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The Effects of Sex Steroids of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on Fishes.

Year 2010, Volume 27, Issue 1, 41 - 46, 01.03.2010

Abstract

References

  • Ankley, T.G., K.M. Jensen, E.A. Makyenen, M.D. Kahl, J.J. Korte, M.W. Hornung, T.R. Henry, J.S. Denny, LR. Leino, V.S. Vilson, M.C. Cordon, P.C. Hartic, and L.E. Grey. 2003. Effects of the androgenic growth promoter 17beta- tronbolone of fecundity end reproductive endocrinology of the fathead minnow. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22(6): 1350-1360.
  • Briones-Reyes, D., L. Gomez-Martinez, and R. Cueva-Rolon. 2005.
  • Ankley, T.G., 2009. Endocrine disrupting chemicals in fish: Developing exposure indicators and predictive models of effects based on mechanism of action. Aquatic Toxicology, 92(3): 168-178.
  • Arukwe, A. 2001. Cellular and molecular responses to endocrine-modulators and the impact on fish reproduction. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42(8): 643-655.
  • Belfroid, A.C., A. Van der Horst, A.D. Vethaak, A.J. Schafer, G.B. Rijs, J. Wegener, and W.P. Cofino. 1999. Analysis and occurrence of estrogenic hormones and their glucuronides in surface water and waste water in The Netherlands. Sci. Total Environ., 225: 101-108.
  • Bhawani, S.A., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, and M.N.M. Ibrahim. 2010. Thin- Layer chromatographic analysis of steroids: A review. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 9(3): 301-313. Zearalenone contamination in corn for human consumption in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. Food Chemistry, 100(2): 693-698.
  • Colborn, T., F.S. Vom Saal, and A.M. Soto. 1993. Developmental effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in wildlife and humans. Environ Health Persp., 101: 378-384.
  • Çek, Ş., F. Turan, and E. Atik. 2007a. The effects of Gokshura, Tribulus terrestris on sex reversal of Guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10(5): 718-725.
  • Çek, Ş., F. Turan, and E. Atik. 2007b. Masculinization of convict cichlid (Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum) by immersion in Tribulus terrestris extract. Aquaculture International. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-006-9071-0. 15: 109-119.
  • Çetinkaya, S. 2009.Endocrine disruptors and their effects on puberty (in Turkish). Dicle Tıp Dergisi, 36(1): 59-66.
  • Desbrow, C., E.J. Routledge, G.C Brighty, J.P. Sumpter, and M. Waldock. 1998. Identification of estrogenic chemicals in stew influent. I. Chemical fractionation and in vitro biological screening. Environmental Science and Technology, 32: 1549-1558.
  • Erik, B. 2001. Antiandrogenic Pesticides Disrupt Sexual Characteristics in the Adult Male Guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(10): 1063-1070.
  • Fox, J.E. 2004. Chemical communication threatened by endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Environmental Healt Perspective, 112(6): 648-654.
  • Galvez, J.I., M.P. Mazik, P.H. Phelps, and D.R. Mulvaney. 1995. Masculinazation of Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) by oral administration of trenbolone acetate. Journal of World Aquaculture Soc., 26: 378-383.
  • Galvez, J.I., and J.R. Morrison. 1996. Efficacy of trenbolone acetate in sex inversion of the blue tilapia (Oreochremis aureus). Journal of World Aquaculture Soc., 27: 483-486.
  • Geyer, J.H., G.G. Rimkus, I. Scheunert, A. Kaune, K.W. Schramm, A. Kettrup, M. Zeeman, D.C.D. Muir, L.G. Hansen, and D. Mackay. 2000. Bioaccumulation abd occurrence of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and other organic compounds in fish and other organisms including humans. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 2: 1-166.
  • Goldman, J.M., S.C. Laws, S.K. Balchak, R.L. Cooper, and R.J. Kavlock. 2000. Endocrine disrupting chemicals: pre-pubertal exposures and effects on sexual maturation and thyroid activity in the female rat. A focus on the EDSTAC recommendations. Crit. Rev. Toxicol., 30: 135-196.
  • Gross- Sorokin, M.Y., S.D. Roast, and G.C. Bright. 2006. Assessment of feminization of male fish in English rivers by the environment agency of England and Wales. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114: 147-151.
  • Jobling, S., R. Williams, A. Johnson, A. Taylor, M.Y. Gross- Sorokin, M. Nolan, C.R Tyler, R. Van Aerle, E. Santos, and G. C. Bright. 2006. Predicted exposures to steroid estrogens in UK Rivers correlate with widespread sexual disruption in wild fish populations. Environ. Health Perspectives, 114: 32-39.
  • Jobling, S., R.W. Burn, K. Thorpe, R. Williams, and C. Tyler. 2009. Statistical Modeling suggests that Anti-androgens from Wastewater Treatment Works Contribute to Widespread Sexual Disruption in Fish Living in English Rivers. Environ. Health Perspectives. 117: 797-802.
  • Kidd, K.A., P.S. Blanchfield, K.H. Milis, V.P. Palace, R.E. Evans, and J.M. Lazorchhak. 2007. Collapse of a fish population after exposure to a synthetic estrogen, PNAS, 104(21): 8897-8901.
  • Kukul, Y.S., A.D.Ü. Çalışkan, ve S. Anaç. 2007. Wastewater reuse in agriculture and health risks (in Turkish). Ege. Üniv.Ziraat Fak. Derg., 44(3): 102-116.
  • Henley, D.V. and K.S. Korach. 2006. Endocrine disrupting chemicals use distinct mechanism of action to modulate endocrine system function. Endocrinology, 147(6): 24-32.
  • Lange, I.G., A. Daxenberger, and H.H. Mayer. 2001. Hormone contents in peripheral tissues after correct and off-label use of growth promoting hormones in cattle: effect of the implant preparations. Apmix., 109: 53-65.
