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Effects of different drying methods on C-phycocyanin content of Spirulina platensis powder

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 2, 129 - 132, 12.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.02

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the effects of different drying methods on C-phycocyanin extracted from Spirulina platensis. Two different drying techniques, including freeze-drying and oven-drying, were used in this research. 27.3% phycocyanin content was determined by freeze drying. Compared with that group, by oven drying method has been observed loss of 35.4% phycocyanin. The phycocyanin purity ratio (A620 / A280) was found 1.26 and 1.16 by using freeze drying method and oven drying method, respectively.

References

  • Antelo, F.S., Anschau, A., Costa, J.A.V. & Kalil, S.J. (2010). Extraction and purification of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis in conventional and integrated aqueous two-phase systems. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 21(5):921-926. doi:10.1590/S0103-50532010000500022
  • Boussiba, S. & Richmond, A.E. (1979). Isolation and characterization of phycocyanins from the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis. Archives of Microbiology, 120(2):155-159. doi:10.1007/BF00409102
  • Cohen, Z. (1997). The Chemicals of Spirulina, In: Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira): Physiology, Cell-biology and Biotechnology. Vonshak, A. (Ed.), Taylor & Francis Ltd., United Kingdom, pp. 175-204.
  • Fernández-Rojas, B., Hernández-Juárez, J. & Pedraza-Chaverri, J. (2014). Nutraceutical properties of phycocyanin. Journal of Functional Foods, 11:375-392. doi:10.1016/j.jff.2014.10.011
  • Kargın Yılmaz, H. & Duru, M.D. (2011). Food chemistry and microbiology of cyanobacter Spirulina platensis (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Scientific Reviews, 4(1):31-43.
  • Kim, S.K., Ravichandran, Y.D., Khan, S.B. & Kim, Y.T. (2008). Prospective of the cosmeceuticals derived from marine organisms. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, 13:511-523. doi:10.1007/s12257-008-0113-5
  • Kuddus, M., Singh, P., Thomas, G. & Al-Hazimi, A. (2013). Recent developments in production and biotechnological applications of C-phycocyanin. BioMed Research International, 742-859. doi:10.1155/2013/742859
  • Martelli, G., Folli, C., Visai, L., Daglia, M. & Ferrari, D. (2014). Thermal stability improvement of blue colorant C-Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis for food industry applications. Process Biochemistry, 49(1):154-159. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2013.10.008
  • Nireesha, G.R., Divya, L., Sowmya, C., Venkateshan, N., Babu, M.N. & Lavakumar, V. (2013). Lyophilization / Freeze Drying-An Review. International Journal of Novel Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3:87-98.
  • Oliveira, E.G., Rosa, G.S. Moraes, M.A. & Pinto, L.A.A. (2008). Phycocyanin content of Spirulina platensis dried in spouted bed and thin layer. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 31(1):34-50. doi:10.1111/j.1745-4530.2007.00143.x
  • Patel, A., Mishra, S., Pawar, R. & Ghosh, P.K. (2005). Purification and characterization of C-Phycocyanin from cyanobacterial species of marine and freshwater habitat. Protein Expression and Purification, 40(2):248-255. doi:10.1016/j.pep.2004.10.028
  • Patil, G., Chethana, S., Sridevi, A.S. & Raghavarao, K.S.M.S. (2006). Method to obtain C-phycocyanin of high purity. Journal of Chromatography A, 1127(1-2):76-81. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.073
  • Sarada, R., Pillai, M.G. & Ravishankar, G.A. (1996). Phycocyanin from Spirulina sp: Influence of processing of biomass on phycocyanin yield, analysis of efficacy of extraction methods and stability studies on phycocyanin. Process Biochemistry, 34(8):795-801. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00153-8
  • Setyoningrum, T.M. & Azimatun Nur, M.M. (2015). Optimization of C-phycocyanin production from S. platensis cultivated on mixotrophic condition by using response surface methodology. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 4(4):603-607. doi:10.1016/j.bcab.2015.09.008
  • Silva, L., Kuhn, K.R., Moraes, C.C., Burkert, C.V. & Kalil, S.J. (2009). Experimental design as a tool for optimization of C-phycocyanin purification by precipitation from Spirulina platensis. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 20(1):5-12. doi:10.1590/S0103-50532009000100003
  • Vonshak, A. (1997). Spirulina: Growth, Physiology and Biochemistry. 1st edition. Taylor and Franscis Publishers, London, UK, 140 p.
  • Xie, Y., Jin, Y., Zeng, X., Chen, J., Lu, Y. & Jing, K. (2015). Fed-batch strategy for enhancing cell growth and C-phycocyanin production of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis under phototrophic cultivation. Bioresource Technology, 180:281-287. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.073
  • Zarrouk, C. (1966). Contribution a l’étude d’une cyanophycée: Influence de divers facteurs physiques et chimiques sur la croissance et la photosynthese de Spirulina maxima (Setch et Gardner) Geitler, University of Paris.

Farklı kurutma yöntemlerinin Spirulina platensis unundaki fikosiyanin içeriğine etkileri

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 2, 129 - 132, 12.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.02

Abstract

Çalışmanın amacı, farklı kurutma yöntemlerinin Spirulina platensis mikroalginden elde edilen fikosiyanin üzerine etkilerinin belirlenmesidir. Çalışmada, freeze-dry tekniği ve fırın kurutma olmak üzere iki farklı yöntem denenmiştir. Freeze-dry tekniğinde fikosiyanin miktarı %27,3 olarak belirlenmiştir. Fırın kurutma yönteminde ise diğer gruba kıyasla %35,4 oranında fikosiyanin kaybı gözlenmiştir. Fikosiyanin saflık oranı (A620 / A280), freeze-dry tekniğinde 1,26 ve fırın kurutma tekniğinde 1,16 olarak bulunmuştur.

