Yıl 2018, Cilt 35, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 125 - 130 2018-06-15

Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets
Farklı protein düzeyli diyetlerle beslenen karadeniz alabalığı (Salmo trutta labrax)’nın büyüme performansı ve bağırsak villi morfolojisinin belirlenmesi

Osman Tolga Özel [1] , Eyüp Çakmak [2] , İsa Coşkun [3] , Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil [4]

159 70

This study was conducted to determine changes in the growth performance and distal intestine villi morphology of juvenile Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed diets with three different protein levels (40%, 45% and 50%). It was carried out in two separate sections; freshwater (RAS) and seawater. Juvenile Black Sea trout, having average initial weights of 3.44g (freshwater) and 17.70g (seawater), were fed for 90 days. WG, SGR, FCR and survival weren’t affected by dietary treatment. However distal intestine villi length (VL), width (VW) and length to width ratio (VL/VW) were affected by dietary treatments. Villi length, width and length to width ratio in the fish fed with diet containing 50% protein in freshwater were found to be higher than those fed with other diets. Villi length in the fish fed with diet containing 50% protein in seawater was higher than those fed with other diets. Results showed that feeding with diets contained different protein levels did not effect on growth performance of Juvenile Black Sea trout, but affected on distal intestine villi morphology.

Bu çalışma, üç farklı protein düzeyi (%40, %50 ve %55) içeren diyetlerle beslenen yavru Karadeniz alabalığı (Salmo trutta labrax)’ nın büyüme performansı ve bağırsak villi morfolojisindeki değişimleri belirlemek için yapılmıştır. Çalışma tatlısu (kapalı devre) ve deniz suyu olmak üzere iki ayrı yetiştiricilik şartlarında yürütülmüştür. Başlangıç ağırlıkları 3.44 g (tatlısu) ve 17.70 g (deniz suyu) ortalamalarına sahip yavru Karadeniz alabalıkları 90 gün boyunca beslenmiştir. Ağırlık artışı, spesifik büyüme oranı, yem değerlendirme oranı ve yaşama oranı diyetsel uygulamalardan etkilenmemiş, bağırsak villi uzunluğu (VL), genişliği (VW) ve uzunluğun genişliğe oranı (VL/VW) ise diyetsel uygulamalardan etkilenmiştir. Tatlısuda %50 protein içeren diyetle beslenen balıkların VL, VW ve VL/VW değerleri diğer iki diyetle beslenenlerden daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Deniz suyunda ise %50 protein içeren diyetle beslenen balıkların VL değeri diğer iki diyetle beslenenlerden daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Bu sonuçlar, farklı protein düzeylerinin yavru Karadeniz alabalığının büyüme performansı üzerinde herhangi bir etkiye sahip olmadığı, ancak bağırsak villi morfolojisi üzerine etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermiştir.

