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Age and growth of blotched picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the Sea of Marmara and Northern Aegean Sea

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 413 - 149, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.08

Abstract

Abstract: : The aim of this study was determining of some population parameters of Spicara maena in the Sea of Marmara and North Aegean Sea. Samples of S. maena were collected from commercial fishing, gillnet/trammel net and line fishing, between February-October 2013 in the Northern Aegean Sea (Dikili, Altınoluk, Küçükkuyu) and the Sea of Marmara (Karabiga, Bandırma, Tekirdağ). A total of 323 S. maena specimens were analysed. The total length of the specimens ranged from 8.4 to 18.8 cm. The length-weight relationships for the Sea of Marmara and the Northern Aegean Sea were a=0.0030, b=3.53, SEb=0.080 and a=0.0100, b=3.06, SEb=0.120 respectively. The b values showed that the growth of S. maena in the Northern Aegean Sea was isometric while the sample in the Sea of Marmara showed positively allometric growth. Fish aged 1-4 years in the Sea of Marmara and 2-6 years in the North Aegean Sea were present in the samples. Growth in length including both sexes was expressed using the von Bertalanffy equation, L∞=17.17 cm, k=0.52 y, t0=-1.04 y-1 in the Sea of Marmara and L∞=18.71 cm, k=0.35 y, t0=-1.98 y-1 in the Northern Aegean Sea. The otolith length-total length relationships in the Sea of Marmara and the Northern Aegean Sea were OL=0.301×TL+1.049 and OL=0.249×TL+1.885, respectively.

