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Effect of l-carnitine usage on hepatic, visceral lipogenesis and growth performance of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata Linneaus, 1758) in net cage

Yıl 2011, Cilt 28, Sayı 4, 105 - 110, 01.12.2011

Öz

In this study, effects of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on hepatic, vısceral lipogenesis and growth performance of gilthead sea bream was investigated. Study was carried out 120 days. In this experimentation 3 groups (one of it is control) with 2 parallel was created and 6 net cages in 5x5x5m dimension was used. 5000 fishes with 198±1,5 g initial weight was put into each cages. Control group fishes was fed with normal commercial feeds. Other 2 experimentation group fishes was fed with feeds with L-carnitine supplemented respectively, 0,8 and 1,6 lt/100 kg feed. At the end of the experiment weight changes was examined and maximum final weight was determined in group G2 with 263,27±1,8 g. When weight gain examined, maximum weigth gain was determined in group G2 with 64,92±1,8 g. There was no differences between total weight of groups (p>0,05). Mortality was determined in group G0 with 416. Mimimum mortality was determined in group G2 with 372. There was variations on FCR values between groups (p<0,05). Minimum FCR was determined in group G2 with 1,79±0,05. Minimum HSI and VSI were determined in group G2 respectively, 2,5±0,29 and 8,3±0,4. This study showed that dietary L-carnitine supplementation enhances growth performance and decreases mortality. HSI and VSI was determined minimum values in group G2. It supports that dietary L-carnitine supplementation helps decreasing of hepatic and visceral lipogenesis. This idea was supported with liver examination.

Kaynakça

  • Anonim, 2008. Rate of L-Karnitin in feed premix (in Turkish with English
  • abstract). MetaphisyolR .
  • Caballero, J.M. 1999. Combined Effect Of Lipid Level and Fish Meal Quality On Liver Histology Of Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture research, 179:277–290.
  • Dias, J., Arzel, J., Corraze, G., Kaushik, J. 2001. Effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on growth and lipid metabolism in european sebass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Aquaculture research, 32 (suppl. 1):206-215.
  • Gaylord, G.T., Gatlin, M.D. 2000a. Effects of dietary carnitine and lipid on growth and body composition of striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 22:297–302.
  • Gaylord, G.T., Gatlin, M.D. 2000b. Dietary lipid level but not L-carnitine affects growth performance of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. Saxatilis). Aquaculture research, 190:237-246.
  • Focken, U., Becker, K., Lawrence, P. 1997. A Note On The Effects Of L- Carnitine On The Energy Metabolism Of Individually Reared Carp, Cyprinus Carpio L. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3:261–264.
  • Harpaz, S., 2005. L-Carnitine and its attributed functions in fish culture and nutrition- a review. Aquaculture research, 249:3-21.
  • Hoşsu, B., Korkut , A.Y., Kop, A.F. 2003. Fish Feeding and Feed Technology I. (Fish feed physiology and biochemistry) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Üniversitesi, Faculty of Fisheries, Publ. No: 50, Lesson Book No:19.
  • Ji, H., Bradley, M.T., Tremblay, C.G. 1996. Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Fed L-Carnitine Exhibit altered intermediary metabolism and reduced tissue lipid, but no change in growth rate. American institute of nutrition, 0022-3166/96.
  • Korkut, Y.A., Kop, A., Demirtaş, N., Cihaner A, A. 2007. Monitoring Methods of Growth Performance in Fish Feding (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 24(1-2):201- 205.
  • Luna, L.G., (ed.) 1982. Manual Of Histologic Staining Methods. American Registry of Pathology, McGraw-Hill, pp.251.
  • Metailler, R., 1986. Experimentation in Nutrition. (FAO 1986), (Ed; Bruno, A., MEDRAP), Nutrition in Marine Aquaculture, Pg. 1- 11, Lisbon.
  • Ozorio, A.O.R., Booms, R.H.G., Huisman, A.E., Verreth, J.A.J. 2002. Changes in amino acid composition in the tissues of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a consequence of dietary L-carnitine supplements. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18:140-147.
  • Ozório, R., Ginneken, V.V., Thillart, D.V.G., Verstegen, M., Verreth, J. 2005. Dietary Carnitine Maintains Energy Reserves and Delays Fatigue of Exercised African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Fed a high-fat diet. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, (Piracicaba, Braz.), v.62, n.3, p.208-213, May/June 2005.
  • Regost, C., Arze, J. l., Cardinal, M., Robin, J., Laroche, M., Kaushik, J.S. 2001. Dietary lipid level, hepatic lipogenesis and flesh quality in turbot (Psetta maxima). Aquaculture research, 193:291–309.
  • Santulli, A., V.D’Amelio. 1986. Effects of supplemental dietary carnitine on the growth and lipid metabolism of hatchery reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Aquaculture research, 59(3-4):177–186.
  • Schlechtriem, C., Bresler, V., Fishelson, L., Rosenfeld, M., Becker, K. 2004. Protective Effects Of Dietary L-Carnitine On Tilapia Hybrids (Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus) Reared Under Intensive Pond-Culture Conditions. Aquaculture Nutrition, 10:55- 63.
  • Torreele, E., Sluiszen, D.V., Verreth, J. 1993. The effect of dietary L-carnitine on the growth performance in fingerlings of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in relation to dietary lipid. British Journal of Nutrition, 69:289-299.
  • Twibell, G.R. Brown, B.P. 2000. Effects of dietary carnitine on growth rates and body composition of hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis male x M. chrysops female). Aquaculture research, 187:153-161.