  • Larsson, D.G.J., E.M. Adolfsson, J. Parkkonen, M. Pettersson, A.H. Berg, P.E. Olsson, and L. Förlin. 1999. Ethinylestradiol- an undesired fish contraceptive? Aquatic Toxicology, 45: 91-97.
  • Matthiessen, P. 2003. Endocrine disruption in marine fish. Pure.Appl.Chem., 75(11-12): 2249-2261.
  • McLachlan, J.A. 2001. Environmental signaling: What embryos and evolution teach us about endocrine disrupting chemicals? Endocrine Reviews, 22(3): 319-341.
  • Miyamoto, J., and J. Burger. 2003. Executive summary. In: Special topic issue on the implications of endocrine active substances for humans and wildlife. Pure. Appl. Chem., 75: 11-12.
  • Orn, S., S. Yamani, and L. Norrgren. 2006. Comparison of vitellogenin induction, sex ratio and gonad morphology between Zebra fish and Japanese Medaka after exposure to 17α-ethinyl estradiol and 17β- trenbolone. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 51(2): 237-243.
  • Petersen, G.I., L., Andersan, H. Holbech, and K.L. Petersen. 2000. Baseline test studies and development of ELISA. , pp, 35-46. In: Andersan L., Bengtsson BE., Björk M., (Eds). Zebra fish for Testing Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. ThemaNorth 555.Copenhagen.
  • Şahan, A. 2007.Investigation of the abiotic removal of pharmaceutical matters in activated sludge wastewater treatment process (in Turkish). MSc thesis Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Adana. 90s.
  • Sapkota, A., A.R. Sapkota, M. Kucharski, J. Burke, S. McKenzie, P. Walker, and R. Lawrence. 2008. Aquaculture practices and potential human health risks: current knowledge and future priorities. Environmental International, 34: 1215-1226.
  • Schlenk, D. 2008. Are steroids really the cause for feminization? A mini-review of in vitro and in vivo guided TIES. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 57: 250-254.
  • Schmidely, P. 1993. Quantitative bibliographic review on the use of anabolic hormones with steroidogenic action in ruminants for meat production. II. Principal mode of action. Reprod Nutr Dev., 33: 297-323.
  • Scott, A.P., I. Katsiadasi, P.H. Witthames, K. Hylland, I.M. Davies, A.D. Mclntosh, and J. Thain. 2006. Vitellogenin in the blood plasma of male cod (Gadus morhua): A sign of estrogenic endocrine disruption in the open sea? Mar. Environ. Res., 61: 149-170.
  • Seyran, A. and M. Erişir. 2008. Polychlorinated biphenyls and effects of PCB on health (in Turkish). Fırat Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı, 22(1): 33-40.
  • Sharp, R.M. and N.E. Skakeabeak. 1993. Are estrogens involved in falling sperm counts and disorders of the male reproductive tract? Lancet B 41: 1392-1395.
  • Shimasaki, Y., Kitano, T., Oshima, Y., Inoue, S., Imada, N. and T. Honjo. 2003. Tributyltin causes masculinization in fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22: 141–144. doi: 10.1002/etc.5620220118
  • Shimasaki, Y., Y. Oshima, S. Inoue, Y. Inoue, I.J. Kang, K. Nakayama, H. Imato, and T . Honjo. 2006. Effect of tributyltin on reproduction in Japanese whiting, Sillago japonica. Marine Environmental Research, 62(1): 245-248.
  • Svenson, A., A.S. Allard, T.Viktor, S.Örn, J. Parkkonen, P.E. Olsson, L. Förlin, and L. Norrgren. 2002. Estrogenicity of domestic and industrial effluents in Sweden. Aquat Ecosyst Manag Health., 5: 423–434.
  • Tero-Vescan, A., S. Imre, C.E. Vari, A. Oşan, M.T. Dogaru, and C. Csdö. 2009. Determination of some isoflavonoids and flavonoids from Genista tinctoria L by HPLC-UV. Farmacia, 1:20-28.
  • Ternes, T.A., M. Stumpf, J. Mueller, K. Haberer, R.D. Wilken, M. Servos. 1999. Behavior and occurrence of estrogens in municipal sewage treatment plants. I. investigations in Germany, Canada and Brazil. Sci Total Environ., 225: 81-90.
  • Turan, F., Ş. Çek, and E. Atik. 2006. Production of monosex male guppy, (Poecilia reticulata peters, 1860) by 17 –methyltestosterone. Aquaculture Research, 37, 200-2003.
  • Turan, F and Ş. Çek. 2007. Masculinization of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) treated with Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture- Bamidgeh, 59(4): 224-229.
  • Tyler, C.R., S. Jobling, and J.P. Sumpter. 1998. Endocrine disruption in wildlife: a critical review of the evidence. Crit. Rev.Toxicol., 28: 319-361.
  • Yamani, S. 2004. Zebra fish (Danio rerio) and Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) as model species for evaluations of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Master thesis. 1-62pp, Swedish University of Agricultural Science. Uppsala.
  • Vajda, A.M, L.M. Barber, J.L. Gray, E.M. Lopez, J.D. Woodling, and D.O. Dorris. 2008. Reproductive disruption in fish downstream from an estrogenic wastewater effluent. Environ Sci.Techenol., 42(9): 3407-3414.
  • Wan, Y., Q.W. Wei, J.Y. Hu, X.H. Jin, Z.B. Zhang, H.J. Zhen, and J.Y. Liu. 2007. Levels, tissue distribution, and age-related accumulation of synthetic musk fragrances in Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis): comparison to organochlorines. Environ Sci Technol., 41: 424-430.
  • Wilson, V.S., C. Lampbright, J. Ostby, and L.E. Grey. 2002. In vitro and in vivo effects of 17beta – trenbolone: a feedlot effluent contaminant. Toxicol. Sci., 70: 202-211.
  • Wuttke, W., J. Hubertus, and S. W. Dana. 2010. Definition, classification and mechanism of action of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Hormones, 9(1): 9-15.
  • Zhaobin, Z., and H.U. Jianying. 2008. Effects of p,p′ -DDE exposure on gonadal development and gene expression in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). J.Environ Sci., 20: 347-352.