Keywords: Spicara maena, otolith, length-weight relationship

References

  • Akşıray, F. (1987). A Key to Marine Fishes of Turkey. (in Turkish). İstanbul Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü Yayınları, İstanbul, 811pp.
  • Aslan, A. (2009). Determination Of Some Haematological And Biochemical Blood Parameters Of The Picarel, Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758), In Dardanelles (in Turkish with English abstract). Master thesis. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey.
  • Avşar, D. (1998). Fishery Biology and Population Dynamics. (in Turkish). Çukurova University Fisheries Faculty, Adana, Turkey, 303pp.
  • Avşar, D., Çiçek, E., Yeldan, H., Manaşırlı, M. & Mavruk, S. (2007). Otolit morphologies of some Centracanthids (Teleost Fish) distributed in Iskenderun and Mersin Bays. (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 5-8(3-5): 116-123.
  • Bat L., Erdem Y., Ustaoğlu Trıl S. & Yardım, Ö. (2008). Fish Systematic (in Turkish). Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 270 pp.
  • Bolognini, L., Domenichetti, F., Grati, F., Polidori, P., Scarcella, G. & Fabi, G. (2013). Weight-length relationships for 20 fish species in the Adriatic Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13: 555-560. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v13_3_21
  • Borges, T.C., Olim, S. & Erzini, K. (2003). Weight-length relationship for fish species discarded in commercial fisheries of the Algarve (southern Portugal). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19(6):394-396. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2003.00480.x
  • Can, A. & Bilecenoğlu M., 2005. Atlas of Deep Sea Fishes of Turkey (in Turkish). Arkadaş Yayın Evi, Ankara, Turkey, 108pp.
  • Çelikkale, M.S. (1991). Fish Biology (in Turkish). Karadeniz Technical University College of Marine Science and Technology, Trabzon, Turkey, 286 pp.
  • Çiçek, E. & Avşar, D. (2010). Growth and Mortality of Spicara smaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Off Karatas Coast (Iskenderun Bay). (in Turkish with English abstract). E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy Ecological Life Sciences, 5(2):126-134.
  • Çiçek, E., Avsar, D., Yeldan H. & Ozutok, M. (2006). Length-weight relationships for 31 teleost fishes caught by bottom trawl net in the Babadillimani Bight (Northeastern Mediterranean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22:290-292. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00755.x
  • Çiçek, E., Avşar, D., Yeldan, H. & Manaşırlı, M. (2007). Population characteristics and growth of Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758) inhabiting in Babadillimani Bight (northeastern Mediterranean-Turkey), International Journal of Natural and Engineering Science, 1: 15-18.
  • Demirel, N. & Murat Dalkara, E. (2012). Weight−length Relationships of 28 Fish Species in the Sea of Marmara. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36(6): 785-791. doi:10.3906/zoo-1111-29
  • Dulcic, J. & Kraljevic, M. (1996). Weight-length relationship for 40 fish species in the eastern Adriatic (Croatian waters). Fisheries Research, 28(3):243-251. doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(96)00513-9
  • Dulčić, J., Kraljević, Grbec, B. & Cetinić, P. (2000). Age, growth and mortality of blotched picarel Spicara maena L. (Pisces: Centracanthidae) in the eastern central Adriatic. Fisheries Research, 48, 69-78. doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00112-0
  • Dulčić, J., Pallaoro, A., Cetinic, P., Kraljevic, M., Soldo, A., & Jardas, I. (2003). Age, growth and mortality of picarel, Spicara smaris L. (Pisces: Centracanthidae), from the eastern Adriatic (Croatian coast). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19:10-14. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00345.x
  • Ekingen G. (2004). Marine fishes Anatomy of Turkey (in Turkish). T.C. Mersin Üniversitesi Yayınları, Mersin, Turkey, 125 pp.
  • Ercan, H., Yığın, Ç. & İşmen, A. (2006). Fecundity of picarel (Spicara smaris L., 1758) in the North Aegean Sea (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23:413-415.
  • Gelman, A., Carlin, J.B., Stern, H.S. & Rubin, D.B. (2004). Bayesian data analysis. Second Edition Chapman and Hall/CRC Texts in Statistical Science.
  • Gökçe, G., Çekiç, M. & Filiz, H. (2010). Length-Weight relationships of marine fishes off Yumurtalık Coast (Iskenderun Bay), Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34:101-104.
  • Hattour, A., Turki, B. & Zammouri, N. (1985). Some biological aspects of the species Spicara Flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1810) of Tunisian Waters (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Oceanographie et de Peche Salammbo, 12:143-162.
  • İşmen, A. (1995). Growth, mortality and yield per recruit model of picarel (Spicara smaris L.) on the eastern Turkish Black Sea coast. Fisheries Research, 22:299-308. doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(95)94955-P
  • İşmen, A., Özen Ö., Altınağaç, U., Özekinci, U. & Ayaz, A. (2007). Weight–length relationships of 63 fish species in Saros Bay, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23:707–708. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00872.x
  • Jardas, I. (1996). Adriatic Ichthyofauna (in Croatian). SÏkolska knjiga, Zagreb, 533 pp.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S. & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-weight relationship of 10 fish species caught by bottom trawl and midwater trawl from the Middle Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7: 33-36.
  • Karakulak, F.S., Erk, H. & Bilgin, B. (2006). Length–weight relationships for 47 coastal fish species from the northern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22:274-278. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00736.x
  • Mater, S., Malkav, S. & Bayhan, B. (2001). A study on some biological peculiarities of the Picarel (Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810) distributed in the bay of Izmir (Aegean Sea) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18: (1-2) 25-32.
  • Matic Skoko, S., Kraljevic, M. & Dulcic, J. (2004). Fecundity of blotched picarel Spicara maena L. (Teleostei: Centracanthidae), in the eastern central Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica, 45 (2):155-162.
  • Merella P., Quetglas, A., Alemany, F. & Carbonell, A. (1997). Length-weight relationship of fishes and cephalopods from the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean). Naga, The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management Quarterly, 20(3/4):66-68.
  • Miller, P.J. & Loates, M.J. (1997). Fish of Britain and Europe. Collins Pocket Guide. Harper Collins Publishers, London. 288 pp.
  • Moutopoulos, D.K. & Stergiou, K.I. (2002). Length-weight and length-length relationships of fish species of the Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18(3):200-203.
  • doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2002.00281.x
  • Mytilinieou, C.H., & Papaconstantinou, C. (1991). Age and growth of Spicara flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1810) (Pisces, Centracanthidae) in the Patraikos gulf (Greece). Scientia Marina, 55(3): 483-490.
  • Nikolsky, G.W. (1963). The Ecology of Fishes. Acedemic Press. London and New York, 352 pp.
  • Pauly, D. (1984). Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: a manual for use with programmable calculators ICLARM Studies and Reviews 8, 325 p. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.
  • Pauly, D., & Munro, J.L. (1984). Once more on the comparison of growth in fish and invertebrates. Fishbyte, 2 (1): 21p.
  • Petrakis, G. & Stergiou, K.I. (1995). Weight-length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fisheries Research, 21:465-469.
  • doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(94)00294-7
  • Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and Interpretation of Biological Statistics of Fish Populations. Bulletin Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 191, 382p.
  • Rizkalla, S.I. (1997). Age and Growth Studies of Picarels (Spicara flexuosa and Spicara smaris) in the Egyptian Mediterranean Waters. Oebalia, 23:75-86.
  • Şahin, T. & Genç, Y. (1999). Some Biological Characteristics of Picarel (Spicara smaris, Linnaeus 1758) in the Eastern Black Sea Coast of Turkey (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(1): 149-155.
  • Sangun, L., Akamca, E. & Akar, M. (2007). Weight-length relationships for 39 fish species from the North-Eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7:37-40.
  • Soykan, O., İlkyaz, A.T., Metin, G. &Kınacıgil, H.T. (2010). Growth and Reproduction of Blotched Picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the Central Aegean Sea Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34:453-459.
  • Sparre, P. & Venema, S.C. (1998). Introduction to Tropical Fish Stock Assessment. Part 1: Manual. Food and Agriculture Organization Fisheries Technical Paper, (306/1) Rev.2: 407p.
  • Tortonese, E., (1986). Centracanthidae. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Volume II (pp. 908-911), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris.
  • Valle, C., Bayle J.T., & Ramos, A.A. (2003). Weight-length relationships for selected fish species of the western Mediterannean Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19:261-262. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00492.x
  • Yeldan, H., Avşar, D., Özütok, M. & Çiçek, E. (2003). Growth and reproduction peculiarities of the picarel (Spicara smaris L., 1758) from the Babadıllimanı Bight (Silifke-İçel) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20(1-2): 35-42

