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Çanakkale Boğazı kıyısal sularının yumuşak zeminleri’ndeki Prosobranş (Mollusca: Gastropoda) kommunite yapısı

Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1, 93 - 101, 21.02.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.13

Öz

Çalışmanın amacı Çanakkale Boğazı kıyısal sularının (0-5 m) yumuşak zeminlerindeki Prosobranş kommunite yapısını belirlemekti. Bentoz örnekleri Temmuz 2008 ve Nisan 2009 tarihleri arasında bir Scuba dalıcı tarafından 30x30 cm’lik kuadrat kullanılarak mevsimsel olarak toplanmıştır. Örneklemeler Çanakkale Boğazı’nın 8 farklı istasyonun 3 transekt derinliğinde yürütülmüştür. Prosobranşlardan toplam 4472 birey kaydedilmiştir. Rissoa splendida Eichwald, 1830 sayısal olarak en baskın türdü (Di % = 20.57). Lapseki istasyonu en düşük birey sayısına (157) sahipken, Kilitbahir en yüksek (1069) birey sayısına sahipti. Spearman korelasyonuna göre en yüksek pozitif ilişki (rs = 0.75) tuzluluk ile tür sayısı arasındadır. Aksine en düşük (rs = 0.51) ilişki ise pH ile tür sayısı arasındadır. Bray-Curtis benzerlik analizi yaz ve kış aylarının (88.65%) çok benzer olduğunu göstermektedir. Çanakkale ve Kilya koyu istasyonları yüksek (70.87 %) benzerliğe sahipti.

