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Evaluation of metal levels of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris): health risks estimation

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 237 - 244, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.05

Abstract



The levels of 13 different metals (Mg, P, K, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Se, Al, Cr, As, Cd and Pb) in mantle and arm tissues of Octopus vulgaris species, which were caught from Mersin Bay in winter, spring and summer seasons, were determined. The results were compared between the tissues and seasons. Potential health risks of consumption of common octopus, which is an economically important species, were evaluated with the possibility that adult and child consumers will consume common octopus 1, 3 or 5 days a week. In this context, Estimated Weekly Intake Level (EWI), non-carcinogenic Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) and Lifetime Carcinogenic Risk (CR) were determined. Pb level was found to be above the limit level determined by FAO, EU and Turkish Food Codex. EWI values were found to be below the PTWI values determined by EFSA and FAO / WHO. THQ and ∑THQ values, which are indicative of non-cancer health risks for consumers, were determined as <1. In terms of carcinogenic risk, it was determined that these values (> 10-5) for As, Cr and Cd elements pose a carcinogenic risk to the consumer, but Pb values do not pose a risk.


References

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  • Arechavala-Lopez, P., Capó, X., Oliver-Codorniú, M., Sillero-Rios, J., Busquets-Cortés, C., Sanchez-Jerez, P., & Sureda, A. (2019). Fatty acids and elemental composition as biomarkers of Octopus vulgaris populations: Does origin matter?. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 139, 299-310. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.12.048
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Rigestry), 2017. Priority List ofHazardous Substances. Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
  • Ayas, D. (2012). Seasonal variations of fat and fatty acid composition in muscle tissues of Mediterranean octopuses. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11(4), 724-731.
  • Bañón, R., Otero, J., Campelos-Álvarez, J. M., Garazo, A., & Alonso-Fernández, A. (2018). The traditional small-scale octopus trap fishery off the Galician coast (Northeastern Atlantic): Historical notes and current fishery dynamics. Fisheries Research, 206, 115-128. DOI:10.1016/j.fishres.2018.05.005
  • Barone, G., Storelli, A., Garofalo, R., Busco, V. P., Quaglia, N. C., Centrone, G., & Storelli, M. M. (2015). Assessment of mercury and cadmium via seafood consumption in Italy: estimated dietary intake (EWI) and target hazard quotient (THQ). Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, 32(8), 1277-1286. DOI:10.1080/19440049.2015.1055594
  • Canli, M., & Atli, G. (2003). The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution, 121(1), 129-136. DOI:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00194-X
  • Castro-González, M. I., & Méndez-Armenta, M. (2008). Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 26(3), 263-271. DOI:10.1016/j.etap.2008.06.001
  • Copat, C., Arena, G., Fiore, M., Ledda, C., Fallico, R., Sciacca, S., & Ferrante, M. (2013). Heavy metals concentrations in fish and shellfish from eastern Mediterranean Sea: consumption advisories. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 53, 33-37. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2012.11.038
  • De Luca, D., Catanese, G., Procaccini, G., & Fiorito, G. (2016). Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) in the Mediterranean Sea: Genetic diversity and population structure. Plos One, 11(2), e0149496. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0149496
  • Durmuş, M., Kosker, A. R., Ozogul, Y., Aydin, M., UÇar, Y., Ayas, D., & Ozogul, F. (2018). The effects of sex and season on the metal levels and proximate composition of red mullet (Mullus barbatus Linnaeus 1758) caught from the Middle Black Sea. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 24(3), 731-742. DOI:10.1080/10807039.2017.1398071
  • EC. (2006). European Union Commission regulation (1881/2006), maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. The Official Journal of the European Union 50:5–14
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  • EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). (2011). Statement on tolerable weekly intake for cadmium. EFSA Journal, 9(2), 1975.
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  • JECFA (2011). Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: Seventyfourth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO technical report series no. 966. Rome, Italy
  • Katsanevakis, S., & Verriopoulos, G. (2004). Abundance of Octopus vulgaris on soft sediment. Scientia Marina, 68(4), 553-560. DOI:10.3989/scimar.2004.68n4553
  • Kosker, A. R., Ozogul, F., Ayas, D., Durmus, M., & Ucar, Y. (2019). Elemental composition of pufferfish species from Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 191(6), 334. DOI:10.1007/s10661-019-7469-1
  • Küçüksezgin, F. (1999). Trace metal concentrations in marine organisms from the Eastern Aegean, Turkey (No. IAEA-TECDOC--1094).
  • Külcü, A. M., Ayas, D., Köşker, A. R., & YATKIN, K. (2014). The Investigation of metal and mineral levels of some marine species from the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Biology and Oceanography 3, 2, 2. DOI:10.4172/2324-8661.1000127
  • Li, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, H., Ma, W., Han, Q., Diao, X., & Xue, Q. (2015). Concentration distribution and potential health risk of heavy metals in Mactra veneriformis from Bohai Bay, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 97(1-2), 528-534. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.05.017
  • Miramand, P., & Guary, J. C. (1980). High concentrations of some heavy metals in tissues of the Mediterranean octopus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 24(1), 783-788.
  • Napoleão, P., Pinheiro, T., & Reis, C. S. (2005). Elemental characterization of tissues of Octopus vulgaris along the Portuguese coast. Science of The Total Environment, 345(1-3), 41-49. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.10.026
  • Nessim, R. B., & Riad, R. (2003). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Octopus vulgaris from coastal waters of Alexandria (Eastern Mediterranean). Chemistry and Ecology, 19(4), 275-281. DOI:10.1080/02757540310001595907
  • Ozogul, Y., Duysak, O., Ozogul, F., Özkütük, A. S., & Türeli, C. (2008). Seasonal effects in the nutritional quality of the body structural tissue of cephalopods. Food Chemistry, 108(3), 847-852. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.11.048
  • Sangiuliano, D., Rubio, C., Gutiérrez, A. J., González-Weller, D., Revert, C., Hardisson, A., ... & Paz, S. (2017). Metal concentrations in samples of frozen cephalopods (cuttlefish, octopus, squid, and shortfin squid): an evaluation of dietary intake. Journal of Food Protection, 80(11), 1867-1871. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-17-184
  • Storelli, M. M. (2009). Intake of essential minerals and metals via consumption of seafood from the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Food Protection, 72(5), 1116-1120. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X-72.5.1116
  • Storelli, M. M., Normanno, G., Barone, G., Dambrosio, A., Errico, L., Garofalo, R., & Giacominelli-Stuffler, R. (2012). Toxic metals (Hg, Cd, and Pb) in fishery products imported into Italy: suitability for human consumption. Journal of Food Protection, 75(1), 189-194. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-212
  • Şen, H. (2006). Ahtapot (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) Yetiştiriciliği. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 23(1), 207-213.
  • TGK (Türk Gıda Kodeksi). 2011. Türk Gıda Kodeksi Bulaşanlar Yönetmeliği. Erişim 30 Eylül 2019. http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/yonetmelik/7.5.15692-ek.doc
  • Traina, A., Bono, G., Bonsignore, M., Falco, F., Giuga, M., Quinci, E. M., ... & Sprovieri, M. (2019). Heavy metals concentrations in some commercially key species from Sicilian coasts (Mediterranean Sea): Potential human health risk estimation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 168, 466-478. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.10.056
  • USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2019). Regional screening levels (RSLs) – equations. https://www.epa.gov/risk/regional-screening-levels-rsls-equations
  • USEPA (US Environmental Protection Agency). (2000). Guidance for Assessing Chemical Contaminant Data for Use in Fish Advisories, Volume II. Risk Assessment and Fish Consumption Limits. EPA 823-B-00-008. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
  • Yazkan, M., Özdemir, F., & Gölükcü, M. (2004). Antalya Körfezinde Avlanan Bazi Yumusakçalar ve Karideste Cu, Zn Pb ve Cd Içerigi. Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, 28(1).
  • Zlatanos, S., Laskaridis, K., Feist, C., & Sagredos, A. (2006). Proximate composition, fatty acid analysis and protein digestibility‐corrected amino acid score of three Mediterranean cephalopods. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 50(10), 967-970. DOI:10.1002/mnfr.200600003

