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Türkiye'de tilapia yetiştiriciliği ve sorunları.

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 473 - 478, 01.09.2006

Abstract

References

  • Altun, T., G. Beklevik, G. A. Kiriş, S. Dikel and A. Polat, 2003. The Effects of different feeding rates on the growth and nutritional composition of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, L., 1758). (In Turkish).Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 1: 69-74.
  • Akın, S., E. Buhan, K.O. Wenemiller and H. Yılmaz, 2005. Fish assemblage structure of Koycegiz Lagoon Estuary, Turkey: spatial and temporal distribution patterns in relation to environmental variation. Estuarine, Costal and Shelf Science, 64: 671- 684.
  • Anonymous, 2005. A fish called tilapia. http://www.worldseafoodmarket.com/analysis/ Final_Tilapia.html.
  • Balarin, J. D. and R. D. Haller, 1987. The intensive culture of tilapia in tanks raceways and cages. In: Recent Advances in Aquaculture. J. F. Muir, R. J. Roberts (eds). Croom Helm Ltd., Australia. pp. 265-355.
  • Balarin, J. D. and J. D. Hatton, 1979. Tilapia: A guide to their biology and culture in Africa. Unit of Aquatic Pathobiology, University of Stirling, Scotland. 174p.
  • Barlas, M., F.Yılmaz, S. Dirican and B. Yorulmaz, 2000. The Researching of fish fauna Yuvarlak Brood (Köyceğiz- Muğla). (In Turkish). Fisheries Symposium IV of Region of Eastern Anatolia 28-30 June, Erzurum, 423- 435.
  • Behrensd, L. L., J. B. Kingsley and M. J. Bulls, 1990. Cold tolerance in maternal mouthbrooding tilapia: phenotypic variation among species and hybrids. Aquaculture, 85: 271- 280.
  • Chapman, F. A. 2000. Culture of hybrid tilapia: A reference profile. In Circular 1051 of Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida.
  • Charo- Karisa, H., M. A. Rezk , H. Bovenhius and H. Komen, 2005. Heritability of cold tolerance in Nil tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, Juveniles. Aquaculture, 249: 115-123.
  • Chervinski, J. 1982. Environmental physiology of tilapia. In: The Biology and Culture of Tilapia. R. S. V. Pullin, and H. R. Lowe McConnel (eds). ICLARM Conference Proceeding 7th International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila. Philippines, pp.119-128.
  • Cruz, E. M. and M. Ridha, 1994. Overwintering tilapia, Oreochromis spilurus Gunther, fingerlings using warm underground sea water. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 25: 865- 871.
  • Çelik, F. 2005. The effects of vitamin E added to feed in different ratios growth parameters and some tissues histologies of Oreochromis niloticus, L., 1758. (In Turkish). Msc Thesis. Department of Fisheries, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, University of Çukurova. Adana, Turkey.
  • De Graaf, G.J., F. Galemoni, and E. A. Huisman, 1999. Reproductive biology of pond reared Nil tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Research. 30: 25-33.
  • Dey, M. M. 2001. Tilapia production in South Asia and Far East. In: Tilapia Production Marketing and Technological Developments Proceedings of the Tilapia 2001. Subasinghe, S., Singh, T. (eds). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 17-27.
  • Eli, A. 2005. 1524 Species in family Cichlidae (Cichlids). In: Fishbase WorldWide Web Electronic Publication. R. Froese, D. Pauly (eds). www.fishbase.org.
  • El-Sayed, A. M. 2002. Effects of stocking density and feeding levels on growth and feed efficiency of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fry. Aquaculture Research Volume, 33: 621-626.
  • Essa, M. A. and M. E. Salama, 1994. Salinity tolerance and reproductive performance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Delta Journal Science,18: 239–261.
  • FAO. 2002. Fishery Statistics. Aquaculture production, 90(2).
  • Fitzsimmons, K. 2001. Tilapia production in the Americas. In: Tilapia Production Marketing and Technological Developments Proceedings of the Tilapia 2001. Subasinghe, S. and Singh, T. (eds). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 7- 16.
  • Gupta M. V. and B. O. Acosta, 2004. A Review of global tilapia farming practices. http://www.enaca.org/modules/news/article.
  • Guerrero, R. D. 1982. Control of tilapia reproduction. In: The Biology of Culture of Tilapias R. S. V. Pullin and R. H. Love McCannel (eds). ICLARAM. Conference Proceedings. 309- 316.
  • Gürlek, M. 2004. Genetic and morphologic identification of tilapia (Tilapia) species found in Çukurova and Hatay Regions and determination of key characters for species identification. (In Turkish). Msc Thesis. Department of Fisheries, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, University of Mustafa Kemal, Hatay, Turkey.
  • Hines, G.A. and S.A. Watts, 1995. Nonsteroidal chemical sex manipulation of tilapia. J. World Aquacul. Soc., 26: 98-102.
  • Johnson, B., 2004. 17-Alpha Methyltestosterone Clinical Field Trials - INAD 9332. Annual Summary Report on the Use of 17-Alpha Methyltestosterone in Field Efficacy Trials, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Bozeman National INAD Office Bozeman, Montana. 15p.
  • Mair, G.C., J.S. Abucay, D.O.F. Skibinski, T.A. Abella and J.A. Beardmore, 1997. Genetic manipulation of sex ratio for the large-scale production of all-male tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 54: 396-404.
  • Morrison, E. M. 1998. Go Fish, Egyptian Style: A Renville co-op garazes to million on the prairie. The Newspaper of the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute. 7:3-3.
  • Penña-Mendoza, B., J. L. Gómez-Márquez, I. H. Salgado-Ugerte and D. Ramírez-Nogguera, 2005. Reproductive biology of Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) at Emiliano Zapata dam, Morelos, Mexico. Re. Biol. Trop., 53: 515-522.
  • Pompa, T. and M. Masser, 1999. Tilapia life history and biology. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Publication. No: 283. 4p.
  • Ramnarine, I. W. 2005. The Farming of Tilapia. http://www.uwi.tt/uwitoday/ 2005/march/tilapia.asp.
  • Sarıhan, E. and Ö. Toral, 1980. A discussion on problems on culture of T. nilotica (Lin) 1958 which is a tropical fish in Çukurova Region. (In Turkish). Communications of 7th Scientific Congress of Veterinary and Animal Research Group. İstanbul, pp. 33-44.
  • Schoenen, P. 1982. A bibliography of important tilapias (Pisces: Cichlidae) for Aquaculture. Iclarm Bibliographies 3, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines. 336p.
  • Sifa, L., L. Chenhong, , M. Dey, F.Gagalac and R. Dunham, 2002. Cold tolerance of three strains of Nil tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in China. Aquaculture, 213: 123–129.
  • Stickney, R. R. 1986. Tilapia. In: Culture of Non Salmonid Fresh Water Fishes. R. R. Stickney (eds). CRC Press. Inc. United. United States, pp. 57- 72.
  • Tekelioğlu, N. 2000. Culture of Inland Fishes (Warm and cold climate fishes). (In Turkish). 1st edition. Publication of Agricultural Faculty of Univ. of Çukurova. Adana, Turkey. 307p.
  • Suwanasart, P. 1972. Effects of feeding, mesh size and stocking on the growth of Tilapia aurea in cages. Annu. Rept. Int. Conf. Aquaculture, Auburn Univ., Alabama, pp. 71- 79.
  • Yi, Y., C. K. Lin, and J. S. Diana, 1996. Influence of Nil tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) stocking density on their growth and yield in cages and ponds containing the cages. Aquaculture, 146: 205-215.
  • Zaijie, D., W. J. Hyok and J. Y. Ho, 2006. Inland Aquaculture. Household tilapia over winter in DPR, Korea. http:// www. enaca. org/modules/ news /article.

