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Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed diets containing varying levels of groundnut oil

Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1, 111 - 114, 21.02.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.15

Öz

The effect of varying levels of groundnut oil was assessed on growth of African catfish. Fingerlings with mean weight 1.87g were stocked at 20 fish per hapa (measuring 1m x 1m x 1m) and fed five 35% Crude protein diets formulated with groundnut oil (GO) included at 0.00%, 2.50%, 5.00%, 7.50% and 10.00%. After eight weeks of feeding, result shows evidence of the fact that increasing lipid level spared dietary protein conversion into energy as GO inclusion significantly performed better than the control without GO, however, performance was optimized at 2.50% GO inclusion in the diet, beyond this growth significantly reduced.

Kaynakça

  • A. O. A. C. (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (2000). Official methods of analysis 16th edition, Arlington Virginia, USA.
  • Aderolu, A.Z. & Akinemi, O.A. (2009). Dietary effects of coco-nut oil and pea-nut oil in improving biochemical characteristic of Clarias gariepinus (juvenile). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 9:105-110.
  • Babalola, T.O. & Adebayo, M.A. (2007). Effects of dietary lipid level on growth performance and feed utilization of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings, Journal of Fisheries International, 2:60-64. doi: jfish.2007.60.64
  • Barlow, S. (2000). Fishmeal and oil: Sustainable feed ingredients for aquafeeds. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 4: 85-88
  • Barlow, S.M. & Pike, I.H. (1999). Aquaculture feed ingredient in year 2010. In: C.E, Nash and V. Julian (Eds). Fish meal and fish oil. In report Aquavision 98. Nutreco Aquaculture, c/o skretting As, Stavanger, Norway. 71 -72
  • Bell, J.G., Henderson, R.J., Tocher, D.R., Mc Ghee, F., Dick, J.R., Potter, A., Smullen, R.P. & Sargent, J.R. (2002). Substituting fish oil with crude palm oil in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), effects on the muscle fatty acid composition and hepatic acid metabolism. Journal of Nutrition. 132: 220-230. Available at http://jn.nutrition.org/content/132/2/222.full.pdf+html
  • Caballero, M.J., Izquierdo, M.N., Kjorvik, E., Fernandez, A.J. & Rosenland, G. (2004). Histological alteractions in the liver of sea bream Sparus aurata L. caused by short or long term feeding with vegetable oil. Recovery of normal morphology alter feeding fish oil as the sole lipid source. Journal of Fish Disease.27:531. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2004.00572.x
  • Chou, B.S. & Shiau, S.Y. (1996). Optimal dietary lipid level for growth in juvenile hybrid tilapia Oreochromis niloticus X Oreochromis aureus. Aquaculture. 143: 185-195. doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(96)01266-5
  • Dunham, R.A., Majumdar, K., Hallerman, E., Bartly, D., Mair, G., Hulata, G., Liu, Z., Pongthan, N., Bakos, J., Penman, D., Gupta, M., Rothlisberg, P. & Hoerstgen-Schwark, G. (2001). Review of the status of aquaculture genetics. In: R. P. Subasinghe P, Bueno MJ, Philips C, Hough SE, Mc Gladdeny & JR Arthur (Eds). Aquaculture in the third millennium. Technical proceeding of the conference on aquaculture in the third millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, 20-25 February, 2000 PP137-166.NACA. Bangkok and FAO, Rome.
  • Einen, O. & Roem, A.J. (1997). Dietary protein/ energy ratios for Atlantic salmon in relation to fish size, growth, feed utilization and slaughter quality. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3: 115-126. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2095.1997.00084.x
  • Goda, A.M., El, A.S., Haroun, E.R. & Kabirchowdhury, M.A. (2007). Effect of totally or partially replacing of fish meal by alternative protein source in growth of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell,1822) reared in concrete tanks: Aquaculture Research 38: 229-287. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2007.01663.x
  • Jokumsen, A.& Aisted, N. (1990). Orredvaekst 1 relation til forholdet mellem protein og fedt 1 foderet. Medd. Forsogsdambruget. 80: 1-15.
  • Karapan, A. (2002). Studies to optimize poly unsaturated fatty acid composition of tilapia for human consumption in S.E. Asia. Aquaculture News.28:6-7.
  • Legendre, M., Kerdchuan, N., Corraze, G. & Bergot, P. (1995). Larval rearing of an African catfish, Heterobranchus longifilis Teleostei, Clariidae: effect of dietary lipid son growth, survival and fatty acid composition of fry. Aquatic Living Resources. 8: 355-363. doi: 10.1051/alr:1995040
