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Composition of eggs and larvae of fish and macrogelatinious zooplankton in Sinop Region (The Central Black Sea) during 2002

Yıl 2006, Cilt 23, Sayı 1, 135 - 140, 01.03.2006

Öz

This study was carried out in order to determine abundance and distribution of macrogelatinous organisms (Aurelia aurita, Pleurobranchia pileus, Mnemiopsis leidyi ve Beroe ovata) with respect to fish egg and larvae in Sinop region in 2002. Three stations were selected this region and plankton tows were made both verticallly and horizontally. In study the ctenophores M. leidyi between January and September, and B.ovata between August and December period were appeared. The cnidarian Aurelia aurita and the ctenophore Pleurobranchia pileus showed a wider distribution in 2002. A total of 857 eggs and 150 larvae were collected from ichthyoplankton samples and 8 species belonging to 8 families were identified. Most of ichthyoplankton
included Sprattus sprattus phalericus 77.7%, Engraulis encrasicolus ponticus10% and Mullus barbatus 10% of total eggs, S. s. phalericus 51%, Blennidae family 15% and E. e. ponticus 13% of total larvae. The abundance and species number of ichthyoplankton were lower in the present study than found in 1999-2000. Overall in the warm period, the abundance of both macrogelatinous organisms and fish egg and larvae were found to increases. No correlations were found between macrogelatinous organisms and fish egg and larvae in this relatively short sampling (during a year) period (p>0.05). 