  • Ahmad, M.H., Abdel-Tawwab, M., & Khattab, Y.A.E. (2004). Effect of dietary proteın levels on growth performance and protein utilization in Nile tilapia (oreochromis niloticus l.) with different initıal body weights. The sixth international symposium on tilapia in aquaculture, Manila, Philippine.
  • Anonymous., (2017). The Importance of Amino Acids in Fish Farming. Date accessed: 09.10.2017.
  • Amoah, Y.T. (2011). Effect of dietary protein levels on growth and protein utilization in juvenile arctic char (Salvinus alpinus). United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme, Iceland (final Project). http://www.unuftp.is/static/fellows/document/yaa11prf.pdf.
  • AOAC. (2009). Food analysis, Vol. Chapt. ed. Gaithersburg.
  • Cankiriligil, E.C., Cakmak, E., & Ozcan Akpınar, I. (2016). Histological Development of the Digestive Tract of Black Sea Trout (Salmo trutta labrax PALLAS, 1811) During Larval Ontogeny, in: 41th CIESM Congress Living Resources & Marine Ecosystems Committe. p. 330. Chowdhary, S., Srivastava, P.P., Jena, J., Yadav, A.K., Dayal, R., Mishra, S., & Srivastava, S.M. (2013). Histological studies of the intestine in threatened Asian catfish (Clarias batrachus) fingerlings fed with animal or plant origin protein blended with glucosamine. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 1(2), 50-55.
  • Dosdat, A., Metailler, R., Desbruyeres, E., & Huelvan, C. (1997). Cornparison of brown trout (Salmo trutta) reared in fresh water and sea water to freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) : 1. Growth and nitrogen balance. Aquat. Living Resource, 10(3), 157-167.
  • Ebrahimi, G., and Ouraji, H. (2012). Growth performance and body composition of kutum fi ngerlings, Rutilus frisii kutum (Kamenskii 1901), in response to dietary protein levels. Turk J Zool, 36 (4), 551-558.
  • Folch, J., Lees, M., and Sladane-Stanley, G.H.A. (1957). Simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissue. J. Biol. Chem 226, 497–509.
  • Heidarieh, M., Mirvaghefi, A.R., Sepahi, A., Sheikhzadeh, N., Shahbazfar, A.A., & Akbari, M. (2013). Effects of dietary aloe vera on growth performance, skin and gastrointestine morphology in Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13, 367-373. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v13-2-20.
  • Horwitz, W. (2000). Official methods of analysis of AOAC international (Oma). Education Gaithersburg. Jutfelt, F. (2006). The Intestinal Epithelium of Salmonids. Department of Zoology, Zoophysiology Göteborg University.
  • Karabulut, A. (1991). Animal feeding physiology and metabolism course note. Uludag Univesity, Faculty of Agriculture, Bursa, Turkey.
  • Khojasteh, S.M. B., Sheikhzadeh, F., Mohammadnejad, D., & Azami, A. (2009). Histological, Histochemical and Ultrastructural Study of the Intestine of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). World Applied Sciences Journal 6 (11), 1525-1531.
  • Khojasteh, S.M.B. (2012). The morphology of the post-gastric alimentary canal in teleost fishes: a brief review. International Journal of Aquatic Science. 3(2).
  • Lall S.P. & Anderson S. (2005) Amino acid nutrition of salmonids: Dietary requirements and bioavailability. In: Montero D. (ed.), Basurco B. (ed.), Nengas I. (ed.), Alexis M. (ed.), Izquierdo M. (ed.). Mediterranean fish nutrition. Zaragoza: CIHEAM, (2005). p. 73-90. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 63). Workshop on Mediterranean Fish Nutrition, 2002/06/01-02, Rhodes (Greece). Michel-Parra, J.G., Orozco Hernandez, J.R., Ruiz Garcia, I.J. & Montanes Valdez, O.D. (2007). Effect of protein level on Alevins growth and intestinal villi development of Tilapia (Orechromis aureus). Journal of Fisheries International 2(3), 211-213.
  • Merrifield, D.L., Olsen, R.E., Myklebust, R. & Ringø, E. (2011). Dietary Effect of Soybean (Glycine max) Products on Gut Histology and Microbiota of Fish. INTECH Open Access Publisher.
  • Quillet, E., Faure, A., Chevassus, B., Krieg, F., Harache, Y., Arzel, J., Metailler, R. & Boeuf, G. (1992). The potential of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) for mariculture in temperate waters. Presented at Study course on aquaculture of arctic charr and brown trout, Reykjavik, ISL (1991-08-16 - 1991-08-18). http://prodinra.inra.fr/record/160662.
  • Özel, O.T., Coşkun, I. & Çakmak, E. (2018a). Intestine Villi Morphology of Black Sea Trout (Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814). LimnoFish, 4(1), 42-46. DOI: 10.17216/LimnoFish.365434
  • Özel, O.T., Çakmak, E. & Coşkun, I. (2017). Intestine Villi Morphology of Black Sea Trout (Salmo trutta labrax Pallas, 1811): In Seawater and After Freshwater Transfer. 1st International Symposium on Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries. 04-06 October 2017, Isparta.
  • Özel, O.T., Çakmak, E. & Öztürk, E. (2018b). Effects of Alternative Oil Sources on Growth Performance, Lipid Metabolism and mRNA level of Some Genes in Juvenile Black Sea Trout (Salmo trutta labrax Pallas,1811). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18, 891-903. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v18-7-07
