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An investigation on anatomy, morphology and ecology of metazoan parasites of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (common carp) from Lake Karamık (Afyonkarahisar)

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 389 - 393, 01.09.2006

Abstract

In this study, the presence of metazoan parasites on 71 Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (common carp) was investigated in Lake Karamık, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey between 13th March 2004 and 28th May 2005. Three parasite species were identified in the host fish species: Gyrodactylus elegans, Nordmann, 1832; Dactylogyrus extensus Mueller ve Van Cleave, 1932 (Monogenoidea, Plathelminthes); Bothriocephalus acheilognathi, Yamaguti, 1934 (Cestoidea, Plathelminthes). From these species, G. elegans was found on the gills of 2 fish (% 2.8, 5.0 parasite/fish) and on the fins of 16 fish (% 22.5, 7.6 parasite/fish). D. extensus was found on the gills of 65 fish (% 91.5, 22.1 parasite/fish). B. acheilognathi was found in the intestine of 10 host fish (% 14.0, 10.8 parasite/fish). D. extensus was the dominant species found on the host fish. The highest infection rate and mean parasite was in winter and minimum value was in summer and spring. The smaller common carp have more infection rate than larger common carp specimens by D. extensus. G. elegans was found on middle size fish’s fins in spring, on the gills in winter. The infection rate occurred by B. acheilognathi was more common in small and middle size host fish species in winter than in spring and summer.

References

  • Aydoğdu, A., and F.N. Altunel. 2002. Helminth parasites (Plathelminthes) of common carp (C. carpio L.) in İznik Lake. Bull. Eur. Ass. Fish Pathol., 22 (5): 343.
  • Aydoğdu, A., M.O. Öztürk, M.C. Oğuz, and F.N. Altunel. 2001. Investigations on metazoon parasites of cmmon carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Dalyan Lagoon Karacabey Turkey. Acta Veterinaria (Beugrad), 51 (5-6): 351-358.
  • Bush, A.O., K.D. Lafferty, J.M. Lotz, and A.W. Shostak. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited, Journal of Parasitology, 83: 575-583.
  • Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I. E. 1962. Key to the parasites of the freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. Transl. Birrow A. ve Cale, Z.S. 1964 Israel Prog. for scientific Trans. Jerusalem.
  • Clarkson, R.W, A.T. Robinson, and T.L. Hoffnagle. 1997. Asian tapeworm (B. acheilognathi) in ntive fshes fom the Little Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona. Great Basin Naturalist, 57 (1): 66-69.
  • Emir, N. 1994. Taxonomical and ecolojical evaluation of rotatoria fauna in Lake Karamuk, Akşehir, Çavuşçu and Eber (in Turkish). Doktora tezi. Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Gelnar, M. 1987. Experimental verification of the effect of water temperature on micropopulation growth of G. katharineri Malmberg, 1964 (Monogenea) parasitizing carp fry (C. carpio). Folia Parasitologica, 34: 19-23.
  • Gönülol, A., and O. Obalı. 1986. Phytoplankton of Karamık Lake (Afyon) Turkey, (in Turkish). Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ank. Ser. C, 4: 105-128.
  • Halvorsen, O. 1971. Studies of the helminth fauna of Norway XVIII. On the composition of the parasite fauna of coarse fish in the River Glomma South-Eastern Norway. Norw. J. Zoology, 19: 181-192.
  • Hanzelova, V., and R. Zitnan. 1982. The seasonal dynamics of the invasion cycle of Gyrodactylus katheineri Malmberg, 1964 (Monogenea). Helmintologia, 19: 257-265.
  • Kavurt, C. 1993. Investigation of eutrification and trophic level in Lake Eber and Karamık, (in Turkish). Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Kazancı, N., S. Girgin, M. Dügel, D. Oğuzkurt, B. Mutlu, Ş. Dere, M. Barlas, M. Özçelik. 1999. Limnology, environmental quality and biodiversity of Lake Köyceğiz, Beyşehir, Eğirdir, Akşehir, Eber, Çorak, Kovada, Yarışlı, Bafa, Salda, Karataş, Çavuşçu, Karamuk, delta of Küçük and Büyük Menderes, Güllük marshy, (in Turkish). Türkiye İç Suları Araştırmaları Dizisi: IV, Form Ofset, Ankara.
  • Khalil, L. F., A. Jones, and R. A. Bray. 1994. Keys to the cestode parasites of vertabrates. CAB International Colset Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
  • Kır, İ. 1998. Investigation of growth parameters and its Parasites of Cyprinus carpio L., 1758; Barbus capito pectaralis Heckel, 1843; Carassius carassius L., in Lake Karacaören I, (in Turkish). Doktora Tezi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Isparta.
  • Koskivaara, M., E. T. Valtonen, and M. Prost. 1991. Seasonal occurrence of Gyrodactylid Monogeneans on the roach (Rutilus rutilus) and variations between four lakes of differing water quality in Finland. Aqua Fennica, 21 (1): 47-55.
  • Lux, E. 1990. Population dynamics and interrelationships of some Dactylogyrus and Gyrodactylus species on Cyprinus carpio. Angev. Parasitol., 31: 143- 149.
  • Margolis, L., G.W. Esch, J.C. Holmes, A.M. Kuris, and G.A. Shad. 1982. The use of ecological term in parasitology (Report of Hoc Committee of the American Society of Parasitologist), Journal of Parasitology, 68: 131-133.
  • Özer, A., and O. Erdem. 1999. The relationship between occurance of ectoparasites temparature and culture conditions. A comprasion of farmed and wild common carp (Cyprinus carpio L 1758) in the Sinop Region of Northern Turkey. Journal of Natural History, 33: 483-491.
  • Özer, A. 2002. Co-existance of Dactyologyrus anchoratus Dujardin 1845 and Dactyologyrus extensus Mueller & Van Cleave 1932 (Monogenea) parasites of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Helmintologia, 39 (1): 45-50.
  • Öztürk, M. O. 2000. Helminthofauna of fishes in Lake Manyas, (in Turkish). Doktora Tezi. Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bursa.
  • Öztürk, M.O. 2005. An investigation of metazoan parasites of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Lake Eber (Afyon), (in Turkish). Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, 29 (3): 204–210.
  • Pojmanska, T. 1994. Infection of common carp and three introduced herbivorous fish from Zabieniec Fish Farm, in relation to their sizes. Acta Parasitologica, 39 (1): 16-24.
  • Sönmez, Ş.N. 1996. Investigation of parasite fauna of fishes in Lake Mogan, (in Turkish). Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Topçu, A., and S. Taşçı. 1993. Seasonal activity of digestive tract helminthes of Cyprinus carpio L 1758 in Lake Van Region, (in Turkish). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 4 (1–2): 153–169.
  • Zitnan, R. 1978. Epizootiological importance of Gyrodactylus shulmani (Monogenea) in carp breeding. Fourth Int. Cong. of Parasit. (Warszawa), Short Comm. Sect. C, 200-201.