Kaynakça

  • Başar, E. 1996. Seasonal distribution of some teleost fish eggs and larvae in Sürmene Bay (East of the Blacksea), (in Turkish). Ms. Thesis. Trabzon. p.79.
  • Bat, L., Kıdeyş, E.A., Oğuz, T., Beşiktepe, Ş., Yardım, Ö., Gündoğdu, A., Üstün, F., Satılmış, H.H., Şahin, F., Birinci Ö.Z. and Zoral, T. 2005. Monitoring of Basic Pelagic Ecosystem Parameters in the Central Black Sea, (in Turkish). Proje no: DPT 2002 KI20500 (TAP-S013 No’lu Proje). p. 488.
  • Birinci, Z., Bat, L., Sahin, F., Satilmis, H.H., Ustun F. and Kideys A.E. 2003. Seasonality of Gelatinous Macrozooplankton of Sinop Peninsula of the Black Sea. (Scientific and Policy Challenges Towards an Effective Management of The Marine Environment, 12-18 October 2003 Albena, Bulgaria).
  • Bologa, A.S., Skolka, H.V. and Frangopol, P.T. 1984. Annual cycle of planktonic primary productivity off the Romanian Black Sea coast. Marine Ecology- Progress Series 19, p. 25-32.
  • Büyükhatipoğlu, S., Bat, L., Kıdeyş, A.E., Tuğrul, S., Zagorodnyaya, J., Gündoğdu, A., Akbulut, M., Çulha, M., Gönlügür, G., Eker, E., and Satılmış, H.H. 2002. Process-Oriented Biochemical Studies of the Central Black Sea off the Cape Sinop, (in Turkish). TÜBITAK Pro. No: YDABÇAG- 619/G 197Y156. p. 92.
  • Dekhnik, T.V. 1973. Ichthyoplankton of the Black Sea, Cernova Moria Haukova, Kiev, p. 234.
  • Finenko, G.A., Anninsky, B.E., Romanova, Z.A., Abolmasova, G.I. and Kideys, A. E. 2001. Chemical Composition, Respiration and Feeding Rates of the New Alien Ctenophore, Beroe ovata, in the Black Sea. Hydrobiology, 451: p. 177-186.
  • Finenko, G.A., Romanova, Z.A., Abolmasova, G.I., Anninsky, B., Svetlichny, L.S., Hubareva, E.S., Bat, L. and Kideys, A.E. 2003. Population Dynamics, Ingestion, Growth, and Reproduction Rates of the Invader Beroe ovata and Its Impact on Plankton Community in Sevastopal Bay, the Black Sea, Journal of Plankton research, 25(5), p. 539-549.
  • Gordina, A.D., Niermann, U., Kideys, A.E., Subbotin, A.A., Artyomov, Y.G. and Bingel, F. 1998. State of Summer Ichthyoplankton in The Black Sea. in: NATO TU-Black Sea Project: Ecosystem Modeling as a Management Tool For The Black Sea, Symposium on Scientific Results, L. Ivanov & T. Oguz (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.367-380.
  • Gordina, A.D., Pavlova, E.V., Ovsyany, E.I, Wilson, J.G., Kemp, R.B. and Romanov, A.S. 2001. Long term changes in Sevastopol Bay (the Black Sea) with particular reference to the ichthyoplankton and zooplankton. Eustuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 59, p. 1-13.
  • Kideys, A.E. 1994. Recent Dramatic Changes in the Black Sea Ecosystem: The Reason for the Sharp Decline in Turkish Anchovy Fisheries. J. of Marine Systems 5, 171-181. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.209-220.
  • Kideys A.E. 2002. Fall and rise of the Black Sea ecosystem. Science 297(5586): 1482-1484.
  • Kideys A.E., A. Roohi, S. Bagheri, G. Finenko, L. Kamburska 2005. Impacts of Invasive Ctenophores on the Fisheries of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Oceanography-Black Sea Special Issue, 18(2):76-85
  • Kovalev, A.V., Gubanova A. D., Kideys, E.A., Melnikov, V.V., Niermann, U., Ovstrovskaya, N.A., Prosova, I.Y., Skryabin V.A., Uysal, Z. and Zagoradnyaya J. A. 1998. Long-term changes in the biomass and composition of forder zooplankton in coastal regions of the Black Sea during the period 1954 and 1996. In Ivanov, L.I. and Oğuz, T. (eds) Ecosystem modelling as a management tool for the Black Sea, Vol. 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 209-219.
  • Mee, L. D. 1992. The Black Sea in crisis: a need for concertedinternational action. Ambio, 21: p. 278-286.
  • Mutlu, E. 1999. Distribution of abundance ctenophores, and their zooplankton food in the Black sea. II. Mnemiopsis leidyi. Mar Biol 135: p. 603-613.
  • Mutlu, E. and Bingel, F. 1999. Distribution of abundance ctenophores, and their zooplankton food in the Black sea. II. Pleurobrachia pileus Mar Biol 135: p. 589-601.
  • Mutlu, E., Bingel, F., Gucu, A.C., Melnikov, V.V., Niermann, U., Ostr, N.A. and Zaika, V.E. 1994. Distribution of the new invader Mnemiopsis sp. and the resident Aurelia aurita and Pleurobrachia pileus populations in the Black Sea in the years 1991-1993. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51: p. 407- 421.
  • Niermann, U., Bingel, F., Gorban, A., Gordina, A.D., Gucu, A.C., Kideys, A.E., Konsulov, A., Radu, G., Subbotin, A.A. and Zaika, V.E. 1994. Distirubution of Anchovy Eggs and Larvae (Engraulis encrasicolus Cuv.) in the Black Sea in 1991 and 1992 in Comparison to Former Survey. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51: p. 395-406.
  • Oguz, T. 2005. Long-term Impacts of Antropogenic Forcing on the Black Sea Ecosystem, Oceonography, 18: p. 104-113.
  • Russel, F.S. 1976. The Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes, Academic Pres Inc. Ltd., London, p. 524.
  • Satılmış, H.H. 2001. Seasonal distribution of fish eggs and larvae off Sinop Peninsula, (in Turkish). Ondokuz Mayıs Üniv. Su Ürünleri Yetiştiriciliği Anabilim Dalı. Yüksek Lisan Tezi. p. 82.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Kideys, A.E., Gucu A.C.,. Niermann, U. and Khoroshilov, V.S. 1998. Changes in species diversity and abundance of the main components of the Black Sea pelagic community during the last decade. In: NATO TU-Black Sea Project: Ecosystem Modeling as a Management Tool for the Black Sea, Symposium on Scientific Results, L. Ivanov & T. Oguz (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.171-188.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Bulgakova, U.V., Sorokin, P.U. and Lukashev, U.F. 2000a. Results of study of the new invader Beroe ovata in the Black Sea, Izv ISR. Ser.Biology No 2, p. 248-256.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Bulgakova, Y.V., Dumond, H., Mikaelyan, A., Glazov, D.M., Bulgakova, Y.V., Musayeva E.I., Sorokin P. Yu., Pautova, L.A., Mirzoyan, Z.A. and Studenikına, E.I. 2004. Interactions between the invading ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi (A. Agasiz) and Beroe ovata Mayer 1912, and infulence on pelajik ecosystem of the Northeastern Black Sea, Aquatic Invasion in the Black, Caspian and Mediterranean Seas, p. 33-70. Kluver Acedemic Publishers. Printed in the Netherland.
  • Swanberg, N. 1974. The feeding behavior of Beroe ovata. Mar Biol 24: p. 69- 76.
  • Ünal, E. 2002. Seasonality of Zooplankton in the Southern Black Sea in 1999 and Genetics of Calanus euxinus (Copepoda). Ph.D. Thesis, IMS-Middle East Technical University/Ankara, Turkey, p. 214.
  • Vinogradov, M.E., Shushkina E.A., Musaeva E.I. and Sorokin P.Yu. 1989. A new acclimated species in the Black Sea: the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophore:Lobata). Oceanology 29: p. 220-224.
  • Yüksek, A. and Gücü, A.C. 1994. Computer Aided Fish Egg Identification (Black Sea Pelagic Eggs), (in Turkish). Karadeniz Eğitim-Kültür ve Çevre Koruma Vakfı, İstanbul, p. 51.
  • Zaika, V.E. 1992. The ecosystem degradation is increasing. In problems of the Black Sea. International Conference on Problems of the Black Sea. International Conference. Sevastopol, Ukraine. November 10-15; p. 97- 100.
  • Zaitsev, Yu.P. 1992. Recent changes in the trophic structure of the Black Sea. Fish Oceanography 1, p. 180-189.