Marmara ve Ege Deniz’lerindeki İzmarit balığı’nın (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) yaş ve büyüme özellikleri Burak Saygılı* • Ali İşmen • Mukadder Arslan İhsanoğlu

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 413 - 149, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.08

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı Marmara Denizi ve Ege Denizi’nde Spicara maena’nın bazı populasyon parametrelerini belirlemekti. S. maena örnekleri Şubat-Ekim 2013 tarihleri arasında ticari balıkçılık, fanyalı ağlar ve olta balıkçılığı ile Kuzey Ege Denizi (Dikili, Altınoluk ve Küçükkuyu) ve Marmara Denizinden (Karabiga, Bandırma ve Tekirdağ) elde edilmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen toplam 323 adet S. maena bireyine ait total boy değerinin 8.4-18.4 cm arasında olduğu belirlenmiştir. Boy-ağırlık ilişki parametreleri Marmara Denizi için a=0,003, b=3,532 ve Kuzey Ege Denizi için a=0,010, b=3,063 olarak hesaplamıştır. Buna göre S. maena’nın Kuzey Ege Denizinde izometrik ve Marmara Denizinde ise pozitif allometrik büyüme özelliği sergilediği görülmüştür. Marmara Denizindeki bireylerin 1-4 yaş arasında ve Kuzey Ege Denizindeki bireylerin ise 2-6 yaş arasında dağılım gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. Her iki cinsiyet dahil olmak üzere von Bertalanfy büyüme parametresi değerleri Marmara Denizinde L∞=17,17 cm, k=0,52 yıl, t0=-1,04 yıl-1 ve Kuzey Ege Denizinde L∞=18,71 cm, k=0,35 yıl, t0=-1,98 yıl-1 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Otolit boyu-total boy ilişkisi Marmara Denizi için OL=0,301×TL+1,049 ve Kuzey Ege Denizi için OL= 0,249×TL+1,885 olarak tahmin edilmiştir