Kaynakça

  • Aflı, A., Ayarı, R. & Zaabi, S. (2008). Ecological quality of some Tunisian coast and lagoon locations, by using benthic community parameters and biotic indices. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 80, pp: 269-280
  • Albayrak, S., Balkıs, H., Zenetos, A., Kurun, A. & Kubanç, C. (2006). Ecological quality status of coastal benthic ecosystems in the Sea of Marmara. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52:790-799 doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.11.022
  • Albayrak, S., Balkıs, H. & Çınar, M.E. (2007). Shallow-water soft bottom macrozoobenthic communities from Edremit Bay (NE Aegean Sea). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 137(2): 127-132.
  • Albayrak, S. & Çağlar, S. (2010). Three Bivalve Species New To The Turkish Levantine Sea, IUFS Journal of Biology, 69: 107-110.
  • Argyrou, M., Demetropoulos, A. & Hadjichristophorou, M. (1999). Expansion of the Macroalga Caulerpa racemosa and Changes in Softbottom Macrofaunal Assemblages in Moni Bay, Cyprus. Oceanologica Acta. 22(5): 517-528. doi: 10.1016/S0399-1784(00)87684-7
  • Arrayo, M.C., Salas, C., Rueda, J.L. & Gofas, S. (2006). Temporal changes of mollusc populations from a Zostera marina bed in Southern Spain (Alboran Sea), with Biogeographic Considerations. Marine Ecology, 27: 417-430 doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2006.00117.x
  • Aslan-Cihangir, H. & Ovalis, P. (2013). Seasonal variations and structure of the molluscan assemblage in the Çanakkale Strait (Turkey). Acta zoologica Bulgarica, 65 (2): 233-250.
  • Barash, A. & Danin, Z. (1992). Fauna Palestina, Mollusca I, Annotated list of Mediterranean Molluscs of Israel and Sinai, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 405p.
  • Bitlis, B., Öztürk, B., Doğan, A. & Önen, M. (2010). Marmara Denizi kıyılarında dağılım gösteren bazı mollusca türlerinin sistematik ve ekolojik özellikleri. Marmara Denizi Sempozyumu, 253-265 p.
  • Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.P. (2005). Classification and Nomenclature of Gastropod Families. Malacologia 47(1-2): 1-397.
  • Buchanan, J.B. (1984). Sediment analysis. In: (eds. N.A. Holme & A.D. McIntyre) methods for the study of marine benthos 2nd ed. Blackwell, Oxford, 41-65.
  • Butakov, E. A., Chuchin, V. D., Cherkasova, M. B. & Lelekov, S.G. (1997). Determinator of Gastropoda of the Black Sea. IBSS, NASU, Sevastopol, 127 p.
  • Cachia, C., Misfud, C. & Sammut, P.M. (1996). The Marine Mollusca of the Maltase Islands, Part. 2, Neotaenioglossa, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, 1-228 p.
  • Cachia, C., Misfud, C. & Sammut, P.M. (2001). The Marine Mollusca of the Maltase Islands, Part. 3, Sub-class Prosobranchia to sub-class Pulmonata, order Basommatophora, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, 266 p.
  • Çınar, M.E., Katagan, T., Öztürk, B., Egemen, Ö., Ergen, Z., Önen, M., Kirkim, F., Bakir, K., Kurt, G. & Dagli, E. (2006). Temporal Changes of Soft-bottom Zoobenthic Communities in and Around Alsancak Harbor (İzmir Bay, Aegean Sea), With Special Attention to the Autecology of Exotic Species. Marine Ecology, 27(3): 229-246 doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2006.00102.x
  • Çınar. M.E., Katagan, T., Öztürk, B., Bakır, K., Daglı, E., Açık, S., Dogan, A. & Bitlis, B. (2012). Spatio-temporal distributions of zoobenthos in soft substratum of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea, eastern Mediterranean), with special emphasis on alien species and ecological quality status. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92(7): 1457-1477 doi: 10.1017/S0025315412000264.
  • Çulha, M., Bat, L. & Türk Çulha, S. (2007). On The Presence of Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Prosobranchia, Gastropoda, Mollusca) In the Sinop Peninsula (Central Black Sea, Turkey). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 1(2): 41-43.
  • Dimitriadis, C. & Koutsoubas, D. (2008). Community properties of benthic molluscs as indicators of enviromental stres induced by organic enrichment. Journal of Natural History 42(5-8): 559-574 doi: 10.1080/00222930701835530
  • Doğan, A., Çınar, M.E., Önen, M., Ergen, Z. & Katağan, T. (2005). Seasonal Dynamic of Soft Bottom Zoobenthic Communities in Polluted and Unpolluted Areas of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Senckenbergiana maritima, 35(1): 133-145.
  • Feld, C. K. & Hering, D. (2007). Community structure or function: effects of environmental stress on benthic macroinvertebrates at different spatial scales. Freshwater Biol 52: 1380-1399 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01749.x
  • Glamarec, M. (1973). The benthic communities of European North Atlantic continental shelf. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 11, 263-289.
  • Graham, A. (1971). British Prosobranch and other Operculate Gastropod Molluscs, Academic Press, 112 p.
  • Gray, J.S. (1981). The ecology of marine sediments. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.
