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The effects on using sand smelt (Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810) meal in practical diets for carp fry (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) on liver histology.

Year 2009, Volume 26, Issue 1, 29 - 33, 01.03.2009

Abstract

Sand smelt (Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810) meal (SSM) was tested to replace fish meal (FM) in practical diets for carp fry, Cyprinus carpio L., 1758. Triplicate groups of fish were fed each of five isonitrogenous (38%), isolipidic (10%) and isoenergetic (3750 kcal DE g-1) diets formulated in which SSM replaced 0.0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of the protein supplied by FM. Twenty five fish fry were placed in each of the aquarium (65 L) and each diet was fed manually to apparent satiation twice daily for three months. At the end of the experiment, there was determined to live weight, condition factor, hepatosomatic index, and visscerosomatic indeks of experimental groups. The results indicate that fish fed SSM up to 75% exhibited better growth values (P<0.05) than those fed the others. At the end of the experiment, there were no significant (P>0.05) differences in the hepatosomatic index (HSI) among groups following inclusion of SSM in fish diet. The findings of the examination of the liver verified that it has been observed normal lipid accumulation in hepatosit cells, bile channels, hepatopancreatic cell groups, partly connective tissue and existence of blood vessels instead of lipid degeneration. Results of the present study appear to indicate that replacement of commercial fish meal with sand smelt meal in diets has no adverse effects on growth and liver histology of carp fry according to the histological data similar with HSI.  