Ahtapotun (Octopus vulgaris) metal düzeylerinin değerlendirilmesi: sağlık riskleri tahmini

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 237 - 244, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.05

Abstract



Mersin Körfezi’nden kış, ilkbahar ve yaz mevsimlerinde avlanan Octopus vulgaris türü ahtapotun manto ve kol dokularındaki 13 farklı metalin (Mg, P, K, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Se, Al, Cr, As, Cd ve Pb) düzeyleri belirlenmiştir. Bulguların dokular ve mevsimler arası karşılaştırmaları yapılmıştır. Ekonomik açıdan önemli bir tür olan ahtapotların tüketiminin tüketici sağlığı açısından olası riskleri, yetişkin ve çocuk tüketicilerin öğünlerinde haftada 1, 3 ya da 5 gün ahtapot tüketmeleri olasılıkları doğrultusunda değerlendirilmiştir. Bu kapsamda Haftalık Tahmini Alım Düzeyi (EWI), kanserojen olmayan Hedef Tehlike Oranı (THQ) ve Yaşam Boyu Kanserojen Riski (CR) hesaplamaları yapılmıştır. Pb düzeyinin FAO, AB ve Türk Gıda Kodeksi tarafından belirlenen limit düzeyin üzerinde olduğu tespit edilmiştir. EWI değerlerinin, EFSA ve FAO/WHO tarafından belirlenen PTWI değerlerinin altında olduğu belirlenmiştir. Tüketici açısından kanser dışı sağlık risklerinin göstergesi olan THQ ve ∑THQ değerlerinin <1 belirlenmiştir. Kanserojen risk açısından As, Cr ve Cd elementleri için bu değerlerin (>10-5) tüketici için kanserojen risk teşkil ettiği ancak Pb değerlerinin risk teşkil etmediği belirlenmiştir.


