Araştırma Makalesi
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Anadolu lotik ve lentik sistemlerindeki Alburnus spp. otolitlerinde dalgalı asimetrinin değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1, 32 - 38, 15.03.2022

Öz

Dalgalı asimetri, balıklarda gelişimsel bozukluklara neden olabilir ve özellikle yüksek düzeyde asimetri balık yaşamını olumsuz etkiler. Bu çalışmada Türkiye iç sularında bulunan dört Alburnus türünün (A. chalcoides (Güldenstädt, 1772), A. tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814), A. escherichii Steindachner, 1897 ve A. mossulensis Heckel, 1843) otolitlerinin dalgalı asimetri düzeyleri araştırılmıştır. Türkiye iç sularından toplam 160 adet balık örneklenmiştir. Asteriskus otolitlerinin genişlik ve boy karakterleri için dalgalı asimetri düzeyi hesaplanmıştır. Bu çalışmada incelenen Alburnus türleri dört boy sınıfına ayrılmış ve otolitin dalgalı asimetrisi hem total boy sınıflarına hem de türlere göre değerlendirilmiştir. Sağ ve sol asteriskus otolit ölçümleri arasında A. escherichii için önemli farklılıklar bulunmuştur (P<0.05). Ayrıca, türlerin dişi ve erkek bireylerinin otolit ölçümleri arasında önemli bir farklılık yoktur (P>0.05). Alburnus türlerinden otolit boyu ve otolit genişliğindeki en yüksek ve en düşük asimetri düzeyleri A. escherichii türünde hesaplanmıştır. Ancak Alburnus türlerinin total boy grupları arasında otolit uzunluğu ve otolit genişliğindeki en yüksek ve en düşük asimetri düzeyleri A. mossulensis türünde hesaplanmıştır. Bu çalışmada dalgalı asimetri düzeyinin farklı balık türlerine ve habitatlara göre değişiklik gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Abdulsamad, S.M.S., Jawad, L.A., Al-Nusearc, A.N.B., Waryani, B. & Rutkayová, J. (2020). Asymmetry in the otolith length and width of three sparid fish species collected from Iraqi waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 156, 111177. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111177
  • Afshan, S., Ali, S., Ameen, U.S., Farid, M., Bharwana, F.H., Hannann, F. & Ahmad, R. (2014). Effect of different heavy metal pollution on fish. Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, 2, 74-79.
  • Alados, C.L., Escos, J.M. & Emlen, J.M. (1993). Developmental instability as an indicator of natural stress on the Pacific Hake (Merlussius productus). Fishery Bulletin, 91, 587-593.
  • Ali, F.K., El-Shehawi, A.M. & Seehy, M.A. (2008). Micronucleus test in fish genome: A sensitive monitor for aquatic pollution. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7, 606-612.
  • Allenbach, D.M. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry and exogenous stress in fishes: a review. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21, 355-376. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-010-9178-2
  • Al-Mamry, J.M., Jawad, L.A. & Ambuali, A. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith length and width of adult Indian mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1817) collected from Muscat waters at the Sea of Oman. Journal of the Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment, 17, 254-259.
  • Anonymous (2018). Ordu Province Environmental Status Report for 2017. Ordu Governorship Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanization, Ordu, Turkey. https://webdosya.csb.gov.tr/db/ced/icerikler/son-2017-ordu-il--cevre-durum-raporu-20180806100518.pdf, Accessed 30 December 2020
  • Atıcı, T., Tokatlı, C. & Çiçek, A. (2018). Diatoms of Seydisuyu Stream Basin (Turkey) and assessment of water quality by statistical and biological approaches. Sigma Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 36, 271-288.
  • Bassem, S.M. (2020). Water pollution and aquatic biodiversity. Bioversity International Journal, 4, 10-16.
  • Bostancı, D., Polat, N., Kurucu, G., Yedier, S., Kontaş, S. & Darcin, M. (2015). Using otolith shape and morphometry to identify four Alburnus species (A. chalcoides, A. escherichii, A. mossulensis and A.tarichi) in Turkish inland waters. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31, 1013-1022. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12860
  • Campana, S.E. (1999). Chemistry and composition of fish otoliths: pathways, mechanisms and applications. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 263-297. DOI: 10.3354/meps188263
  • Çiçek, A., Bakış, R., Uğurluoğlu Köse, E. & Tokatlı, C. (2013). The effects of large borate deposits on groundwater quality of Seydisuyu Basin (Turkey). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 22, 1031-1037.
  • Çiçek, E., Birecikligil, S.S. & Fricke, R. (2015). Freshwater fishes of Turkey;a revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologists, 9, 141-157.
  • Çiftçi, Y., Işik, M.A., Alkevli, T. & Yeşilova, Ç. (2008). Environmental geology of Lake Van Basin, mining operations, surficial water and effects on the Lake Van. In The Conference of Hydrogeology and Pollution of Lake Van, 21-22 August 2008 (p. 163). Van, Turkey.
  • El-Regal, M.A., Jawad, L.A., Mehanna, S. & Ahmad, Y. (2016). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith of two parrotfish species, Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) and Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål,1775) from Hurghada, Red Sea coast of Egypt. International Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 66, 1-5. DOI: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0037
  • Elsdon, T.S. & Gillanders, B.M. (2002). Interactive effects of temperature and salinity on otolith chemistry: Challenges for determining environmental histories of fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 59, 1796-1808. DOI: 10.1139/f02-154
