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Diversity and abundance of the family mugilidae in the New Calabar River, Nigeria

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 313 - 318, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.12

Abstract



The study was conducted to determine the diversity and abundance of mullets (Mugilidae) in the New Calabar River, Nigeria. Fish samples were collected monthly between February to July 2018 at three landing stations: Choba: Station 1, Ogbogoro: Station 2 and Iwofe: Station 3. A total of 578 individuals belonging to three species (Sicklefin mullet (Neochelon falcipinnis Valenciennes, 1836), Largescaled mullet (Parachelon grandisquamis Valenciennes, 1836) and Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758) of the family Mugilidae were sampled. N.falcipinus recorded the highest abundance (47.40%) followed by M.cephalus (36.85%) while P.grandisquamis recorded the least abundant (15.74%). The Simpson’s index of diversity had the highest value of 0.63 in Choba station and the least value of 0.59 in Iwofe station, while the Simpson’s reciprocal index highest value of 1.71 in Iwofe station and least value of 1.60 in Choba station. The Shannon- Weiner index and Pielou’s eveness index value also recorded highest values of 1.03 and 0.94 in Choba station with the least values of 0.96 and 0.87 in Iwofe station respectively. The diversity indices showed that the family Mugilidae is fairly distributed in the study area and it is therefore recommended that further research should be carried out to provide a complete examination of the biology and ecology of the mullets within the New Calabar River.




References

  • Abowei, J.F.N. (2000). Aspect of the fisheries of the lower Nun River. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Port Harcourt. 248 pp.
  • Adesulu, E.A. & Sydenham, D.H.J. (2007). The Freshwater Fishes and Fisheries of Nigeria. Macmillan Publishers Ltd., Nigeria, 397 pp.
  • Albaret, J.J & Lae, R. (2003). Impact of Fishing on Fish Assemblages In Tropical Lagoons, The Example of the Ebrie Lagoon, West Africa. Aquatic Living Resources, 16, 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/S0990-7440(03)00002-0
  • Ali, A., Addo, S., Lawan, Z. A. & Ebenezer, A. (2015). Feeding habit and condition factor for Oreochromis niloticus in lake Alau, North Easthern Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3(1), 406-409.
  • Allison M.E., Davids, C.B.D. & Kingdom, T. (2008). Aspects of biology of Mugilids in waters around Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Proceedings from the 23rd annual conference of the fisheries society of Nigeria (FISON), 124-129 pp.
  • Blaber, S.J.M. (2000). Tropical Estuarine Fishes: Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation. Blackwell Science, Oxford. DOI: 10.1002/9780470694985
  • Crosetti, D. & Blaber, S.J.M. (2016). Biology, ecology and culture of grey mullet (Mugilidae). Researchgate, 200 pp. DOI: 10.1201/b19927
  • Dienye, H.E. (2015) Species Diversity of Macrophytes of the New Calabar River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3(1), 410-414.
  • Dienye, H.E., Olopade, O.A. & Toby, S.A. (2018). Species composition and diversity of cast net fisheries in New Calabar River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. J. biodivers. conserv. bioresource manag, 4(1), 19-26. DOI: 10.3329/jbcbm.v4i1.37873
  • Ditty, J.G. & Shaw, R.F. (1996). Spatial and temporal distribution of larval striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) and white mullet (Mugil curema, family: Mugilidae) in the northern Gulf of Mexico, with notes on mountain mullet, Agonostomus monticola”. Bulletin of Marine Science, 59, 271-288.
