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Diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates and water quality of Karasu Stream (Black Sea)

Year 2021, Volume: 38 Issue: 4, 467 - 477, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.08

Abstract



The study was conducted in Karasu Stream (Sinop Province, Black Sea Region of Turkey). The purpose of this study is, to determine the benthic macroinvertebrate composition of the stream, together with some of its environmental characteristics (water temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen) to evaluate the trophic level of the stream. Samplings of benthic macroinvertebrates and environmental variables were performed monthly at ten stations between February 2013 and January 2014. As a result, 18260 specimens were investigated and 175 taxa were determined. Chironomidae and Oligochaeta were the higher groups in terms of species richness with 48 and 38 taxa, respectively. The BMWP and ASPT indices indicate that all the stations belong to “slightly polluted (Class II)” or “unpolluted (Class I)” water quality levels.


Supporting Institution

Sinop University Scientific Research Council

Thanks

This study was financially supported by S.U. Scientific Research Council (BAP) (Project no: SÜF- 1901-12-12). The authors wish to thank Yakup ERDEM, Uğur ÇARLI, Ethem ERTAŞ, and Erkut ÖZCAN for their help during the field studies. This article is derived from the PhD thesis of the first author.

References

  • Akbulut, M. (1996). A preliminary research on macrobenthic fauna in Sarıkum Lake and surrounding puddles of Sinop province. Sinop University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, MSc thesis.
  • Akbulut, M. (1996). A preliminary research on macrobenthic fauna in Sarıkum Lake and surrounding puddles of Sinop province. Sinop University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, MSc thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., (2001). A research on Malacostraca (Crustacea-Arthropoda) fauna in the inland waters of Samsun and Sinop provinces. Ege University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., (2001). A research on Malacostraca (Crustacea-Arthropoda) fauna in the inland waters of Samsun and Sinop provinces. Ege University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., Sezgin., M., Çulha., M. & Bat., L. (2001). On the Occurrence of Niphargus valachicus Dobreanu and Manolache, 1933 (Amphipodaa, Gammaridae) in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25, 235-239.
  • Akbulut, M., Sezgin., M., Çulha., M. & Bat., L. (2001). On the Occurrence of Niphargus valachicus Dobreanu and Manolache, 1933 (Amphipodaa, Gammaridae) in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25, 235-239.
  • Akbulut, M., Öztürk, M. & Öztürk, M. (2002). The Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of Sarıkum Lake and Spring Waters (Sinop). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 8, 103-119.
  • Akbulut, M., Öztürk, M. & Öztürk, M. (2002). The Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of Sarıkum Lake and Spring Waters (Sinop). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 8, 103-119.
  • Anonymous (2016). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation (SWQMR). The Republic of Turkish Official Gazette No. 29797, Ankara, Turkey
  • Anonymous (2016). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation (SWQMR). The Republic of Turkish Official Gazette No. 29797, Ankara, Turkey
  • Armitage, P. D., Moss, D., Wright, J. F. & Furse, M. T. (1983). The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, 17 (3), 333–347. DOI:10.1016/0043-1354(83)90188-4
  • Armitage, P. D., Moss, D., Wright, J. F. & Furse, M. T. (1983). The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, 17 (3), 333–347. DOI:10.1016/0043-1354(83)90188-4
  • Aydemir-Çil, E. (2014). Taxonomic and Ecological Assessment Of Macro Benthic Fauna Of Karasu Stream (Sinop). Sinop University, Institute of natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis. Sinop. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 6, 71–86.
  • Aydemir-Çil, E. (2014). Taxonomic and Ecological Assessment Of Macro Benthic Fauna Of Karasu Stream (Sinop). Sinop University, Institute of natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis. Sinop. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 6, 71–86.
