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Effects of nitrogen sources and concentration on the growth and pigment composition of the Nannochloropsis oculata (Droop, 1955) (Eustigmatophyceae).

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 01.09.2006

Abstract

References

  • Brown, M.R., S.W. Jeffrey, C.D. Garland, (1989), Nutritional aspects of microalgae used in mariculture: a literature review. CSIRO Mar. Lab. Rep. 205, 44.
  • Fidalgo, J.P., A. Cid, J. Abalde, C. Herrero, (1995), Culture of the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum with different nitrogen sources: growth, nutrient conversion and biochemical composition. Cah. Biol. Mar. 36, 165–173.
  • Gladu, P.K., G.W. Patterson, G.H. Wikfors, B.C. Smith, (1995), Sterol, fatty acid, and pigment characteristics of UTEX 2341, a marine eustigmatophyte identified previously as Chlorella minutissima (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 31, 774–777.
  • Gouveia, L., E. Gomes, J. Empis, (1997), Use of Chlorella vulgaris in diets for rainbow trout to enhance pigmentation of muscle. J. Appl. Aquaculture 7: 61-70.
  • Gökpınar, Ş., (1991), Effect of change of temperature on inorganic nitrogen assimilation of five important sea flagellat in aquaculture. (Doktora Tezi). Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Enstitüsü, sayfa,88 (in Turkish).
  • Grobbelaar, J.U., (2000), Physiological and technological considerations for optimising mass algal cultures. J Appl Phycol 12:201–206.
  • Guillard, R.R.L., (1975), Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrate. In: Smith, W.L., Chanley, M.H. (Eds.), Culture of Marine Invertebrates Animals. Plenum, New York, pp. 296–360.
  • Hu, Qiang., (2004), Environmental effects on cell composition, in Handbook of microalgal culture: Biotechnology and applied phycology, Richmond, A. (Eds) Blackwell publishing company, pp. 83-93.
  • Levasseur, M., P.A. Thompson, P.J. Harrison, (1993), Physiological acclimation of marine phytoplankton to different nitrogen sources. J. Phycol. 29, 587–595.
  • Lourenco, S., E. Barbarino, J. Mancini-Filho, K. Schinke, E. Aidar, (2002), Effects of different nitrogen sources on the growth and biochemical profile of 10 marine microalgae in batch culture: An evaluation for aquaculture. Phycologia, 41: 158-168.
  • Lubián, LM, O. Montero, I. Moreno-Garrido, I.E. Huertas, C. Sobrino, M. Gonzales-del Valle, G. Pares, (2000), Nannochloropsis (Eustigmatophyceae) as source of commercially valuable pigments. J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 249–255.
  • Lubzens, E., O. Gibson, O. Zmora, A. Sukenik, (1995), Potential advantages of frozen algae (Nannochloropsis sp.) for rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis) culture. Aquaculture 133, 295–309.
  • Marín, N., F. Morales, C. Lodeiros, E. Tamigneaux, (1998), Effect of nitrate concentration on growth and pigment synthesis of Dunaliella salina cultivated under low illumination and preadapted to different salinities. J. Appl. Phycol. 10: 405–411.
  • Maruyama, I., T. Nakamura, T. Matsubayashi, Y. Ando, T. Naeda, (1986), Identification of the alga known as ‘marine chlorella’ as a member of the Eustigmatophyceae. Jap. J. Phyco. 34: 319-325.
  • Richmond, A., (2000), Microalgal biotechnology at the turn of the millennium: A personal view. J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 441–451.
  • Rodolfi, L., G.C. Zittelli, L. Barsanti, G. Rosati, M.R. Tredici, (2003), Growth medium recycling in Nannochloropsis sp. mass cultivation. Biomol. Eng. 20: 243-248.
  • Sánchez M.D., C. Mantell, M. Rodríguez, E. Martínez de la Ossa, L.M. Lubián, O. Montero, (2005), Supercritical fluid extraction of carotenoids and chlorophyll a from Nannochloropsis gaditana. J. Food Eng. 66: 245– 251.
  • Shifrin, N.S., S.W. Chisholm, (1981), Phytoplankton lipids: interspecific differences and effects of nitrate, silicate and lightdark cycles. J. Phycol. 17:372–84.
  • Sukenik, A., Y. Carmeli, T. Berner, (1989), Regulation of fatty acid composition by irradiance level in the Eustigmatophyte Nannochloropsis sp. J. Phycol. 25: 686–692.
  • Valenzuela-Espinoza, E., R. Millán-Nşñez, F. Nşñez-Cebrero, (1999), Biomass production and nutrient uptake by Isochrysis aff. galbana (Clone T-ISO) culture with a low cost alternative to the f/2 medium. Aquacult. Eng. 20, 135–147.
  • Volkman, J.K., M.R. Brown, G.A. Dunstan, S.W. Jeffrey, (1993), The biochemical composition of marine microalgae from the class Eustigmatophyceae. J. Phycol. 29: 69–78.
  • Xu, N., X. Zhang, X. Fan, L. Han, C. Zeng, (2001), Effects of nitrogen source and concentration on growth rate and fatty acid composition of Ellipsoidion sp. (Eustigmatophyta). J. Appl. Phycol. 13: 463–469.
  • Zar, J.H., (1999), Biostatistical Analysis. Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 4th Edition. cap 12, USA. 231-272.
  • Ziegler, R.G., E.A. Colavito, P. Hartge, M.J. McAdams, J.B. Schoenberg, T.J. Mason, J.F.J. Fraumeni, (1996), Importance of a-carotene, b-carotene and other phytochemicals in the etiology of lung cancer. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 88, 612–615.
  • Zittelli G., L. Rodolfi M.R. Tredici, (2004), Industrial production of microalgal cell-mass and secondary products- species of high potential, in Handbook of microalgal culture: Biotechnology and applied phycology, Richmond, A. (Eds) Blackwell publishing company, pp. 298-303.
  • Zou, N. A. Richmond, (2000), Light-path length and population density in photoacclimation of Nannochloropsis sp. (Eustigmatophyceae). J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 349–354.