  • Estes, E.C.J., Katholi, C.R. & Angus, R.A. (2006). Elevated fluctuating asymmetry in eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) from a river receiving paper mill effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 1026-1033. DOI: 10.1897/05-079r1.1
  • Fey, D.P. & Hare, J.A. (2008). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otoliths of larval Atlantic menhaden Brevootita tyrannus (Latrobe)- a condition indicator? Journal of Fish Biology, 72, 121-130. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01684.x
  • Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2007). Review of the Alburnus mento species group with description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18, 213-225.
  • Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2020). FishBase. species list: world wide web electronic publication. https://www.fishbase.se/identification/SpeciesList.php?genus=Alburnus.html Accessed 23 July 2020.
  • Gagliano, M. & McCormick, M.I. (2004). Feeding history influences otolith shape in tropical fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 278, 291-296. DOI: 10.3354/meps278291
  • Gagliano, M., Depczynski, M., Simpson, S.D. & Moore, J.A.Y. (2008). Dispersal without errors: symmetrical ears tune into the right frequency for survival. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 275, 527-534. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.1388
  • Green, C.C. & Lochmann, S.E. (2005). Asymmetry as a measure of embryological stress in golden shiners. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 67, 1-6. DOI: 10.1577/FA03-041.1
  • Green, C.C. & Lochmann, S.E. (2006). Fluctuating asymmetry and condition in golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) reared in sublethal concentrations of isopropyl methylphosphonic acid. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 58-64. DOI: 10.1897/04-554r.1
  • Gülle, İ., Küçük, F. & Güçlü, S.S. (2017). Re-description and new distribution area of an endemic Anatolian fish species, Alburnus nasreddini Battalgil, 1944. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17, 863-869. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_5_02
  • Hardersen, S. (2000). The role of behavioural ecology of damselflies in the use of fluctuating asymmetry as a bioindicator of water pollution. Ecological Entomology, 25, 45-53. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2311.2000.00204.x
  • Helling, K., Hausmann, S., Clarke, A. & Scherer, H. (2003). Experimentally induced motion sickness in fish: possible role of the otolith organs. Acta Otorrinolaringologica, 123, 488-492. DOI: 10.1080/0036554021000028121
  • Jawad, L.A. (2001). Preliminary asymmetry analysis of some morphological characters of Tilapia zilli (Pisces:Cichlidae) collected from three localities in Libya. Bollettino. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali. Torino, 18, 251-257. DOI: 10.3153/jfscom.2012009
  • Jawad, L.A. (2012). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith dimensions of Lutjanus bengalensis (Lutjanidae) collected from muscat coast on the sea of Oman. Biological Journal of Armenia, 2, 117-121.
  • Jawad, L.A., Sadighzadeh, Z. & Al-Mamary, D. (2012). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith length, width and thickness in two pelagic fish species collected from the Persian Gulf near Bandar Abbas. Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 22, 83-88.
  • Jorgensen, C. & Fiksen, O. (2010). Modelling fishing-induced adaptations and consequences for natural mortality. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67, 1086-1097. DOI: 10.1139/F10-049
  • Kontaş, S., Bostancı, D., Yedier, S., Kurucu, G. & Polat, N. (2018). Investigation of fluctuating asymmetry in the four otolith characters of Merlangius merlangus collected from middle Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 4, 128-138.
  • Köse, E., Tokatlı, C. & Çiçek, A. (2014). Monitoring stream water quality: a statistical evaluation. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23, 1637-1647. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/26967
  • Leary, A. & Allendrof, F.W. (1989). Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: implications for conservation biology. Trend Evolution, 4, 214-217. DOI: 10.1016/0169-5347(89)90077-3
  • Lens. L,, Van Dongen. S. & Matthysen, E. (2002). Fluctuating asymmetry as an early warning system in the critically endangered Taita thrush. Conservation Biology, 16, 479-487. DOI: 10.1046/J.1523-1739.2002.00516.X
  • Lushchak, V.I. (2016). Contaminant-induced oxidative stress in fish: a mechanistic approach. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 42, 711-747. DOI: 10.1007/s10695-015-0171-5
  • Lychakov, D.V. & Rebane, Y.T. (2005). Fish otolith mass asymmetry: morphometry and influence on acoustic functionality. Hearing Research, 201, 55-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2004.08.017
  • Mabrouk, L., Guarred, T., Hamza, A., Messaoudi, I. & Hellal, A.N. (2014). Fluctuating asymmetry in grass goby, Zosterisessor ophiocephalus Pallas, 1811 inhabiting polluted and unpolluted area in Tunisia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 85, 248-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.015
  • Martin, J. & Lopez, P. (2001). Hindlimb asymmetry reduces escape performance in the lizard Psammodromus algirus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 74, 619-624. DOI: 10.1086/322925
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Assessing of fluctuating asymmetry in otolith of the Alburnus spp. from Anatolian lotic and lentic systems

Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1, 32 - 38, 15.03.2022

Öz



Fluctuating asymmetry can cause developmental disorders in fish, and particularly high levels of asymmetry adversely affect fish life. In this study, the fluctuating asymmetry levels of the otoliths of four Alburnus species (A. chalcoides (Güldenstädt, 1772), A. tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814), A. escherichii Steindachner, 1897, and A. mossulensis Heckel, 1843) found in Turkish inland waters were investigated. A total of 160 fish were collected in the Turkish inland waters. The fluctuating asymmetry level was calculated for the width and length characters of the asteriscus. Alburnus species, which were examined in the present study, were divided into four total length classes and fluctuating asymmetry of otolith was evaluated according to both the total length classes and species. There was significant difference between the right and left asteriscus otolith measurements for A. escherichii (P<0.05). Besides, there were no significant differences between females and males’ otoliths measurements of the species (P>0.05). The highest and lowest asymmetry levels in the otolith length and otolith width were calculated in the A. escherichii among the Alburnus species. However, the highest and lowest asymmetry levels in otolith length and otolith width were calculated in the A. mossulensis among the total length groups of the Alburnus species. In this study, it was determined that the fluctuating asymmetry level varies according to different fish species and habitats.


Kaynakça

  • Abdulsamad, S.M.S., Jawad, L.A., Al-Nusearc, A.N.B., Waryani, B. & Rutkayová, J. (2020). Asymmetry in the otolith length and width of three sparid fish species collected from Iraqi waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 156, 111177. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111177
  • Afshan, S., Ali, S., Ameen, U.S., Farid, M., Bharwana, F.H., Hannann, F. & Ahmad, R. (2014). Effect of different heavy metal pollution on fish. Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, 2, 74-79.
  • Alados, C.L., Escos, J.M. & Emlen, J.M. (1993). Developmental instability as an indicator of natural stress on the Pacific Hake (Merlussius productus). Fishery Bulletin, 91, 587-593.
  • Ali, F.K., El-Shehawi, A.M. & Seehy, M.A. (2008). Micronucleus test in fish genome: A sensitive monitor for aquatic pollution. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7, 606-612.
  • Allenbach, D.M. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry and exogenous stress in fishes: a review. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21, 355-376. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-010-9178-2
  • Al-Mamry, J.M., Jawad, L.A. & Ambuali, A. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith length and width of adult Indian mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1817) collected from Muscat waters at the Sea of Oman. Journal of the Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment, 17, 254-259.
  • Anonymous (2018). Ordu Province Environmental Status Report for 2017. Ordu Governorship Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanization, Ordu, Turkey. https://webdosya.csb.gov.tr/db/ced/icerikler/son-2017-ordu-il--cevre-durum-raporu-20180806100518.pdf, Accessed 30 December 2020
  • Atıcı, T., Tokatlı, C. & Çiçek, A. (2018). Diatoms of Seydisuyu Stream Basin (Turkey) and assessment of water quality by statistical and biological approaches. Sigma Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 36, 271-288.
  • Bassem, S.M. (2020). Water pollution and aquatic biodiversity. Bioversity International Journal, 4, 10-16.
  • Bostancı, D., Polat, N., Kurucu, G., Yedier, S., Kontaş, S. & Darcin, M. (2015). Using otolith shape and morphometry to identify four Alburnus species (A. chalcoides, A. escherichii, A. mossulensis and A.tarichi) in Turkish inland waters. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31, 1013-1022. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12860
  • Campana, S.E. (1999). Chemistry and composition of fish otoliths: pathways, mechanisms and applications. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 263-297. DOI: 10.3354/meps188263