  • Bellan-Santini, D. (1969). Contribution à l’étude des peuplement infralittoraux sur substrat rocheux (Etude qualitative et quantitative de la franch Superiere). Recherche Travaux Station Marine Endoume, 63(47), 9–294.
  • Bellan-Santini, D. (1969). Contribution à l’étude des peuplement infralittoraux sur substrat rocheux (Etude qualitative et quantitative de la franch Superiere). Recherche Travaux Station Marine Endoume, 63(47), 9–294.
  • Benetti, C.J. & Garrido, J. (2010). The influence of stream habitat and water quality on water beetles assemblages in two rivers in northwest Spain. Vie et milieu, 60(1), 53-63.
  • Bray, R.J. & Curtis, J.T. (1957). An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325–349. DOI:10.2307/1942268 Chapman, D. (1996). Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. London: Cambridge Press.
  • Bray, R.J. & Curtis, J.T. (1957). An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325–349. DOI:10.2307/1942268 Chapman, D. (1996). Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. London: Cambridge Press.
  • Demir, Ö. (2005). Evaluation of water quality with macro invertebrates in sediment. Harran University, Department of Environmental Engineering, MSc thesis.
  • Demir, Ö. (2005). Evaluation of water quality with macro invertebrates in sediment. Harran University, Department of Environmental Engineering, MSc thesis.
  • Ertorun, N. & Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of Karasu stream (Sinop), Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 5(1), 107-114.
  • Ertorun, N. & Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of Karasu stream (Sinop), Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 5(1), 107-114.
  • Fauna Europea (2021). https://fauna-eu.org/
  • Fauna Europea (2021). https://fauna-eu.org/
  • Hopkins, C. (1971). The annual temperature regime of a small stream in New Zealand. Hydrobiologia, 37, 397–408. DOI:10.1007/BF00018811
  • Hopkins, C. (1971). The annual temperature regime of a small stream in New Zealand. Hydrobiologia, 37, 397–408. DOI:10.1007/BF00018811
  • Kovach, W.L. (1998). MVSP, A Multivariate Statistical Package for Windows, ver. 3.1. Pentraeth: Kovach Computing Services.
  • Kovach, W.L. (1998). MVSP, A Multivariate Statistical Package for Windows, ver. 3.1. Pentraeth: Kovach Computing Services.
  • Letovsky, E., Myers, J.E., Canepa, A. & McCabe, D.J. (2012). Differences between kick sampling techniques and short-term Hester-Dendy sampling for stream macroinvertebrates. Bios, 83(2), 47–55. DOI:10.1893/0005-3155-83.2.47
  • Letovsky, E., Myers, J.E., Canepa, A. & McCabe, D.J. (2012). Differences between kick sampling techniques and short-term Hester-Dendy sampling for stream macroinvertebrates. Bios, 83(2), 47–55. DOI:10.1893/0005-3155-83.2.47
  • N.A.S. (1972). A report of the Committee on Water Quality Criteria. Washington D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
  • N.A.S. (1972). A report of the Committee on Water Quality Criteria. Washington D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
  • Öktener, A. (2004). A preliminary research on Mollusca species in some freshwater in Sinop and Bafra. Gazi Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 17(2): 21-30.
  • Öktener, A. (2004). A preliminary research on Mollusca species in some freshwater in Sinop and Bafra. Gazi Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 17(2): 21-30.
  • Paisley, M. F., Trigg, D. J. & Walley, W. J. (2013). Revision of the biological monitoring working party (BMWP) score system: derivation of present-only and abundance-related scores from field data. River Research and Applications, 30(7), 887–904. DOI:10.1002/rra.2686
  • Paisley, M. F., Trigg, D. J. & Walley, W. J. (2013). Revision of the biological monitoring working party (BMWP) score system: derivation of present-only and abundance-related scores from field data. River Research and Applications, 30(7), 887–904. DOI:10.1002/rra.2686
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. New York: Wiley.
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. New York: Wiley.