Azot Kaynakları ve Konsantrasyonlarının Nannochloropsis oculata (Droop, 1955) (Eustigmatophyceae)'nın Büyüme ve Pigment Komposizyonuna Etkisi.

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3, 01.09.2006

Abstract

Azot kaynakları ve konsantrasyonlarının Nannochloropsis oculata türünün karotenoidler ve klorofil a üretimi üzerine etkileri incelendi. N. oculata, laboratuvarda 2 L’lik erlenlerde, F/2 besin ortamı ile zenginleştirilmiş steril deniz suyunda yığın kültürleri yapıldı (Tuzluluk % 2.5). Kültürler 18±1ºC sabit sıcaklıkta tutuldu. Azot kaynakları olarak sodyum nitrat, amonyum klorür ve üre olarak kullanıldı. Azot kaynakları besin ortamlarına 882 ve 441 µmol L-1 konsantrasyonlar kullanıldı. Denemeler sonunda β-Karoten, klorofil-a, klorofil-b, violaksantin, kantaksantin, astaksantin, vokeriyaksantin ve zeaksantin N.oculata’da ana pigmentler olarak TLC yöntemi ile saptandı. Toplam karotenoidler ve klorofil a düzeyleri bakımından en yüksek değerler 882 µmol L-1 NO3- -N ile hazırlanan besin ortamında ilk alınan örneklerde elde edildi (değerler sırasıyla, 4.17±0.37 mg g-1 dw ve 12.42±1.08 mg gdw ). N. oculata türü için inorganik azot kaynaklarından NO-N ve NH4+-N ile büyüme ve biyokimyasal yapısı açısından benzer sonuçlar elde edildi. Fakat üre-N’nun bu tür için uygun kaynak olmadığı tespit edildi