Orta Karadeniz’in Sinop Bölgesinde Jelimsi Organizmalar ile Balık Yumurta ve Larvalarının 2002 Yılı Kompozisyonu

Yıl 2006, Cilt 23, Sayı 1, 135 - 140, 01.03.2006

Öz

Bu araştırmada 2002 yılında Orta Karadeniz’in Sinop Bölgesi’ndeki makrojelimsi organizma (Aurelia aurita, Pleurobranchia pileus, Mnemiopsis leidyi ve Beroe ovata) türleri ile balık yumurta ve larvalarının bolluğu ve dağılımının tespit edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bunun için bölgede seçilen 3 istasyonda, dikey ve yatay olarak plankton çekimleri yapılmıştır. Araştırmada ktenoforlardan Mnemiopsis leidyi Ocak-Eylül, Beroe ovata Ağustos-Aralık periyotlarında görülebilmiştir. Aurelia aurita ve Pleurobranchia pileus türleri ise 2002 yılında geniş dağılım göstermişlerdir. İhtiyoplankton örneklerinden toplam 857 adet yumurta ve 150 adet larva toplanmış olup 8 familyaya ait 8 tür tayin edilmiştir. Toplam yumurtanın %77.7’sini Sprattus sprattus phalericus, %10’unu Engraulis encrasicolus ponticus ve %10’unu da Mullus barbatus türüne ait yumurtalar oluşturmuştur. Toplam larvanın %51’ini S. s. phalericus, %15’ini Blennidae familyası ve %13’ünü de E. e. ponticus türleri oluşturmuştur. İhtiyoplankton tür sayısı ve bolluğu 1999-2000 yılından daha düşük bulunmuştur. Sıcaklık değerlerinin yükseldiği dönemlerde jelimsi organizma ile balık yumurta ve larva miktarlarının arttığı belirlenmiştir. Kısa süreli örneklemelerde (bir yıl boyunca) jelimsi organizmalarla balık yumurta ve larvaları arasındaki net bir ilişki bulunamamıştır (p>0.05)