  • Shannon, C.E. & Weaver, W. (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication, University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
  • Soyer, J. (1970). Bionomie benthique du plateau continental de la côte catalane française. III. Les peuplements de Copepodes harpacticoides (Crustacea). Vie et Milieu, 21, 337–511.
  • Soyer, J. (1970). Bionomie benthique du plateau continental de la côte catalane française. III. Les peuplements de Copepodes harpacticoides (Crustacea). Vie et Milieu, 21, 337–511.
  • Subba Rao, N.V. (1989). Handbook of Freshwater Molluscs of India. Calcutta: Director Zoological Survey of India.
  • Subba Rao, N.V. (1989). Handbook of Freshwater Molluscs of India. Calcutta: Director Zoological Survey of India.
  • Şendoğan, E. (2006). A research on the Macrobenthic fauna of Sarikum Lake. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, MSc thesis.
  • Şendoğan, E. (2006). A research on the Macrobenthic fauna of Sarikum Lake. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, MSc thesis.
  • Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) fauna of the coastal region between Gökırmak River Basin (Kastamonu) and Cide (Kastamonu)- Ayancık (Sinop). Turkish. Entomology Journal, 28 (1), 45-56.
  • Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) fauna of the coastal region between Gökırmak River Basin (Kastamonu) and Cide (Kastamonu)- Ayancık (Sinop). Turkish. Entomology Journal, 28 (1), 45-56.
  • Tanatmış, M. & Ertorun, N. (2008). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of the Kabali stream (Sinop) Basin. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2 (3); 329-331. DOI:10.3153/jfscom.mug.200720
  • Tanatmış, M. & Ertorun, N. (2008). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of the Kabali stream (Sinop) Basin. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2 (3); 329-331. DOI:10.3153/jfscom.mug.200720
  • Tanyolaç, J. (2004). Limnoloji. Ankara: Hatipoğlu Yayınevi.
  • Tanyolaç, J. (2004). Limnoloji. Ankara: Hatipoğlu Yayınevi.
  • Thorne, R.S. & Williams, W.P. (1997). The response of benthic macroinvertebrate to pollution in developing countries: A multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology, 13(1), 57–73. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1997.00181.x
  • Thorne, R.S. & Williams, W.P. (1997). The response of benthic macroinvertebrate to pollution in developing countries: A multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology, 13(1), 57–73. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1997.00181.x
  • Ward, J.V. (1985). Thermal characteristics of running waters. In: BR Davies, RD Walmsley (eds) Perspectives in Southern Hemisphere Limnology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 28, 31–46. DOI:10.1007/BF00045924
  • Ward, J.V. (1985). Thermal characteristics of running waters. In: BR Davies, RD Walmsley (eds) Perspectives in Southern Hemisphere Limnology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 28, 31–46. DOI:10.1007/BF00045924
  • Yardım, Ö., Şendoğan, E., Bat, L., Sezgin, M. & Çulha, M (2008). Lake Sarikum (Sinop) Macrobenthic Mollusca and Crustacea fauna. Ege University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 25(4), 301–309.
  • Yardım, Ö., Şendoğan, E., Bat, L., Sezgin, M. & Çulha, M (2008). Lake Sarikum (Sinop) Macrobenthic Mollusca and Crustacea fauna. Ege University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 25(4), 301–309.
  • Yardım, Ö., Erdem, Y., Bat, L. & Aydemir, Çil, E. (2017). The Erfelek Stream and Ecological Importance. Alınteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32(2), 91–94. DOI:10.28955/alinterizbd.342467
  • Yardım, Ö., Erdem, Y., Bat, L. & Aydemir, Çil, E. (2017). The Erfelek Stream and Ecological Importance. Alınteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32(2), 91–94. DOI:10.28955/alinterizbd.342467
  • Zamora-Muñoz, C. & Alba-Tercedor, J. (1996). Bioassessment of organically polluted Spanish rivers, using a biotic index and multivariate methods. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 15, 332–352. DOI:10.2307/1467281
  • Zamora-Muñoz, C. & Alba-Tercedor, J. (1996). Bioassessment of organically polluted Spanish rivers, using a biotic index and multivariate methods. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 15, 332–352. DOI:10.2307/1467281

