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Effects of dietary Mannan-oligosaccharide on growth, intestine and liver histology of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)).

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 1, 37 - 41, 01.03.2006

Abstract

Different levels of dietary mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) administered for 80 days to African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) were evaluated for their efficacy on growth parameters, and intestine and liver histology. The following levels of MOS were used in commercial trout diet: 1‰, 2‰ and 3‰ during the trial. At the end of the feeding period the live body weight gain and feed conversion ratio, hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic index values were found similar for all experimental groups (P>0.05). Also, dietary MOS did not significantly affect the liver and intestine histology. 

References

  • Bligh, E.G., and W.J. Dyer. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol., 37: 911-917.
  • Genc, M.A., E. Yilmaz, E. Genc, M. Aktas. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccaharides (mos) on growth, body composition, intestine and liver histology of the hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus). Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh (in press).
  • Grieshop, C.M., E.A. Flickinger, K.J. Bruce, A.R. Patil, G.L. Czarnecki- Maulden, G.C. Jr. Fahey. 2004. Gastrointestinal and immunological responses of senior dogs to chicory and mannan-oligosaccharides. Archives of animal nutrition, 2004 Dec, 58(6):483-93
  • Heinrichs, A.J., C.M. Jones, and B.S. Heinrichs. 2003. Effects of mannan- oligosaccharide or antibiotics in neonatal diets on health and growth of dairy calves. Journal of dairy science, 86(12):4064-9.
  • Hoşsu, B., S. Salnur, N. Gultepe. 2005. The effects of yeast derivatives (Bio- Mos®) on growth of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). World Aquaculture Society Conference, Meeting Abstracts, 9-13 May, Bali, Indonesia.
  • LeMieux, F.M., L.L. Southern, and T.D. Bidner, 2003. Effect of mannan- oligosaccharides on growth performance of weanling pigs. Journal of animal science, 81(10): 2482-7.
  • Mattissek, R., F.M. Schnegel, and G. Steiner. 1988. Lebensmittel-Analytick. Springer Verlag Berlin, Tokyo, 440 p.
  • Msiska, O.V. 1981. Rearing of the fry of the African catfish, Clarias lazera (C&V) using live and artificial feedstuffs. Isr. J. Aquacult. Bamidgeh. 33: 122-127.
  • Newman, K. 1994. Manan-oligosaccharides: Natural polymers with significant impact on the gastrointestinal microflora and the immune system. In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 10th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Universty Pres, Nottingham, UK, 167-174.
  • Parlat, S.S., A.Ö. Yıldız, O. Yazgan, ve Y. Bahtiyarca. 2002. Effects of inclusion of prebiotic or antibiotic to the diets containing low protein on fattening performance of japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) (in Türkish) S.Ü. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi. 16 (30): 38-42.
  • Pryor G. S., J.B. Royes., F.A. Chapman and R.D. Miles. 2003. Mannanoligosaccharides in fish nutrition: effects of dietary supplementation on growth and gastrointestinal villi structure in Gulf of Mexico sturgeon. N. Am. J. Aquacult., 65 (2) : 106-111.
  • Ratcliff, J. 2000. Antibiotic bans: a European perspective. In: Proceedings of the 47th Maryland Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers. Maryland, USA, 135-152.
  • Salyers, A.A., 1999. Agricultural use of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in human pathogens: is there link? In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Univ. Pres, Nottingham, UK, 155-171.
  • Savage, T.F., E.I. Zakrzewska, and J.R. Andreasen. 1997. The effects of feeding mannan-oligosaccharide supplemented diets to poults on performance and the morphology of the small intestine. Poultry Science, 76 (Supp. 1): 139.
  • Shashidhara, R.G., and G. Devegowda. 2003. Effect of dietary mannan- oligosaccharide on broiler breeder production traits and immunity. Poultry science, 82(8):1319-25.
  • Sims M.D., P. Spring, and, A.E. Sefton. 1998. Effect of mannan- oligosaccharides on performance of commercial broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 77 (Supplement 1): 89.
  • Sims, M.D. and A.E. Sefton, A.E. 1999. Comparative effects of a mannan oligosaccharide and an antibiotic growth promoter on performance of commercial Tom Turkeys. 48th Western Poultry Disease Conference, Vancouver, Canada. 78-82.
  • Spring, P. 1999. The move away from antibiotic growth prometers in Europe. In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Universty Pres, Nottingham, UK, 173-184.
  • Spring, P. 2000. Yeast's secret weapon aids animal production. In: Simpósio Sobre Aditivos Alternativos na Nutrição Animal, Campinas, São Paulo. Brasil. p. 41-50.
  • Tacon, A.G.J., 1996. Lipid nutritional pathology in farmed fish. Archives of Animal Nutrition 49, 33–39.
  • Takashima, F. and T. Hibiya. 1995. An atlas of fish histology, normal and pathological features. 2nd ed. Kodansha Ltd. Tokyo. 195 pp.
  • Yılmaz, E. 2005. The effects of two chemo-attractants and different first feeds on the growth performances of african catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) at different larval stages. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 29, 309-314.
  • Zdunczyk, Z., J. Juskiewicz, J. Jankowski, and A. Koncicki. 2004. Performance and caecal adaptation of turkeys to diets without or with antibiotic and with different levels of mannan-oligosaccharide. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 58(5):367-78.