Endokrin Sistemi Bozan Kimyasallardan Cinsiyet Steroidlerinin Balıklardaki Etkileri.

Year 2010, Volume 27, Issue 1, 41 - 46, 01.03.2010

Abstract

İnsanların kullanımları sonucunda oluşan ve endokrin sistemi bozan kimyasallar (EBk), omurgalılarda iç kaynaklı hormonların etkilerine benzer etkilerde bulunmakta ve endokrin sistemle karşılıklı etkileşime girebilmektedirler. EBk evsel atıkların karıştığı sularda, endüstriyel atıklarda ve çiftlik hayvanları yem artıklarında saptanmıştır. Bu atıklarla kirlenmiş olan sularda yaşayan balıkların üreme sistemlerinde bozukluklar olduğu görülmüştür. EBk’ın zararlı etkiler; ayrıca kurbağalarda, sürüngenlerde, kuşlarda, memelilerde ve insanlarda da kaydedilmiştir. Doğal östrojen 17β-östradiol (E2), balıkların karaciğerini, vitellogenin (Vtg) sentezlemesi için uyarır. Vitellogenin yumurtanın olgunlaşmasını sağlayan proteindir. 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), çok güçlü sentetik bir östrojendir ve tüm dünyada doğum kontrol tableti olarak kullanılmaktadır. Balıklarda 17α-ethinylestradiol, E2’ yi taklit ederek kandaki Vtg’in konsantrasyonunu artırır ve erkeklerin dişileşmesine neden olur. 17β-trenbolone (Tb) androjenik bir steroidtir ve büyük başlarda et verimini artırmak amacıyla kullanılmaktadır. Balıklarda Vtg konsantrasyonunu azalmasına neden olduğu ve dişileri erkekleştirdiği görülmüştür. Yakın bir gelecekte, dünyanın her yerinde EBk nedeniyle insanların ve doğal yaşamın üreme sistemlerinde ciddi problemler görülebilecektir