References

  • Abdelghany, A.E., 2003. Partial and complate replacement of fish meal with gambusia meal in diets for red tilapia (Oreochramis niloticus X O.mosambicus). Aquaculture Nutrition 9, 145-154.
  • Ahmad, M.H., 2008. Evaluation of gambusia, Gambusia affinis, fish meal in practical diets for fry Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Journal of The World Aquaculture Society 39, 243-250.
  • AOAC (Association of Offical Analitical Chemists), 1995. Offical Methods of Analysis 16th edn. AOAC, Arlington,VA, USA.
  • Demir, R., 2001. Histological painting techniques. Palme Yayınl.: 180 I.Baskı, Ankara, 320 s.
  • Dong, F. M., N. F. Hardy, F. T. Barrows, B. A. Rasco, W. T. Fairgrieve and I. P. Foster, 1993. Chemical Composition and Protein Digestibility of Poultry By-product Meals for Salmonid Diets. Aquaculture 116, 149-158.
  • El-Saidy, D.M.S. and M.M.A. Gaber, 1997. Total replacement of fish meal by soybean meal, with various percentages of supplemental L-methionine, in diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fry. Annals of Agriculture Science, Moshtohor 35, 1223-1238.
  • Gaber, M.M., 1996. Partial and complete replacement of fish meal by poultry by-product and feather meal in diets of Nile tilapia, (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Annals of Agriculture Science of Moshtohor 35, 203-214.
  • Gümüş, E., Y. Kaya, B.A. Balcı and B.B. Acar, 2009. Partial replacement of fishmeal with tuna liver meal in diets for common carp fry, Cyprinus carpio L., 1758. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 29, 154-160.
  • Hardy, R.W., 2006. Worldwide fish meal production outlook and the use of alternative protein meals for aquaculture. En. Editores: L. Elizabeth Cruz Suarez, Denis Ricque Marie, Mireya Tapia Salazar, Martha G. Nieto Lopez, David A. Villarreal Cavazos, Ana C. Puello Cruz y Armando Garcia Ortega, Avances en Nutricion Acuicola VIII. VIII Simposium Internacional de Nutricion Acuicola. 15-17 Noviembre. Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon Mexico. ISBN 970- 694-333-5.
  • Jover, M., A. Garcia-Gomez, A. Tomas, A. De la Dandra and L. Perez, 1999. Growth of mediterranean yellowtail (Seriola dumerilii) fed extruded diets containing different levels of protein and lipid. Aquaculture 179, 25-33.
  • Kamacı, H.O., 2003. Investigation of liver histology and development connected to the different food sea bream (Sparus aurata L. 1758) fingerling captured by nature. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Bil. Enst. Doktora tezi, Bornova-İZMİR.
  • Kikuchi, K., T. Furuta, and H. Honda, 1994. Utilization of feather meal as a protein source in the diet of juvenile Japanese flounder. Fisheries Science 60, 203-206.
  • Kikuchi, K., T. Sato, T. Furuta, I. Sakaguchi, and Y. Deguchi, 1997. Utilization of meat and bone meal as a protein source in the diet of juvenile Japanese flounder. Fisheries Science 63, 29-32.
  • Kim, J.-D. and S.P. Lall, 2001. Effects of dietary protein level on growth and utilization of protein and energy by juvenile haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). Aquaculture 195, 311-319.
  • Kissil, G.W., I. Lupatsch, D. A. Higgs, and R. Hardy, 2000. Dietary substation of soy and rapeseed protein concentrates for fish meal, and their effects on growth and nutrient utilization on gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L. Aquaculture Research 31, 593-601.
  • Küçük, F., İ. Gülle, S.S. Güçlü, E. Gümüş, O. Demir, 2006. Effect on fishing and lake ecosystem of sand smelt (Atherine boyeri Risso, 1810) as an invasive species in Lake Eğirdir. I. National Fishing and Reservoir Management Symp. 7-9 February, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 119-128, (In Turkish).
  • Luna, G.L., (ed.) 1982. Manual of histologic staining methods. American Registry of Pathology, McGraw-Hill, pp. 251.
  • McMillan, D.B., 2007. Fish Histology; Female Reproductive Systems. issues in Environmental Science and Technology, Publisher: Springer, ISBN: 1402054157, Pages: 598.
  • Muzinic, L. A., L. S. Thompson, S. Metts, S. Dasgupta and C. D. Webster, 2006. Use of turkey meal as partial and replacement of fish meal in practical diets for sunshine bass (Morone chryops X M. saxatilis) grown in tanks. Aquaculture Nutrition 12, 71-81.
  • NRC (National Research Council), 1993. Nutrient Requirements of Fish. National
  • Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.
  • Steel, R.G.D., J. H. Torrie, and D. A. Dickey, 1996. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd Ed., McGraw Hill Book Company Inc., New York, USA.
  • Tan, B., K. Mai, S. Zheng, Q. Zhou, L. Liu and Y. Yu, 2005. Replacement of fish meal by meat and bone meal in practical diets for the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone). Aquaculture Research 26, 439-444.
  • TFS (Turkstat Fisheries Statistics), 2008. Fishery statistics. Agricultural Ministry. Ankara, Turkey.
  • Webster, C. D., K. R. Thompson, A. M. Morgan, E. J. Grisby, and A. L. Gannam, 2000. Used of hempseed meal poultry by-product meal and canola meal in practical diets without fish meal for Sunshine Bass. (Morone chrysops X M. saxatilis) fed practical diets. Aquaculture 188, 299-309.
  • Yang, Y., S. Xie, Y. Cui, X. Zhu, W. Lei and Y. Yang, 2006. Partial and total replacement of fish meal with poultry by-product meal in diets for gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch. Aquaculture Research 37, 40-48.
  • Zhou, Q.C., K.S. Mai, B.P. Tan and Y.J. Liu, 2005. Partial replacement of fishmeal by soybean meal in diets for juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Aquaculture Nutrition 11, 175-182.