Yeme Eklenen Mannan-Oligosakkarit’in Karabalıkların (Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)) Gelişimine, Barsak ve Karaciğer Histolojisine Etkileri

Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 1, 37 - 41, 01.03.2006

Abstract

Farklı seviyelerde mannan-oligosakkarit (MOS)’in 80 gün süreyle karabalıkta (Clarias gariepinus) büyüme, barsak ve karaciğer histolojisine etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada kontrol yemine (ticari alabalık yemi) ‰1, ‰2 ve ‰3 düzeyinde MOS ilavesi yapılmıştır. Çalışma sonunda canlı ağırlık kazancı, yem değerlendirme oranı, hepatosomatik ve gonadosomatik indeks değerlerinin gruplar arasında istatistiki bir fark göstermediği belirlenmiştir (P>0.05). Benzer bir şekilde MOS ilavesinin barsak ve karaciğer dokularının histolojisinde de bir farklılık yaratmadığı tespit edilmiştir

References

  • Bligh, E.G., and W.J. Dyer. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol., 37: 911-917.
  • Genc, M.A., E. Yilmaz, E. Genc, M. Aktas. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccaharides (mos) on growth, body composition, intestine and liver histology of the hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus). Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh (in press).
  • Grieshop, C.M., E.A. Flickinger, K.J. Bruce, A.R. Patil, G.L. Czarnecki- Maulden, G.C. Jr. Fahey. 2004. Gastrointestinal and immunological responses of senior dogs to chicory and mannan-oligosaccharides. Archives of animal nutrition, 2004 Dec, 58(6):483-93
  • Heinrichs, A.J., C.M. Jones, and B.S. Heinrichs. 2003. Effects of mannan- oligosaccharide or antibiotics in neonatal diets on health and growth of dairy calves. Journal of dairy science, 86(12):4064-9.
  • Hoşsu, B., S. Salnur, N. Gultepe. 2005. The effects of yeast derivatives (Bio- Mos®) on growth of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). World Aquaculture Society Conference, Meeting Abstracts, 9-13 May, Bali, Indonesia.
  • LeMieux, F.M., L.L. Southern, and T.D. Bidner, 2003. Effect of mannan- oligosaccharides on growth performance of weanling pigs. Journal of animal science, 81(10): 2482-7.
  • Mattissek, R., F.M. Schnegel, and G. Steiner. 1988. Lebensmittel-Analytick. Springer Verlag Berlin, Tokyo, 440 p.
  • Msiska, O.V. 1981. Rearing of the fry of the African catfish, Clarias lazera (C&V) using live and artificial feedstuffs. Isr. J. Aquacult. Bamidgeh. 33: 122-127.
  • Newman, K. 1994. Manan-oligosaccharides: Natural polymers with significant impact on the gastrointestinal microflora and the immune system. In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 10th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Universty Pres, Nottingham, UK, 167-174.
  • Parlat, S.S., A.Ö. Yıldız, O. Yazgan, ve Y. Bahtiyarca. 2002. Effects of inclusion of prebiotic or antibiotic to the diets containing low protein on fattening performance of japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) (in Türkish) S.Ü. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi. 16 (30): 38-42.