References

  • Andaloro, F., Romeo, T., Renzi, M., Guerranti, C., Perra, G., Consoli, P., ... & Focardi, S. E. (2012). Alteration of potential harmful elements levels in sediments and biota from the central Mediterranean Sea (Aeolian Archipelago) following an episode of intense volcanic activity. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184(7), 4035-4047. DOI:10.1007/s10661-011-2242-0.
  • Arechavala-Lopez, P., Capó, X., Oliver-Codorniú, M., Sillero-Rios, J., Busquets-Cortés, C., Sanchez-Jerez, P., & Sureda, A. (2019). Fatty acids and elemental composition as biomarkers of Octopus vulgaris populations: Does origin matter?. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 139, 299-310. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.12.048
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Rigestry), 2017. Priority List ofHazardous Substances. Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
  • Ayas, D. (2012). Seasonal variations of fat and fatty acid composition in muscle tissues of Mediterranean octopuses. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11(4), 724-731.
  • Bañón, R., Otero, J., Campelos-Álvarez, J. M., Garazo, A., & Alonso-Fernández, A. (2018). The traditional small-scale octopus trap fishery off the Galician coast (Northeastern Atlantic): Historical notes and current fishery dynamics. Fisheries Research, 206, 115-128. DOI:10.1016/j.fishres.2018.05.005
  • Barone, G., Storelli, A., Garofalo, R., Busco, V. P., Quaglia, N. C., Centrone, G., & Storelli, M. M. (2015). Assessment of mercury and cadmium via seafood consumption in Italy: estimated dietary intake (EWI) and target hazard quotient (THQ). Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, 32(8), 1277-1286. DOI:10.1080/19440049.2015.1055594
  • Canli, M., & Atli, G. (2003). The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution, 121(1), 129-136. DOI:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00194-X
  • Castro-González, M. I., & Méndez-Armenta, M. (2008). Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 26(3), 263-271. DOI:10.1016/j.etap.2008.06.001
  • Copat, C., Arena, G., Fiore, M., Ledda, C., Fallico, R., Sciacca, S., & Ferrante, M. (2013). Heavy metals concentrations in fish and shellfish from eastern Mediterranean Sea: consumption advisories. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 53, 33-37. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2012.11.038
  • De Luca, D., Catanese, G., Procaccini, G., & Fiorito, G. (2016). Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) in the Mediterranean Sea: Genetic diversity and population structure. Plos One, 11(2), e0149496. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0149496
  • Durmuş, M., Kosker, A. R., Ozogul, Y., Aydin, M., UÇar, Y., Ayas, D., & Ozogul, F. (2018). The effects of sex and season on the metal levels and proximate composition of red mullet (Mullus barbatus Linnaeus 1758) caught from the Middle Black Sea. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 24(3), 731-742. DOI:10.1080/10807039.2017.1398071
  • EC. (2006). European Union Commission regulation (1881/2006), maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. The Official Journal of the European Union 50:5–14
  • EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). (2009). Scientific Opinion on arsenic in food. EFSA Journal, 7(10), 1351.
  • EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). (2011). Statement on tolerable weekly intake for cadmium. EFSA Journal, 9(2), 1975.
  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (2013). Scientific opinion of the panel on contaminants in the food chain on a request from the European Commission on lead in food. EFSA J. 8 (4), 1570.
  • FAO (Food Agrıculture Organization). (2019). Octopus vulgaris (Lamarck, 1798). http://www.fao.org/fishery/species/3571/en
  • FAO/WHO. (2011). Food Standards Programme Codex Committee on Contaminants in Foods. Fifth Session Codex Alimentarius Commission, The Hague, The Netherlands USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) (2019b) Regional screening level (RSL) summary table (TR=1E-06 THQ=1.0). https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197414.pdf
  • JECFA. (2010). Joint FAO/WHO Expert committee on food additives. Seventy-second meeting. Rome, 16–25 February 2010. Summary and conclusions. JECFA/72/SC. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations World Health Organization. Issued 16th March 2010
  • JECFA (2011). Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: Seventyfourth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO technical report series no. 966. Rome, Italy
  • Katsanevakis, S., & Verriopoulos, G. (2004). Abundance of Octopus vulgaris on soft sediment. Scientia Marina, 68(4), 553-560. DOI:10.3989/scimar.2004.68n4553
  • Kosker, A. R., Ozogul, F., Ayas, D., Durmus, M., & Ucar, Y. (2019). Elemental composition of pufferfish species from Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 191(6), 334. DOI:10.1007/s10661-019-7469-1
