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Microplastic pollution in freshwater ecosystems: A case study from Turkey

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 213 - 221, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.02

Abstract



Microplastic pollution has increased rapidly over recent decades and accepted as an emerging thread. However, the effects and dimensions of microplastic pollution on aquatic ecosystems have not been fully understood yet. Most of these few studies have been carried out in marine ecosystems and the number of studies on freshwater are very limited. This is the first study represents a detailed investigation of microplastic pollution in a freshwater body in Turkey. In this study, microplastic (<5 mm) pollution level of surface water samples taken from Cevdet Pond (Yozgat/Turkey) was investigated. Water samples (150 L) were taken from 5 stations and microplastic particles were extracted via density separation method. Random particles were examined both visually and spectrophotometrically (-Raman). According to station averages, there were 233 microplastic particles in 1 m3 of the pond water. Highest number of MP particles observed in 100-250 m (56%) size class. Most abundant microplastic type and colour are fiber (91%) and blue (36%) respectively. Polypropylene (50%) and polyethylene (40%) were the most abundant type of polymers according to -Raman analysis. The presence of microplastic pollution in an area where human impact is relatively low, indicates the prevalence of microplastic pollution in freshwater ecosystems. 


References

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Tatlısu Ekosistemlerinde Mikroplastik Kirliliği: Türkiye'den bir örnek çalışma

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 213 - 221, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.02

Abstract



Mikroplastik kirliliği son yıllarda hızlı bir şekilde artış göstermiştir ve yeni ortaya çıkan tehditlerden biri olarak kabul edilmektedir. Ancak mikroplastik kirliliğinin sucul ekosistemlerdeki boyutları henüz tam olarak bilinmemektedir. Az sayıda mevcut olan çalışmanın büyük bir çoğunluğu denizel ekosistemlerde gerçekleştirilmiştir ve tatlı su alanında yapılan çalışma sayısı çok sınırlıdır. Bu çalışmada Türkiye tatlı su ekosistemlerinde mikroplastik kirliliğinin detaylı olarak araştırıldığı ilk çalışmadır. Çalışmada Cevdet Dündar Göleti (Yozgat/Türkiye) yüzey suyundan alınan örneklerinde mikroplastik (<5 mm) kirliliği araştırılmıştır. 5 farklı istasyondan yüzeyden alınan su örnekleri (150 L) yoğunluğa bağlı ayırma yöntemi kullanılarak ayrıştırılmıştır. Partiküller hem görsel olarak hem spektrofotometrik (-Raman) yöntemler kullanılarak incelenmiştir. İstasyon ortalamalarına göre gölet suyunun 1m3’ünde ortalama 233 mikroplastik parçacığı bulunmaktadır. Mikroplastik kirliliğinin en fazla gözlemlendiği boyut aralığı 100-250 m (%56) dur. En yaygın gözlemlenen mikroplastik çeşidi ve rengi ise sırası ile fiber (%91) ve mavi (%36) renk olarak tespit edilmiştir. -Raman analiz sonuçlarına göre en yaygın gözlemlenen mikroplastik türevleri ise polipropilen (%50) ve polietilendir (%40). Nispeten insan etkisinin az olduğu çalışma alanında mikroplastik kirliliğinin gözlemlenmesi mikroplastik kirliliğinin varlığını ortaya çıkarmaktadır.




References

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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology, Limnology, Environmental Sciences
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Şeyda ERDOĞAN (Primary Author)
Yozgat Bozok University
0000-0001-7729-7664
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2020
Application Date November 27, 2019
Acceptance Date March 3, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3

Cite

APA Erdoğan, Ş. (2020). Microplastic pollution in freshwater ecosystems: A case study from Turkey . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (3) , 213-221 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.3.02