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Histological changes in the gills, livers and muscles of Oreochromis niloticus fed with steriod, natural hormone and pawpaw seed based diets

Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4, 487 - 497, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.10

Öz



This study was conducted to evaluate the histological changes of 17αmethyl-testosterone (MT), wet testes of bull (Bos indicus), boar (Sus domesticus), bull/mud catfish testes (B. indicus/C. gariepinus) and pawpaw (Carica papaya) seed powder-based diet on the Nile tilapia fry in an indoor experimental pond. Histological changes and efficacies in producing monosex males were determined after four months. Fifty-five fry were assigned randomly to three experimental ponds in triplicates. Five experimental feeds composed of soya-bean, fish meal, wheat bran, cassava flour were formulated by adding 0.06g of 17α- methyl-testosterone, 17.47g of bull wet testes, 25.59g of boar wet testes, 20.48g of bull/catfish and 20g of pawpaw seed powder per kg of feed to group 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively. Obtained results from the morphological examination revealed a significant difference (p < 0.05) in phenotypic males of the Nile tilapia fry fed with the experimental diets. The highest indistinct percentage was recorded in the 17αmethyl-testosterone-treated diet while the lowest was recorded in diets 3 and 4 with no significant differences. All the groups showed histopathological differences in the livers, gills, and muscles. However, the liver histology of groups 1 and 5 showed central vessels that are mildly congested with abundant glycogen vacuolation and somewhat fat infiltration, while the histology of the muscles of group 5 showed pathological lesions including moderate to severe necrosis. These alterations can be considered an indication of the performance and health of fish in monosex culture medium indicating effects of plant extract and MT.


Kaynakça

  • Ajiboye, O. O., Okonji, V. A. & Yakubu, A. F. (2015). Effect of testosterone-induced sex reversal on the sex ratio, growth enhancement and survival of Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus) fed coppens and farm produced feed in a semi flow-through culture system. Fish Aquaculture Journal, 6(123), 2. DOI: 10.4172/2150-3508.1000123
  • Avwioro O.G. (2010). Histochemistry and tissue pathology, principle, and techniques. 2nd Edition, Ibadan: Claverianun Press Berger, A & Rothbard, S. (1987). Androgen induced sex-reversal of Red Tilapia fry stocked in Cages within Ponds. Bamidgeh, 39(2), 49-57
  • Curtis, L. R., Diren, F. T., Hurley, M. D., Seimand, W. K. & Tubb, R. A. (1991). Disposition and elimination of 17 ∝-testosterone in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 99, 193-201. DOI: 10.1016/0044-8486(91)90298-L
  • Dauda, A. B., Yakubu, S. O. & Oke, A. O. (2014). Curbing the menace of prolific breeding in “aquatic chicken” (Tilapia): A way out to improve fish production in Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 7 (4), 112-118. ISSN: 1554-0200
  • Deborah, A. S. (1990). The effects of the synthetic steroid 17–alpha–methyl testosterone on the growth and organ morphology of the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture, 84, 81-93. DOI:10.1016/0044-8486(90)90302-4
  • Dergal, N. B., Scippo, M. L., Degand, G., Gennotte, V., Mélard, C. & El-Amine, A. A. S. M. (2016). Monitoring of 17α-methyltestosterone residues in tilapia’s (Oreochromis niloticus) flesh and experimental water after its sex reversal. International Journal of Bioscience, 9(6), 101-113. DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00276-4
  • Desprez, D., Geraz, E., Hoareau, M. C., Melard, C., Bosc, P. & Baroiller, J. F. (2003). Production of a high percentage of male offspring with a natural androgen, 11B hydroxyandrostenedione 11BOHA4), in Florida red tilapia. Aquaculture, 216, 55–65. DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00276-4 Dias-Neto, J., Valladão, G. M. R., de Oliveira Viadanna, P. H., & Pilarski, F. (2016). Three strategic feeding during hatchering of Nile tilapia: effects on organs integrity, parasitism, and performance parameters. International Aquatic Research, 8(1), 37-48. DOI: 10.1007/s40071-016-0123-4
  • Ekwu, A. O. & Sikoki, F. D. (2001). Comparison of hormonally induced sex direction in two strains of Oreochromis niloticus (Trewavas). Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 16(2), 147-149. DOI: 10.4314/jas.v16i2.20023
  • El-Greisy, Z. A. & El-Gamal, A. E. (2012). Monosex production of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus using different doses of 17α-methyltestosterone with respect to the degree of sex stability after one year of treatment. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 38(1), 59-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejar.2012.08.005
  • El-Nemr, I. Z., Haleem, H. H. & Abdou, K. A. H. (1999). Evaluation of the effect of 17 α-methyltestosterone on monosex, mortality rate and residual values in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Beni- Suef Veterinary Medicine Journal, 9(2), 25-33.
