Year 2018, Volume 35 , Issue 4, Pages 361 - 372 2018-12-15

Doğu Akdeniz, Türkiye'de balon balıklarının hedef dışı avı ve parasal zararları
By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean

Fikret Öndes [1] , Vahdet Ünal [2] , Yeliz Özbilgin [3] , Cengiz Deval [4] , Cemal Turan [5]


Yerli olmayan balon balıkları 1930’lu yıllardan beri Akdeniz ekosisteminin bir parçası olmasına rağmen bu türlerin hedef dışı avı konusu ile ilgili bilgi eksikliği söz konusudur. Bu çalışma, Türkiye’nin Ege ve Akdeniz kıyılarında balon balıklarının farklı av araçlarındaki hedef dışı avını kıyaslamayı ve balon balıklarından kaynaklanan parasal zararları tespit etmeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışma kapsamında, Haziran-Aralık 2017 periyodunda 7 kıyı ilinde, toplam 467 ticari ve amatör balıkçı (n= 244 ve n= 223 sırasıyla) ile görüşülmüştür. Yarı yapılandırılmış anket, balon balıklarının av araçlarındaki hedef dışı av miktarı ve balıkçılıkta sebep oldukları parasal zararlar hakkında detaylı bilgi sağlamıştır. Av araçlarında yakalanan en yaygın balon balığı türü Lagocephalus sceleratus olarak tespit edilmiştir. Akdeniz kıyısındaki hedef dışı av miktarı Ege kıyısına nazaran daha yüksek bulunmuştur. En yüksek hedef dışı av miktarı, güney kıyılarında gırgır ve trollerden kaydedilirken, batı kıyılarında uzatma ağlarında tespit edilmiştir. Mevsimsel değişimler dikkate alındığında, hem ticari hem de amatör balıkçılıkta en yüksek hedef dışı av yaz aylarında gözlemlenmiştir. Güney kıyılarında avlanan küçük ölçekli balıkçıların % 92’si balon balıklarının av araçlarında hasara sebep olduğunu belirtmiş ve ayrıca balıkçıların %90’ı, bu türlerin yakaladıkları hedef ava da zarar verdiklerini rapor etmişlerdir. Sonuç olarak, balon balığı türleri (örn. L. sceleratus), bilinmeyen etkileri ile ekosistemin bir parçasıdır. Bu türlerin etkilerini azaltmak için balıkçılık yönetiminde bazı bilgilere ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Mevcut çalışma, bu alandaki boşlukları doldurmaya katkı koymaktadır.

Non-native pufferfish have been a part of the Mediterranean marine ecosystem since the 1930s. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the by-catch of these species. This study aimed to compare the by-catch of pufferfish species between different types of fishing gear and to determine the monetary losses due to pufferfish on the Aegean (west) and Mediterranean (south) coasts of Turkey. A total of 467 commercial and recreational fishers (n= 244 and n=223 respectively), based in the 7 coastal cities were interviewed in the period of June - December 2017. A semi-structured questionnaire provided detailed information on by-catch amount of pufferfish in fishing gears, and economic loss caused by pufferfish. The most commonly caught pufferfish species was Lagocephalus sceleratus. The by-catch amount of pufferfish is higher on the Mediterranean coast in comparison with the Aegean coast. The highest pufferfish by-catch was recorded in purse seines and trawls on the south coasts, but in set nets on the west coasts. When seasonal changes were considered, the highest by-catch was occurred in the summer months for both commercial and recreational fisheries. Regarding the damages caused by pufferfish species in the small-scale fisheries, 92% and 90% of fishers, who fished on the south coasts, claimed that pufferfish species damage their fishing gears and fish entangled to these fishing gears, respectively. In conclusion, pufferfish species (e.g. L. sceleratus) are part of the ecosystem with their unknown quantified impacts. In fact, such information is required for fisheries management to mitigate the impacts of these species. The present study contributes to filling the gaps in this area.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9522-7050
Author: Fikret Öndes (Primary Author)
Institution: Izmir Katip Celebi University, Faculty of Fisheries, Izmir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6157-0590
Author: Vahdet Ünal
Institution: Ege University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1074-4287
Author: Yeliz Özbilgin
Institution: Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9854-0037
Author: Cengiz Deval
Institution: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9584-0261
Author: Cemal Turan
Institution: ISKENDERUN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 15, 2018

Bibtex @research article { egejfas420476, journal = {Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences}, issn = {1300-1590}, eissn = {2148-3140}, address = {}, publisher = {Ege University}, year = {2018}, volume = {35}, pages = {361 - 372}, doi = {10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01}, title = {By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean}, key = {cite}, author = {Öndes, Fikret and Ünal, Vahdet and Özbilgin, Yeliz and Deval, Cengiz and Turan, Cemal} }
APA Öndes, F , Ünal, V , Özbilgin, Y , Deval, C , Turan, C . (2018). By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 35 (4) , 361-372 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01
MLA Öndes, F , Ünal, V , Özbilgin, Y , Deval, C , Turan, C . "By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean". Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 35 (2018 ): 361-372 <http://www.egejfas.org/en/issue/37248/420476>
Chicago Öndes, F , Ünal, V , Özbilgin, Y , Deval, C , Turan, C . "By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean". Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 35 (2018 ): 361-372
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean AU - Fikret Öndes , Vahdet Ünal , Yeliz Özbilgin , Cengiz Deval , Cemal Turan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01 DO - 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01 T2 - Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 361 EP - 372 VL - 35 IS - 4 SN - 1300-1590-2148-3140 M3 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01 UR - https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Su Ürünleri Dergisi By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean %A Fikret Öndes , Vahdet Ünal , Yeliz Özbilgin , Cengiz Deval , Cemal Turan %T By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean %D 2018 %J Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences %P 1300-1590-2148-3140 %V 35 %N 4 %R doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01 %U 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01
ISNAD Öndes, Fikret , Ünal, Vahdet , Özbilgin, Yeliz , Deval, Cengiz , Turan, Cemal . "By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean". Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 35 / 4 (December 2018): 361-372 . https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.01
AMA Öndes F , Ünal V , Özbilgin Y , Deval C , Turan C . By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean. EgeJFAS. 2018; 35(4): 361-372.
Vancouver Öndes F , Ünal V , Özbilgin Y , Deval C , Turan C . By-catch and monetary loss of pufferfish in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2018; 35(4): 372-361.