  • Grillo, M.C.G., Ventura, C.R., DA & Silva S.G.H. (1998). Spatial distribution of bivalvia (Mollusca) in the soft-bottoms of Ilha Grande Bay, Rio de Jenerio, Brazil Revista Brasileira de Oceanografia, 46: 19-31.
  • Hoey, G. V., Degraer, S. & Vincks, M. (2004). Macrobenthic community structure of soft bottom sediments at the Belgian Continental Shelf. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 59: 599-613. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2003.11.005
  • Huston, M.A. (1994). Biological diversity. The coexistence of species on changing landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Kanarska, Y. & Maderich, M. (2008). Modelling of seasonal exchange flows through the Çanakkale Strait Strait. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 79: 449–458 doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2008.04.019
  • Kelaher, B.P. & Levinton, J.S. (2003). Variation in detrial enrichment causes spatio-temporal variation in soft sediment assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 261: 85-97.
  • Koutsoubas, D., Arvanitidis, C., Dounas, C. & Drummond, L. (2000). Community structure and dynamics of the Molluscan Fauna in a Mediterranean lagoon (Giolova lagoon, SW Greece). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 130 (1): 131-138.
  • Koutsoubas, D., Tselepides, A. & Eleftheriou, A. (2000). Deep Sea Molluscan Fauna of the Cretan Sea (Eastern Mediterranean): Faunal, Ecological and Zoogeographical Remarks. Senckenbergiana maritima, 30(3/6): 85-98.
  • Lourido, A., Gestoso, L. & Troncoso, J.S. (2006). Assemblages of the Molluscan Fauna in Subtidal Soft Bottoms of the Ria de Aldán (North-western Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 86: 129-140.
  • Lu, L. (2005). The relationship between soft-bottom macrobenthic communities and environmental variables in Singaporean waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51(8-12): 1034-1040. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.02.013
  • Moreira, J., Aldea, C. & Troncoso, J.S. (2010). Temporal Dynamics of Gastropod Fauna on Subtidal Sandy Sediments of the Ensenada de Baiona (NW Iberian Peninsula). Helgol Mar Res 64: 311-320 doi: 10.1007/s10152-009-0186-3
  • Mutlu, E. & Ergev, M.B., (2008). Spatio-temporal Distribution of Soft-bottom Epibenthic Fauna on the Cilician Shelf (Turkey), Mediterranean Sea. Revista de Biología Tropical 56 (4): 1919-1946.
  • Nordsieck, F. (1977). The genus Bittium LEACH, 1847, in the European Seas, pp: 6-9.
  • Öztürk, B. (2001). Turridae Swainson, 1840 Species (Gastropoda-Mollusca) of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 25: 53-56.
  • Palaz, M. & Colakoglu, S. (2009). Macrozoobenthic diversity of the Çanakkale Strait. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 8 (11): 2341-2344.
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. A Wiley-Inter Science Publication, London.
  • Rueda, J.L., Fernández-Casado, M., Salas, C. & Gofas, S. (2001). Seasonality in a Taxocoenosis of Molluscs From Soft Bottoms in the Bay of Cádiz (Southern Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81(6): 903-912.
  • Rueda, J.L. & Salas, C. (2003). Seasonal Variation of a Molluscan Assemblage Living in a Caulerpa prolifera Meadow within the Inner Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain). Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science, 57 (5): 909-918.
  • Rueda, J.L., Marina, P., Salas, C., Urra, J. (2008). Jujubinus striatus striatus (Linneaus, 1758) (Gastropoda: Trochidae) From a Deep Zostera marina Bed in Southern Spain (Alboran Sea): Aspects of Ecology and Biology. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74 (4): 345-354.
  • Rumisha, C., Elskens, M., Leemakers, M. & Kochzius, M. (2012). Trace metal pollution and its influence on the community structure of soft bottom molluscs in interdial areas of the Dar es Salaam coast, Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64: 521- 531. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.12.025
  • Sabelli, B., Giannuzzi-Savelli, R. & Bedulli, D. (1992). Catalogo Annotato dei Molluschi Marini del Mediterraneo, Vol 2. Libreria Naturalistica Bolognese, Bologna, 150 p.
  • Shannon, C. E. & Weaver, W. (1963). The Mathematical Theory of Communications. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 117 p.
  • Simboura, N. & Zenetos, A. (2002). Benthic indicators to use in ecological quality classification of Mediterranean soft bottoms marine ecosystems, including a new biotic index. Mediterranean Marine Science 3(2): 77-111. doi: 10.12681/mms.249
  • Snelgrove, P.V.R. (1998). The biodiversity of macrofaunal organisms in marine sediments. Biodiversity Conservation. 7(9): 1123–1132. doi:10.1023/A:1008867313340
  • Taylor, J. D., Noel, J., Morris & Taylor, C.N. (1980). Food specialization and the evolution of predatory prosobranch gastropods. Palaentology, Vol. 23(2): 375-409.
  • Zenetos, A. (1996). FAUNA GRAECIAE VII. The marine Bivalvia (Mollusca) of Greece.Hellenic Zoological Society and NCMR, Athens: NCMR.