  • Erondu, E.S. & Chindah, A.C. (1991). Variation in the physico-chemical features and phytoplankton of new Calabar River at Aluu, Rivers State, Nigeria. NIOMR Technical Paper No. 75, Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, Lagos, 1-18 pp.
  • Federal Department of Fisheries (FDF) (1994). Federal Statistics of Nigeria, published by Federal Department of Fisheries Nigeria. Second Edition, 20 p.
  • Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2011). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (accessed 29 December 2012).
  • Galib, S.M, Naser, S.M.A, Mohsin, A.B.M, Chaki, N. & Fashad, F.H. (2013). Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation need. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5(6), 389-395.
  • Gordon J.D.M, Bergstad O.A, Fihueiredo, I. & Menezes, G. (2003). Deep water fisheries of the Northeast Atlantic:description and current trends. Journal of Northeast Atlantic Fishery Science, 1, 137-150. DOI: 10.2960/J.v31.a10
  • Grenouillet, G., Pont, D. & Seip, K.L. (2002). Abundance and species richness as a function of food resources and vegetation structure: juvenile fish assemblages in rivers. Ecography, 25: 641–650. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0587.2002.250601.x
  • Ibim, A. T, Gogo, O.O. & Igbani, F. (2016). The Ichthyofaunal Assemblage of the Lower and Upper Reaches of New Calabar River, Rivers State, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 6(9), 186-197.
  • Jamu, D.M. & Ayinla, A.O. (2003). Potential for the development of aquaculture in Africa. NAGA-Worldfish Center Q., 26, 9-13.
  • King R.P. (1996). Length-weight relationship of Nigerian coastal fishes. NAGA the ICLARM quaterfly, 53-58 pp.
  • Kumolu-Johnson, C.A. & Ndimele, P.E. (2010). Length-Weight Relationships and Condition Factors of Twenty-One Fish Species in Ologe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2(4), 174-179.
  • Lawson, E.O. & Olusanya, M.O. (2010). Fish diversity in three tributaries of River Ore, South West, Nigeria. World Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science., 2, 524-531. Nelson, J.S. (2006). Fishes of the World. 4th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Mar 2006, 624 pp.
  • Olopade, O.A. & Rufai, O.P. (2014). Composition, abundance and diversity of the Family Cichlidae in Oyan Dam, Ogun State, Nigeria. Bio Diversitas Journal, 15(2), 195-199. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d150211
  • Pielou, E.C. (1969). An introduction to mathematical ecology. New York, USA, Wiley interscience publisher, 286 pp.
  • Poff, N.L. & Allan, J.D. (1995). Functional organization of stream fish assemblages in relation to hydrological variability. Ecology, 76, 606-627. DOI: 10.2307/1941217
  • Rhema, S., Islam, M.L., Shah, M.M.R., Mondal, S. & Alan, M.J. (2002). Observation on the fecundity and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) of Grey mullet, Liza parsia (Ham). Online Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(10), 690 – 693. DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.690.693
  • RPI, (1985). Environmental baseline studies for the establishment of control criteria and standards against petroleum related pollution in Nigeria. Research Planning Institute Inc., Colombia, U.S.A., Report No. RPI/84/15-7.
  • Shannon, C.E. & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 117 pp.
  • Ubong, I.U. & Gobo, A.E. (2001). Fundamental of Environmental Chemistry and Meteorology. Tom and Harry Publications Ltd., Port Harcourt, 264 pp.
  • Zaret, T.M. & Rand, A.S. (1971). Competition in tropical stream fishes: support for the competitive exclusion principle. Ecology, 52, 336–342. DOI: 10.2307/1934593

