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Effects of plastics and microplastics on aquatic organisms and human health

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 4, 437 - 443, 15.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.4.16

Abstract



Today, plastics have been used in many areas and their use have been increasing day by day. This increase in the use of plastic causes environmental pollution as well as negatively affects organisms in the environment and therefore human health. Plastics reach to the water environment through different transport routes. Microplastics that have reached to the water environment are consumed by aquatic organisms. Microplastics in aquatic species (fish, mussels, shrimp, seals, etc.) were highlighted in many studies. Microplastics consumed by aquatic organisms are included in the food network, reaching as far as human consumption. Therefore, the importance of the subject have been emphasized, the evaluation of the studies on microplastics and the risks it poses have been examined in this compilation study which was carried out in order to raise awareness about this issue and to ensure that the necessary measures will be taken.


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Plastik ve mikroplastiklerin su canlıları ve insan sağlığı üzerindeki etkileri

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 4, 437 - 443, 15.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.4.16

Abstract



Günümüzde plastikler birçok alanda kullanılmakta ve gün geçtikçe de kullanım alanları artmaktadır. Plastik kullanımındaki bu artış çevre kirliliğine neden olmasının yanı sıra ortamda bulunan canlıları ve dolayısıyla insan sağlığını olumsuz olarak etkilemektedir. Plastikler farklı taşınım yolu ile su ortamına kadar ulaşmaktadır. Su ortamında ulaşmış olan mikroplastikler, ortamda bulunan canlılar tarafından tüketilmektedir. Mikroplastiklerin su ortamında yaşayan türlerde (balık, midye, karides, fok vb.) bulunduğu birçok çalışmada vurgulanmaktadır. Su canlıları tarafından tüketilen mikroplastikler besin ağına dahil olarak insan tüketimine kadar ulaşmaktadır. Bu nedenle konunun öneminin vurgulanarak, bu konuda bilinçlendirmenin ve gerekli önlemlerin alınmasının sağlanması amacıyla yapılan bu derleme çalışmasında; mikroplastik üzerine yapılan çalışmaların değerlendirilmesi ve oluşturduğu riskler incelenmiştir.


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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Environmental Sciences
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Fevziye Nihan BULAT (Primary Author)
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ AVLAMA-İŞLEME TEKNOLOJİSİ (YL)
0000-0001-5165-3632
Türkiye


Berna KILINÇ
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ AVLAMA VE İŞLEME TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-4663-5082
Türkiye

Publication Date December 15, 2020
Application Date January 13, 2020
Acceptance Date April 17, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 4

Cite

APA Bulat, F. N. & Kılınç, B. (2020). Plastik ve mikroplastiklerin su canlıları ve insan sağlığı üzerindeki etkileri . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (4) , 437-443 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.4.16