Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Kaudal osteoloji ve Garra cinsi filogenisi uygulaması

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 245 - 249, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.06

Abstract



Cyprinidae familyası içerisinde, İran’da dağılım gösteren Garra cinsi üyelerinin filogenetik ilişkileri ile ilgili az sayıda araştırma bulunmaktadır. Kaudal yüzgeç iskeleti yapısı, balıkların sistematik pozisyonlarının belirlenmesine yardımcı olan, taksonomik çalışmalarda kullanılabilen bir karakterdir. Bu sebeple, bu çalışmada Garra cinsinin İran’daki türlerinin filogenetik ilişkilerini belirlemek amacı ile kaudal yüzgeç iskeletlerinin kemik yapısı karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla seçilen taksonlara ait beşer bireye kaudal yüzgeç iskeletlerinin osteolojik karakterlerinin belirlenmesi amacı ile şeffaflandırma yöntemi (cleared-stained) uygulanmıştır. Çalışmada Barbus cyri ve Capoeta trutta dış grup olarak kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre; Garra üyeleri monofiletik bir grup oluşturmuştur. Sonuçlar kaudal yüzgeç iskeletlerinin Garra cinsi için tür düzeyinde ayrımında kullanılamayacağını göstermiştir. 




References

  • Chen, W.J. & Mayden, R.L. (2009). Molecular systematics of the Cyprinoidea (Teleostei: Cypriniformes), the world's largest clade of freshwater fishes: Further evidence from six nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 52(2), 544-549.
  • Coad, B.W. (2019). Freshwater fishes of Iran. Retrieved from http://www.briancoad.com. (11.12.2019).
  • Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S., (2016). Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology. 3(2), 82-121.
  • Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S. & Abbasi, K., 2018. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran. FishTaxa, 3(3), 1-95.
  • Fujita, K., (1990). The caudal skeleton of teleostean fishes. Tokyo University Press, Tokyo.
  • Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I., Abdoli, A., Eagderi, S., Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Bernatchez, L., Hallerman, E., Geiger, M.F., Özulug, M., Laroche, J., Freyhof, J., (2017). Dressing down: convergent reduction of the mental disc in Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in the Middle East. Hydrobiologia, 785(1), 47-59.
  • Jalili, P., Eagderi, S., (2014). Osteological description of Iran cave barb (Iranocypris typhlops Bruun & Kaiser, 1944). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University, 33, 01-07.
  • Monod, T. (1968). Le complexe urophore des poissons téléostéens. Mém. Inst. Fond. Afrique Noire, Ifan Dakar, 81, 1-705.
  • Mousavi-Sabet, H., Eagderi, S., (2016a). Garra lorestanensis, a new cave fish from the Tigris River drainage with remarks on the subterranean fishes in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa, 1(1), 45-54.
  • Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vatandoust, S., Fatemi, Y., Eagderi, S., (2016b). Tashan Cave a new cave fish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) FishTaxa, 1(3), 133-148.
  • Nelson, J.S. (2006). Fishes of the world, John Wiley, New Jersey, USA
  • Rojo, L.A. (2009). Dictionary of evolutionary fish osteology, CRC Press. Schultze, H.P. & Arratia, G. (1988). Re-evolution of the caudal skeleton of some actinopterygian fishes: II. Hiodon, Elops, and Albula. Journal of Morphology, 195, 257-303.
  • Stiassny, M.L.J. & Getahun, A., (2007). An overview of labeonin relationships and the phylogenetic placement of the Afro-Asian genus Garra Hamilton, 1922 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), with the description of five new species of Garra from Ethiopia, and a key to all African species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150, 41-83.
  • Swofford, D.L., Olsen, G.J., Waddell, P.J. & Hillis, D.M. (1996). Phylogenetic Inference. In: Hiillis DM, Moritz D, and Mable BK (eds), Molecular Systematics, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. pp. 407-514.
  • Swofford, D.L. (1999). PAUP* 4.0 vers. b2. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony and other methods. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Taylor, W.R. & Van Dyke, G.C. (1985). Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium, 9, 107-119.
  • Watrous, L.E. & Wheeler, Q.D. (1981). The out-group comparision method of character analysis. Systematic Zoology, 30(1), 1-11.