  • Pryor G. S., J.B. Royes., F.A. Chapman and R.D. Miles. 2003. Mannanoligosaccharides in fish nutrition: effects of dietary supplementation on growth and gastrointestinal villi structure in Gulf of Mexico sturgeon. N. Am. J. Aquacult., 65 (2) : 106-111.
  • Ratcliff, J. 2000. Antibiotic bans: a European perspective. In: Proceedings of the 47th Maryland Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers. Maryland, USA, 135-152.
  • Salyers, A.A., 1999. Agricultural use of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in human pathogens: is there link? In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Univ. Pres, Nottingham, UK, 155-171.
  • Savage, T.F., E.I. Zakrzewska, and J.R. Andreasen. 1997. The effects of feeding mannan-oligosaccharide supplemented diets to poults on performance and the morphology of the small intestine. Poultry Science, 76 (Supp. 1): 139.
  • Shashidhara, R.G., and G. Devegowda. 2003. Effect of dietary mannan- oligosaccharide on broiler breeder production traits and immunity. Poultry science, 82(8):1319-25.
  • Sims M.D., P. Spring, and, A.E. Sefton. 1998. Effect of mannan- oligosaccharides on performance of commercial broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 77 (Supplement 1): 89.
  • Sims, M.D. and A.E. Sefton, A.E. 1999. Comparative effects of a mannan oligosaccharide and an antibiotic growth promoter on performance of commercial Tom Turkeys. 48th Western Poultry Disease Conference, Vancouver, Canada. 78-82.
  • Spring, P. 1999. The move away from antibiotic growth prometers in Europe. In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Symposium (T.P. Lyons and K.A. Jacques [eds]). Nottingham Universty Pres, Nottingham, UK, 173-184.
  • Spring, P. 2000. Yeast's secret weapon aids animal production. In: Simpósio Sobre Aditivos Alternativos na Nutrição Animal, Campinas, São Paulo. Brasil. p. 41-50.
  • Tacon, A.G.J., 1996. Lipid nutritional pathology in farmed fish. Archives of Animal Nutrition 49, 33–39.
  • Takashima, F. and T. Hibiya. 1995. An atlas of fish histology, normal and pathological features. 2nd ed. Kodansha Ltd. Tokyo. 195 pp.
  • Yılmaz, E. 2005. The effects of two chemo-attractants and different first feeds on the growth performances of african catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) at different larval stages. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 29, 309-314.
  • Zdunczyk, Z., J. Juskiewicz, J. Jankowski, and A. Koncicki. 2004. Performance and caecal adaptation of turkeys to diets without or with antibiotic and with different levels of mannan-oligosaccharide. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 58(5):367-78.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

M. Ayçe GENÇ This is me


Erdal YILMAZ This is me


Ercüment GENÇ This is me

Publication Date March 1, 2006
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2006, Volume 23, Issue 1

Cite

APA Genç, M. A. , Yılmaz, E. & Genç, E. (2006). Yeme Eklenen Mannan-Oligosakkarit’in Karabalıkların (Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)) Gelişimine, Barsak ve Karaciğer Histolojisine Etkileri . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 23 (1) , 37-41 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/5012/67853