References

  • Antelo, F.S., Anschau, A., Costa, J.A.V. & Kalil, S.J. (2010). Extraction and purification of C-phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis in conventional and integrated aqueous two-phase systems. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 21(5):921-926. doi:10.1590/S0103-50532010000500022
  • Boussiba, S. & Richmond, A.E. (1979). Isolation and characterization of phycocyanins from the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis. Archives of Microbiology, 120(2):155-159. doi:10.1007/BF00409102
  • Cohen, Z. (1997). The Chemicals of Spirulina, In: Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira): Physiology, Cell-biology and Biotechnology. Vonshak, A. (Ed.), Taylor & Francis Ltd., United Kingdom, pp. 175-204.
  • Fernández-Rojas, B., Hernández-Juárez, J. & Pedraza-Chaverri, J. (2014). Nutraceutical properties of phycocyanin. Journal of Functional Foods, 11:375-392. doi:10.1016/j.jff.2014.10.011
  • Kargın Yılmaz, H. & Duru, M.D. (2011). Food chemistry and microbiology of cyanobacter Spirulina platensis (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Scientific Reviews, 4(1):31-43.
  • Kim, S.K., Ravichandran, Y.D., Khan, S.B. & Kim, Y.T. (2008). Prospective of the cosmeceuticals derived from marine organisms. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, 13:511-523. doi:10.1007/s12257-008-0113-5
  • Kuddus, M., Singh, P., Thomas, G. & Al-Hazimi, A. (2013). Recent developments in production and biotechnological applications of C-phycocyanin. BioMed Research International, 742-859. doi:10.1155/2013/742859
  • Martelli, G., Folli, C., Visai, L., Daglia, M. & Ferrari, D. (2014). Thermal stability improvement of blue colorant C-Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis for food industry applications. Process Biochemistry, 49(1):154-159. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2013.10.008
  • Nireesha, G.R., Divya, L., Sowmya, C., Venkateshan, N., Babu, M.N. & Lavakumar, V. (2013). Lyophilization / Freeze Drying-An Review. International Journal of Novel Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3:87-98.
  • Oliveira, E.G., Rosa, G.S. Moraes, M.A. & Pinto, L.A.A. (2008). Phycocyanin content of Spirulina platensis dried in spouted bed and thin layer. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 31(1):34-50. doi:10.1111/j.1745-4530.2007.00143.x
  • Patel, A., Mishra, S., Pawar, R. & Ghosh, P.K. (2005). Purification and characterization of C-Phycocyanin from cyanobacterial species of marine and freshwater habitat. Protein Expression and Purification, 40(2):248-255. doi:10.1016/j.pep.2004.10.028
  • Patil, G., Chethana, S., Sridevi, A.S. & Raghavarao, K.S.M.S. (2006). Method to obtain C-phycocyanin of high purity. Journal of Chromatography A, 1127(1-2):76-81. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.073
  • Sarada, R., Pillai, M.G. & Ravishankar, G.A. (1996). Phycocyanin from Spirulina sp: Influence of processing of biomass on phycocyanin yield, analysis of efficacy of extraction methods and stability studies on phycocyanin. Process Biochemistry, 34(8):795-801. doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00153-8
  • Setyoningrum, T.M. & Azimatun Nur, M.M. (2015). Optimization of C-phycocyanin production from S. platensis cultivated on mixotrophic condition by using response surface methodology. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 4(4):603-607. doi:10.1016/j.bcab.2015.09.008
  • Silva, L., Kuhn, K.R., Moraes, C.C., Burkert, C.V. & Kalil, S.J. (2009). Experimental design as a tool for optimization of C-phycocyanin purification by precipitation from Spirulina platensis. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 20(1):5-12. doi:10.1590/S0103-50532009000100003
  • Vonshak, A. (1997). Spirulina: Growth, Physiology and Biochemistry. 1st edition. Taylor and Franscis Publishers, London, UK, 140 p.
  • Xie, Y., Jin, Y., Zeng, X., Chen, J., Lu, Y. & Jing, K. (2015). Fed-batch strategy for enhancing cell growth and C-phycocyanin production of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis under phototrophic cultivation. Bioresource Technology, 180:281-287. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.073
  • Zarrouk, C. (1966). Contribution a l’étude d’une cyanophycée: Influence de divers facteurs physiques et chimiques sur la croissance et la photosynthese de Spirulina maxima (Setch et Gardner) Geitler, University of Paris.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Betül GÜROY This is me
Türkiye


Onur KARADAL
0000-0002-6241-5039
Türkiye


Serhan MANTOĞLU This is me
Türkiye


Oya İrmak CEBECİ This is me
Türkiye

Publication Date June 12, 2017
Application Date June 12, 2017
Acceptance Date February 8, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 2

Cite

APA Güroy, B. , Karadal, O. , Mantoğlu, S. & Cebeci, O. İ. (2017). Effects of different drying methods on C-phycocyanin content of Spirulina platensis powder . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (2) , 129-132 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.02