Karasu Deresi’nin (Karadeniz) bentik makroomurgasız çeşitliliği ve su kalitesi

Year 2021, Volume: 38 Issue: 4, 467 - 477, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.08

Abstract



Çalışma; Karasu Çayı'nda (Türkiye'nin Karadeniz Bölgesi, Sinop İli) yürütülmüştür. Bu çalışmanın amacı, akarsuyun bentik makroomurgasız tür kompozisyonunu belirlemek, bazı çevresel özellikleri (su sıcaklığı, pH ve çözünmüş oksijen) ile birlikte akarsuyun trofik seviyesini değerlendirmektir. Makrobentik omurgasızların ve çevresel değişkenlerin örneklemesi, Şubat 2013 - Ocak 2014 tarihleri arasında 10 istasyonda aylık olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, 18260 örnek incelenmiş ve 175 takson belirlenmiştir. Tür zenginliği açısından Chironomidae ve Oligochaeta sırasıyla 48 ve 38 takson ile en yüksek gruplardır. BMWP ve ASPT endeksleri, tüm istasyonların “hafif kirli (Sınıf II)” veya “kirlenmemiş (Sınıf I)” su kalitesi seviyelerine ait olduğunu göstermektedir.



References

  • Akbulut, M. (1996). A preliminary research on macrobenthic fauna in Sarıkum Lake and surrounding puddles of Sinop province. Sinop University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, MSc thesis.
  • Akbulut, M. (1996). A preliminary research on macrobenthic fauna in Sarıkum Lake and surrounding puddles of Sinop province. Sinop University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, MSc thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., (2001). A research on Malacostraca (Crustacea-Arthropoda) fauna in the inland waters of Samsun and Sinop provinces. Ege University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., (2001). A research on Malacostraca (Crustacea-Arthropoda) fauna in the inland waters of Samsun and Sinop provinces. Ege University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis.
  • Akbulut, M., Sezgin., M., Çulha., M. & Bat., L. (2001). On the Occurrence of Niphargus valachicus Dobreanu and Manolache, 1933 (Amphipodaa, Gammaridae) in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25, 235-239.
  • Akbulut, M., Sezgin., M., Çulha., M. & Bat., L. (2001). On the Occurrence of Niphargus valachicus Dobreanu and Manolache, 1933 (Amphipodaa, Gammaridae) in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25, 235-239.
  • Akbulut, M., Öztürk, M. & Öztürk, M. (2002). The Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of Sarıkum Lake and Spring Waters (Sinop). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 8, 103-119.
  • Akbulut, M., Öztürk, M. & Öztürk, M. (2002). The Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of Sarıkum Lake and Spring Waters (Sinop). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 8, 103-119.
  • Anonymous (2016). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation (SWQMR). The Republic of Turkish Official Gazette No. 29797, Ankara, Turkey
  • Anonymous (2016). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation (SWQMR). The Republic of Turkish Official Gazette No. 29797, Ankara, Turkey
  • Armitage, P. D., Moss, D., Wright, J. F. & Furse, M. T. (1983). The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, 17 (3), 333–347. DOI:10.1016/0043-1354(83)90188-4
  • Armitage, P. D., Moss, D., Wright, J. F. & Furse, M. T. (1983). The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, 17 (3), 333–347. DOI:10.1016/0043-1354(83)90188-4
  • Aydemir-Çil, E. (2014). Taxonomic and Ecological Assessment Of Macro Benthic Fauna Of Karasu Stream (Sinop). Sinop University, Institute of natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis. Sinop. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 6, 71–86.
  • Aydemir-Çil, E. (2014). Taxonomic and Ecological Assessment Of Macro Benthic Fauna Of Karasu Stream (Sinop). Sinop University, Institute of natural and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, PhD thesis. Sinop. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 6, 71–86.
  • Bellan-Santini, D. (1969). Contribution à l’étude des peuplement infralittoraux sur substrat rocheux (Etude qualitative et quantitative de la franch Superiere). Recherche Travaux Station Marine Endoume, 63(47), 9–294.
  • Bellan-Santini, D. (1969). Contribution à l’étude des peuplement infralittoraux sur substrat rocheux (Etude qualitative et quantitative de la franch Superiere). Recherche Travaux Station Marine Endoume, 63(47), 9–294.