References

  • Ankley, T.G., K.M. Jensen, E.A. Makyenen, M.D. Kahl, J.J. Korte, M.W. Hornung, T.R. Henry, J.S. Denny, LR. Leino, V.S. Vilson, M.C. Cordon, P.C. Hartic, and L.E. Grey. 2003. Effects of the androgenic growth promoter 17beta- tronbolone of fecundity end reproductive endocrinology of the fathead minnow. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22(6): 1350-1360.
  • Briones-Reyes, D., L. Gomez-Martinez, and R. Cueva-Rolon. 2005.
  • Ankley, T.G., 2009. Endocrine disrupting chemicals in fish: Developing exposure indicators and predictive models of effects based on mechanism of action. Aquatic Toxicology, 92(3): 168-178.
  • Arukwe, A. 2001. Cellular and molecular responses to endocrine-modulators and the impact on fish reproduction. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42(8): 643-655.
  • Belfroid, A.C., A. Van der Horst, A.D. Vethaak, A.J. Schafer, G.B. Rijs, J. Wegener, and W.P. Cofino. 1999. Analysis and occurrence of estrogenic hormones and their glucuronides in surface water and waste water in The Netherlands. Sci. Total Environ., 225: 101-108.
  • Bhawani, S.A., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, and M.N.M. Ibrahim. 2010. Thin- Layer chromatographic analysis of steroids: A review. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 9(3): 301-313. Zearalenone contamination in corn for human consumption in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. Food Chemistry, 100(2): 693-698.
  • Colborn, T., F.S. Vom Saal, and A.M. Soto. 1993. Developmental effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in wildlife and humans. Environ Health Persp., 101: 378-384.
  • Çek, Ş., F. Turan, and E. Atik. 2007a. The effects of Gokshura, Tribulus terrestris on sex reversal of Guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10(5): 718-725.
  • Çek, Ş., F. Turan, and E. Atik. 2007b. Masculinization of convict cichlid (Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum) by immersion in Tribulus terrestris extract. Aquaculture International. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-006-9071-0. 15: 109-119.
  • Çetinkaya, S. 2009.Endocrine disruptors and their effects on puberty (in Turkish). Dicle Tıp Dergisi, 36(1): 59-66.
  • Desbrow, C., E.J. Routledge, G.C Brighty, J.P. Sumpter, and M. Waldock. 1998. Identification of estrogenic chemicals in stew influent. I. Chemical fractionation and in vitro biological screening. Environmental Science and Technology, 32: 1549-1558.
  • Erik, B. 2001. Antiandrogenic Pesticides Disrupt Sexual Characteristics in the Adult Male Guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(10): 1063-1070.
  • Fox, J.E. 2004. Chemical communication threatened by endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Environmental Healt Perspective, 112(6): 648-654.
  • Galvez, J.I., M.P. Mazik, P.H. Phelps, and D.R. Mulvaney. 1995. Masculinazation of Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) by oral administration of trenbolone acetate. Journal of World Aquaculture Soc., 26: 378-383.
  • Galvez, J.I., and J.R. Morrison. 1996. Efficacy of trenbolone acetate in sex inversion of the blue tilapia (Oreochremis aureus). Journal of World Aquaculture Soc., 27: 483-486.
  • Geyer, J.H., G.G. Rimkus, I. Scheunert, A. Kaune, K.W. Schramm, A. Kettrup, M. Zeeman, D.C.D. Muir, L.G. Hansen, and D. Mackay. 2000. Bioaccumulation abd occurrence of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and other organic compounds in fish and other organisms including humans. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 2: 1-166.
  • Goldman, J.M., S.C. Laws, S.K. Balchak, R.L. Cooper, and R.J. Kavlock. 2000. Endocrine disrupting chemicals: pre-pubertal exposures and effects on sexual maturation and thyroid activity in the female rat. A focus on the EDSTAC recommendations. Crit. Rev. Toxicol., 30: 135-196.