Kaynakça

  • Başar, E. 1996. Seasonal distribution of some teleost fish eggs and larvae in Sürmene Bay (East of the Blacksea), (in Turkish). Ms. Thesis. Trabzon. p.79.
  • Bat, L., Kıdeyş, E.A., Oğuz, T., Beşiktepe, Ş., Yardım, Ö., Gündoğdu, A., Üstün, F., Satılmış, H.H., Şahin, F., Birinci Ö.Z. and Zoral, T. 2005. Monitoring of Basic Pelagic Ecosystem Parameters in the Central Black Sea, (in Turkish). Proje no: DPT 2002 KI20500 (TAP-S013 No’lu Proje). p. 488.
  • Birinci, Z., Bat, L., Sahin, F., Satilmis, H.H., Ustun F. and Kideys A.E. 2003. Seasonality of Gelatinous Macrozooplankton of Sinop Peninsula of the Black Sea. (Scientific and Policy Challenges Towards an Effective Management of The Marine Environment, 12-18 October 2003 Albena, Bulgaria).
  • Bologa, A.S., Skolka, H.V. and Frangopol, P.T. 1984. Annual cycle of planktonic primary productivity off the Romanian Black Sea coast. Marine Ecology- Progress Series 19, p. 25-32.
  • Büyükhatipoğlu, S., Bat, L., Kıdeyş, A.E., Tuğrul, S., Zagorodnyaya, J., Gündoğdu, A., Akbulut, M., Çulha, M., Gönlügür, G., Eker, E., and Satılmış, H.H. 2002. Process-Oriented Biochemical Studies of the Central Black Sea off the Cape Sinop, (in Turkish). TÜBITAK Pro. No: YDABÇAG- 619/G 197Y156. p. 92.
  • Dekhnik, T.V. 1973. Ichthyoplankton of the Black Sea, Cernova Moria Haukova, Kiev, p. 234.
  • Finenko, G.A., Anninsky, B.E., Romanova, Z.A., Abolmasova, G.I. and Kideys, A. E. 2001. Chemical Composition, Respiration and Feeding Rates of the New Alien Ctenophore, Beroe ovata, in the Black Sea. Hydrobiology, 451: p. 177-186.
  • Finenko, G.A., Romanova, Z.A., Abolmasova, G.I., Anninsky, B., Svetlichny, L.S., Hubareva, E.S., Bat, L. and Kideys, A.E. 2003. Population Dynamics, Ingestion, Growth, and Reproduction Rates of the Invader Beroe ovata and Its Impact on Plankton Community in Sevastopal Bay, the Black Sea, Journal of Plankton research, 25(5), p. 539-549.
  • Gordina, A.D., Niermann, U., Kideys, A.E., Subbotin, A.A., Artyomov, Y.G. and Bingel, F. 1998. State of Summer Ichthyoplankton in The Black Sea. in: NATO TU-Black Sea Project: Ecosystem Modeling as a Management Tool For The Black Sea, Symposium on Scientific Results, L. Ivanov & T. Oguz (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.367-380.
  • Gordina, A.D., Pavlova, E.V., Ovsyany, E.I, Wilson, J.G., Kemp, R.B. and Romanov, A.S. 2001. Long term changes in Sevastopol Bay (the Black Sea) with particular reference to the ichthyoplankton and zooplankton. Eustuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 59, p. 1-13.
  • Kideys, A.E. 1994. Recent Dramatic Changes in the Black Sea Ecosystem: The Reason for the Sharp Decline in Turkish Anchovy Fisheries. J. of Marine Systems 5, 171-181. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.209-220.
  • Kideys A.E. 2002. Fall and rise of the Black Sea ecosystem. Science 297(5586): 1482-1484.
  • Kideys A.E., A. Roohi, S. Bagheri, G. Finenko, L. Kamburska 2005. Impacts of Invasive Ctenophores on the Fisheries of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Oceanography-Black Sea Special Issue, 18(2):76-85
  • Kovalev, A.V., Gubanova A. D., Kideys, E.A., Melnikov, V.V., Niermann, U., Ovstrovskaya, N.A., Prosova, I.Y., Skryabin V.A., Uysal, Z. and Zagoradnyaya J. A. 1998. Long-term changes in the biomass and composition of forder zooplankton in coastal regions of the Black Sea during the period 1954 and 1996. In Ivanov, L.I. and Oğuz, T. (eds) Ecosystem modelling as a management tool for the Black Sea, Vol. 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 209-219.
  • Mee, L. D. 1992. The Black Sea in crisis: a need for concertedinternational action. Ambio, 21: p. 278-286.
  • Mutlu, E. 1999. Distribution of abundance ctenophores, and their zooplankton food in the Black sea. II. Mnemiopsis leidyi. Mar Biol 135: p. 603-613.
  • Mutlu, E. and Bingel, F. 1999. Distribution of abundance ctenophores, and their zooplankton food in the Black sea. II. Pleurobrachia pileus Mar Biol 135: p. 589-601.