Tilapia Culture and Its Problems in Turkey.

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 473 - 478, 01.09.2006

Abstract

Türkiye’de tilapia yetiştiriciliği ve sorunları. Tilapialar, yetiştiricilik için arzu edilen birçok olumlu özelliğe sahip olmaları nedeniyle önemli türler arasındadırlar ve 100’den fazla ülkede yetiştiriciliği yapılmaktadır. Amerika ve Avrupa önemli tilapia ihracat merkezleridir. Ancak tilapia yetiştiriciliğinde, orijinal olarak bulundukları tropikal bölgeler de dahil olmak üzere, bir takım sorunlarla karşılaşılmaktadır. Tilapialar Türkiye’de ilk defa 1975 yılında Burdur Gölü’ne aşılanmışlardır. Fakat tüm balıklar ölmüştür. Aşılamadan sonra, tilapialar adapte edilmiş ve ülkenin Çukurova Bölgesi’nde kültüre alınmışlardır. Yetiştiriciliğinde var olan sorunlara ek olarak, ülkemizde yetiştirilebilecekleri bölgelerdeki yetiştirme periyodunun kısalığının da etkisiyle genellikle porsiyonluk balık ortalama ağırlığına ulaşamamaktadır. Bu nedenle istenilen kalitede ürün elde edilememektedir. Ayrıca, elde edilen ürüne bağlı olarak da oluşabilen tüketici talep azlığı, tilapia üretimini sınırlandıran etmenler arasındadır. Bu çalışmayla, akuakültürün geliştirilmesi gereken ve istenilen ülkemizde, üretimin artırılmasına katkı sağlamak amacıyla, dünya kültür balığı üretiminde önemli bir yer tutan tilapiaların Türkiye’deki yayılımı, yaygınlaştırılamamış yetiştiriciliğinin nedenleri ortaya konulmaya çalışılmış ve getirilen önerilerle sorunların çözümüne katkı sağlanması amaçlanmıştır