  • Gross- Sorokin, M.Y., S.D. Roast, and G.C. Bright. 2006. Assessment of feminization of male fish in English rivers by the environment agency of England and Wales. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114: 147-151.
  • Jobling, S., R. Williams, A. Johnson, A. Taylor, M.Y. Gross- Sorokin, M. Nolan, C.R Tyler, R. Van Aerle, E. Santos, and G. C. Bright. 2006. Predicted exposures to steroid estrogens in UK Rivers correlate with widespread sexual disruption in wild fish populations. Environ. Health Perspectives, 114: 32-39.
  • Jobling, S., R.W. Burn, K. Thorpe, R. Williams, and C. Tyler. 2009. Statistical Modeling suggests that Anti-androgens from Wastewater Treatment Works Contribute to Widespread Sexual Disruption in Fish Living in English Rivers. Environ. Health Perspectives. 117: 797-802.
  • Kidd, K.A., P.S. Blanchfield, K.H. Milis, V.P. Palace, R.E. Evans, and J.M. Lazorchhak. 2007. Collapse of a fish population after exposure to a synthetic estrogen, PNAS, 104(21): 8897-8901.
  • Kukul, Y.S., A.D.Ü. Çalışkan, ve S. Anaç. 2007. Wastewater reuse in agriculture and health risks (in Turkish). Ege. Üniv.Ziraat Fak. Derg., 44(3): 102-116.
  • Henley, D.V. and K.S. Korach. 2006. Endocrine disrupting chemicals use distinct mechanism of action to modulate endocrine system function. Endocrinology, 147(6): 24-32.
  • Lange, I.G., A. Daxenberger, and H.H. Mayer. 2001. Hormone contents in peripheral tissues after correct and off-label use of growth promoting hormones in cattle: effect of the implant preparations. Apmix., 109: 53-65.
  • Larsson, D.G.J., E.M. Adolfsson, J. Parkkonen, M. Pettersson, A.H. Berg, P.E. Olsson, and L. Förlin. 1999. Ethinylestradiol- an undesired fish contraceptive? Aquatic Toxicology, 45: 91-97.
  • Matthiessen, P. 2003. Endocrine disruption in marine fish. Pure.Appl.Chem., 75(11-12): 2249-2261.
  • McLachlan, J.A. 2001. Environmental signaling: What embryos and evolution teach us about endocrine disrupting chemicals? Endocrine Reviews, 22(3): 319-341.
  • Miyamoto, J., and J. Burger. 2003. Executive summary. In: Special topic issue on the implications of endocrine active substances for humans and wildlife. Pure. Appl. Chem., 75: 11-12.
  • Orn, S., S. Yamani, and L. Norrgren. 2006. Comparison of vitellogenin induction, sex ratio and gonad morphology between Zebra fish and Japanese Medaka after exposure to 17α-ethinyl estradiol and 17β- trenbolone. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 51(2): 237-243.
  • Petersen, G.I., L., Andersan, H. Holbech, and K.L. Petersen. 2000. Baseline test studies and development of ELISA. , pp, 35-46. In: Andersan L., Bengtsson BE., Björk M., (Eds). Zebra fish for Testing Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. ThemaNorth 555.Copenhagen.
  • Şahan, A. 2007.Investigation of the abiotic removal of pharmaceutical matters in activated sludge wastewater treatment process (in Turkish). MSc thesis Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Adana. 90s.
  • Sapkota, A., A.R. Sapkota, M. Kucharski, J. Burke, S. McKenzie, P. Walker, and R. Lawrence. 2008. Aquaculture practices and potential human health risks: current knowledge and future priorities. Environmental International, 34: 1215-1226.
  • Schlenk, D. 2008. Are steroids really the cause for feminization? A mini-review of in vitro and in vivo guided TIES. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 57: 250-254.
  • Schmidely, P. 1993. Quantitative bibliographic review on the use of anabolic hormones with steroidogenic action in ruminants for meat production. II. Principal mode of action. Reprod Nutr Dev., 33: 297-323.
  • Scott, A.P., I. Katsiadasi, P.H. Witthames, K. Hylland, I.M. Davies, A.D. Mclntosh, and J. Thain. 2006. Vitellogenin in the blood plasma of male cod (Gadus morhua): A sign of estrogenic endocrine disruption in the open sea? Mar. Environ. Res., 61: 149-170.