  • Çiçek, A., Bakış, R., Uğurluoğlu Köse, E. & Tokatlı, C. (2013). The effects of large borate deposits on groundwater quality of Seydisuyu Basin (Turkey). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 22, 1031-1037.
  • Çiçek, E., Birecikligil, S.S. & Fricke, R. (2015). Freshwater fishes of Turkey;a revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologists, 9, 141-157.
  • Çiftçi, Y., Işik, M.A., Alkevli, T. & Yeşilova, Ç. (2008). Environmental geology of Lake Van Basin, mining operations, surficial water and effects on the Lake Van. In The Conference of Hydrogeology and Pollution of Lake Van, 21-22 August 2008 (p. 163). Van, Turkey.
  • El-Regal, M.A., Jawad, L.A., Mehanna, S. & Ahmad, Y. (2016). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith of two parrotfish species, Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) and Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål,1775) from Hurghada, Red Sea coast of Egypt. International Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 66, 1-5. DOI: 10.5376/ijms.2016.06.0037
  • Elsdon, T.S. & Gillanders, B.M. (2002). Interactive effects of temperature and salinity on otolith chemistry: Challenges for determining environmental histories of fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 59, 1796-1808. DOI: 10.1139/f02-154
  • Estes, E.C.J., Katholi, C.R. & Angus, R.A. (2006). Elevated fluctuating asymmetry in eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) from a river receiving paper mill effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 1026-1033. DOI: 10.1897/05-079r1.1
  • Fey, D.P. & Hare, J.A. (2008). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otoliths of larval Atlantic menhaden Brevootita tyrannus (Latrobe)- a condition indicator? Journal of Fish Biology, 72, 121-130. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01684.x
  • Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2007). Review of the Alburnus mento species group with description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18, 213-225.
  • Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2020). FishBase. species list: world wide web electronic publication. https://www.fishbase.se/identification/SpeciesList.php?genus=Alburnus.html Accessed 23 July 2020.
  • Gagliano, M. & McCormick, M.I. (2004). Feeding history influences otolith shape in tropical fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 278, 291-296. DOI: 10.3354/meps278291
  • Gagliano, M., Depczynski, M., Simpson, S.D. & Moore, J.A.Y. (2008). Dispersal without errors: symmetrical ears tune into the right frequency for survival. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 275, 527-534. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.1388
  • Green, C.C. & Lochmann, S.E. (2005). Asymmetry as a measure of embryological stress in golden shiners. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 67, 1-6. DOI: 10.1577/FA03-041.1
  • Green, C.C. & Lochmann, S.E. (2006). Fluctuating asymmetry and condition in golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) reared in sublethal concentrations of isopropyl methylphosphonic acid. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 58-64. DOI: 10.1897/04-554r.1
  • Gülle, İ., Küçük, F. & Güçlü, S.S. (2017). Re-description and new distribution area of an endemic Anatolian fish species, Alburnus nasreddini Battalgil, 1944. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17, 863-869. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_5_02
  • Hardersen, S. (2000). The role of behavioural ecology of damselflies in the use of fluctuating asymmetry as a bioindicator of water pollution. Ecological Entomology, 25, 45-53. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2311.2000.00204.x
  • Helling, K., Hausmann, S., Clarke, A. & Scherer, H. (2003). Experimentally induced motion sickness in fish: possible role of the otolith organs. Acta Otorrinolaringologica, 123, 488-492. DOI: 10.1080/0036554021000028121
  • Jawad, L.A. (2001). Preliminary asymmetry analysis of some morphological characters of Tilapia zilli (Pisces:Cichlidae) collected from three localities in Libya. Bollettino. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali. Torino, 18, 251-257. DOI: 10.3153/jfscom.2012009