Ağ kafeslerde l-karnitin kullanımının çipura (Sparus aurata, Linneaus, 1758) balıklarının karaciğer, viseral yağlanmalarına ve gelişim performansı üzerine etkileri.

Yıl 2011, Cilt 28, Sayı 4, 105 - 110, 01.12.2011

Öz

Bu çalışmada, yeme L-karnitin ilave edilmesinin çipura balığının karaciğer, iç organ yağlanmaları ve gelişimi üzerine etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışma 120 gün (Ekim 2007-Ocak 2008) sürdürülmüştür. Bir kontrol grubu kontrol olmak üzere 2 paralelli 3 grup oluşturulmuş ve 5x5x5m boyutlarına sahip 6 adet ağ kafes kullanılmıştır. Her bir kafese canlı ağırlığı ortalama 198±1,5 gr. olan 5000 adet çipura yerleştirilmiştir. Kontrol grubu (G0) balıklara karnitin içermeyn normal ticari yem verilirken, deneme grupları (G1 ve G2) balıklarına sırasıyla, 0,8 ve 1,6 L/100 kg oranında L-karnitin ilave edilmiş yem verilmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda ağırlık değişimleri incelendiğinde en yüksek canlı ağırlığın 263,27± 1,8 ile 64,92±1,8 canlı ağırlık artışı ile (G2) grubunda elde edildiği tespit edilmiştir. Total boy verileri incelendiğinde ise gruplar arasında önemli bir fark bulunamamıştır (p>0,05). Balıklarda oluşan mortalite incelendiğinde en yüksek mortalitenin 416 adet ile kontrol grubunda (G0), en düşük mortalitenin ise 372 ile (G2) deneme grubunda olduğu tespit edilmiştir. FCR değerlerinde gruplar arası farklılıklar oluşmuştur (p