Aynalı Sazan (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) Yavru Yeminde Gümüş Balığı (Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810) Unu Kullanımının Karaciğer Histolojisi Üzerine Etkisi

Year 2009, Volume 26, Issue 1, 29 - 33, 01.03.2009

Abstract

Aynalı sazan (Cyprinus carpio, L.,1758) yavru yeminde gümüş balığı (Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810) ununun %0.0, 25, 50, 75 ve 100’lük oranlarda ticari balık unu yerine kullanılarak protein (%38), yağ (%10) ve enerji (3750 kcal SE g-1) düzeyleri benzer hazırlanmış beş farklı rasyon ile yavrular 90 gün süreyle beslenmiştir. Denemede, her birinde 25 yavru bulunan 65 litrelik 15 akvaryumda, üç tekrarlı olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Buna göre deneme gruplarında büyüme, kondisyon faktörü, hepatosomatik indeks ve visserosomatik indeks değerleri belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre %75’e varan oranda balık unu yerine gümüş balığı unu ilave edilmiş rasyonların yavruların büyümesini olumlu yönde etkilemiştir (P0.05). Karaciğerin yapılan incelemelerinden edinilen bulgular da bunu doğrulamakta olup; bir yağ dejenerasyonu yerine hepatosit hücrelerinde olağan yağ birikimi, safra kanalları, hepatopankreatik hücre grupları ile yer yer bağ doku ve kan damarlarının varlığı gözlemlenmiştir. Elde edilen HSI bulgularına paralellik gösteren histolojik bulgulara göre gümüş balığı ununun ticari balık unu yerine kullanımının sazan yavrusunun büyümesi ve karaciğer histolojisi açısından olumsuz bir etkisinin olmadığı sonucuna varılmıştır