References

  • Altun, T., G. Beklevik, G. A. Kiriş, S. Dikel and A. Polat, 2003. The Effects of different feeding rates on the growth and nutritional composition of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, L., 1758). (In Turkish).Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 1: 69-74.
  • Akın, S., E. Buhan, K.O. Wenemiller and H. Yılmaz, 2005. Fish assemblage structure of Koycegiz Lagoon Estuary, Turkey: spatial and temporal distribution patterns in relation to environmental variation. Estuarine, Costal and Shelf Science, 64: 671- 684.
  • Anonymous, 2005. A fish called tilapia. http://www.worldseafoodmarket.com/analysis/ Final_Tilapia.html.
  • Balarin, J. D. and R. D. Haller, 1987. The intensive culture of tilapia in tanks raceways and cages. In: Recent Advances in Aquaculture. J. F. Muir, R. J. Roberts (eds). Croom Helm Ltd., Australia. pp. 265-355.
  • Balarin, J. D. and J. D. Hatton, 1979. Tilapia: A guide to their biology and culture in Africa. Unit of Aquatic Pathobiology, University of Stirling, Scotland. 174p.
  • Barlas, M., F.Yılmaz, S. Dirican and B. Yorulmaz, 2000. The Researching of fish fauna Yuvarlak Brood (Köyceğiz- Muğla). (In Turkish). Fisheries Symposium IV of Region of Eastern Anatolia 28-30 June, Erzurum, 423- 435.
  • Behrensd, L. L., J. B. Kingsley and M. J. Bulls, 1990. Cold tolerance in maternal mouthbrooding tilapia: phenotypic variation among species and hybrids. Aquaculture, 85: 271- 280.
  • Chapman, F. A. 2000. Culture of hybrid tilapia: A reference profile. In Circular 1051 of Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida.
  • Charo- Karisa, H., M. A. Rezk , H. Bovenhius and H. Komen, 2005. Heritability of cold tolerance in Nil tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, Juveniles. Aquaculture, 249: 115-123.
  • Chervinski, J. 1982. Environmental physiology of tilapia. In: The Biology and Culture of Tilapia. R. S. V. Pullin, and H. R. Lowe McConnel (eds). ICLARM Conference Proceeding 7th International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila. Philippines, pp.119-128.
  • Cruz, E. M. and M. Ridha, 1994. Overwintering tilapia, Oreochromis spilurus Gunther, fingerlings using warm underground sea water. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 25: 865- 871.
  • Çelik, F. 2005. The effects of vitamin E added to feed in different ratios growth parameters and some tissues histologies of Oreochromis niloticus, L., 1758. (In Turkish). Msc Thesis. Department of Fisheries, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, University of Çukurova. Adana, Turkey.
  • De Graaf, G.J., F. Galemoni, and E. A. Huisman, 1999. Reproductive biology of pond reared Nil tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Research. 30: 25-33.
  • Dey, M. M. 2001. Tilapia production in South Asia and Far East. In: Tilapia Production Marketing and Technological Developments Proceedings of the Tilapia 2001. Subasinghe, S., Singh, T. (eds). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 17-27.
  • Eli, A. 2005. 1524 Species in family Cichlidae (Cichlids). In: Fishbase WorldWide Web Electronic Publication. R. Froese, D. Pauly (eds). www.fishbase.org.
  • El-Sayed, A. M. 2002. Effects of stocking density and feeding levels on growth and feed efficiency of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fry. Aquaculture Research Volume, 33: 621-626.
  • Essa, M. A. and M. E. Salama, 1994. Salinity tolerance and reproductive performance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Delta Journal Science,18: 239–261.
  • FAO. 2002. Fishery Statistics. Aquaculture production, 90(2).
  • Fitzsimmons, K. 2001. Tilapia production in the Americas. In: Tilapia Production Marketing and Technological Developments Proceedings of the Tilapia 2001. Subasinghe, S. and Singh, T. (eds). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 7- 16.