  • Küçüksezgin, F. (1999). Trace metal concentrations in marine organisms from the Eastern Aegean, Turkey (No. IAEA-TECDOC--1094).
  • Külcü, A. M., Ayas, D., Köşker, A. R., & YATKIN, K. (2014). The Investigation of metal and mineral levels of some marine species from the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Biology and Oceanography 3, 2, 2. DOI:10.4172/2324-8661.1000127
  • Li, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, H., Ma, W., Han, Q., Diao, X., & Xue, Q. (2015). Concentration distribution and potential health risk of heavy metals in Mactra veneriformis from Bohai Bay, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 97(1-2), 528-534. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.05.017
  • Miramand, P., & Guary, J. C. (1980). High concentrations of some heavy metals in tissues of the Mediterranean octopus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 24(1), 783-788.
  • Napoleão, P., Pinheiro, T., & Reis, C. S. (2005). Elemental characterization of tissues of Octopus vulgaris along the Portuguese coast. Science of The Total Environment, 345(1-3), 41-49. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.10.026
  • Nessim, R. B., & Riad, R. (2003). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Octopus vulgaris from coastal waters of Alexandria (Eastern Mediterranean). Chemistry and Ecology, 19(4), 275-281. DOI:10.1080/02757540310001595907
  • Ozogul, Y., Duysak, O., Ozogul, F., Özkütük, A. S., & Türeli, C. (2008). Seasonal effects in the nutritional quality of the body structural tissue of cephalopods. Food Chemistry, 108(3), 847-852. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.11.048
  • Sangiuliano, D., Rubio, C., Gutiérrez, A. J., González-Weller, D., Revert, C., Hardisson, A., ... & Paz, S. (2017). Metal concentrations in samples of frozen cephalopods (cuttlefish, octopus, squid, and shortfin squid): an evaluation of dietary intake. Journal of Food Protection, 80(11), 1867-1871. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-17-184
  • Storelli, M. M. (2009). Intake of essential minerals and metals via consumption of seafood from the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Food Protection, 72(5), 1116-1120. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X-72.5.1116
  • Storelli, M. M., Normanno, G., Barone, G., Dambrosio, A., Errico, L., Garofalo, R., & Giacominelli-Stuffler, R. (2012). Toxic metals (Hg, Cd, and Pb) in fishery products imported into Italy: suitability for human consumption. Journal of Food Protection, 75(1), 189-194. DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-212
  • Şen, H. (2006). Ahtapot (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) Yetiştiriciliği. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 23(1), 207-213.
  • TGK (Türk Gıda Kodeksi). 2011. Türk Gıda Kodeksi Bulaşanlar Yönetmeliği. Erişim 30 Eylül 2019. http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/yonetmelik/7.5.15692-ek.doc
  • Traina, A., Bono, G., Bonsignore, M., Falco, F., Giuga, M., Quinci, E. M., ... & Sprovieri, M. (2019). Heavy metals concentrations in some commercially key species from Sicilian coasts (Mediterranean Sea): Potential human health risk estimation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 168, 466-478. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.10.056
  • USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2019). Regional screening levels (RSLs) – equations. https://www.epa.gov/risk/regional-screening-levels-rsls-equations
  • USEPA (US Environmental Protection Agency). (2000). Guidance for Assessing Chemical Contaminant Data for Use in Fish Advisories, Volume II. Risk Assessment and Fish Consumption Limits. EPA 823-B-00-008. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
  • Yazkan, M., Özdemir, F., & Gölükcü, M. (2004). Antalya Körfezinde Avlanan Bazi Yumusakçalar ve Karideste Cu, Zn Pb ve Cd Içerigi. Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, 28(1).
  • Zlatanos, S., Laskaridis, K., Feist, C., & Sagredos, A. (2006). Proximate composition, fatty acid analysis and protein digestibility‐corrected amino acid score of three Mediterranean cephalopods. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 50(10), 967-970. DOI:10.1002/mnfr.200600003

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ali Rıza KOŞKER (Primary Author)
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4807-3546
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2020
Application Date October 7, 2019
Acceptance Date March 11, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3

Cite

APA Koşker, A. R. (2020). Ahtapotun (Octopus vulgaris) metal düzeylerinin değerlendirilmesi: sağlık riskleri tahmini . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (3) , 237-244 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.3.05