References

  • Abdelghany, A.E., 2003. Partial and complate replacement of fish meal with gambusia meal in diets for red tilapia (Oreochramis niloticus X O.mosambicus). Aquaculture Nutrition 9, 145-154.
  • Ahmad, M.H., 2008. Evaluation of gambusia, Gambusia affinis, fish meal in practical diets for fry Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Journal of The World Aquaculture Society 39, 243-250.
  • AOAC (Association of Offical Analitical Chemists), 1995. Offical Methods of Analysis 16th edn. AOAC, Arlington,VA, USA.
  • Demir, R., 2001. Histological painting techniques. Palme Yayınl.: 180 I.Baskı, Ankara, 320 s.
  • Dong, F. M., N. F. Hardy, F. T. Barrows, B. A. Rasco, W. T. Fairgrieve and I. P. Foster, 1993. Chemical Composition and Protein Digestibility of Poultry By-product Meals for Salmonid Diets. Aquaculture 116, 149-158.
  • El-Saidy, D.M.S. and M.M.A. Gaber, 1997. Total replacement of fish meal by soybean meal, with various percentages of supplemental L-methionine, in diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fry. Annals of Agriculture Science, Moshtohor 35, 1223-1238.
  • Gaber, M.M., 1996. Partial and complete replacement of fish meal by poultry by-product and feather meal in diets of Nile tilapia, (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Annals of Agriculture Science of Moshtohor 35, 203-214.
  • Gümüş, E., Y. Kaya, B.A. Balcı and B.B. Acar, 2009. Partial replacement of fishmeal with tuna liver meal in diets for common carp fry, Cyprinus carpio L., 1758. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 29, 154-160.
  • Hardy, R.W., 2006. Worldwide fish meal production outlook and the use of alternative protein meals for aquaculture. En. Editores: L. Elizabeth Cruz Suarez, Denis Ricque Marie, Mireya Tapia Salazar, Martha G. Nieto Lopez, David A. Villarreal Cavazos, Ana C. Puello Cruz y Armando Garcia Ortega, Avances en Nutricion Acuicola VIII. VIII Simposium Internacional de Nutricion Acuicola. 15-17 Noviembre. Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon Mexico. ISBN 970- 694-333-5.
  • Jover, M., A. Garcia-Gomez, A. Tomas, A. De la Dandra and L. Perez, 1999. Growth of mediterranean yellowtail (Seriola dumerilii) fed extruded diets containing different levels of protein and lipid. Aquaculture 179, 25-33.
  • Kamacı, H.O., 2003. Investigation of liver histology and development connected to the different food sea bream (Sparus aurata L. 1758) fingerling captured by nature. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Bil. Enst. Doktora tezi, Bornova-İZMİR.
  • Kikuchi, K., T. Furuta, and H. Honda, 1994. Utilization of feather meal as a protein source in the diet of juvenile Japanese flounder. Fisheries Science 60, 203-206.
  • Kikuchi, K., T. Sato, T. Furuta, I. Sakaguchi, and Y. Deguchi, 1997. Utilization of meat and bone meal as a protein source in the diet of juvenile Japanese flounder. Fisheries Science 63, 29-32.
  • Kim, J.-D. and S.P. Lall, 2001. Effects of dietary protein level on growth and utilization of protein and energy by juvenile haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). Aquaculture 195, 311-319.
  • Kissil, G.W., I. Lupatsch, D. A. Higgs, and R. Hardy, 2000. Dietary substation of soy and rapeseed protein concentrates for fish meal, and their effects on growth and nutrient utilization on gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L. Aquaculture Research 31, 593-601.
  • Küçük, F., İ. Gülle, S.S. Güçlü, E. Gümüş, O. Demir, 2006. Effect on fishing and lake ecosystem of sand smelt (Atherine boyeri Risso, 1810) as an invasive species in Lake Eğirdir. I. National Fishing and Reservoir Management Symp. 7-9 February, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 119-128, (In Turkish).
  • Luna, G.L., (ed.) 1982. Manual of histologic staining methods. American Registry of Pathology, McGraw-Hill, pp. 251.
  • McMillan, D.B., 2007. Fish Histology; Female Reproductive Systems. issues in Environmental Science and Technology, Publisher: Springer, ISBN: 1402054157, Pages: 598.
  • Muzinic, L. A., L. S. Thompson, S. Metts, S. Dasgupta and C. D. Webster, 2006. Use of turkey meal as partial and replacement of fish meal in practical diets for sunshine bass (Morone chryops X M. saxatilis) grown in tanks. Aquaculture Nutrition 12, 71-81.
  • NRC (National Research Council), 1993. Nutrient Requirements of Fish. National
  • Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.
  • Steel, R.G.D., J. H. Torrie, and D. A. Dickey, 1996. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A biometrical approach. 3rd Ed., McGraw Hill Book Company Inc., New York, USA.
  • Tan, B., K. Mai, S. Zheng, Q. Zhou, L. Liu and Y. Yu, 2005. Replacement of fish meal by meat and bone meal in practical diets for the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone). Aquaculture Research 26, 439-444.
  • TFS (Turkstat Fisheries Statistics), 2008. Fishery statistics. Agricultural Ministry. Ankara, Turkey.
  • Webster, C. D., K. R. Thompson, A. M. Morgan, E. J. Grisby, and A. L. Gannam, 2000. Used of hempseed meal poultry by-product meal and canola meal in practical diets without fish meal for Sunshine Bass. (Morone chrysops X M. saxatilis) fed practical diets. Aquaculture 188, 299-309.
  • Yang, Y., S. Xie, Y. Cui, X. Zhu, W. Lei and Y. Yang, 2006. Partial and total replacement of fish meal with poultry by-product meal in diets for gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch. Aquaculture Research 37, 40-48.
  • Zhou, Q.C., K.S. Mai, B.P. Tan and Y.J. Liu, 2005. Partial replacement of fishmeal by soybean meal in diets for juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Aquaculture Nutrition 11, 175-182.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Erkan GÜMÜŞ This is me


M. Rüştü ÖZEN This is me


B. Ahmet BALCI This is me


Ramazan İKİZ This is me


Baki AYDIN This is me

Publication Date March 1, 2009
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date September 20, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2009, Volume 26, Issue 1

Cite

APA Gümüş, E. , Özen, M. R. , Balcı, B. A. , İkiz, R. & Aydın, B. (2009). Aynalı Sazan (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) Yavru Yeminde Gümüş Balığı (Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810) Unu Kullanımının Karaciğer Histolojisi Üzerine Etkisi . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 26 (1) , 29-33 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/5002/67683