Karamık Gölü (Afyonkarahisar)’deki Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (Sazan)’nun Metazoon Parazitleri Üzerinde Anatomik, Morfolojik ve Ekolojik Bir Araştırma

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 389 - 393, 01.09.2006

Abstract

13 Mart 2004 ile 28 Mayıs 2005 tarihleri arasında yapılan bu araştırmada, Karamık Gölü (Afyonkarahisar)’nden yakalanan 71 Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (sazan)’nun metazoon parazitleri üzerinde incelemeler yapılmıştır. Konak balıkta üç parazit türü tanımlanmıştır: Gyrodactylus elegans, Nordmann, 1832; Dactylogyrus extensus Mueller ve Van Cleave, 1932 (Monogenoidea, Plathelmintes); Bothriocephalus acheilognathi, Yamaguti, 1934 (Cestoidea, Plathelmintes). Bu türlerden G. elegans 16 balığın yüzgeçlerinde (% 22,5; 7,6 parazit/balık) ve 2 balığın solungaçlarında (% 2,8; 5,0 parazit/balık), D. extensus 65 balığın solungaçlarında (% 91,5; 22,1 parazit/balık), B. acheilognathi ise 10 balığın bağırsaklarında (% 14,0; 10,8 parazit/balık) görülmüştür. Konak balıktaki dominant parazit türü D. extensus’tur. İlgili parazite ait en yüksek enfeksiyon oranına ve parazit sayısına kış aylarında, en düşük değerlere ise ilkbahar ve yaz aylarında rastlanılmıştır. D. extensus ile enfekte olma oranı küçük boylu sazanlarda büyüklere göre daha fazladır. G. elegans, orta boylu sazanların yüzgeçlerinde ilkbaharda, solungaçlarında ise kış aylarında kaydedilmiştir. Küçük ve orta boylu sazanlarda görülen B. acheilognathi enfeksiyonu kış aylarında yüksek, ilkbahar ve yaz aylarında ise düşük bulunmuştur