References

  • Akşıray, F. (1987). A Key to Marine Fishes of Turkey. (in Turkish). İstanbul Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü Yayınları, İstanbul, 811pp.
  • Aslan, A. (2009). Determination Of Some Haematological And Biochemical Blood Parameters Of The Picarel, Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758), In Dardanelles (in Turkish with English abstract). Master thesis. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey.
  • Avşar, D. (1998). Fishery Biology and Population Dynamics. (in Turkish). Çukurova University Fisheries Faculty, Adana, Turkey, 303pp.
  • Avşar, D., Çiçek, E., Yeldan, H., Manaşırlı, M. & Mavruk, S. (2007). Otolit morphologies of some Centracanthids (Teleost Fish) distributed in Iskenderun and Mersin Bays. (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 5-8(3-5): 116-123.
  • Bat L., Erdem Y., Ustaoğlu Trıl S. & Yardım, Ö. (2008). Fish Systematic (in Turkish). Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 270 pp.
  • Bolognini, L., Domenichetti, F., Grati, F., Polidori, P., Scarcella, G. & Fabi, G. (2013). Weight-length relationships for 20 fish species in the Adriatic Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13: 555-560. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v13_3_21
  • Borges, T.C., Olim, S. & Erzini, K. (2003). Weight-length relationship for fish species discarded in commercial fisheries of the Algarve (southern Portugal). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19(6):394-396. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2003.00480.x
  • Can, A. & Bilecenoğlu M., 2005. Atlas of Deep Sea Fishes of Turkey (in Turkish). Arkadaş Yayın Evi, Ankara, Turkey, 108pp.
  • Çelikkale, M.S. (1991). Fish Biology (in Turkish). Karadeniz Technical University College of Marine Science and Technology, Trabzon, Turkey, 286 pp.
  • Çiçek, E. & Avşar, D. (2010). Growth and Mortality of Spicara smaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Off Karatas Coast (Iskenderun Bay). (in Turkish with English abstract). E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy Ecological Life Sciences, 5(2):126-134.
  • Çiçek, E., Avsar, D., Yeldan H. & Ozutok, M. (2006). Length-weight relationships for 31 teleost fishes caught by bottom trawl net in the Babadillimani Bight (Northeastern Mediterranean. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22:290-292. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00755.x
  • Çiçek, E., Avşar, D., Yeldan, H. & Manaşırlı, M. (2007). Population characteristics and growth of Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758) inhabiting in Babadillimani Bight (northeastern Mediterranean-Turkey), International Journal of Natural and Engineering Science, 1: 15-18.
  • Demirel, N. & Murat Dalkara, E. (2012). Weight−length Relationships of 28 Fish Species in the Sea of Marmara. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36(6): 785-791. doi:10.3906/zoo-1111-29
  • Dulcic, J. & Kraljevic, M. (1996). Weight-length relationship for 40 fish species in the eastern Adriatic (Croatian waters). Fisheries Research, 28(3):243-251. doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(96)00513-9
  • Dulčić, J., Kraljević, Grbec, B. & Cetinić, P. (2000). Age, growth and mortality of blotched picarel Spicara maena L. (Pisces: Centracanthidae) in the eastern central Adriatic. Fisheries Research, 48, 69-78. doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00112-0
  • Dulčić, J., Pallaoro, A., Cetinic, P., Kraljevic, M., Soldo, A., & Jardas, I. (2003). Age, growth and mortality of picarel, Spicara smaris L. (Pisces: Centracanthidae), from the eastern Adriatic (Croatian coast). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19:10-14. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00345.x
  • Ekingen G. (2004). Marine fishes Anatomy of Turkey (in Turkish). T.C. Mersin Üniversitesi Yayınları, Mersin, Turkey, 125 pp.
  • Ercan, H., Yığın, Ç. & İşmen, A. (2006). Fecundity of picarel (Spicara smaris L., 1758) in the North Aegean Sea (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23:413-415.
  • Gelman, A., Carlin, J.B., Stern, H.S. & Rubin, D.B. (2004). Bayesian data analysis. Second Edition Chapman and Hall/CRC Texts in Statistical Science.
  • Gökçe, G., Çekiç, M. & Filiz, H. (2010). Length-Weight relationships of marine fishes off Yumurtalık Coast (Iskenderun Bay), Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34:101-104.
  • Hattour, A., Turki, B. & Zammouri, N. (1985). Some biological aspects of the species Spicara Flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1810) of Tunisian Waters (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Oceanographie et de Peche Salammbo, 12:143-162.
  • İşmen, A. (1995). Growth, mortality and yield per recruit model of picarel (Spicara smaris L.) on the eastern Turkish Black Sea coast. Fisheries Research, 22:299-308. doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(95)94955-P
  • İşmen, A., Özen Ö., Altınağaç, U., Özekinci, U. & Ayaz, A. (2007). Weight–length relationships of 63 fish species in Saros Bay, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23:707–708. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2007.00872.x