The community structure of Prosobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) on shallow soft bottoms of the Çanakkale Strait

Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1, 93 - 101, 21.02.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.13

Öz

The goal of this study was to determine the community structure belonging to the Prosobranchia (Gastropoda, Mollusca) in soft bottoms of the Çanakkale Strait coastal waters (0-5 m). Benthos samples were collected seasonally using a 30x30 quadrate operated by a SCUBA diver between July 2008 and April 2009. Samplings were carried out at 3 transect depths of 8 different locations of the Çanakkale Strait. A total of 4472 specimens of Prosobranchs were recorded. Rissoa splendida Eichwald, 1830 was the numerically dominant species (Di % = 20.57). Kilitbahir location had the highest number of individuals (1069), while the Lapseki location had the lowest number (157). According to Spearman’s rank correlation, the highest positive correlation (rs = 0.75) was between salinity and species number. Conversely, the lowest correlation (rs = 0.51) was found between pH and species number. Bray-Curtis similarity index showed that summer and winter periods were very similar (88.65 %). Çanakkale and the Kilya inlet points had the highest similarity (70.87 %).

Kaynakça

  • Aflı, A., Ayarı, R. & Zaabi, S. (2008). Ecological quality of some Tunisian coast and lagoon locations, by using benthic community parameters and biotic indices. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 80, pp: 269-280
  • Albayrak, S., Balkıs, H., Zenetos, A., Kurun, A. & Kubanç, C. (2006). Ecological quality status of coastal benthic ecosystems in the Sea of Marmara. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52:790-799 doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.11.022
  • Albayrak, S., Balkıs, H. & Çınar, M.E. (2007). Shallow-water soft bottom macrozoobenthic communities from Edremit Bay (NE Aegean Sea). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 137(2): 127-132.
  • Albayrak, S. & Çağlar, S. (2010). Three Bivalve Species New To The Turkish Levantine Sea, IUFS Journal of Biology, 69: 107-110.
  • Argyrou, M., Demetropoulos, A. & Hadjichristophorou, M. (1999). Expansion of the Macroalga Caulerpa racemosa and Changes in Softbottom Macrofaunal Assemblages in Moni Bay, Cyprus. Oceanologica Acta. 22(5): 517-528. doi: 10.1016/S0399-1784(00)87684-7
  • Arrayo, M.C., Salas, C., Rueda, J.L. & Gofas, S. (2006). Temporal changes of mollusc populations from a Zostera marina bed in Southern Spain (Alboran Sea), with Biogeographic Considerations. Marine Ecology, 27: 417-430 doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2006.00117.x
  • Aslan-Cihangir, H. & Ovalis, P. (2013). Seasonal variations and structure of the molluscan assemblage in the Çanakkale Strait (Turkey). Acta zoologica Bulgarica, 65 (2): 233-250.
  • Barash, A. & Danin, Z. (1992). Fauna Palestina, Mollusca I, Annotated list of Mediterranean Molluscs of Israel and Sinai, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 405p.
  • Bitlis, B., Öztürk, B., Doğan, A. & Önen, M. (2010). Marmara Denizi kıyılarında dağılım gösteren bazı mollusca türlerinin sistematik ve ekolojik özellikleri. Marmara Denizi Sempozyumu, 253-265 p.
  • Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.P. (2005). Classification and Nomenclature of Gastropod Families. Malacologia 47(1-2): 1-397.
  • Buchanan, J.B. (1984). Sediment analysis. In: (eds. N.A. Holme & A.D. McIntyre) methods for the study of marine benthos 2nd ed. Blackwell, Oxford, 41-65.
  • Butakov, E. A., Chuchin, V. D., Cherkasova, M. B. & Lelekov, S.G. (1997). Determinator of Gastropoda of the Black Sea. IBSS, NASU, Sevastopol, 127 p.
  • Cachia, C., Misfud, C. & Sammut, P.M. (1996). The Marine Mollusca of the Maltase Islands, Part. 2, Neotaenioglossa, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, 1-228 p.