  • Lim, P.K., Boey, P.L. & Ng, W.K. (2001). Dietary palm oil level effects on growth performance, protein Retention and Tissue Vitamin E Concentration of African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Aquaculture. 202:101-102. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00563-4
  • Ng, W.K. Tee, M.C. & Boey, P.L. (2000). Evaluation of crude palm oil and refined palm oil as dietary lipids in pelletized feeds for a tropical bagrid catfish, Mystus nemurus (Cuvier & Valendciennes). Aquaculture Research, 31:337-347. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.2000.00437.x
  • Ng, W.K. Lim, P.K. & Boy, P.L. (2003). Dietary palm oil source affects growth fatty acid composition and muscle X-tocopherol concentration of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Aquaculture. 215:229-243. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00067-4
  • Ochang, S.N., Fagbenro, O.A. & Adebayo, O.T. (2007). Influence of dietary palm oil on growth response, carcass composition, haematology and organoleptic properties of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6: 424-429. Available at http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/pjn/2007/424-429.pdf
  • Okullo, J.B.L., Omujar, F., Agea, J.G., Vuzi, P.C., Namutebi, A., Okelle, J.B.A. & Nyanzi, S. A. (2010). Physio-chemical characteristic of shea-butter (Vitellaria paradoxa, C.F. Gaertin) oil from shea-districts of Uganda. African Journal of Food Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 10:1-15. doi: 10.4314/ajfand.v10i1.51484
  • Peres, H. & Olivia-Teles, A. (1999). Effect of dietary lipid level on growth performance and feed utilization by European sea bass juvenile (Dicentarchus labrax). Aquaculture, 179: 325-334. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00168-4
  • Pie, Z., Xhu X. & Yang, Y. (2004). Comparative Study on the Effect of Dietary Lipid level on Growth and Feed Utilization for Gibel carp (Carcasius auraatus Gibelio) and Chinese long snout catfish (Leiocassius logirostris, Gunther). Aquaculture Nutrition. 10:209-216. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2004.00291.x
  • Regost, C., Arzel, J., Robien, J., Roseland, G. & Kaushik, S.J. (2003). Total replacement of fish oil by soybean or linseed oil with a return to fish oil in turbot growth performance. Flesh fatty acid profile and lipid metabolism. Aquaculture, 217:465-4820. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00259-4
  • Robinson, Z.H., Menghe, H.L. & Manning, B.B. (2001). A practical guide to nutrition, feed and feeding of catfish. MiSSiPPi State University Publication No.1113, 39 pp.
  • Rosenlund, G., Obach, A., Sandberg, M. G., Standal, H. & Tveit, K. (2001). Effect of alternative lipid sources on long term growth performance and quality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture Research. 32: 323- 328. doi: 10.1046/j.1355-557x.2001.00025.x
  • Scaifed, J.R.G.E., Murray, I., Fletcher, T.C. & Henlihan, D.F. (2000). Influence of α-tocoferolacetate on the short and long-term storage properties of fillets from Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar) fed high lipid diet. Aquaculture Nutrition. 6:65-71. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2095.2000.00128.x
  • Solomon, S.G., Ataguba, G.A. & Imbur, L, (2012). Growth Performance of Juvenile of Clarias gariepinus Fed Different Lipid Sources. International Journal of Research In Fisheries and Aquaculture. 2:52-55.
  • Sotolu, A.O. (2010). Feed utilization and biochemical characteristics of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell,1822) fingerlings feed diet containing fish oil vegetable oil as total replacements. World Journal of Fish and Marine Science, 2:93-98. Available at http://idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2(2)10/4.pdf
  • Varghese, S. & Oommen, O.V. (2000). Long-term feeding of dietary oils alters lipid metabolism, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in a teleost (Anabas testudineus Bloch). Lipids. 35:757-762. doi: 10.1007/s11745-000-0582-2
  • Weatherup, R.N., Mc Cracken, K.J., Foy, R., Rice, D., Mc Kendry, J., Mairs, R.J. & Hoey, R. (1997). The effects of dietary fat content on performance and body composition of farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss). Aquaculture, 151: 173- 184. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(96)01507-4
  • Yusuf, A.M., Olafadehan, O.A., Obun, C.O., Inuwa, M., Garba, M.H. & Shagwa, S.M. (2009). Nutritional evaluation of Shea butter fat in fattening of Yankassa sheep. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 8: 1062-1067.

Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed diets containing varying levels of groundnut oil

Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1, 111 - 114, 21.02.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.15

Öz

The effect of varying levels of groundnut oil was assessed on growth of African catfish. Fingerlings with mean weight 1.87g were stocked at 20 fish per hapa (measuring 1m x 1m x 1m) and fed five 35% Crude protein diets formulated with groundnut oil (GO) included at 0.00%, 2.50%, 5.00%, 7.50% and 10.00%. After eight weeks of feeding, result shows evidence of the fact that increasing lipid level spared dietary protein conversion into energy as GO inclusion significantly performed better than the control without GO, however, performance was optimized at 2.50% GO inclusion in the diet, beyond this growth significantly reduced.

Kaynakça

  • A. O. A. C. (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (2000). Official methods of analysis 16th edition, Arlington Virginia, USA.
  • Aderolu, A.Z. & Akinemi, O.A. (2009). Dietary effects of coco-nut oil and pea-nut oil in improving biochemical characteristic of Clarias gariepinus (juvenile). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 9:105-110.
  • Babalola, T.O. & Adebayo, M.A. (2007). Effects of dietary lipid level on growth performance and feed utilization of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings, Journal of Fisheries International, 2:60-64. doi: jfish.2007.60.64
  • Barlow, S. (2000). Fishmeal and oil: Sustainable feed ingredients for aquafeeds. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 4: 85-88
  • Barlow, S.M. & Pike, I.H. (1999). Aquaculture feed ingredient in year 2010. In: C.E, Nash and V. Julian (Eds). Fish meal and fish oil. In report Aquavision 98. Nutreco Aquaculture, c/o skretting As, Stavanger, Norway. 71 -72
  • Bell, J.G., Henderson, R.J., Tocher, D.R., Mc Ghee, F., Dick, J.R., Potter, A., Smullen, R.P. & Sargent, J.R. (2002). Substituting fish oil with crude palm oil in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), effects on the muscle fatty acid composition and hepatic acid metabolism. Journal of Nutrition. 132: 220-230. Available at http://jn.nutrition.org/content/132/2/222.full.pdf+html
  • Caballero, M.J., Izquierdo, M.N., Kjorvik, E., Fernandez, A.J. & Rosenland, G. (2004). Histological alteractions in the liver of sea bream Sparus aurata L. caused by short or long term feeding with vegetable oil. Recovery of normal morphology alter feeding fish oil as the sole lipid source. Journal of Fish Disease.27:531. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2004.00572.x
  • Chou, B.S. & Shiau, S.Y. (1996). Optimal dietary lipid level for growth in juvenile hybrid tilapia Oreochromis niloticus X Oreochromis aureus. Aquaculture. 143: 185-195. doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(96)01266-5
  • Dunham, R.A., Majumdar, K., Hallerman, E., Bartly, D., Mair, G., Hulata, G., Liu, Z., Pongthan, N., Bakos, J., Penman, D., Gupta, M., Rothlisberg, P. & Hoerstgen-Schwark, G. (2001). Review of the status of aquaculture genetics. In: R. P. Subasinghe P, Bueno MJ, Philips C, Hough SE, Mc Gladdeny & JR Arthur (Eds). Aquaculture in the third millennium. Technical proceeding of the conference on aquaculture in the third millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, 20-25 February, 2000 PP137-166.NACA. Bangkok and FAO, Rome.
  • Einen, O. & Roem, A.J. (1997). Dietary protein/ energy ratios for Atlantic salmon in relation to fish size, growth, feed utilization and slaughter quality. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3: 115-126. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2095.1997.00084.x
  • Goda, A.M., El, A.S., Haroun, E.R. & Kabirchowdhury, M.A. (2007). Effect of totally or partially replacing of fish meal by alternative protein source in growth of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell,1822) reared in concrete tanks: Aquaculture Research 38: 229-287. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2007.01663.x
  • Jokumsen, A.& Aisted, N. (1990). Orredvaekst 1 relation til forholdet mellem protein og fedt 1 foderet. Medd. Forsogsdambruget. 80: 1-15.
  • Karapan, A. (2002). Studies to optimize poly unsaturated fatty acid composition of tilapia for human consumption in S.E. Asia. Aquaculture News.28:6-7.
  • Legendre, M., Kerdchuan, N., Corraze, G. & Bergot, P. (1995). Larval rearing of an African catfish, Heterobranchus longifilis Teleostei, Clariidae: effect of dietary lipid son growth, survival and fatty acid composition of fry. Aquatic Living Resources. 8: 355-363. doi: 10.1051/alr:1995040
  • Lim, P.K., Boey, P.L. & Ng, W.K. (2001). Dietary palm oil level effects on growth performance, protein Retention and Tissue Vitamin E Concentration of African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Aquaculture. 202:101-102. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00563-4