  • Benetti, C.J. & Garrido, J. (2010). The influence of stream habitat and water quality on water beetles assemblages in two rivers in northwest Spain. Vie et milieu, 60(1), 53-63.
  • Bray, R.J. & Curtis, J.T. (1957). An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325–349. DOI:10.2307/1942268 Chapman, D. (1996). Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. London: Cambridge Press.
  • Bray, R.J. & Curtis, J.T. (1957). An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325–349. DOI:10.2307/1942268 Chapman, D. (1996). Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. London: Cambridge Press.
  • Demir, Ö. (2005). Evaluation of water quality with macro invertebrates in sediment. Harran University, Department of Environmental Engineering, MSc thesis.
  • Demir, Ö. (2005). Evaluation of water quality with macro invertebrates in sediment. Harran University, Department of Environmental Engineering, MSc thesis.
  • Ertorun, N. & Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of Karasu stream (Sinop), Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 5(1), 107-114.
  • Ertorun, N. & Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of Karasu stream (Sinop), Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 5(1), 107-114.
  • Fauna Europea (2021). https://fauna-eu.org/
  • Fauna Europea (2021). https://fauna-eu.org/
  • Hopkins, C. (1971). The annual temperature regime of a small stream in New Zealand. Hydrobiologia, 37, 397–408. DOI:10.1007/BF00018811
  • Hopkins, C. (1971). The annual temperature regime of a small stream in New Zealand. Hydrobiologia, 37, 397–408. DOI:10.1007/BF00018811
  • Kovach, W.L. (1998). MVSP, A Multivariate Statistical Package for Windows, ver. 3.1. Pentraeth: Kovach Computing Services.
  • Kovach, W.L. (1998). MVSP, A Multivariate Statistical Package for Windows, ver. 3.1. Pentraeth: Kovach Computing Services.
  • Letovsky, E., Myers, J.E., Canepa, A. & McCabe, D.J. (2012). Differences between kick sampling techniques and short-term Hester-Dendy sampling for stream macroinvertebrates. Bios, 83(2), 47–55. DOI:10.1893/0005-3155-83.2.47
  • Letovsky, E., Myers, J.E., Canepa, A. & McCabe, D.J. (2012). Differences between kick sampling techniques and short-term Hester-Dendy sampling for stream macroinvertebrates. Bios, 83(2), 47–55. DOI:10.1893/0005-3155-83.2.47
  • N.A.S. (1972). A report of the Committee on Water Quality Criteria. Washington D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
  • N.A.S. (1972). A report of the Committee on Water Quality Criteria. Washington D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
  • Öktener, A. (2004). A preliminary research on Mollusca species in some freshwater in Sinop and Bafra. Gazi Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 17(2): 21-30.
  • Öktener, A. (2004). A preliminary research on Mollusca species in some freshwater in Sinop and Bafra. Gazi Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 17(2): 21-30.
  • Paisley, M. F., Trigg, D. J. & Walley, W. J. (2013). Revision of the biological monitoring working party (BMWP) score system: derivation of present-only and abundance-related scores from field data. River Research and Applications, 30(7), 887–904. DOI:10.1002/rra.2686
  • Paisley, M. F., Trigg, D. J. & Walley, W. J. (2013). Revision of the biological monitoring working party (BMWP) score system: derivation of present-only and abundance-related scores from field data. River Research and Applications, 30(7), 887–904. DOI:10.1002/rra.2686
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. New York: Wiley.
  • Pielou, E.C. (1975). Ecological diversity. New York: Wiley.
  • Shannon, C.E. & Weaver, W. (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication, University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
  • Soyer, J. (1970). Bionomie benthique du plateau continental de la côte catalane française. III. Les peuplements de Copepodes harpacticoides (Crustacea). Vie et Milieu, 21, 337–511.
  • Soyer, J. (1970). Bionomie benthique du plateau continental de la côte catalane française. III. Les peuplements de Copepodes harpacticoides (Crustacea). Vie et Milieu, 21, 337–511.