  • Cachia, C., Misfud, C. & Sammut, P.M. (2001). The Marine Mollusca of the Maltase Islands, Part. 3, Sub-class Prosobranchia to sub-class Pulmonata, order Basommatophora, Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, 266 p.
  • Çınar, M.E., Katagan, T., Öztürk, B., Egemen, Ö., Ergen, Z., Önen, M., Kirkim, F., Bakir, K., Kurt, G. & Dagli, E. (2006). Temporal Changes of Soft-bottom Zoobenthic Communities in and Around Alsancak Harbor (İzmir Bay, Aegean Sea), With Special Attention to the Autecology of Exotic Species. Marine Ecology, 27(3): 229-246 doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2006.00102.x
  • Çınar. M.E., Katagan, T., Öztürk, B., Bakır, K., Daglı, E., Açık, S., Dogan, A. & Bitlis, B. (2012). Spatio-temporal distributions of zoobenthos in soft substratum of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea, eastern Mediterranean), with special emphasis on alien species and ecological quality status. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92(7): 1457-1477 doi: 10.1017/S0025315412000264.
  • Çulha, M., Bat, L. & Türk Çulha, S. (2007). On The Presence of Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Prosobranchia, Gastropoda, Mollusca) In the Sinop Peninsula (Central Black Sea, Turkey). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 1(2): 41-43.
  • Dimitriadis, C. & Koutsoubas, D. (2008). Community properties of benthic molluscs as indicators of enviromental stres induced by organic enrichment. Journal of Natural History 42(5-8): 559-574 doi: 10.1080/00222930701835530
  • Doğan, A., Çınar, M.E., Önen, M., Ergen, Z. & Katağan, T. (2005). Seasonal Dynamic of Soft Bottom Zoobenthic Communities in Polluted and Unpolluted Areas of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Senckenbergiana maritima, 35(1): 133-145.
  • Feld, C. K. & Hering, D. (2007). Community structure or function: effects of environmental stress on benthic macroinvertebrates at different spatial scales. Freshwater Biol 52: 1380-1399 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01749.x
  • Glamarec, M. (1973). The benthic communities of European North Atlantic continental shelf. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 11, 263-289.
  • Graham, A. (1971). British Prosobranch and other Operculate Gastropod Molluscs, Academic Press, 112 p.
  • Gray, J.S. (1981). The ecology of marine sediments. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.
  • Grillo, M.C.G., Ventura, C.R., DA & Silva S.G.H. (1998). Spatial distribution of bivalvia (Mollusca) in the soft-bottoms of Ilha Grande Bay, Rio de Jenerio, Brazil Revista Brasileira de Oceanografia, 46: 19-31.
  • Hoey, G. V., Degraer, S. & Vincks, M. (2004). Macrobenthic community structure of soft bottom sediments at the Belgian Continental Shelf. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 59: 599-613. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2003.11.005
  • Huston, M.A. (1994). Biological diversity. The coexistence of species on changing landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Kanarska, Y. & Maderich, M. (2008). Modelling of seasonal exchange flows through the Çanakkale Strait Strait. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 79: 449–458 doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2008.04.019
  • Kelaher, B.P. & Levinton, J.S. (2003). Variation in detrial enrichment causes spatio-temporal variation in soft sediment assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 261: 85-97.
  • Koutsoubas, D., Arvanitidis, C., Dounas, C. & Drummond, L. (2000). Community structure and dynamics of the Molluscan Fauna in a Mediterranean lagoon (Giolova lagoon, SW Greece). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 130 (1): 131-138.
  • Koutsoubas, D., Tselepides, A. & Eleftheriou, A. (2000). Deep Sea Molluscan Fauna of the Cretan Sea (Eastern Mediterranean): Faunal, Ecological and Zoogeographical Remarks. Senckenbergiana maritima, 30(3/6): 85-98.
  • Lourido, A., Gestoso, L. & Troncoso, J.S. (2006). Assemblages of the Molluscan Fauna in Subtidal Soft Bottoms of the Ria de Aldán (North-western Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 86: 129-140.