Caudal osteology and its application to reconstruct phylogenetic relationship in the genus Garra

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 245 - 249, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.06

Abstract



Among cyprinid family, little information is available about the phylogentic relationships of the members of genus Garra in Iran. The structure of caudal skeleton as a valuable source in taxonomic studies of fishes can help to determine their systematic position. Hence, this study was conducted to compare the osteological features of caudal fin skeleton and reconstructing phylogenic tree of the Iranian members of genus Garra. For this purpose, five specimens of every selected (except Iran blind carp with two specimens from each morphotype) taxon were cleared and stained to examine the osteological characteristics of their caudal fin skeleton. Also, Kura barbel (Barbus cyri) and Barzam (Capoeta trutta) were designed as outgroup. The results showed that members of Garra constitute a monophyletic group. The results revealed that the caudal skeleton features cannot discriminate the members of genus Garra at the level of species because of small number of extractable characters and their states.


References

  • Chen, W.J. & Mayden, R.L. (2009). Molecular systematics of the Cyprinoidea (Teleostei: Cypriniformes), the world's largest clade of freshwater fishes: Further evidence from six nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 52(2), 544-549.
  • Coad, B.W. (2019). Freshwater fishes of Iran. Retrieved from http://www.briancoad.com. (11.12.2019).
  • Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S., (2016). Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology. 3(2), 82-121.
  • Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S. & Abbasi, K., 2018. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran. FishTaxa, 3(3), 1-95.
  • Fujita, K., (1990). The caudal skeleton of teleostean fishes. Tokyo University Press, Tokyo.
  • Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I., Abdoli, A., Eagderi, S., Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Bernatchez, L., Hallerman, E., Geiger, M.F., Özulug, M., Laroche, J., Freyhof, J., (2017). Dressing down: convergent reduction of the mental disc in Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in the Middle East. Hydrobiologia, 785(1), 47-59.
  • Jalili, P., Eagderi, S., (2014). Osteological description of Iran cave barb (Iranocypris typhlops Bruun & Kaiser, 1944). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University, 33, 01-07.
  • Monod, T. (1968). Le complexe urophore des poissons téléostéens. Mém. Inst. Fond. Afrique Noire, Ifan Dakar, 81, 1-705.
  • Mousavi-Sabet, H., Eagderi, S., (2016a). Garra lorestanensis, a new cave fish from the Tigris River drainage with remarks on the subterranean fishes in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa, 1(1), 45-54.
  • Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vatandoust, S., Fatemi, Y., Eagderi, S., (2016b). Tashan Cave a new cave fish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) FishTaxa, 1(3), 133-148.
  • Nelson, J.S. (2006). Fishes of the world, John Wiley, New Jersey, USA
  • Rojo, L.A. (2009). Dictionary of evolutionary fish osteology, CRC Press. Schultze, H.P. & Arratia, G. (1988). Re-evolution of the caudal skeleton of some actinopterygian fishes: II. Hiodon, Elops, and Albula. Journal of Morphology, 195, 257-303.
  • Stiassny, M.L.J. & Getahun, A., (2007). An overview of labeonin relationships and the phylogenetic placement of the Afro-Asian genus Garra Hamilton, 1922 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), with the description of five new species of Garra from Ethiopia, and a key to all African species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150, 41-83.
  • Swofford, D.L., Olsen, G.J., Waddell, P.J. & Hillis, D.M. (1996). Phylogenetic Inference. In: Hiillis DM, Moritz D, and Mable BK (eds), Molecular Systematics, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. pp. 407-514.
  • Swofford, D.L. (1999). PAUP* 4.0 vers. b2. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony and other methods. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Taylor, W.R. & Van Dyke, G.C. (1985). Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium, 9, 107-119.
  • Watrous, L.E. & Wheeler, Q.D. (1981). The out-group comparision method of character analysis. Systematic Zoology, 30(1), 1-11.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Zoology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sevil Sungur (Primary Author)
NEVŞEHİR HACI BEKTAŞ VELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0003-4018-6375
Türkiye


Soheil EAGDERİ
University of Tehran
0000-0001-8649-9452
Türkiye


Paria JALİLİ
University of Tehran
0000-0002-4572-1106
Türkiye


Erdoğan Çiçek
NEVŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5334-5737
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2020
Application Date December 20, 2019
Acceptance Date March 17, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3

Cite

APA Sungur, S. , Eagderi, S. , Jalili, P. & Çiçek, E. (2020). Caudal osteology and its application to reconstruct phylogenetic relationship in the genus Garra . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (3) , 245-249 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.3.06