  • FAO (2010). The State of world fisheries and aquaculture 2010. FAO, Rome, 2010, 197
  • Fuentes-Silva, C., Soto-Zarazúa, G. M., Torres-Pacheco, I. & Flores-Rangel, A. (2013). Male tilapia production techniques: a mini-review. African Journal of Biotechnology 12(36); 5496-5502. DOI: 10.5897/AJB11.4119
  • Gayão, A. L. B. D. A., Buzollo, H., Favero, G. C., Junior, S., Araújo, A., Portella, M. C. & Carneiro, D. J. (2013). Hepatic histology and cage production of Nile tilapia hormonally masculinized or nonmasculininized. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 48(8); 991-997. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2013000800026
  • Green, B. W., Veverica, K. L. & Fitzpatrick, M. S. (1997). Chapter 10: Fry and fingerling production: 227-33. In H.S. Egna , C.E. Boyd (Eds.). Dynamics of pond aquaculture. (437 p) USA. CRC Press LLC.
  • Hasheesh, W. S., Marie, M. A. S., Abbas, H. H., Eshak, M. G. & Zahran, E. A. (2011). An evaluation of the effect of 17 α-methyl testosterone hormone on some biochemical, molecular, and histological changes in the liver of Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus. Life Science Journal, 8(3), 343-358.
  • Hulak, M., Paroulek, M., Simek, P., Kocour, M., Gela, D., Rodina, M. & Linhart, O. (2008). Water polluted by 17α‐methyltestosterone provides successful male sex inversion of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) from gynogenetic offspring. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24(6), 707-710. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01107.x
  • Hussain, M. G. (2004). Farming of Tilapia, breeding plans, mass seed production and aquaculture techniques (p. 149). Dhaka: Momin Offset Press.
  • Jaiswal, P. & Singh, D. K. (2008). Molluscicidal activity of Carica papaya and Areca catechu against the freshwater snail Lymnaea acuminata. Veterinary Parasitology, 152(3-4), 264-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2007.12.033
  • Kefi, A. S., Kang’ombe J., Kassam, D. & Katongo, C. (2013). Effect of 17 a-methyl testosterone on haematology and histology of liver and heart of Oreochromis andersonii (Castelnau, 1861). Journal of Marine Science: Research and Development, 3, 130. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.1000130
  • Khalil, W. K., Hasheesh, W. S., Marie, M. A. S., Abbas, H. H., & Zahran, E. A. (2011). Assessment the impact of 17α-methyltestosterone hormone on growth, hormone concentration, molecular and histopathological changes in muscles and testis of Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus. Life Science Journal, 8(3), 329-343.
  • Khater, A. M. M. (1998). Sex reversal in Tilapia nilotica. Ph.D. Thesis. Zagazig University, Agricultural Science (Poultry Production- Aquaculture- Fish hatching and sex reversal), 144 p.
  • Megbowon, I. & Mojekwu, T. O. (2014). Tilapia sex reversal using methyl testosterone (MT) and its Effect on Fish, Man and Environment. Biotechnology, 13(5), 213-216. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2014.213.216
  • Mengumphan, K., Samitasiri, Y. & Carandang, R. (2006). The potential of red kwao kreua (Butea superba) in inducing sex reversal on three strains (Red, Ghana, Chitralada) of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and the effect of 17-α- methyltestosterone (MT). Asian fisheries science, 19, 271-279. DOI: 10.33997/j.afs.2006.19.3.007
  • Meske, C. P. B. & Vogt, F. (2014). Fish aquaculture: technology and experiments. Federal Research Center for Fisheries, Institute for Coastal and Inland Fisheries.1-5.
