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Designing of ultraviolet irradiation unit: Effects on disinfection performance and operating costs

Yıl 2018, Cilt 35, Sayı 2, 121 - 124, 15.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.03

Öz

The effect of the design of ultraviolet irradiation unit on disinfection performance and operating costs was investigated for aquaculture purposes. Two prototypes (H and U) were compared with a commercial UV filter (I). The water samples for microbiological cultivation were obtained from water inlet and outlet of three different types of UV units in four replicates at 15°C and 25°C of sea water temperatures. Finally, considering the efficiency of reduction the total heterotrophic bacterial load of the UV filters, although significant differences were not found statistically, the best results were obtained from U type UV chamber at both temperatures (15°C and 25°C) (P>0.05).. Also, it was estimated that make 60% savings in renewal and operating costs can be possible with changing the design of UV chamber.

Kaynakça

  • Barnes, M.E. & Brown, M.L. (2011). A review of Flavobacterium psychrophilum biology, clinical signs, and bacterial cold water disease prevention and treatment. The Open Fish Science Journal, 4, 40–48. DOI: 10.2174/1874401X01104010040
  • Gebauer, R., Eggen, G., Hansen, E. & Eikebrokk, B. (1992). Oppdrettsteknologi: vannkvalitet og vannbehandling i lukkede oppdrettsanlegg. Tapir Forlag [in Norwegian].
  • Gómez, M., Plaza, F., Garralón, G., Pérez, J. & Gómez, M.A. (2007). A comparative study of tertiary wastewater treatment by physico-chemical-UV process and macrofiltration–ultrafiltration technologies. Desalination, 202, 369-376. DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2005.12.076
  • Lazarova, V., Davoye, P., Janex, M.L., Blatchley, E.R. & Pommepuy, M. (1999). Advanced wastewater disinfection technologies: state of the art and perspectives. Water Science Technology, 40(4-5), 203-213. DOI:10.1016/S0273-1223(99)00502-8
  • Leonard N., Blancheton J.P., & Guiraud J.P. (2000). Populations of heterotrophic bacteria in an experimental recirculating aquaculture system. Aquacultural Engineering;22(1-2),109–120. DOI 10.1016/s0144-8609(00)00035-2
  • Lekang, O. I. (2013). Aquaculture Engineering (Second Edition). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., UK
  • Liltved, H., Hektoen, H. & Efrainsen, H. (1995). Inactivation of bacterial and viral fish pathogens by ozonation or UV radiation in water of different salinity. Aquacultural Engineering, 14(2), 107–122. DOI:10.1016/0144-8609(94)P4430-J
  • Patterson, R.N., Watts, K.C. & Timmons, M.B. (1999). The power law in particle size analysis for aquacultural facilities. Aquacultural Engineering, 19(4), 259-273.DOI: 10.1016/S0144-8609(98)00054-5
  • Piedrahita, P.H. (2003). Reducing the potential environmental impact of tank aquaculture effluents through intensification and recirculation. Aquaculture, 226(1-4), 35-44. DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00465-4
  • Rodrigues, J. & Gregg, T.R. (1993). Consideration for the use of ultraviolet in fish culture. In: Techniques for modern aquaculture (ed. Wang, J.K.), Proceedings Aquacultural Engineering Conference, Spokane, Washington. ASAE Publication 02-93, American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
  • Rosenthal, H. (1981). Ozonation and sterilization. In Proceedings from the World Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation System Vol.I (Edited by Tiens K.), pp. 2 1 9-274. Hccnemann, Berlin, Germany.
  • Sharrer, M.J., Summerfelt, S.T., Bullock, G.L., Gleason, L.E. & Tauber, J. (2005). Inactivation ofbacteria using ultraviolet irradiation in recirculating salmonid culture system. Aquaculture Engineering, 33, 35-149. DOI:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2004.12.001
  • Sharrer, M.J. & Summerfelt, S.T. (2007). Ozonation followed by ultraviolet irradiation provides effective bacteria inactivation in a freshwater recirculating system. Aquacultural Engineering, 37(2), 180-191. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2007.05.001
  • Summerfelt, S.T. (2003). Ozonation and UV irradiation - an introduction and examples of current applications. Aquacultural Engineering, 28(1-2), 21-36. DOI: 10.1016/S0144-8609(02)00069-9
  • Timmons, M. B. & Ebeling, J. M. (2010). Recirculating Aquaculture (Second Edition). NRAC Publication No, 401-2010, Cayuga Aqua Ventures, New York 14850, USA.
  • Wedemeyer, G.A. (1996). Managing pathogen exposure. In: Physiology of Fish in Intensive Culture Systems. Chapman and Hall, New York, USA

Ultraviyole ışınlama ünitesinin dizaynı: Dezenfeksiyon performansı ve işletme maliyetleri üzerine etkileri

Yıl 2018, Cilt 35, Sayı 2, 121 - 124, 15.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.03