  • Ng, W.K. Tee, M.C. & Boey, P.L. (2000). Evaluation of crude palm oil and refined palm oil as dietary lipids in pelletized feeds for a tropical bagrid catfish, Mystus nemurus (Cuvier & Valendciennes). Aquaculture Research, 31:337-347. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.2000.00437.x
  • Ng, W.K. Lim, P.K. & Boy, P.L. (2003). Dietary palm oil source affects growth fatty acid composition and muscle X-tocopherol concentration of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Aquaculture. 215:229-243. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00067-4
  • Ochang, S.N., Fagbenro, O.A. & Adebayo, O.T. (2007). Influence of dietary palm oil on growth response, carcass composition, haematology and organoleptic properties of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6: 424-429. Available at http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/pjn/2007/424-429.pdf
  • Okullo, J.B.L., Omujar, F., Agea, J.G., Vuzi, P.C., Namutebi, A., Okelle, J.B.A. & Nyanzi, S. A. (2010). Physio-chemical characteristic of shea-butter (Vitellaria paradoxa, C.F. Gaertin) oil from shea-districts of Uganda. African Journal of Food Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 10:1-15. doi: 10.4314/ajfand.v10i1.51484
  • Peres, H. & Olivia-Teles, A. (1999). Effect of dietary lipid level on growth performance and feed utilization by European sea bass juvenile (Dicentarchus labrax). Aquaculture, 179: 325-334. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00168-4
  • Pie, Z., Xhu X. & Yang, Y. (2004). Comparative Study on the Effect of Dietary Lipid level on Growth and Feed Utilization for Gibel carp (Carcasius auraatus Gibelio) and Chinese long snout catfish (Leiocassius logirostris, Gunther). Aquaculture Nutrition. 10:209-216. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2004.00291.x
  • Regost, C., Arzel, J., Robien, J., Roseland, G. & Kaushik, S.J. (2003). Total replacement of fish oil by soybean or linseed oil with a return to fish oil in turbot growth performance. Flesh fatty acid profile and lipid metabolism. Aquaculture, 217:465-4820. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00259-4
  • Robinson, Z.H., Menghe, H.L. & Manning, B.B. (2001). A practical guide to nutrition, feed and feeding of catfish. MiSSiPPi State University Publication No.1113, 39 pp.
  • Rosenlund, G., Obach, A., Sandberg, M. G., Standal, H. & Tveit, K. (2001). Effect of alternative lipid sources on long term growth performance and quality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture Research. 32: 323- 328. doi: 10.1046/j.1355-557x.2001.00025.x
  • Scaifed, J.R.G.E., Murray, I., Fletcher, T.C. & Henlihan, D.F. (2000). Influence of α-tocoferolacetate on the short and long-term storage properties of fillets from Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar) fed high lipid diet. Aquaculture Nutrition. 6:65-71. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2095.2000.00128.x
  • Solomon, S.G., Ataguba, G.A. & Imbur, L, (2012). Growth Performance of Juvenile of Clarias gariepinus Fed Different Lipid Sources. International Journal of Research In Fisheries and Aquaculture. 2:52-55.
  • Sotolu, A.O. (2010). Feed utilization and biochemical characteristics of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell,1822) fingerlings feed diet containing fish oil vegetable oil as total replacements. World Journal of Fish and Marine Science, 2:93-98. Available at http://idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2(2)10/4.pdf
  • Varghese, S. & Oommen, O.V. (2000). Long-term feeding of dietary oils alters lipid metabolism, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in a teleost (Anabas testudineus Bloch). Lipids. 35:757-762. doi: 10.1007/s11745-000-0582-2
  • Weatherup, R.N., Mc Cracken, K.J., Foy, R., Rice, D., Mc Kendry, J., Mairs, R.J. & Hoey, R. (1997). The effects of dietary fat content on performance and body composition of farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss). Aquaculture, 151: 173- 184. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(96)01507-4
  • Yusuf, A.M., Olafadehan, O.A., Obun, C.O., Inuwa, M., Garba, M.H. & Shagwa, S.M. (2009). Nutritional evaluation of Shea butter fat in fattening of Yankassa sheep. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 8: 1062-1067.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Fen
Bölüm Kısa Araştırmalar
Yazarlar

Victor Tosin OKOMODA
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Agriculture Makurdi
Nigeria

Yayımlanma Tarihi 21 Şubat 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 21 Nisan 2016
Kabul Tarihi 4 Kasım 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Okomoda, V. T. (2017). Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed diets containing varying levels of groundnut oil . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (1) , 111-114 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.15