  • Mlalila, N., Mahika, C., Kolombo, M.L., Swai, H. & Hilanga, A. (2015). Human food safety and Environmental hazards associated with the use of methyltestosterone and steroids in production of all male Tilapia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(7), 4922-31. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4133-3
  • Mohamed, H. A. O. (2019). The Use of Sex Hormone in Sex Reversal of Oreochromis niloticus. Journal of Aquatic Science and Marine Biology 2 (1); 1-7
  • Myers, M. S., Rhodes, L. D. & McCain, B. B. (1987). Pathologic anatomy and patterns of occurrence of hepatic neoplasms, putative preneoplastic lesions, and other iodiopathic hepatic conditions in English sole (Parophrys vetulus) from Puget Sound, Washington. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 78, 333-363. DOI: 10.1093/jnci/78.2.333
  • Orose, E. & Vincent-Akpu, I. (2016). Cost-benefit on masculination of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using natural and artificial hormone. International Journal of Biosciences and Technology, 9(8), 46. ISSN: 0974 – 3987
  • Orose, E., Wokoma, A. & Woke, G. N. (2016). Sex reversal of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using 17α-methyl-testosterone, wet testes from selected animals and plant extract. International Journal of Life Science Research, 3(4), 23-29.
  • Orose, E., Woke, G. N. & Bekibele, D. O (2018). Growth response and survival of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using steroid hormone, animal testes, and pawpaw seed-based diet. Nigerian Journal of Fisheries, 15(1), 1336-1341.
  • Pandian, T. J. & Kirankumar, S. (2008). Recent advances in hormonal induction of sex-reversal in fish. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 13(3-4), 205-230. DOI: 10.1300/J028v13n03_02
  • Phelps, R. P. & Popma, T. J. (2000). Sex reversal of Tilapia. In B.A. Costa-Pierce, J. E. Rakocy, (Eds). Tilapia Aquaculture in the Americas 2 (pp. 34–59). The World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge Louisiana, United States.
  • Phelps, R. P. (2001). Sex reversal: the directed control of gonodal development in tilapia. Pages 35-60. In D.E. Meyer (Ed.). Proceedings for Tilapia Sessions from the 6th Central American Aquaculture Symposium. 22-24 August 2001, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Rahma, A., Kamble, M. T., Ataguba, G. A., Chavan, B. R., Rusydi, R., & Melisa, S. (2015). Steroidogenic and thermal control of sex in tilapia (O. niloticus): A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 4(1), 214-229.
  • Rizkalla, E. H., Haleem, H. H., Abdel-Halim, A. M. M. & Youssef, R. H. (2004). Evaluation of using 17α-methyl testosterone for monosex Oreochromis niloticus fry production. Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 43(a), 315-335
  • Robert, B. M. (2011). Biology of fish. California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System University of California.
  • Roberts, R. J. & Ellis, A. E. (1978). The anatomy and physiology of Teleosts. In R.J. Robert (Ed.), Fish Pathology, (4thEdn), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, London, UK.
  • Sayed, A. E. D., Farrag, M., Abdelaty, B., Toutou, M., & Muhammad, O. (2018). Histological alterations in some organs of monosex tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, Linnaeus, 1758) produced using methyltestosterone. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 22(4), 141-151. DOI: 10.21608/ejabf.2018.13272
  • Sipahutar, W. L., Aliza, D. & Winaruddin, N. (2013). Histopathological of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus gill maintained in heat temperature. Jurnal Medik Veteriner; 7, 19-21.
  • Suseno, D. N., Luqman, E. M., Lamid, M., Mukti, A. T. & Suprayudi, M. A. (2020). Residual impact of 17α-methyltestosterone and histopathological changes in sex-reversed Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 9(1), 37 – 43. DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.275527
  • Vallada˜o, G. M. R., Pa´dua, S. B., Gallani, S. U., Menezes-Filho, R. N., Dias-Neto, J., Martins, M. L. & Pilarski, F. (2013) Paratrichodina africana (Ciliophora): a pathogenic gill parasite in farmed Nile tilapia. Veterinary Parasitology, 197(3); 705–710. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.04.043
  • World Health Organization (2002). WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Volume 2. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Xu, P., Kpundeh, M. D., Qiang, J., & Gabriel, N. N. (2015). Use of herbal extracts for controlling reproduction in tilapia culture: Trends and Prospects-a Review. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 67, 20705.