  • Lu, L. (2005). The relationship between soft-bottom macrobenthic communities and environmental variables in Singaporean waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51(8-12): 1034-1040. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.02.013
  • Moreira, J., Aldea, C. & Troncoso, J.S. (2010). Temporal Dynamics of Gastropod Fauna on Subtidal Sandy Sediments of the Ensenada de Baiona (NW Iberian Peninsula). Helgol Mar Res 64: 311-320 doi: 10.1007/s10152-009-0186-3
  • Mutlu, E. & Ergev, M.B., (2008). Spatio-temporal Distribution of Soft-bottom Epibenthic Fauna on the Cilician Shelf (Turkey), Mediterranean Sea. Revista de Biología Tropical 56 (4): 1919-1946.
  • Nordsieck, F. (1977). The genus Bittium LEACH, 1847, in the European Seas, pp: 6-9.
  • Öztürk, B. (2001). Turridae Swainson, 1840 Species (Gastropoda-Mollusca) of İzmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 25: 53-56.
  • Palaz, M. & Colakoglu, S. (2009). Macrozoobenthic diversity of the Çanakkale Strait. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 8 (11): 2341-2344.
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. A Wiley-Inter Science Publication, London.
  • Rueda, J.L., Fernández-Casado, M., Salas, C. & Gofas, S. (2001). Seasonality in a Taxocoenosis of Molluscs From Soft Bottoms in the Bay of Cádiz (Southern Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81(6): 903-912.
  • Rueda, J.L. & Salas, C. (2003). Seasonal Variation of a Molluscan Assemblage Living in a Caulerpa prolifera Meadow within the Inner Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain). Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science, 57 (5): 909-918.
  • Rueda, J.L., Marina, P., Salas, C., Urra, J. (2008). Jujubinus striatus striatus (Linneaus, 1758) (Gastropoda: Trochidae) From a Deep Zostera marina Bed in Southern Spain (Alboran Sea): Aspects of Ecology and Biology. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74 (4): 345-354.
  • Rumisha, C., Elskens, M., Leemakers, M. & Kochzius, M. (2012). Trace metal pollution and its influence on the community structure of soft bottom molluscs in interdial areas of the Dar es Salaam coast, Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64: 521- 531. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.12.025
  • Sabelli, B., Giannuzzi-Savelli, R. & Bedulli, D. (1992). Catalogo Annotato dei Molluschi Marini del Mediterraneo, Vol 2. Libreria Naturalistica Bolognese, Bologna, 150 p.
  • Shannon, C. E. & Weaver, W. (1963). The Mathematical Theory of Communications. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 117 p.
  • Simboura, N. & Zenetos, A. (2002). Benthic indicators to use in ecological quality classification of Mediterranean soft bottoms marine ecosystems, including a new biotic index. Mediterranean Marine Science 3(2): 77-111. doi: 10.12681/mms.249
  • Snelgrove, P.V.R. (1998). The biodiversity of macrofaunal organisms in marine sediments. Biodiversity Conservation. 7(9): 1123–1132. doi:10.1023/A:1008867313340
  • Taylor, J. D., Noel, J., Morris & Taylor, C.N. (1980). Food specialization and the evolution of predatory prosobranch gastropods. Palaentology, Vol. 23(2): 375-409.
  • Zenetos, A. (1996). FAUNA GRAECIAE VII. The marine Bivalvia (Mollusca) of Greece.Hellenic Zoological Society and NCMR, Athens: NCMR.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Seçil ACAR
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIV
0000-0002-6426-8095
Türkiye


A. Suat ATEŞ
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIV
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 21 Şubat 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Ekim 2016
Kabul Tarihi 5 Ocak 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Acar, S. & Ateş, A. S. (2017). The community structure of Prosobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) on shallow soft bottoms of the Çanakkale Strait . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (1) , 93-101 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.1.13