I., Urushadze, T. & Ploeger, A. (2008). Water quality in surface water: a preliminary assessment of heavy metal contamination of the Mashavera River, Georgia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health., 15(4), 621. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15040621
  • Zhu, F., Qu, L., Fan, W., Wang, A., Hao, H., Li, X., Yao, S. (2015). Study on heavy metal levels and its health risk assessment in some edible fishes from Nansi Lake, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(4), 161. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-015-4355-3

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the water, sediment and the tissues of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) from Eber Lake

Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4, 507 - 514, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.12

Öz



In this research, in order to observe the seasonal change between April 2014 and February 2015, heavy metal contents in the water, sediment and the Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) tissues (muscle, gill and liver) growing in Eber Lake were determined. The obtained results showed that trace elements were founded in water, sediment and fish tissues. Among the average annual concentrations of water samples, the highest concentration was found for Mn (0.1584 mg/L) element and the lowest concentration was found for Pb element in the spring season. the maximum Average annual concentration was calculated for Mn (0.1584 mg/L, Spring) and the minimum was determined for Pb in water. In the sediment, Fe (16245.84 mg/kg, Spring) was found to be maximum and Co was the minimum. In fish, the highest concentrations were found in liver (Mo, Ni, Pb, Co, Cu, Fe), while the lowest concentrations were found in gill (Mn, Zn) and muscle (Cd, Cr, Se) tissues While the highest heavy metal concentrations were observed in the sediment, the minimum was found in the fish tissues (the ranking was the following; liver, gill and muscle). It was concluded that the heavy metal levels measured in the Lake Eber have no risk to the environment and to the public health.