Öz

Akuakültür kullanımları için ultraviyole ışınlama ünite tasarımının dezenfeksiyon verimine ve işletme maliyetlerine etkisi incelenmiştir. İki prototip (H ve U), ticari bir UV filtresiyle (I) karşılaştırılmıştır. Mikrobiyal ekim için su örnekleri 15°C ve 25°C su sıcaklığında dört tekrarlı olarak her üç ultraviyole filtrenin su girişi ve çıkışından alınmıştır. Son olarak, UV filtreler arasında istatistiksel olarak önemli farklılık bulunmamakla birlikte, en iyi filtreleme performansı, 15°C ve 25°C su sıcaklıklarında, U tipi UV filtreden sağlanmıştır (P>0,05). Ayrıca, sadece UV ünitesinin tasarımını değiştirerek bakım - onarım ve işletme maliyetlerinde %60 tasarruf yapılabileceği hesaplanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Barnes, M.E. & Brown, M.L. (2011). A review of Flavobacterium psychrophilum biology, clinical signs, and bacterial cold water disease prevention and treatment. The Open Fish Science Journal, 4, 40–48. DOI: 10.2174/1874401X01104010040
  • Gebauer, R., Eggen, G., Hansen, E. & Eikebrokk, B. (1992). Oppdrettsteknologi: vannkvalitet og vannbehandling i lukkede oppdrettsanlegg. Tapir Forlag [in Norwegian].
  • Gómez, M., Plaza, F., Garralón, G., Pérez, J. & Gómez, M.A. (2007). A comparative study of tertiary wastewater treatment by physico-chemical-UV process and macrofiltration–ultrafiltration technologies. Desalination, 202, 369-376. DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2005.12.076
  • Lazarova, V., Davoye, P., Janex, M.L., Blatchley, E.R. & Pommepuy, M. (1999). Advanced wastewater disinfection technologies: state of the art and perspectives. Water Science Technology, 40(4-5), 203-213. DOI:10.1016/S0273-1223(99)00502-8
  • Leonard N., Blancheton J.P., & Guiraud J.P. (2000). Populations of heterotrophic bacteria in an experimental recirculating aquaculture system. Aquacultural Engineering;22(1-2),109–120. DOI 10.1016/s0144-8609(00)00035-2
  • Lekang, O. I. (2013). Aquaculture Engineering (Second Edition). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., UK
  • Liltved, H., Hektoen, H. & Efrainsen, H. (1995). Inactivation of bacterial and viral fish pathogens by ozonation or UV radiation in water of different salinity. Aquacultural Engineering, 14(2), 107–122. DOI:10.1016/0144-8609(94)P4430-J
  • Patterson, R.N., Watts, K.C. & Timmons, M.B. (1999). The power law in particle size analysis for aquacultural facilities. Aquacultural Engineering, 19(4), 259-273.DOI: 10.1016/S0144-8609(98)00054-5
  • Piedrahita, P.H. (2003). Reducing the potential environmental impact of tank aquaculture effluents through intensification and recirculation. Aquaculture, 226(1-4), 35-44. DOI: 10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00465-4
  • Rodrigues, J. & Gregg, T.R. (1993). Consideration for the use of ultraviolet in fish culture. In: Techniques for modern aquaculture (ed. Wang, J.K.), Proceedings Aquacultural Engineering Conference, Spokane, Washington. ASAE Publication 02-93, American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
  • Rosenthal, H. (1981). Ozonation and sterilization. In Proceedings from the World Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation System Vol.I (Edited by Tiens K.), pp. 2 1 9-274. Hccnemann, Berlin, Germany.
  • Sharrer, M.J., Summerfelt, S.T., Bullock, G.L., Gleason, L.E. & Tauber, J. (2005). Inactivation ofbacteria using ultraviolet irradiation in recirculating salmonid culture system. Aquaculture Engineering, 33, 35-149. DOI:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2004.12.001
  • Sharrer, M.J. & Summerfelt, S.T. (2007). Ozonation followed by ultraviolet irradiation provides effective bacteria inactivation in a freshwater recirculating system. Aquacultural Engineering, 37(2), 180-191. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2007.05.001
  • Summerfelt, S.T. (2003). Ozonation and UV irradiation - an introduction and examples of current applications. Aquacultural Engineering, 28(1-2), 21-36. DOI: 10.1016/S0144-8609(02)00069-9
  • Timmons, M. B. & Ebeling, J. M. (2010). Recirculating Aquaculture (Second Edition). NRAC Publication No, 401-2010, Cayuga Aqua Ventures, New York 14850, USA.
  • Wedemeyer, G.A. (1996). Managing pathogen exposure. In: Physiology of Fish in Intensive Culture Systems. Chapman and Hall, New York, USA

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Halil ŞEN> (Sorumlu Yazar)

0000-0003-0878-3583
Türkiye


Ulviye KARACALAR Bu kişi benim

0000-0002-9093-2324

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Haziran 2018
Gönderilme Tarihi 29 Ocak 2018
Kabul Tarihi 7 Mart 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 35, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Şen, H. & Karacalar, U. (2018). Designing of ultraviolet irradiation unit: Effects on disinfection performance and operating costs . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 35 (2) , 121-124 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.03