References

  • Aydoğdu, A., and F.N. Altunel. 2002. Helminth parasites (Plathelminthes) of common carp (C. carpio L.) in İznik Lake. Bull. Eur. Ass. Fish Pathol., 22 (5): 343.
  • Aydoğdu, A., M.O. Öztürk, M.C. Oğuz, and F.N. Altunel. 2001. Investigations on metazoon parasites of cmmon carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Dalyan Lagoon Karacabey Turkey. Acta Veterinaria (Beugrad), 51 (5-6): 351-358.
  • Bush, A.O., K.D. Lafferty, J.M. Lotz, and A.W. Shostak. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited, Journal of Parasitology, 83: 575-583.
  • Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I. E. 1962. Key to the parasites of the freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. Transl. Birrow A. ve Cale, Z.S. 1964 Israel Prog. for scientific Trans. Jerusalem.
  • Clarkson, R.W, A.T. Robinson, and T.L. Hoffnagle. 1997. Asian tapeworm (B. acheilognathi) in ntive fshes fom the Little Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona. Great Basin Naturalist, 57 (1): 66-69.
  • Emir, N. 1994. Taxonomical and ecolojical evaluation of rotatoria fauna in Lake Karamuk, Akşehir, Çavuşçu and Eber (in Turkish). Doktora tezi. Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Gelnar, M. 1987. Experimental verification of the effect of water temperature on micropopulation growth of G. katharineri Malmberg, 1964 (Monogenea) parasitizing carp fry (C. carpio). Folia Parasitologica, 34: 19-23.
  • Gönülol, A., and O. Obalı. 1986. Phytoplankton of Karamık Lake (Afyon) Turkey, (in Turkish). Commun. Fac. Sci. Univ. Ank. Ser. C, 4: 105-128.
  • Halvorsen, O. 1971. Studies of the helminth fauna of Norway XVIII. On the composition of the parasite fauna of coarse fish in the River Glomma South-Eastern Norway. Norw. J. Zoology, 19: 181-192.
  • Hanzelova, V., and R. Zitnan. 1982. The seasonal dynamics of the invasion cycle of Gyrodactylus katheineri Malmberg, 1964 (Monogenea). Helmintologia, 19: 257-265.
  • Kavurt, C. 1993. Investigation of eutrification and trophic level in Lake Eber and Karamık, (in Turkish). Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Kazancı, N., S. Girgin, M. Dügel, D. Oğuzkurt, B. Mutlu, Ş. Dere, M. Barlas, M. Özçelik. 1999. Limnology, environmental quality and biodiversity of Lake Köyceğiz, Beyşehir, Eğirdir, Akşehir, Eber, Çorak, Kovada, Yarışlı, Bafa, Salda, Karataş, Çavuşçu, Karamuk, delta of Küçük and Büyük Menderes, Güllük marshy, (in Turkish). Türkiye İç Suları Araştırmaları Dizisi: IV, Form Ofset, Ankara.
  • Khalil, L. F., A. Jones, and R. A. Bray. 1994. Keys to the cestode parasites of vertabrates. CAB International Colset Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
  • Kır, İ. 1998. Investigation of growth parameters and its Parasites of Cyprinus carpio L., 1758; Barbus capito pectaralis Heckel, 1843; Carassius carassius L., in Lake Karacaören I, (in Turkish). Doktora Tezi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Isparta.
  • Koskivaara, M., E. T. Valtonen, and M. Prost. 1991. Seasonal occurrence of Gyrodactylid Monogeneans on the roach (Rutilus rutilus) and variations between four lakes of differing water quality in Finland. Aqua Fennica, 21 (1): 47-55.
  • Lux, E. 1990. Population dynamics and interrelationships of some Dactylogyrus and Gyrodactylus species on Cyprinus carpio. Angev. Parasitol., 31: 143- 149.
  • Margolis, L., G.W. Esch, J.C. Holmes, A.M. Kuris, and G.A. Shad. 1982. The use of ecological term in parasitology (Report of Hoc Committee of the American Society of Parasitologist), Journal of Parasitology, 68: 131-133.
  • Özer, A., and O. Erdem. 1999. The relationship between occurance of ectoparasites temparature and culture conditions. A comprasion of farmed and wild common carp (Cyprinus carpio L 1758) in the Sinop Region of Northern Turkey. Journal of Natural History, 33: 483-491.
  • Özer, A. 2002. Co-existance of Dactyologyrus anchoratus Dujardin 1845 and Dactyologyrus extensus Mueller & Van Cleave 1932 (Monogenea) parasites of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Helmintologia, 39 (1): 45-50.
  • Öztürk, M. O. 2000. Helminthofauna of fishes in Lake Manyas, (in Turkish). Doktora Tezi. Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bursa.
  • Öztürk, M.O. 2005. An investigation of metazoan parasites of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Lake Eber (Afyon), (in Turkish). Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, 29 (3): 204–210.
  • Pojmanska, T. 1994. Infection of common carp and three introduced herbivorous fish from Zabieniec Fish Farm, in relation to their sizes. Acta Parasitologica, 39 (1): 16-24.
  • Sönmez, Ş.N. 1996. Investigation of parasite fauna of fishes in Lake Mogan, (in Turkish). Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Topçu, A., and S. Taşçı. 1993. Seasonal activity of digestive tract helminthes of Cyprinus carpio L 1758 in Lake Van Region, (in Turkish). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 4 (1–2): 153–169.
  • Zitnan, R. 1978. Epizootiological importance of Gyrodactylus shulmani (Monogenea) in carp breeding. Fourth Int. Cong. of Parasit. (Warszawa), Short Comm. Sect. C, 200-201.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

H. Levent KUTLU This is me


M. Oğuz ÖZTÜRK This is me

Publication Date September 1, 2006
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3

Cite

APA Kutlu, H. L. & Öztürk, M. O. (2006). Karamık Gölü (Afyonkarahisar)’deki Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (Sazan)’nun Metazoon Parazitleri Üzerinde Anatomik, Morfolojik ve Ekolojik Bir Araştırma . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 23 (3) , 389-393 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/5013/67913