  • Mutlu, E., Bingel, F., Gucu, A.C., Melnikov, V.V., Niermann, U., Ostr, N.A. and Zaika, V.E. 1994. Distribution of the new invader Mnemiopsis sp. and the resident Aurelia aurita and Pleurobrachia pileus populations in the Black Sea in the years 1991-1993. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51: p. 407- 421.
  • Niermann, U., Bingel, F., Gorban, A., Gordina, A.D., Gucu, A.C., Kideys, A.E., Konsulov, A., Radu, G., Subbotin, A.A. and Zaika, V.E. 1994. Distirubution of Anchovy Eggs and Larvae (Engraulis encrasicolus Cuv.) in the Black Sea in 1991 and 1992 in Comparison to Former Survey. ICES Journal of Marine Science 51: p. 395-406.
  • Oguz, T. 2005. Long-term Impacts of Antropogenic Forcing on the Black Sea Ecosystem, Oceonography, 18: p. 104-113.
  • Russel, F.S. 1976. The Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes, Academic Pres Inc. Ltd., London, p. 524.
  • Satılmış, H.H. 2001. Seasonal distribution of fish eggs and larvae off Sinop Peninsula, (in Turkish). Ondokuz Mayıs Üniv. Su Ürünleri Yetiştiriciliği Anabilim Dalı. Yüksek Lisan Tezi. p. 82.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Kideys, A.E., Gucu A.C.,. Niermann, U. and Khoroshilov, V.S. 1998. Changes in species diversity and abundance of the main components of the Black Sea pelagic community during the last decade. In: NATO TU-Black Sea Project: Ecosystem Modeling as a Management Tool for the Black Sea, Symposium on Scientific Results, L. Ivanov & T. Oguz (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, p.171-188.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Bulgakova, U.V., Sorokin, P.U. and Lukashev, U.F. 2000a. Results of study of the new invader Beroe ovata in the Black Sea, Izv ISR. Ser.Biology No 2, p. 248-256.
  • Shiganova, T.A., Bulgakova, Y.V., Dumond, H., Mikaelyan, A., Glazov, D.M., Bulgakova, Y.V., Musayeva E.I., Sorokin P. Yu., Pautova, L.A., Mirzoyan, Z.A. and Studenikına, E.I. 2004. Interactions between the invading ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi (A. Agasiz) and Beroe ovata Mayer 1912, and infulence on pelajik ecosystem of the Northeastern Black Sea, Aquatic Invasion in the Black, Caspian and Mediterranean Seas, p. 33-70. Kluver Acedemic Publishers. Printed in the Netherland.
  • Swanberg, N. 1974. The feeding behavior of Beroe ovata. Mar Biol 24: p. 69- 76.
  • Ünal, E. 2002. Seasonality of Zooplankton in the Southern Black Sea in 1999 and Genetics of Calanus euxinus (Copepoda). Ph.D. Thesis, IMS-Middle East Technical University/Ankara, Turkey, p. 214.
  • Vinogradov, M.E., Shushkina E.A., Musaeva E.I. and Sorokin P.Yu. 1989. A new acclimated species in the Black Sea: the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophore:Lobata). Oceanology 29: p. 220-224.
  • Yüksek, A. and Gücü, A.C. 1994. Computer Aided Fish Egg Identification (Black Sea Pelagic Eggs), (in Turkish). Karadeniz Eğitim-Kültür ve Çevre Koruma Vakfı, İstanbul, p. 51.
  • Zaika, V.E. 1992. The ecosystem degradation is increasing. In problems of the Black Sea. International Conference on Problems of the Black Sea. International Conference. Sevastopol, Ukraine. November 10-15; p. 97- 100.
  • Zaitsev, Yu.P. 1992. Recent changes in the trophic structure of the Black Sea. Fish Oceanography 1, p. 180-189.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ahmet E. KIDEYŞ Bu kişi benim


Yakup ERDEM Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mart 2006
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Aralık 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2006, Cilt 23, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kıdeyş, A. E. & Erdem, Y. (2006). Orta Karadeniz’in Sinop Bölgesinde Jelimsi Organizmalar ile Balık Yumurta ve Larvalarının 2002 Yılı Kompozisyonu . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 23 (1) , 135-140 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/tr/pub/issue/5014/67958