  • Yang, C. Z. & Albright, L. J. (1992). Effects of the harmful diatom Chaetoceros concavicornison respiration of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 14(2), 105–114. DOI: 10.1007/s40071-016-0123-4
  • Zulfahmi, I., Affandi, R. & Batu, L. T. F. D. (2015). Changes in the structure of gill and liver histology in tilapia fish Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758 exposure to mercury. Jurnal Edukasi dan Sains Biologi; 4, 25-31.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4, 487 - 497, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.10

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ajiboye, O. O., Okonji, V. A. & Yakubu, A. F. (2015). Effect of testosterone-induced sex reversal on the sex ratio, growth enhancement and survival of Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus) fed coppens and farm produced feed in a semi flow-through culture system. Fish Aquaculture Journal, 6(123), 2. DOI: 10.4172/2150-3508.1000123
  • Avwioro O.G. (2010). Histochemistry and tissue pathology, principle, and techniques. 2nd Edition, Ibadan: Claverianun Press Berger, A & Rothbard, S. (1987). Androgen induced sex-reversal of Red Tilapia fry stocked in Cages within Ponds. Bamidgeh, 39(2), 49-57
  • Curtis, L. R., Diren, F. T., Hurley, M. D., Seimand, W. K. & Tubb, R. A. (1991). Disposition and elimination of 17 ∝-testosterone in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 99, 193-201. DOI: 10.1016/0044-8486(91)90298-L
  • Dauda, A. B., Yakubu, S. O. & Oke, A. O. (2014). Curbing the menace of prolific breeding in “aquatic chicken” (Tilapia): A way out to improve fish production in Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 7 (4), 112-118. ISSN: 1554-0200
  • Deborah, A. S. (1990). The effects of the synthetic steroid 17–alpha–methyl testosterone on the growth and organ morphology of the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture, 84, 81-93. DOI:10.1016/0044-8486(90)90302-4
  • Dergal, N. B., Scippo, M. L., Degand, G., Gennotte, V., Mélard, C. & El-Amine, A. A. S. M. (2016). Monitoring of 17α-methyltestosterone residues in tilapia’s (Oreochromis niloticus) flesh and experimental water after its sex reversal. International Journal of Bioscience, 9(6), 101-113. DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00276-4
  • Desprez, D., Geraz, E., Hoareau, M. C., Melard, C., Bosc, P. & Baroiller, J. F. (2003). Production of a high percentage of male offspring with a natural androgen, 11B hydroxyandrostenedione 11BOHA4), in Florida red tilapia. Aquaculture, 216, 55–65. DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00276-4 Dias-Neto, J., Valladão, G. M. R., de Oliveira Viadanna, P. H., & Pilarski, F. (2016). Three strategic feeding during hatchering of Nile tilapia: effects on organs integrity, parasitism, and performance parameters. International Aquatic Research, 8(1), 37-48. DOI: 10.1007/s40071-016-0123-4
  • Ekwu, A. O. & Sikoki, F. D. (2001). Comparison of hormonally induced sex direction in two strains of Oreochromis niloticus (Trewavas). Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 16(2), 147-149. DOI: 10.4314/jas.v16i2.20023
  • El-Greisy, Z. A. & El-Gamal, A. E. (2012). Monosex production of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus using different doses of 17α-methyltestosterone with respect to the degree of sex stability after one year of treatment. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 38(1), 59-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejar.2012.08.005
  • El-Nemr, I. Z., Haleem, H. H. & Abdou, K. A. H. (1999). Evaluation of the effect of 17 α-methyltestosterone on monosex, mortality rate and residual values in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Beni- Suef Veterinary Medicine Journal, 9(2), 25-33.
  • FAO (2010). The State of world fisheries and aquaculture 2010. FAO, Rome, 2010, 197
  • Fuentes-Silva, C., Soto-Zarazúa, G. M., Torres-Pacheco, I. & Flores-Rangel, A. (2013). Male tilapia production techniques: a mini-review. African Journal of Biotechnology 12(36); 5496-5502. DOI: 10.5897/AJB11.4119
  • Gayão, A. L. B. D. A., Buzollo, H., Favero, G. C., Junior, S., Araújo, A., Portella, M. C. & Carneiro, D. J. (2013). Hepatic histology and cage production of Nile tilapia hormonally masculinized or nonmasculininized. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 48(8); 991-997. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2013000800026
  • Green, B. W., Veverica, K. L. & Fitzpatrick, M. S. (1997). Chapter 10: Fry and fingerling production: 227-33. In H.S. Egna , C.E. Boyd (Eds.). Dynamics of pond aquaculture. (437 p) USA. CRC Press LLC.