References

  • Brown, M.R., S.W. Jeffrey, C.D. Garland, (1989), Nutritional aspects of microalgae used in mariculture: a literature review. CSIRO Mar. Lab. Rep. 205, 44.
  • Fidalgo, J.P., A. Cid, J. Abalde, C. Herrero, (1995), Culture of the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum with different nitrogen sources: growth, nutrient conversion and biochemical composition. Cah. Biol. Mar. 36, 165–173.
  • Gladu, P.K., G.W. Patterson, G.H. Wikfors, B.C. Smith, (1995), Sterol, fatty acid, and pigment characteristics of UTEX 2341, a marine eustigmatophyte identified previously as Chlorella minutissima (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 31, 774–777.
  • Gouveia, L., E. Gomes, J. Empis, (1997), Use of Chlorella vulgaris in diets for rainbow trout to enhance pigmentation of muscle. J. Appl. Aquaculture 7: 61-70.
  • Gökpınar, Ş., (1991), Effect of change of temperature on inorganic nitrogen assimilation of five important sea flagellat in aquaculture. (Doktora Tezi). Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Enstitüsü, sayfa,88 (in Turkish).
  • Grobbelaar, J.U., (2000), Physiological and technological considerations for optimising mass algal cultures. J Appl Phycol 12:201–206.
  • Guillard, R.R.L., (1975), Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrate. In: Smith, W.L., Chanley, M.H. (Eds.), Culture of Marine Invertebrates Animals. Plenum, New York, pp. 296–360.
  • Hu, Qiang., (2004), Environmental effects on cell composition, in Handbook of microalgal culture: Biotechnology and applied phycology, Richmond, A. (Eds) Blackwell publishing company, pp. 83-93.
  • Levasseur, M., P.A. Thompson, P.J. Harrison, (1993), Physiological acclimation of marine phytoplankton to different nitrogen sources. J. Phycol. 29, 587–595.
  • Lourenco, S., E. Barbarino, J. Mancini-Filho, K. Schinke, E. Aidar, (2002), Effects of different nitrogen sources on the growth and biochemical profile of 10 marine microalgae in batch culture: An evaluation for aquaculture. Phycologia, 41: 158-168.
  • Lubián, LM, O. Montero, I. Moreno-Garrido, I.E. Huertas, C. Sobrino, M. Gonzales-del Valle, G. Pares, (2000), Nannochloropsis (Eustigmatophyceae) as source of commercially valuable pigments. J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 249–255.
  • Lubzens, E., O. Gibson, O. Zmora, A. Sukenik, (1995), Potential advantages of frozen algae (Nannochloropsis sp.) for rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis) culture. Aquaculture 133, 295–309.
  • Marín, N., F. Morales, C. Lodeiros, E. Tamigneaux, (1998), Effect of nitrate concentration on growth and pigment synthesis of Dunaliella salina cultivated under low illumination and preadapted to different salinities. J. Appl. Phycol. 10: 405–411.
  • Maruyama, I., T. Nakamura, T. Matsubayashi, Y. Ando, T. Naeda, (1986), Identification of the alga known as ‘marine chlorella’ as a member of the Eustigmatophyceae. Jap. J. Phyco. 34: 319-325.
  • Richmond, A., (2000), Microalgal biotechnology at the turn of the millennium: A personal view. J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 441–451.
  • Rodolfi, L., G.C. Zittelli, L. Barsanti, G. Rosati, M.R. Tredici, (2003), Growth medium recycling in Nannochloropsis sp. mass cultivation. Biomol. Eng. 20: 243-248.
  • Sánchez M.D., C. Mantell, M. Rodríguez, E. Martínez de la Ossa, L.M. Lubián, O. Montero, (2005), Supercritical fluid extraction of carotenoids and chlorophyll a from Nannochloropsis gaditana. J. Food Eng. 66: 245– 251.
  • Shifrin, N.S., S.W. Chisholm, (1981), Phytoplankton lipids: interspecific differences and effects of nitrate, silicate and lightdark cycles. J. Phycol. 17:372–84.
  • Sukenik, A., Y. Carmeli, T. Berner, (1989), Regulation of fatty acid composition by irradiance level in the Eustigmatophyte Nannochloropsis sp. J. Phycol. 25: 686–692.
  • Valenzuela-Espinoza, E., R. Millán-Nşñez, F. Nşñez-Cebrero, (1999), Biomass production and nutrient uptake by Isochrysis aff. galbana (Clone T-ISO) culture with a low cost alternative to the f/2 medium. Aquacult. Eng. 20, 135–147.
  • Volkman, J.K., M.R. Brown, G.A. Dunstan, S.W. Jeffrey, (1993), The biochemical composition of marine microalgae from the class Eustigmatophyceae. J. Phycol. 29: 69–78.
  • Xu, N., X. Zhang, X. Fan, L. Han, C. Zeng, (2001), Effects of nitrogen source and concentration on growth rate and fatty acid composition of Ellipsoidion sp. (Eustigmatophyta). J. Appl. Phycol. 13: 463–469.
  • Zar, J.H., (1999), Biostatistical Analysis. Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 4th Edition. cap 12, USA. 231-272.
  • Ziegler, R.G., E.A. Colavito, P. Hartge, M.J. McAdams, J.B. Schoenberg, T.J. Mason, J.F.J. Fraumeni, (1996), Importance of a-carotene, b-carotene and other phytochemicals in the etiology of lung cancer. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 88, 612–615.
  • Zittelli G., L. Rodolfi M.R. Tredici, (2004), Industrial production of microalgal cell-mass and secondary products- species of high potential, in Handbook of microalgal culture: Biotechnology and applied phycology, Richmond, A. (Eds) Blackwell publishing company, pp. 298-303.
  • Zou, N. A. Richmond, (2000), Light-path length and population density in photoacclimation of Nannochloropsis sp. (Eustigmatophyceae). J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 349–354.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Yaşar DURMAZ This is me

Publication Date September 1, 2006
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 3

Cite

APA Durmaz, Y. (2006). Azot Kaynakları ve Konsantrasyonlarının Nannochloropsis oculata (Droop, 1955) (Eustigmatophyceae)'nın Büyüme ve Pigment Komposizyonuna Etkisi. . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 23 (3) , . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/5013/67897