  • Jardas, I. (1996). Adriatic Ichthyofauna (in Croatian). SÏkolska knjiga, Zagreb, 533 pp.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S. & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-weight relationship of 10 fish species caught by bottom trawl and midwater trawl from the Middle Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7: 33-36.
  • Karakulak, F.S., Erk, H. & Bilgin, B. (2006). Length–weight relationships for 47 coastal fish species from the northern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22:274-278. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00736.x
  • Mater, S., Malkav, S. & Bayhan, B. (2001). A study on some biological peculiarities of the Picarel (Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810) distributed in the bay of Izmir (Aegean Sea) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18: (1-2) 25-32.
  • Matic Skoko, S., Kraljevic, M. & Dulcic, J. (2004). Fecundity of blotched picarel Spicara maena L. (Teleostei: Centracanthidae), in the eastern central Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica, 45 (2):155-162.
  • Merella P., Quetglas, A., Alemany, F. & Carbonell, A. (1997). Length-weight relationship of fishes and cephalopods from the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean). Naga, The International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management Quarterly, 20(3/4):66-68.
  • Miller, P.J. & Loates, M.J. (1997). Fish of Britain and Europe. Collins Pocket Guide. Harper Collins Publishers, London. 288 pp.
  • Moutopoulos, D.K. & Stergiou, K.I. (2002). Length-weight and length-length relationships of fish species of the Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18(3):200-203.
  • doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2002.00281.x
  • Mytilinieou, C.H., & Papaconstantinou, C. (1991). Age and growth of Spicara flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1810) (Pisces, Centracanthidae) in the Patraikos gulf (Greece). Scientia Marina, 55(3): 483-490.
  • Nikolsky, G.W. (1963). The Ecology of Fishes. Acedemic Press. London and New York, 352 pp.
  • Pauly, D. (1984). Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: a manual for use with programmable calculators ICLARM Studies and Reviews 8, 325 p. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.
  • Pauly, D., & Munro, J.L. (1984). Once more on the comparison of growth in fish and invertebrates. Fishbyte, 2 (1): 21p.
  • Petrakis, G. & Stergiou, K.I. (1995). Weight-length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fisheries Research, 21:465-469.
  • doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(94)00294-7
  • Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and Interpretation of Biological Statistics of Fish Populations. Bulletin Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 191, 382p.
  • Rizkalla, S.I. (1997). Age and Growth Studies of Picarels (Spicara flexuosa and Spicara smaris) in the Egyptian Mediterranean Waters. Oebalia, 23:75-86.
  • Şahin, T. & Genç, Y. (1999). Some Biological Characteristics of Picarel (Spicara smaris, Linnaeus 1758) in the Eastern Black Sea Coast of Turkey (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(1): 149-155.
  • Sangun, L., Akamca, E. & Akar, M. (2007). Weight-length relationships for 39 fish species from the North-Eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7:37-40.
  • Soykan, O., İlkyaz, A.T., Metin, G. &Kınacıgil, H.T. (2010). Growth and Reproduction of Blotched Picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the Central Aegean Sea Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 34:453-459.
  • Sparre, P. & Venema, S.C. (1998). Introduction to Tropical Fish Stock Assessment. Part 1: Manual. Food and Agriculture Organization Fisheries Technical Paper, (306/1) Rev.2: 407p.
  • Tortonese, E., (1986). Centracanthidae. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Volume II (pp. 908-911), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris.
  • Valle, C., Bayle J.T., & Ramos, A.A. (2003). Weight-length relationships for selected fish species of the western Mediterannean Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19:261-262. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00492.x
  • Yeldan, H., Avşar, D., Özütok, M. & Çiçek, E. (2003). Growth and reproduction peculiarities of the picarel (Spicara smaris L., 1758) from the Babadıllimanı Bight (Silifke-İçel) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20(1-2): 35-42

Details

Journal Section Articles
Authors

Burak Saygılı This is me


Ali İşmen This is me


Mukadder Arslan İhsanoğlu This is me

Publication Date May 15, 2016
Application Date May 15, 2016
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2

Cite

APA Saygılı, B. , İşmen, A. & İhsanoğlu, M. A. (2016). Age and growth of blotched picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the Sea of Marmara and Northern Aegean Sea . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 33 (2) , 413-149 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.08