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 313 - 318, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.12

Abstract

References

  • Abowei, J.F.N. (2000). Aspect of the fisheries of the lower Nun River. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Port Harcourt. 248 pp.
  • Adesulu, E.A. & Sydenham, D.H.J. (2007). The Freshwater Fishes and Fisheries of Nigeria. Macmillan Publishers Ltd., Nigeria, 397 pp.
  • Albaret, J.J & Lae, R. (2003). Impact of Fishing on Fish Assemblages In Tropical Lagoons, The Example of the Ebrie Lagoon, West Africa. Aquatic Living Resources, 16, 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/S0990-7440(03)00002-0
  • Ali, A., Addo, S., Lawan, Z. A. & Ebenezer, A. (2015). Feeding habit and condition factor for Oreochromis niloticus in lake Alau, North Easthern Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3(1), 406-409.
  • Allison M.E., Davids, C.B.D. & Kingdom, T. (2008). Aspects of biology of Mugilids in waters around Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Proceedings from the 23rd annual conference of the fisheries society of Nigeria (FISON), 124-129 pp.
  • Blaber, S.J.M. (2000). Tropical Estuarine Fishes: Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation. Blackwell Science, Oxford. DOI: 10.1002/9780470694985
  • Crosetti, D. & Blaber, S.J.M. (2016). Biology, ecology and culture of grey mullet (Mugilidae). Researchgate, 200 pp. DOI: 10.1201/b19927
  • Dienye, H.E. (2015) Species Diversity of Macrophytes of the New Calabar River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 3(1), 410-414.
  • Dienye, H.E., Olopade, O.A. & Toby, S.A. (2018). Species composition and diversity of cast net fisheries in New Calabar River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. J. biodivers. conserv. bioresource manag, 4(1), 19-26. DOI: 10.3329/jbcbm.v4i1.37873
  • Ditty, J.G. & Shaw, R.F. (1996). Spatial and temporal distribution of larval striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) and white mullet (Mugil curema, family: Mugilidae) in the northern Gulf of Mexico, with notes on mountain mullet, Agonostomus monticola”. Bulletin of Marine Science, 59, 271-288.
  • Erondu, E.S. & Chindah, A.C. (1991). Variation in the physico-chemical features and phytoplankton of new Calabar River at Aluu, Rivers State, Nigeria. NIOMR Technical Paper No. 75, Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, Lagos, 1-18 pp.
  • Federal Department of Fisheries (FDF) (1994). Federal Statistics of Nigeria, published by Federal Department of Fisheries Nigeria. Second Edition, 20 p.
  • Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2011). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (accessed 29 December 2012).
  • Galib, S.M, Naser, S.M.A, Mohsin, A.B.M, Chaki, N. & Fashad, F.H. (2013). Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation need. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5(6), 389-395.
  • Gordon J.D.M, Bergstad O.A, Fihueiredo, I. & Menezes, G. (2003). Deep water fisheries of the Northeast Atlantic:description and current trends. Journal of Northeast Atlantic Fishery Science, 1, 137-150. DOI: 10.2960/J.v31.a10
  • Grenouillet, G., Pont, D. & Seip, K.L. (2002). Abundance and species richness as a function of food resources and vegetation structure: juvenile fish assemblages in rivers. Ecography, 25: 641–650. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0587.2002.250601.x
  • Ibim, A. T, Gogo, O.O. & Igbani, F. (2016). The Ichthyofaunal Assemblage of the Lower and Upper Reaches of New Calabar River, Rivers State, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 6(9), 186-197.
  • Jamu, D.M. & Ayinla, A.O. (2003). Potential for the development of aquaculture in Africa. NAGA-Worldfish Center Q., 26, 9-13.
  • King R.P. (1996). Length-weight relationship of Nigerian coastal fishes. NAGA the ICLARM quaterfly, 53-58 pp.
  • Kumolu-Johnson, C.A. & Ndimele, P.E. (2010). Length-Weight Relationships and Condition Factors of Twenty-One Fish Species in Ologe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2(4), 174-179.
  • Lawson, E.O. & Olusanya, M.O. (2010). Fish diversity in three tributaries of River Ore, South West, Nigeria. World Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science., 2, 524-531. Nelson, J.S. (2006). Fishes of the World. 4th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Mar 2006, 624 pp.
  • Olopade, O.A. & Rufai, O.P. (2014). Composition, abundance and diversity of the Family Cichlidae in Oyan Dam, Ogun State, Nigeria. Bio Diversitas Journal, 15(2), 195-199. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d150211
  • Pielou, E.C. (1969). An introduction to mathematical ecology. New York, USA, Wiley interscience publisher, 286 pp.
  • Poff, N.L. & Allan, J.D. (1995). Functional organization of stream fish assemblages in relation to hydrological variability. Ecology, 76, 606-627. DOI: 10.2307/1941217
  • Rhema, S., Islam, M.L., Shah, M.M.R., Mondal, S. & Alan, M.J. (2002). Observation on the fecundity and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) of Grey mullet, Liza parsia (Ham). Online Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(10), 690 – 693. DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.690.693
  • RPI, (1985). Environmental baseline studies for the establishment of control criteria and standards against petroleum related pollution in Nigeria. Research Planning Institute Inc., Colombia, U.S.A., Report No. RPI/84/15-7.
  • Shannon, C.E. & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 117 pp.
  • Ubong, I.U. & Gobo, A.E. (2001). Fundamental of Environmental Chemistry and Meteorology. Tom and Harry Publications Ltd., Port Harcourt, 264 pp.
  • Zaret, T.M. & Rand, A.S. (1971). Competition in tropical stream fishes: support for the competitive exclusion principle. Ecology, 52, 336–342. DOI: 10.2307/1934593

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Short Communications
Authors

Henry Eyina DİENYE (Primary Author)
University of portharcourt choba Rivers State Nigeria
0000-0001-6254-9179
Nigeria


Olaniyi Alaba OLOPADE
University of Portharcourt choba Rivers State Nigeria
0000-0002-9550-2956
Nigeria


İke Joel OGBONNAYA This is me
University of Portharcourt Choba Rivers State Nigeria
0000-0003-0757-4149
Nigeria

Publication Date September 15, 2019
Application Date March 18, 2019
Acceptance Date June 25, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3

Cite

APA Dienye, H. E. , Olopade, O. A. & Ogbonnaya, İ. J. (2019). Diversity and abundance of the family mugilidae in the New Calabar River, Nigeria . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (3) , 313-318 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.12