Kaynakça

  • Anonim, 2008. Rate of L-Karnitin in feed premix (in Turkish with English
  • abstract). MetaphisyolR .
  • Caballero, J.M. 1999. Combined Effect Of Lipid Level and Fish Meal Quality On Liver Histology Of Gilthead Seabream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture research, 179:277–290.
  • Dias, J., Arzel, J., Corraze, G., Kaushik, J. 2001. Effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on growth and lipid metabolism in european sebass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Aquaculture research, 32 (suppl. 1):206-215.
  • Gaylord, G.T., Gatlin, M.D. 2000a. Effects of dietary carnitine and lipid on growth and body composition of striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 22:297–302.
  • Gaylord, G.T., Gatlin, M.D. 2000b. Dietary lipid level but not L-carnitine affects growth performance of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. Saxatilis). Aquaculture research, 190:237-246.
  • Focken, U., Becker, K., Lawrence, P. 1997. A Note On The Effects Of L- Carnitine On The Energy Metabolism Of Individually Reared Carp, Cyprinus Carpio L. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3:261–264.
  • Harpaz, S., 2005. L-Carnitine and its attributed functions in fish culture and nutrition- a review. Aquaculture research, 249:3-21.
  • Hoşsu, B., Korkut , A.Y., Kop, A.F. 2003. Fish Feeding and Feed Technology I. (Fish feed physiology and biochemistry) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Üniversitesi, Faculty of Fisheries, Publ. No: 50, Lesson Book No:19.
  • Ji, H., Bradley, M.T., Tremblay, C.G. 1996. Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Fed L-Carnitine Exhibit altered intermediary metabolism and reduced tissue lipid, but no change in growth rate. American institute of nutrition, 0022-3166/96.
  • Korkut, Y.A., Kop, A., Demirtaş, N., Cihaner A, A. 2007. Monitoring Methods of Growth Performance in Fish Feding (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 24(1-2):201- 205.
  • Luna, L.G., (ed.) 1982. Manual Of Histologic Staining Methods. American Registry of Pathology, McGraw-Hill, pp.251.
  • Metailler, R., 1986. Experimentation in Nutrition. (FAO 1986), (Ed; Bruno, A., MEDRAP), Nutrition in Marine Aquaculture, Pg. 1- 11, Lisbon.
  • Ozorio, A.O.R., Booms, R.H.G., Huisman, A.E., Verreth, J.A.J. 2002. Changes in amino acid composition in the tissues of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a consequence of dietary L-carnitine supplements. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18:140-147.
  • Ozório, R., Ginneken, V.V., Thillart, D.V.G., Verstegen, M., Verreth, J. 2005. Dietary Carnitine Maintains Energy Reserves and Delays Fatigue of Exercised African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Fed a high-fat diet. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, (Piracicaba, Braz.), v.62, n.3, p.208-213, May/June 2005.
  • Regost, C., Arze, J. l., Cardinal, M., Robin, J., Laroche, M., Kaushik, J.S. 2001. Dietary lipid level, hepatic lipogenesis and flesh quality in turbot (Psetta maxima). Aquaculture research, 193:291–309.
  • Santulli, A., V.D’Amelio. 1986. Effects of supplemental dietary carnitine on the growth and lipid metabolism of hatchery reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Aquaculture research, 59(3-4):177–186.
  • Schlechtriem, C., Bresler, V., Fishelson, L., Rosenfeld, M., Becker, K. 2004. Protective Effects Of Dietary L-Carnitine On Tilapia Hybrids (Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus) Reared Under Intensive Pond-Culture Conditions. Aquaculture Nutrition, 10:55- 63.
  • Torreele, E., Sluiszen, D.V., Verreth, J. 1993. The effect of dietary L-carnitine on the growth performance in fingerlings of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in relation to dietary lipid. British Journal of Nutrition, 69:289-299.
  • Twibell, G.R. Brown, B.P. 2000. Effects of dietary carnitine on growth rates and body composition of hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis male x M. chrysops female). Aquaculture research, 187:153-161.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Nida DEMİRTAŞ Bu kişi benim


Ali Yıldırım KORKUT Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2011
Gönderilme Tarihi 7 Aralık 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2011, Cilt 28, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Demirtaş, N. & Korkut, A. Y. (2011). Ağ kafeslerde l-karnitin kullanımının çipura (Sparus aurata, Linneaus, 1758) balıklarının karaciğer, viseral yağlanmalarına ve gelişim performansı üzerine etkileri. . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 28 (4) , 105-110 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/tr/pub/issue/4997/67648