  • Seyran, A. and M. Erişir. 2008. Polychlorinated biphenyls and effects of PCB on health (in Turkish). Fırat Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı, 22(1): 33-40.
  • Sharp, R.M. and N.E. Skakeabeak. 1993. Are estrogens involved in falling sperm counts and disorders of the male reproductive tract? Lancet B 41: 1392-1395.
  • Shimasaki, Y., Kitano, T., Oshima, Y., Inoue, S., Imada, N. and T. Honjo. 2003. Tributyltin causes masculinization in fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22: 141–144. doi: 10.1002/etc.5620220118
  • Shimasaki, Y., Y. Oshima, S. Inoue, Y. Inoue, I.J. Kang, K. Nakayama, H. Imato, and T . Honjo. 2006. Effect of tributyltin on reproduction in Japanese whiting, Sillago japonica. Marine Environmental Research, 62(1): 245-248.
  • Svenson, A., A.S. Allard, T.Viktor, S.Örn, J. Parkkonen, P.E. Olsson, L. Förlin, and L. Norrgren. 2002. Estrogenicity of domestic and industrial effluents in Sweden. Aquat Ecosyst Manag Health., 5: 423–434.
  • Tero-Vescan, A., S. Imre, C.E. Vari, A. Oşan, M.T. Dogaru, and C. Csdö. 2009. Determination of some isoflavonoids and flavonoids from Genista tinctoria L by HPLC-UV. Farmacia, 1:20-28.
  • Ternes, T.A., M. Stumpf, J. Mueller, K. Haberer, R.D. Wilken, M. Servos. 1999. Behavior and occurrence of estrogens in municipal sewage treatment plants. I. investigations in Germany, Canada and Brazil. Sci Total Environ., 225: 81-90.
  • Turan, F., Ş. Çek, and E. Atik. 2006. Production of monosex male guppy, (Poecilia reticulata peters, 1860) by 17 –methyltestosterone. Aquaculture Research, 37, 200-2003.
  • Turan, F and Ş. Çek. 2007. Masculinization of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) treated with Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture- Bamidgeh, 59(4): 224-229.
  • Tyler, C.R., S. Jobling, and J.P. Sumpter. 1998. Endocrine disruption in wildlife: a critical review of the evidence. Crit. Rev.Toxicol., 28: 319-361.
  • Yamani, S. 2004. Zebra fish (Danio rerio) and Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) as model species for evaluations of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Master thesis. 1-62pp, Swedish University of Agricultural Science. Uppsala.
  • Vajda, A.M, L.M. Barber, J.L. Gray, E.M. Lopez, J.D. Woodling, and D.O. Dorris. 2008. Reproductive disruption in fish downstream from an estrogenic wastewater effluent. Environ Sci.Techenol., 42(9): 3407-3414.
  • Wan, Y., Q.W. Wei, J.Y. Hu, X.H. Jin, Z.B. Zhang, H.J. Zhen, and J.Y. Liu. 2007. Levels, tissue distribution, and age-related accumulation of synthetic musk fragrances in Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis): comparison to organochlorines. Environ Sci Technol., 41: 424-430.
  • Wilson, V.S., C. Lampbright, J. Ostby, and L.E. Grey. 2002. In vitro and in vivo effects of 17beta – trenbolone: a feedlot effluent contaminant. Toxicol. Sci., 70: 202-211.
  • Wuttke, W., J. Hubertus, and S. W. Dana. 2010. Definition, classification and mechanism of action of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Hormones, 9(1): 9-15.
  • Zhaobin, Z., and H.U. Jianying. 2008. Effects of p,p′ -DDE exposure on gonadal development and gene expression in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). J.Environ Sci., 20: 347-352.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Şehriban ÇEK This is me


Fatmagün SARIHAN This is me

Publication Date March 1, 2010
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2010, Volume 27, Issue 1

Cite

APA Çek, Ş. & Sarıhan, F. (2010). Endokrin Sistemi Bozan Kimyasallardan Cinsiyet Steroidlerinin Balıklardaki Etkileri. . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 27 (1) , 41-46 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/4998/67660