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Çeşme Körfezi’ndeki Avrupa Deniz Kestanesi gonadının (Paracentrotus lividus, Lamarck 1816) kalitatif ve kantitatif incelenmesi

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 277 - 280, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.05

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, Ege Denizi’nde (Türkiye’nin batısı) yaygın bulunan echinoderm türlerinden Paracentrotus lividus’un fekondite ve gonad indeksi özetlenmiştir. Çeşme kıyısal alandan aylık olarak Paracentrotus lividus toplanarak biyometrik ölçümleri yapıldıktan sonra kesme işlemi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Gonad indeksleri hesaplanmıştır. Ortalama fekondite (yumurta sayısı) belirlendi ve yumurta çapı ölçülmüştür. Ortalama yumurta çapı 91.14±1.46 µm. Fekondite Mart ayında pik yaptı (346.582 eggs/female) ve ilişkili olarak gonad indeksi (11.02±0.54 %) ve yumurta boyu da  (95.68±01.98 µm) bu ayda en yüksekti. Buradaki sonuçlar, aylara göre yumurta sayısı ve yumurta boyunda önemli bir farklılık (p<0.05) olduğunu göstermiştir.

References

  • Agatsuma, Y. (1998). Aquaculture of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) transplanted from coralline flats in Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17(5): 1541-1547.
  • Bayne, B.L., Gabbott, P.A. & Widdows, J., (1975). Sorne effects of stress in the adult on the eggs and larvae of Mytilus edulis (L.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55: 675-689.
  • Beddingfield, S.D. & McClintock, J.B. (1998). Differential survivorship, reproduction, growth and nutrient allocation in the regular echinoid Lytechinus variegates (Lamarck) fed natural diets. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 226(2): 195-215.
  • Begon, M. & Parker, G. A. (1986). Should egg size and clutch size decrease with age? OIKOS 47: 293-382.
  • Emlet, R.B., McEdward, I. R., & Strathmann, R.R. (1987). Echinoderm larval ecology viewed from the egg. Echinoderm Studies. 2: 55-136.
  • Fenaux, L. (1968). Maturation des gonades te cycle Saisonnier des larves chez Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus lividus et P. microtuberculatus (Echinides) a Villefranche-sar-Mer. Vie Milieu, 19:1-52.
  • Fenaux, L., Cellario, C. & Etienne, M. (1985). Croissance de la larve de l’oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Marine Biology 86: 151-157.
  • Gago, J. & Luis, O.J. (2010). Stocking density and captive sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) gamete production and fertilization (Report). Journal of Shellfish Research. doi: 10.2983/035.029.0230
  • Gago, J. & Luis, O.J. (2011). Comparison of spawning induction techniques on Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echonidea) broodstock. What can trigger its spawning? Aquaculture International. 19: 181-191. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02467.x
  • George, S.B., Cellario, C. & Fenaux, L. (1990). Population differences in egg quality of Arbacia lixula (Echinodermata: echinoidea): Proximate composition of eggs and larval development. Journal of Experimental Marine Biololgy and Ecology. 141: 107-118.
  • George, S.B. (1996). Echinoderm egg and larval quality as a function of adult nutritional state. Oceanologica Acta. Vol: 19 (3-4): 297-308.
  • Giese, A.C. (1966). On the biochemical constitution of some echinoderms. In: R.A. Boolootion ed. Physiology of Echinodermata. New York., Wiley.
  • Grosjean, P.H., Spirlet, C.H., Gasselin, P., Vaitilingon, D. & Jangoux, M. (1998). Land-based closed cycle echinoculture of. Paracentrotus lividus a long-term experiment at a pilot scale. Journal of Shellfish Research. 17(5): 1523-1531.
  • Hirche, H. J. & Kattner, G. (1993). Egg production and lipid content of Calanus glacialis in spring: indication of a food-dependent and foodindependent reproductive mode. Marine Biology. 117: 615-622.
  • Köse, A. (2005). A study about the gonad productivity and the indices changes of sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus Lamarck, 1816) These Doct. Ege University. Department of Aquaculture.
  • López, S., Turon, X., Montero, E., Palacín, C., Duarte, C.M. & Tarjuelo, I. (1998). Larval abundance, recruitment and early mortality in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Interannual variability and plankton-benthos coupling. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172: 239-251. Lucas, M.I. & Crisp, D.J. (1987). Energy metabolism of eggs during embryogenesis in Balanus balanoides. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 61: 27-54.
  • Luis, O., Delgado F. & Gago. J. (2005). Year-round captive spawning performance of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus: relevance for the use of its larvae as live feed. Aquating Living Resource 18: 45–54. doi: 10.1051/2005004
  • McGinley, M.A., Temme, D.H. & Geber, M.A. (1987). Parental investment in offspring in variable environments: Theoretical and empirical considerations. The American Naturalist 130: 370-398.
  • McGinley, M.A. (1989). The influence of a positive correlation between clutch size and offspring fitness on the optimal offspring size. Evololution Ecology 3, 150-156.
  • Morris, D.W. (1992). Optimum brood size: Tests of altemate hypotheses. Evolution 46, 1848-1861.
  • Randall, D., Burggren,W. & French. K. (2002). Eckert Animal Physiology: Mechanisms and Adaptations. 5th edition. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, USA.
  • Roff, T D.A. (1992). The evolution of li fe histories. Theory and anal ysis. Chapman and Hall, New York. 535 p.
  • Sargent, R.C., Taylor, P.D. & Gross, M.R. (1987). Parental care and the evolution of egg size in fishes. The American Naturalist 129, 32-46.
  • Soualili, D. & Guillou, M. (2009). Variations in the reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in three differently polluted locations near Algiers (Algeria). Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Vol: 2. doi: 10.1017/S175526720900092X
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., & Jangoux, M. (1998). Reproductive cycle of echinoid Paracentrotus lividus: analysis by means of the maturity index. Invertebrate Reproductian and Development, 34: 1-69-81 Daleban, Philadelphia.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P. & Jangoux, M. (2000). Optimization of gonad growth by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod in cultivated sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata). Aquaculture, 185: 85-99.
  • Venable, D.L. (1992). Size-number trade-offs and the variation of seed size with plant resource status. The American Naturalist. 140: 287-304.
  • Watts, S.A., Boettger, S.A., McClintock, J.B., & Lawrence, J.M. (1998). Gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed prepared diets. Journal Shellfish Research 17: 1591-1595.
  • Xu, R.A. & Barker, M.F. (1990). Photoperiodic regulation of oogenesis in the starfish Sclerasterias mollis (Hutton 1872) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). Journal of Experimantal Marine Biology and Ecology. Vol: 141: 2-3. Pages: 159-168. doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(90) 90221-W