  • Hasheesh, W. S., Marie, M. A. S., Abbas, H. H., Eshak, M. G. & Zahran, E. A. (2011). An evaluation of the effect of 17 α-methyl testosterone hormone on some biochemical, molecular, and histological changes in the liver of Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus. Life Science Journal, 8(3), 343-358.
  • Hulak, M., Paroulek, M., Simek, P., Kocour, M., Gela, D., Rodina, M. & Linhart, O. (2008). Water polluted by 17α‐methyltestosterone provides successful male sex inversion of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) from gynogenetic offspring. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24(6), 707-710. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01107.x
  • Hussain, M. G. (2004). Farming of Tilapia, breeding plans, mass seed production and aquaculture techniques (p. 149). Dhaka: Momin Offset Press.
  • Jaiswal, P. & Singh, D. K. (2008). Molluscicidal activity of Carica papaya and Areca catechu against the freshwater snail Lymnaea acuminata. Veterinary Parasitology, 152(3-4), 264-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2007.12.033
  • Kefi, A. S., Kang’ombe J., Kassam, D. & Katongo, C. (2013). Effect of 17 a-methyl testosterone on haematology and histology of liver and heart of Oreochromis andersonii (Castelnau, 1861). Journal of Marine Science: Research and Development, 3, 130. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.1000130
  • Khalil, W. K., Hasheesh, W. S., Marie, M. A. S., Abbas, H. H., & Zahran, E. A. (2011). Assessment the impact of 17α-methyltestosterone hormone on growth, hormone concentration, molecular and histopathological changes in muscles and testis of Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus. Life Science Journal, 8(3), 329-343.
  • Khater, A. M. M. (1998). Sex reversal in Tilapia nilotica. Ph.D. Thesis. Zagazig University, Agricultural Science (Poultry Production- Aquaculture- Fish hatching and sex reversal), 144 p.
  • Megbowon, I. & Mojekwu, T. O. (2014). Tilapia sex reversal using methyl testosterone (MT) and its Effect on Fish, Man and Environment. Biotechnology, 13(5), 213-216. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2014.213.216
  • Mengumphan, K., Samitasiri, Y. & Carandang, R. (2006). The potential of red kwao kreua (Butea superba) in inducing sex reversal on three strains (Red, Ghana, Chitralada) of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and the effect of 17-α- methyltestosterone (MT). Asian fisheries science, 19, 271-279. DOI: 10.33997/j.afs.2006.19.3.007
  • Meske, C. P. B. & Vogt, F. (2014). Fish aquaculture: technology and experiments. Federal Research Center for Fisheries, Institute for Coastal and Inland Fisheries.1-5.
  • Mlalila, N., Mahika, C., Kolombo, M.L., Swai, H. & Hilanga, A. (2015). Human food safety and Environmental hazards associated with the use of methyltestosterone and steroids in production of all male Tilapia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(7), 4922-31. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4133-3
  • Mohamed, H. A. O. (2019). The Use of Sex Hormone in Sex Reversal of Oreochromis niloticus. Journal of Aquatic Science and Marine Biology 2 (1); 1-7
  • Myers, M. S., Rhodes, L. D. & McCain, B. B. (1987). Pathologic anatomy and patterns of occurrence of hepatic neoplasms, putative preneoplastic lesions, and other iodiopathic hepatic conditions in English sole (Parophrys vetulus) from Puget Sound, Washington. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 78, 333-363. DOI: 10.1093/jnci/78.2.333
  • Orose, E. & Vincent-Akpu, I. (2016). Cost-benefit on masculination of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using natural and artificial hormone. International Journal of Biosciences and Technology, 9(8), 46. ISSN: 0974 – 3987
  • Orose, E., Wokoma, A. & Woke, G. N. (2016). Sex reversal of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using 17α-methyl-testosterone, wet testes from selected animals and plant extract. International Journal of Life Science Research, 3(4), 23-29.