  • Ramezani, H. (2009). Effects of Different Protein and Energy Levels on Growth Prformance of Caspian Brown Trout, Salmo trutta caspius (Kessler, 1877). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. DOI: 10.3923/jfas.2009.203.209
  • Raskovic, B.S., Stankovic, M.B., Markovic, Z.Z. & Poleksic, V.D. (2011). Histological methods in the assessment of different feed effects on liver and intestine of fish. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 56(1), 87-100. DOI: 10.2298/JAS1101087R
  • Santigosa, E., García-Meilan, I., Valentin, J.M., Perez-Sanchez, J., Medale, F., Kaushik, S. & Gallardo, M.A. (2011). Modifications of intestinal nutrient absorption in response to dietary fish meal replacement by plant protein sources in sea bream (Sparus aurata) and rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 317(1-4), 146-154. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.04.026
  • Somsueb, P. (2017). Protein and energy requirement and feeding of fish. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=23164878DB2611BBD42448A6F2AE045B?doi=10.1.1.526.3067&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Date accessed: 09.10.2017.
  • Tabak I., Aksungur M., Zengin M., Yılmaz C., Aksungur N., Alkan A., Zengin B., & Mısır D.S. (2002). Project for the investigation of the cultural feasibility and the determination of the biotechnological properties of the Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax, Pallas 1811). Final report. General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies. 98/12/01/007. p. 173.
  • Yadav, A.K., Srivastava, P.P., Chowdhary, S., Lakra, W.S., Shrivastava, P., & Dayal, R. (2014). Histological alterations in the intestine of threatened Asian catfish, Clarias batrachus fed with different types of fats through semi-purified diets. Advances in Applied Science Research, 5(2), 35-41.
  • Xu Z.R., Hu C.H., Xia M.S., Zhan X.A., & Wang M.Q. (2003). Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharide on digestive enzyme activities, ıntestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers, Poultry Science, 82, 1030- 1036.
  • Zaki, M.A., Salem, M.A., Gaber, M.M. & Nour, A.M. (2015). Effect of chitosan supplemented diet on survival, growth, feed utilization, body composition & histology of Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3, 38-47. DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.34C005
Birincil Dil en
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5414-6975
Yazar: Osman Tolga Özel (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Central Fisheries Research Institute
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3075-9862
Yazar: Eyüp Çakmak
Kurum: Central Fisheries Research Institute
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5495-6006
Yazar: İsa Coşkun
Kurum: Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5898-4469
Yazar: Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil
Kurum: Central Fisheries Research Institute
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egejfas363879, journal = {Su Ürünleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1590}, eissn = {2148-3140}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {35}, pages = {125 - 130}, doi = {10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04}, title = {Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets}, key = {cite}, author = {Coşkun, İsa and Özel, Osman Tolga and Çakmak, Eyüp and Çankırılıgil, Ekrem Cem} }
APA Özel, O , Çakmak, E , Coşkun, İ , Çankırılıgil, E . (2018). Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 35 (2), 125-130. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04
MLA Özel, O , Çakmak, E , Coşkun, İ , Çankırılıgil, E . "Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 (2018): 125-130 <http://www.egejfas.org/issue/35874/363879>
Chicago Özel, O , Çakmak, E , Coşkun, İ , Çankırılıgil, E . "Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 (2018): 125-130
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets AU - Osman Tolga Özel , Eyüp Çakmak , İsa Coşkun , Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04 DO - 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04 T2 - Su Ürünleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 125 EP - 130 VL - 35 IS - 2 SN - 1300-1590-2148-3140 M3 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Su Ürünleri Dergisi Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets %A Osman Tolga Özel , Eyüp Çakmak , İsa Coşkun , Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil %T Evaluation of growth performance and intestine villi morphology of black sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) fed with different protein levels containing diets %D 2018 %J Su Ürünleri Dergisi %P 1300-1590-2148-3140 %V 35 %N 2 %R doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04 %U 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04
ISNAD Özel, Osman Tolga , Çakmak, Eyüp , Coşkun, İsa , Çankırılıgil, Ekrem Cem . "Farklı protein düzeyli diyetlerle beslenen karadeniz alabalığı (Salmo trutta labrax)’nın büyüme performansı ve bağırsak villi morfolojisinin belirlenmesi". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 / 2 (Haziran 2018): 125-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.2.04