  • Gupta M. V. and B. O. Acosta, 2004. A Review of global tilapia farming practices. http://www.enaca.org/modules/news/article.
  • Guerrero, R. D. 1982. Control of tilapia reproduction. In: The Biology of Culture of Tilapias R. S. V. Pullin and R. H. Love McCannel (eds). ICLARAM. Conference Proceedings. 309- 316.
  • Gürlek, M. 2004. Genetic and morphologic identification of tilapia (Tilapia) species found in Çukurova and Hatay Regions and determination of key characters for species identification. (In Turkish). Msc Thesis. Department of Fisheries, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, University of Mustafa Kemal, Hatay, Turkey.
  • Hines, G.A. and S.A. Watts, 1995. Nonsteroidal chemical sex manipulation of tilapia. J. World Aquacul. Soc., 26: 98-102.
  • Johnson, B., 2004. 17-Alpha Methyltestosterone Clinical Field Trials - INAD 9332. Annual Summary Report on the Use of 17-Alpha Methyltestosterone in Field Efficacy Trials, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Bozeman National INAD Office Bozeman, Montana. 15p.
  • Mair, G.C., J.S. Abucay, D.O.F. Skibinski, T.A. Abella and J.A. Beardmore, 1997. Genetic manipulation of sex ratio for the large-scale production of all-male tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 54: 396-404.
  • Morrison, E. M. 1998. Go Fish, Egyptian Style: A Renville co-op garazes to million on the prairie. The Newspaper of the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute. 7:3-3.
  • Penña-Mendoza, B., J. L. Gómez-Márquez, I. H. Salgado-Ugerte and D. Ramírez-Nogguera, 2005. Reproductive biology of Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) at Emiliano Zapata dam, Morelos, Mexico. Re. Biol. Trop., 53: 515-522.
  • Pompa, T. and M. Masser, 1999. Tilapia life history and biology. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Publication. No: 283. 4p.
  • Ramnarine, I. W. 2005. The Farming of Tilapia. http://www.uwi.tt/uwitoday/ 2005/march/tilapia.asp.
  • Sarıhan, E. and Ö. Toral, 1980. A discussion on problems on culture of T. nilotica (Lin) 1958 which is a tropical fish in Çukurova Region. (In Turkish). Communications of 7th Scientific Congress of Veterinary and Animal Research Group. İstanbul, pp. 33-44.
  • Schoenen, P. 1982. A bibliography of important tilapias (Pisces: Cichlidae) for Aquaculture. Iclarm Bibliographies 3, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines. 336p.
  • Sifa, L., L. Chenhong, , M. Dey, F.Gagalac and R. Dunham, 2002. Cold tolerance of three strains of Nil tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in China. Aquaculture, 213: 123–129.
  • Stickney, R. R. 1986. Tilapia. In: Culture of Non Salmonid Fresh Water Fishes. R. R. Stickney (eds). CRC Press. Inc. United. United States, pp. 57- 72.
  • Tekelioğlu, N. 2000. Culture of Inland Fishes (Warm and cold climate fishes). (In Turkish). 1st edition. Publication of Agricultural Faculty of Univ. of Çukurova. Adana, Turkey. 307p.
  • Suwanasart, P. 1972. Effects of feeding, mesh size and stocking on the growth of Tilapia aurea in cages. Annu. Rept. Int. Conf. Aquaculture, Auburn Univ., Alabama, pp. 71- 79.
  • Yi, Y., C. K. Lin, and J. S. Diana, 1996. Influence of Nil tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) stocking density on their growth and yield in cages and ponds containing the cages. Aquaculture, 146: 205-215.
  • Zaijie, D., W. J. Hyok and J. Y. Ho, 2006. Inland Aquaculture. Household tilapia over winter in DPR, Korea. http:// www. enaca. org/modules/ news /article.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Tülay ALTUN This is me


Nazmi TEKELİOĞLU This is me


Durali DANABAŞ This is me

Publication Date September 1, 2006
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3

Cite

APA Altun, T. , Tekelioğlu, N. & Danabaş, D. (2006). Tilapia Culture and Its Problems in Turkey. . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 23 (3) , 473-478 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/5013/67930