Quantitative and qualitative observations of European sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus, Lamarck 1816) gonad in Cesme Bay, Izmir, Turkey

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 277 - 280, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.05

Abstract

This study examined fecundity, by means of the gonad index of the most common and abundant echinoderm species (Paracentrotus lividus) of the Aegean Sea (western Turkey). Paracentrotus lividus samples were collected monthly at the coast of Cesme for six months and biometric parameters were measured and then the animals’ dissected. Gonad indices were calculated. The mean fecundity (number of eggs) was determined and eggs diameter were measured. Mean egg diameter was 91.14±1.46 µm. There was a peak in fecundity in March (346.582 eggs/female) that correlated with the observed peak in GSI (11.02±0.54 %) and egg size (95.68±01.98 µm). The results presented here show that a significant different was found in egg numbers and egg sizes between months (p<0.05).

References

  • Agatsuma, Y. (1998). Aquaculture of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) transplanted from coralline flats in Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17(5): 1541-1547.
  • Bayne, B.L., Gabbott, P.A. & Widdows, J., (1975). Sorne effects of stress in the adult on the eggs and larvae of Mytilus edulis (L.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55: 675-689.
  • Beddingfield, S.D. & McClintock, J.B. (1998). Differential survivorship, reproduction, growth and nutrient allocation in the regular echinoid Lytechinus variegates (Lamarck) fed natural diets. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 226(2): 195-215.
  • Begon, M. & Parker, G. A. (1986). Should egg size and clutch size decrease with age? OIKOS 47: 293-382.
  • Emlet, R.B., McEdward, I. R., & Strathmann, R.R. (1987). Echinoderm larval ecology viewed from the egg. Echinoderm Studies. 2: 55-136.
  • Fenaux, L. (1968). Maturation des gonades te cycle Saisonnier des larves chez Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus lividus et P. microtuberculatus (Echinides) a Villefranche-sar-Mer. Vie Milieu, 19:1-52.
  • Fenaux, L., Cellario, C. & Etienne, M. (1985). Croissance de la larve de l’oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Marine Biology 86: 151-157.
  • Gago, J. & Luis, O.J. (2010). Stocking density and captive sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) gamete production and fertilization (Report). Journal of Shellfish Research. doi: 10.2983/035.029.0230
  • Gago, J. & Luis, O.J. (2011). Comparison of spawning induction techniques on Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echonidea) broodstock. What can trigger its spawning? Aquaculture International. 19: 181-191. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02467.x
  • George, S.B., Cellario, C. & Fenaux, L. (1990). Population differences in egg quality of Arbacia lixula (Echinodermata: echinoidea): Proximate composition of eggs and larval development. Journal of Experimental Marine Biololgy and Ecology. 141: 107-118.
  • George, S.B. (1996). Echinoderm egg and larval quality as a function of adult nutritional state. Oceanologica Acta. Vol: 19 (3-4): 297-308.
  • Giese, A.C. (1966). On the biochemical constitution of some echinoderms. In: R.A. Boolootion ed. Physiology of Echinodermata. New York., Wiley.
  • Grosjean, P.H., Spirlet, C.H., Gasselin, P., Vaitilingon, D. & Jangoux, M. (1998). Land-based closed cycle echinoculture of. Paracentrotus lividus a long-term experiment at a pilot scale. Journal of Shellfish Research. 17(5): 1523-1531.
  • Hirche, H. J. & Kattner, G. (1993). Egg production and lipid content of Calanus glacialis in spring: indication of a food-dependent and foodindependent reproductive mode. Marine Biology. 117: 615-622.