  • Orose, E., Woke, G. N. & Bekibele, D. O (2018). Growth response and survival of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using steroid hormone, animal testes, and pawpaw seed-based diet. Nigerian Journal of Fisheries, 15(1), 1336-1341.
  • Pandian, T. J. & Kirankumar, S. (2008). Recent advances in hormonal induction of sex-reversal in fish. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 13(3-4), 205-230. DOI: 10.1300/J028v13n03_02
  • Phelps, R. P. & Popma, T. J. (2000). Sex reversal of Tilapia. In B.A. Costa-Pierce, J. E. Rakocy, (Eds). Tilapia Aquaculture in the Americas 2 (pp. 34–59). The World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge Louisiana, United States.
  • Phelps, R. P. (2001). Sex reversal: the directed control of gonodal development in tilapia. Pages 35-60. In D.E. Meyer (Ed.). Proceedings for Tilapia Sessions from the 6th Central American Aquaculture Symposium. 22-24 August 2001, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Rahma, A., Kamble, M. T., Ataguba, G. A., Chavan, B. R., Rusydi, R., & Melisa, S. (2015). Steroidogenic and thermal control of sex in tilapia (O. niloticus): A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 4(1), 214-229.
  • Rizkalla, E. H., Haleem, H. H., Abdel-Halim, A. M. M. & Youssef, R. H. (2004). Evaluation of using 17α-methyl testosterone for monosex Oreochromis niloticus fry production. Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 43(a), 315-335
  • Robert, B. M. (2011). Biology of fish. California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System University of California.
  • Roberts, R. J. & Ellis, A. E. (1978). The anatomy and physiology of Teleosts. In R.J. Robert (Ed.), Fish Pathology, (4thEdn), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, London, UK.
  • Sayed, A. E. D., Farrag, M., Abdelaty, B., Toutou, M., & Muhammad, O. (2018). Histological alterations in some organs of monosex tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, Linnaeus, 1758) produced using methyltestosterone. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 22(4), 141-151. DOI: 10.21608/ejabf.2018.13272
  • Sipahutar, W. L., Aliza, D. & Winaruddin, N. (2013). Histopathological of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus gill maintained in heat temperature. Jurnal Medik Veteriner; 7, 19-21.
  • Suseno, D. N., Luqman, E. M., Lamid, M., Mukti, A. T. & Suprayudi, M. A. (2020). Residual impact of 17α-methyltestosterone and histopathological changes in sex-reversed Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 9(1), 37 – 43. DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.275527
  • Vallada˜o, G. M. R., Pa´dua, S. B., Gallani, S. U., Menezes-Filho, R. N., Dias-Neto, J., Martins, M. L. & Pilarski, F. (2013) Paratrichodina africana (Ciliophora): a pathogenic gill parasite in farmed Nile tilapia. Veterinary Parasitology, 197(3); 705–710. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.04.043
  • World Health Organization (2002). WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Volume 2. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Xu, P., Kpundeh, M. D., Qiang, J., & Gabriel, N. N. (2015). Use of herbal extracts for controlling reproduction in tilapia culture: Trends and Prospects-a Review. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 67, 20705.
  • Yang, C. Z. & Albright, L. J. (1992). Effects of the harmful diatom Chaetoceros concavicornison respiration of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 14(2), 105–114. DOI: 10.1007/s40071-016-0123-4
  • Zulfahmi, I., Affandi, R. & Batu, L. T. F. D. (2015). Changes in the structure of gill and liver histology in tilapia fish Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758 exposure to mercury. Jurnal Edukasi dan Sains Biologi; 4, 25-31.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Balıkçılık
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ekinadose OROSE Bu kişi benim
University of Port Harcourt
0000-0002-4046-8042
Nigeria


Okechukwu Kenneth WOKEH Bu kişi benim
University of Port Harcourt
0000-0002-3963-5682
Nigeria


Edafe ODİOKO (Sorumlu Yazar)
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7562-4203
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 6 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 18 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 38, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Orose, E. , Wokeh, O. K. & Odioko, E. (2021). Histological changes in the gills, livers and muscles of Oreochromis niloticus fed with steriod, natural hormone and pawpaw seed based diets . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 38 (4) , 487-497 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.38.4.10