Research Article
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Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 223 - 228, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.03

Abstract

References

  • Agboola, W.L. (2011). Improving fish farming productivity towards achieving food security in Osun State, Nigeria: A Socio-economic analysis. Annals of Biological Research, 2(3): 62 - 74Anyawu-Akeredolu, B. (2005). Urban aquaculture in Nigeria. World Aquaculture Society. Annual Report.www.was.org/meetings/abstract data.Biummett, R. E., Yonaleu, J. L. N., Tian, A., & Kenmegne, M (2010). Women’s traditional fishery and alternative aquatic resource livelihood strategies in the Southern Cameroonian Rain Forest. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 17: 221 – 230.Dada, R.V. (2004). Profitability of artisanal fish farming in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos State. Unpublished B.Tech. Thesis, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Ogbomoso Oyo State Nigeria.Ezeh, C. I., Anene, A. &. Anya, I. P (2008). The socio-economic and profitability of pond catfish production system in Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Food and Fibre Production, 1(1): 127 – 136.Fagbenro, O. A., (2005). Aquaculture in Nigeria: history, status and prospects. A report of FAO World Fish Centre Workshop. Cameroon.
  • FAO, (2006). Fisheries management in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. www.fao.org/fi/fcp/en/NGA/body, retrieved on January 13, 2006.
  • FDF, (2008). Fisheries Statistics of Nigeria. Fourth edition, 1995 – 2007, Nigeria pp. 48Inoni, O. E., & Oyaide, W. J. (2007). Socio-economic analysis of artisanal fishing in the South Agro-ecological zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Agricultura Tropical et Subtropica, 40(4): 135 – 149. Maroyi, A. (2009). Traditional home gardens and rural livelihoods in Nhema, Zimbabwe: a sustainable agroforestry system. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 16(1), 1–8.Mutume, G., (2002). Africa seeks to safeguard its fisheries. Africa Recovery, 16 (1):12.
  • Nawrotzki, R. J., Robson, K., Gutilla, M. J., Hunter, L. M., Twine, W., Norlund, P. (2013). Exploring the impact of the 2008 global food crisis on food security among vulnerable households in rural South Africa. Food Security, 6: 283–297.
  • New Partnership for African Development, (NEPAD) (2005). Action plan for the development of African fisheries and aquaculture. Report of NEPAD Fish for All Summit, Abuja.Nwosu, C. S., & Onyeneke, R. U. (2013). Effect of productive inputs of pond fish production on the output of fish in Owerri Agricultural zone of Imo State, Nigeria. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2 (1): 23 – 28.Okwu, O. J., & Acheneje, S (2011). Socio economic analysis of fish farming in Makurdi, Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria. European Journal of Social Sciences 23(4): 508 – 519.Olaoye, O. J., Awotunde, J. M., Onifade, O. T., Akintayo, I. A., & Agunbiade, D (2015). Assessment of youth attitude towards fish production in Abeokuta metropolis, Ogun State, Nigeria. International Journal Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 7(1): 24 – 31.Osondu, C. K., & Ijioma, J. C. (2014). Analysis of profitability and production determinants of fish farming in Umuahia capital territory of Abia State, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(7): 168 – 176. Sunwar, S., Thornstrom, C., Subedi, A., Bystrom, M. (2006). Home gardens in western Nepal: opportunities and challenges for on-farm management of agrobiodiversity. Biodiversity Conservation, 15, 4211–4238.Ugwumba, C.O.A., & Chukwuji, C.O (2010). The economics of catfish production in Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 6(4): 105-109.Yusuf, S. A., Ashiru, A. M., & Adewuyi, S. A. (2002). Economics of fish farming in Ibadan Metropolis. Tropical Journal of Animal Science, 5(2): 81 – 88.

Backyard fish farm features and farmers personal characteristics as correlates of profitability of aquaculture in Nigeria

Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3, 223 - 228, 15.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.37.3.03

Abstract



The purpose of this investigation was to deepen understanding of how farmer personal features and farm characteristics affect the profitability of backyard fish farms in south- south Nigeria. In order to achieve the aim of the study, primary data were collected on farmer and farm-based variables, using questionnaire from randomly selected fish farmers in 2018. Nested regression models were estimated to evaluate the separate and combined effects of farmer and farm characteristics of profitability. The results indicates that the mean age was 41 years, 84.4% of them were male and majority (90.0%) had secondary education and above. The mean farming experience was 8 years with mean household size of 9 persons. The findings revealed that backyard fish farming was profitable with a total revenue of N2, 233,800 (6111.63 USD), a total cost of N1, 404,280 (3842.08 USD) with a net income of N829520 (2269.55 USD) and BCR of 1.59. The benefit-cost ratio (BCR) of 1.59 implies that every N1.00 invested in backyard fish farming will yield additional income of N0.59k. The result shows that backyard fish farms profitability responds positively to farmers personal characteristics (age, years of experience, gender, education and family size). Farmer personal characteristics significantly and jointly explained 37% variation in profitability. Farm characteristics (stocking density and fertilizer) significantly and positively (p<0.05) influenced profitability of backyard fish farms. The most important cost factors that negatively affected profitability are unit cost of feeds, fingerlings and water supply. It was recommended that backyard fish farmers should increase stock size, acquire more education as human capital development and form cooperative societies to address the constraint of inadequate access to credit facilities.