Kaynakça

  • Aktan, N. & Tekin-Özan, S. (2012). Levels of some heavy metals in water and tissues of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) compared with physico-chemical parameters seasons and size of the fish. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22 (3), 605-613.
  • Alaş, A., Özcan, M.M. & Harmankaya, M. (2014). Mineral contents of the head, caudal, central flashy part, and spinal columns of some fishes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 86, 889. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-013-3429-3
  • Altundag H., Yıldırım E., Altıntıg E. (2019). Determination of some heavy metals by ICP-OES in edible parts of fish from Sapanca Lake and streams. Journal of Chemical Metrology,13(1). DOI: 10.25135/jcm.24.19.03.1219
  • Al-Saadi, H. A., Al-Lami, A. A., Hassan, F. A. & Al-Dulymi, A. A. (2002). Heavy metals in water, suspended particles, sediments and aquatic plants of Habbaniya Lake, Iraq. International Journal Environmental Studies, 59 (5), 589. DOI: 10.1080/00207230212734
  • Arslan N., Koç B., Çiçek A., Emiroğlu Ö. & Malkoç S. (2009). Uluabat gölü bazı biyotik ve abiyotik öğelerinde gümüş birikimi. Türkiye Sulak Alanlar Kongresi, Eski Karaağaç Köyü, Bursa, 22-23 Mayıs 2009.
  • Barlas, N., Akbulut, N. & Aydoğan, M. (2005). Assessment of heavy metal residues in the sediment and water samples of Uluabat Lake. Turkey, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74, 286. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-004-0582-y
  • Brzozowska, R., Suı, Z. & Kang, K.H. (2011). Testing the usability of sea mussel (Mytilus sp.) for the improvement of seawater quality—An experimental study. Ecological Engineering, 39, 133-137. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.10.017
  • Canpolat, Ö. & Çalta, M. (2003). Heavy metals in some tissues and organs of Capoeta capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) fish species in relation to body size, age, sex and seasons. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 12, 961-966.
  • EC, (2006). European Commission, Commission Regulation No. 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of European Union.
  • Emiroğlu, Ö. & Arslan, N. (2015). Heavy metal accumulations in water, sediment and some Cyprinidae fısh species from Porsuk Stream (Turkey). Water Environmental Research, 87(3),195-204. DOI: 10.2175/106143015X14212658612993
  • EPA, (2018). Environmental Protection Agency. Regional Screening Level (RSL) Resident Soil Table. Washington, USA.
  • FAO, (1989). Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants, FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives: 33rd Report. Tech. Rep. Ser. 776, World Health Organization, Geneva
  • Fidan, A.F., Ciğerci, İ.H., Konuk, M., Küçükkurt, İ., Aslan, R. & Dündar, Y. (2008). Determination of some heavy metal levels and oxidative status in Carassius carassius L., 1758 from Eber Lake. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 147(1-3), 35-41. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-0095-3
  • Gümüş N.E. & Akköz, C. (2020). Eber Gölü (Afyonkarahisar) su kalitesinin araştırılması. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 6(2):153-163. DOI: 10.17216/LimnoFish.63856
  • Gümüş, N.E. (2021). Akarçay Akarsuyu (Afyonkarahisar) su kalitesi ve ağır metal kirliliği. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 6(1), 120-127. DOI: 10.35229/jaes.839147
  • Icaga, Y. (2007). Fuzzy evaluation of water quality classification. Ecological Indicators, 7(3), 710-718.
  • Karadede-Akın, H. (2009). Seasonal variations of heavy metals in water, sediments, pond weed (P. pectinatus L.) and fresh waterf ish (C. c. umbla) of Lake Hazar, Elazığ-Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 18, 511.
  • Kayrak, Ş. & Tekin-Özan, S. (2018). Determination of heavy metal contents in water, sediments and fish tissues of Tinca tinca in Kovada Lake, Turkey. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research. 4 (2): 73-84.
  • Kıvrak, E., Uygun, A. & Kalyoncu, H. (2012). Akarçay'ın (Afyonkarahisar, Türkiye) su kalitesini değerlendirmek için diyatome indekslerinin kullanılması 12, 27-38. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(2), 27-38.
  • Kivrak, E. & Uygun, A. (2012). The structure and diversity of the epipelic diatom community in a heavily polluted stream (the Akarçay, Turkey) and their relationship with environmental variables. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 27(3), 443-457.
  • Macdonald, D. D., Ingersoll, C. G. & Berger, T.A. (2000). Development and evaluation of consensus-based sediment quality Guidelines for Freshwater Ecosystems. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, (39) 20-31. DOI: 10.1007/s002440010075
  • Malik, N., Biswas, A. K., Qureshi, T. A., Borana, K. & Virha, R. (2010). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish tissues of a freshwater lake of bhopal. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 160 (1-4), 267. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0693-8
  • Milačič, R., Zuliani, T., Vidmar, J., Bergant, M., Kalogianni, E., Smeti, E., Skoulikids, N. & Ščančar, J. (2019). Potentially toxic elements in water, sediments and fish of the Evrotas River under variable water discharges. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 1087-1096. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.123
  • Mohammadi, M., Sary, A. A. & Khodadadi, M. (2011). Determination of heavy metals in two barbs, Barbus grypus and Barbus xanthopterus in Karoon and Dez Rivers, Khoozestan. Iran. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology, 87 (2), 158-162. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-011-0302-3
  • Mohiuddin, M. K., Ogava, Y., Zakir, M. H., Otona, K. & Shikazona, N. (2011). Heavy metals contamination in water and sediments of an Urban River in a developing country. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 8 (4), 723-736.
  • Nawaz, S., Nagra, S. A., Saleem, Y. & Priydarshs, A. (2010). Determination of heavy metals in fresh water fish species of the River Ravi, Pakistan compared to farmed fish varieties. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 67, 461-471. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-009-1064-9
  • Özparlak, H., Sanda, M.A. & Arslan, G. (2016). Some heavy metal levels in muscle tissue of seven fish species from the Sugla and Beysehir lakes, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 25, 2090-2098.
  • Özyurt, G., Polat, A. & Loker, G. B. (2009). Vitamin and mineral content of pike perch (Sander lucioperca), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and European catfish (Silurus glanis). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 33, 351-356. DOI: 10.3906/vet-0803-24
  • Rajeshkumar, S., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., Ravikumar, B., Bai, G. & Li, X. (2018). Studies on seasonal pollution of heavy metals in water, sediment, fish and oyster from the Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake in China. Chemosphere, 191, 626-638. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.078
  • Satheeshkumar, P. & Senthilkumar, D. (2011). Identification of heavy metals contamination by multivariate statistical analysis methods in Pondicherry mangroves, India. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 1(1), 30-48.
  • Shrivastava, P., Saxena, A. & Swarup, A. (2003). Heavy metal pollution in a sewage-fed lake of Bhopal. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management, 8(1).1-4. DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1770.2003.00211.x
  • Siddiqui, E., Verma, K., Pandey, U. & Pandey, J. (2019). Metal contamination in seven tributaries of the Ganga River and assessment of human health risk from fish consumption. Archives Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology, 77(2), 263-278. DOI: 10.1007/s00244-019-00638-5
  • Skujins, S. (1998). Handbook for ICP-AES (Varıan-Vista). A hort Guıde To Vista Series ICP-AES Operation.Varian Int. AGşZug. Version 1.0. pp 29. Switzerland.
  • Steel R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., & Dickey, D.A. (1996) Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc, New York, USA 1996.
  • TFC, (2011). Turkish Food Codex. Official Gazette, 23 December, No: 24885.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2019). Water and sediment quality assessment of the lifeblood of Thrace Region (Turkey): Meriç River basin. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28 (5): 4131-4140.
  • UNEP, (1984). Determination of total cadmiun, zinc, lead and copper in selected marine organisms by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry, reference methods for marine. Pollution Studies, No. 11 Rev. 1
  • Uysal, K. (2010). Heavy metal in edible portions (muscle and skin) and other organs (gill, liver and intestine) of selected freshwater fish Species. International Journal of Food Properties, 14:280-286. DOI: 10.1080/10942910903176378
  • Varol, M, & Sünbül, M.R. (2019). Environmental contaminants in fish species from a large dam reservoir and their potential risks to human health. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 169, 507–515. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.11.060
  • Withanachchi, S., Ghambashidze, G., Kunchulia, I., Urushadze, T. & Ploeger, A. (2008). Water quality in surface water: a preliminary assessment of heavy metal contamination of the Mashavera River, Georgia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health., 15(4), 621. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15040621
  • Zhu, F., Qu, L., Fan, W., Wang, A., Hao, H., Li, X., Yao, S. (2015). Study on heavy metal levels and its health risk assessment in some edible fishes from Nansi Lake, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(4), 161. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-015-4355-3

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Limnoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Numan Emre GÜMÜŞ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey Üniversitesi
0000-0001-8275-3871
Türkiye


Cengiz AKKÖZ>
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-3268-0189
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ BAP KOORDİNATÖRLÜĞÜ
Proje Numarası BAP-14201044
Teşekkür PhD thesis of Numan Emre GÜMÜŞ was financially supported by the Selçuk University Scientific Research Project Coordinator with the project coded (BAP-14201044) and Tübitak BİDEB. Also, I would like to thank to Dr. Buğrahan EMSEN for his contribution to the statistical analysis for the interpretation of the data.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 5 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 26 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Gümüş, N. E. & Akköz, C. (2021). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the water, sediment and the tissues of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) from Eber Lake . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 38 (4) , 507-514 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.38.4.12