  • Jawad, L.A. (2012). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith dimensions of Lutjanus bengalensis (Lutjanidae) collected from muscat coast on the sea of Oman. Biological Journal of Armenia, 2, 117-121.
  • Jawad, L.A., Sadighzadeh, Z. & Al-Mamary, D. (2012). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith length, width and thickness in two pelagic fish species collected from the Persian Gulf near Bandar Abbas. Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 22, 83-88.
  • Jorgensen, C. & Fiksen, O. (2010). Modelling fishing-induced adaptations and consequences for natural mortality. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67, 1086-1097. DOI: 10.1139/F10-049
  • Kontaş, S., Bostancı, D., Yedier, S., Kurucu, G. & Polat, N. (2018). Investigation of fluctuating asymmetry in the four otolith characters of Merlangius merlangus collected from middle Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 4, 128-138.
  • Köse, E., Tokatlı, C. & Çiçek, A. (2014). Monitoring stream water quality: a statistical evaluation. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23, 1637-1647. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/26967
  • Leary, A. & Allendrof, F.W. (1989). Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: implications for conservation biology. Trend Evolution, 4, 214-217. DOI: 10.1016/0169-5347(89)90077-3
  • Lens. L,, Van Dongen. S. & Matthysen, E. (2002). Fluctuating asymmetry as an early warning system in the critically endangered Taita thrush. Conservation Biology, 16, 479-487. DOI: 10.1046/J.1523-1739.2002.00516.X
  • Lushchak, V.I. (2016). Contaminant-induced oxidative stress in fish: a mechanistic approach. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 42, 711-747. DOI: 10.1007/s10695-015-0171-5
  • Lychakov, D.V. & Rebane, Y.T. (2005). Fish otolith mass asymmetry: morphometry and influence on acoustic functionality. Hearing Research, 201, 55-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2004.08.017
  • Mabrouk, L., Guarred, T., Hamza, A., Messaoudi, I. & Hellal, A.N. (2014). Fluctuating asymmetry in grass goby, Zosterisessor ophiocephalus Pallas, 1811 inhabiting polluted and unpolluted area in Tunisia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 85, 248-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.015
  • Martin, J. & Lopez, P. (2001). Hindlimb asymmetry reduces escape performance in the lizard Psammodromus algirus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 74, 619-624. DOI: 10.1086/322925
  • Miller, J.A. (2011). Effects of water temperature and barium concentration on otolith composition along a salinity gradient: Implications for migratory reconstructions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 405, 42-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2011.05.017
  • Møller, A.P. & Thornhill, R. (1998). Bilateral symmetry and sexual selection: a meta-analysis. The American Naturalist, 151, 174-192. DOI:10.1086/286110
  • Ongley, E. (1996). Control of water pollution from agriculture. FAO irrigation and drainage paper 55, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  • Öğün, E., Atalan, E. & Özdemir, K. (2005). Some pollution parameters in water samples from Lake Van, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 14, 1031-1035.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Balıkçılık, Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Serdar YEDIER
ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0017-3502
Türkiye


Seda KONTAŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6582-6722
Türkiye


Derya BOSTANCI
ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3052-9805
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Temmuz 2021
Kabul Tarihi 22 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 39, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Yedıer, S. , Kontaş, S. & Bostancı, D. (2022). Assessing of fluctuating asymmetry in otolith of the Alburnus spp. from Anatolian lotic and lentic systems . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 39 (1) , 32-38 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/tr/pub/issue/68550/964276