References

  • Agboola, W.L. (2011). Improving fish farming productivity towards achieving food security in Osun State, Nigeria: A Socio-economic analysis. Annals of Biological Research, 2(3): 62 - 74Anyawu-Akeredolu, B. (2005). Urban aquaculture in Nigeria. World Aquaculture Society. Annual Report.www.was.org/meetings/abstract data.Biummett, R. E., Yonaleu, J. L. N., Tian, A., & Kenmegne, M (2010). Women’s traditional fishery and alternative aquatic resource livelihood strategies in the Southern Cameroonian Rain Forest. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 17: 221 – 230.Dada, R.V. (2004). Profitability of artisanal fish farming in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos State. Unpublished B.Tech. Thesis, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Ogbomoso Oyo State Nigeria.Ezeh, C. I., Anene, A. &. Anya, I. P (2008). The socio-economic and profitability of pond catfish production system in Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Food and Fibre Production, 1(1): 127 – 136.Fagbenro, O. A., (2005). Aquaculture in Nigeria: history, status and prospects. A report of FAO World Fish Centre Workshop. Cameroon.
  • FAO, (2006). Fisheries management in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. www.fao.org/fi/fcp/en/NGA/body, retrieved on January 13, 2006.
  • FDF, (2008). Fisheries Statistics of Nigeria. Fourth edition, 1995 – 2007, Nigeria pp. 48Inoni, O. E., & Oyaide, W. J. (2007). Socio-economic analysis of artisanal fishing in the South Agro-ecological zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Agricultura Tropical et Subtropica, 40(4): 135 – 149. Maroyi, A. (2009). Traditional home gardens and rural livelihoods in Nhema, Zimbabwe: a sustainable agroforestry system. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 16(1), 1–8.Mutume, G., (2002). Africa seeks to safeguard its fisheries. Africa Recovery, 16 (1):12.
  • Nawrotzki, R. J., Robson, K., Gutilla, M. J., Hunter, L. M., Twine, W., Norlund, P. (2013). Exploring the impact of the 2008 global food crisis on food security among vulnerable households in rural South Africa. Food Security, 6: 283–297.
  • New Partnership for African Development, (NEPAD) (2005). Action plan for the development of African fisheries and aquaculture. Report of NEPAD Fish for All Summit, Abuja.Nwosu, C. S., & Onyeneke, R. U. (2013). Effect of productive inputs of pond fish production on the output of fish in Owerri Agricultural zone of Imo State, Nigeria. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2 (1): 23 – 28.Okwu, O. J., & Acheneje, S (2011). Socio economic analysis of fish farming in Makurdi, Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria. European Journal of Social Sciences 23(4): 508 – 519.Olaoye, O. J., Awotunde, J. M., Onifade, O. T., Akintayo, I. A., & Agunbiade, D (2015). Assessment of youth attitude towards fish production in Abeokuta metropolis, Ogun State, Nigeria. International Journal Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 7(1): 24 – 31.Osondu, C. K., & Ijioma, J. C. (2014). Analysis of profitability and production determinants of fish farming in Umuahia capital territory of Abia State, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(7): 168 – 176. Sunwar, S., Thornstrom, C., Subedi, A., Bystrom, M. (2006). Home gardens in western Nepal: opportunities and challenges for on-farm management of agrobiodiversity. Biodiversity Conservation, 15, 4211–4238.Ugwumba, C.O.A., & Chukwuji, C.O (2010). The economics of catfish production in Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 6(4): 105-109.Yusuf, S. A., Ashiru, A. M., & Adewuyi, S. A. (2002). Economics of fish farming in Ibadan Metropolis. Tropical Journal of Animal Science, 5(2): 81 – 88.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Fisheries
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Theophilus Miebi GBIGBI (Primary Author)
DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ASABA CAMPUS ASABA
0000-0002-1335-7231
Nigeria


Felix, Odemero ACHOJA This is me
DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ASABA CAMPUS ASABA
0000-0002-9705-4923
Nigeria

Publication Date September 15, 2020
Application Date August 30, 2019
Acceptance Date March 8, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 37, Issue 3

Cite

APA Gbıgbı, T. M. & Achoja, F. O. (2020). Backyard fish farm features and farmers personal characteristics as correlates of profitability of aquaculture in Nigeria . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 37 (3) , 223-228 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.37.3.03