  • Subba Rao, N.V. (1989). Handbook of Freshwater Molluscs of India. Calcutta: Director Zoological Survey of India.
  • Subba Rao, N.V. (1989). Handbook of Freshwater Molluscs of India. Calcutta: Director Zoological Survey of India.
  • Şendoğan, E. (2006). A research on the Macrobenthic fauna of Sarikum Lake. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, MSc thesis.
  • Şendoğan, E. (2006). A research on the Macrobenthic fauna of Sarikum Lake. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, MSc thesis.
  • Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) fauna of the coastal region between Gökırmak River Basin (Kastamonu) and Cide (Kastamonu)- Ayancık (Sinop). Turkish. Entomology Journal, 28 (1), 45-56.
  • Tanatmış, M. (2004). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) fauna of the coastal region between Gökırmak River Basin (Kastamonu) and Cide (Kastamonu)- Ayancık (Sinop). Turkish. Entomology Journal, 28 (1), 45-56.
  • Tanatmış, M. & Ertorun, N. (2008). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of the Kabali stream (Sinop) Basin. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2 (3); 329-331. DOI:10.3153/jfscom.mug.200720
  • Tanatmış, M. & Ertorun, N. (2008). Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Limnofauna of the Kabali stream (Sinop) Basin. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2 (3); 329-331. DOI:10.3153/jfscom.mug.200720
  • Tanyolaç, J. (2004). Limnoloji. Ankara: Hatipoğlu Yayınevi.
  • Tanyolaç, J. (2004). Limnoloji. Ankara: Hatipoğlu Yayınevi.
  • Thorne, R.S. & Williams, W.P. (1997). The response of benthic macroinvertebrate to pollution in developing countries: A multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology, 13(1), 57–73. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1997.00181.x
  • Thorne, R.S. & Williams, W.P. (1997). The response of benthic macroinvertebrate to pollution in developing countries: A multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology, 13(1), 57–73. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1997.00181.x
  • Ward, J.V. (1985). Thermal characteristics of running waters. In: BR Davies, RD Walmsley (eds) Perspectives in Southern Hemisphere Limnology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 28, 31–46. DOI:10.1007/BF00045924
  • Ward, J.V. (1985). Thermal characteristics of running waters. In: BR Davies, RD Walmsley (eds) Perspectives in Southern Hemisphere Limnology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 28, 31–46. DOI:10.1007/BF00045924
  • Yardım, Ö., Şendoğan, E., Bat, L., Sezgin, M. & Çulha, M (2008). Lake Sarikum (Sinop) Macrobenthic Mollusca and Crustacea fauna. Ege University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 25(4), 301–309.
  • Yardım, Ö., Şendoğan, E., Bat, L., Sezgin, M. & Çulha, M (2008). Lake Sarikum (Sinop) Macrobenthic Mollusca and Crustacea fauna. Ege University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 25(4), 301–309.
  • Yardım, Ö., Erdem, Y., Bat, L. & Aydemir, Çil, E. (2017). The Erfelek Stream and Ecological Importance. Alınteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32(2), 91–94. DOI:10.28955/alinterizbd.342467
  • Yardım, Ö., Erdem, Y., Bat, L. & Aydemir, Çil, E. (2017). The Erfelek Stream and Ecological Importance. Alınteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32(2), 91–94. DOI:10.28955/alinterizbd.342467
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Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Eylem AYDEMİR ÇİL 0000-0003-2405-1155

Murat OZBEK 0000-0003-4607-3507

Öztekin YARDIM 0000-0002-7753-5922

Seray YILDIZ 0000-0002-2848-7469

Ayşe TAŞDEMİR 0000-0003-4056-118X

Hamidreza RASOULI 0000-0002-6826-6337

Pınar GÜRBÜZER 0000-0001-6298-8905

Project Number SÜF-1901-12-12
Publication Date December 15, 2021
Submission Date March 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021Volume: 38 Issue: 4

Cite

APA AYDEMİR ÇİL, E., OZBEK, M., YARDIM, Ö., YILDIZ, S., et al. (2021). Diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates and water quality of Karasu Stream (Black Sea). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 38(4), 467-477. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.38.4.08