  • Köse, A. (2005). A study about the gonad productivity and the indices changes of sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus Lamarck, 1816) These Doct. Ege University. Department of Aquaculture.
  • López, S., Turon, X., Montero, E., Palacín, C., Duarte, C.M. & Tarjuelo, I. (1998). Larval abundance, recruitment and early mortality in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Interannual variability and plankton-benthos coupling. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172: 239-251. Lucas, M.I. & Crisp, D.J. (1987). Energy metabolism of eggs during embryogenesis in Balanus balanoides. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 61: 27-54.
  • Luis, O., Delgado F. & Gago. J. (2005). Year-round captive spawning performance of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus: relevance for the use of its larvae as live feed. Aquating Living Resource 18: 45–54. doi: 10.1051/2005004
  • McGinley, M.A., Temme, D.H. & Geber, M.A. (1987). Parental investment in offspring in variable environments: Theoretical and empirical considerations. The American Naturalist 130: 370-398.
  • McGinley, M.A. (1989). The influence of a positive correlation between clutch size and offspring fitness on the optimal offspring size. Evololution Ecology 3, 150-156.
  • Morris, D.W. (1992). Optimum brood size: Tests of altemate hypotheses. Evolution 46, 1848-1861.
  • Randall, D., Burggren,W. & French. K. (2002). Eckert Animal Physiology: Mechanisms and Adaptations. 5th edition. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, USA.
  • Roff, T D.A. (1992). The evolution of li fe histories. Theory and anal ysis. Chapman and Hall, New York. 535 p.
  • Sargent, R.C., Taylor, P.D. & Gross, M.R. (1987). Parental care and the evolution of egg size in fishes. The American Naturalist 129, 32-46.
  • Soualili, D. & Guillou, M. (2009). Variations in the reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in three differently polluted locations near Algiers (Algeria). Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Vol: 2. doi: 10.1017/S175526720900092X
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., & Jangoux, M. (1998). Reproductive cycle of echinoid Paracentrotus lividus: analysis by means of the maturity index. Invertebrate Reproductian and Development, 34: 1-69-81 Daleban, Philadelphia.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P. & Jangoux, M. (2000). Optimization of gonad growth by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod in cultivated sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata). Aquaculture, 185: 85-99.
  • Venable, D.L. (1992). Size-number trade-offs and the variation of seed size with plant resource status. The American Naturalist. 140: 287-304.
  • Watts, S.A., Boettger, S.A., McClintock, J.B., & Lawrence, J.M. (1998). Gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed prepared diets. Journal Shellfish Research 17: 1591-1595.
  • Xu, R.A. & Barker, M.F. (1990). Photoperiodic regulation of oogenesis in the starfish Sclerasterias mollis (Hutton 1872) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). Journal of Experimantal Marine Biology and Ecology. Vol: 141: 2-3. Pages: 159-168. doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(90) 90221-W

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Aysun KÜÇÜKDERMENCİ
orcid.org/0000-0002-7904-6487
Türkiye


Aynur LÖK
Türkiye


Sefa ACARLI
Türkiye


Selçuk YİĞİTKURT
0000-0003-0026-712X
Türkiye


Ali KIRTIK
Türkiye


Ervim KURTAY This is me

Publication Date September 26, 2017
Application Date June 13, 2016
Acceptance Date May 11, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3

Cite

APA Küçükdermenci, A. , Lök, A. , Acarlı, S. , Yiğitkurt, S. , Kırtık, A. & Kurtay, E. (2017). Quantitative and qualitative observations of European sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus, Lamarck 1816) gonad in Cesme Bay, Izmir, Turkey . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (3) , 277-280 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.05