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Tıbbi sülük (Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820)'ün beslenmesi üzerine bir araştırma: Kanibalizm?.

Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 4, 167 - 170, 01.12.2012

Abstract

References

  • Davies, R.W., McLoughlin, N.J., 1996. The effects of feeding regime on the growth and reproduction of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 36:563-568. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1996.00121.x
  • Dickinson, M.H., Lent, C.M., 1984. Feeding behavior of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis L. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 154:449- 455. doi:10.1007/BF00610160
  • Elliott, J. M., Mann, K.H., 1979. A key to the British freshwater leeches with notes on their life cycles and ecology. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publications, No. 40.
  • Elliott, J.M., 2008. Population size, weight distribution and food in a persistent population of the rare medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 53:1502-1512. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.01978.x
  • Elliott, J.M., Kutschera, U., 2011. Medicinal leeches: historical use, ecology, genetics and conservation. Freshwater Reviews, 4(1):21-41. doi:10.1608/FRJ-4.1.417
  • Elliott, J.M., Tullett, P.A., 1984. The status of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis in Europe and especially in the British Isles. Biological Conservation, 29:15-26. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(84)90011-9
  • Fox, L.R., 1975. Cannibalism in natural population. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 6:87-106. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.06.110175.000511
  • Grosser, C., Kutschera, U., 2004. Feeding behaviour and reproductive biology of the semiaquatic leech Trocheta haskonis (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae). Lauterbornia, 52:163-169.
  • Kipling, C., Frost, W.E., 1970. A study of the mortality, population numbers, year class strengths, production and food consumption of pike, Esox lucius L., in Windermere from 1944 to 1962. Journal of Animal Ecology, 39(1):115-157. doi:10.2307/2892
  • Kutschera, U., Roth, M., 2005. Cannibalism in a population of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis L.). Biology Bulletin, 32(6):626-628. doi:10.1007/s10525-005-0154-7
  • Leeches USA, 2013. Leeches U.S.A Ltd. Medicinal Leech Price List. <http://www.leechesusa.com/prices_information.asp> (12.02.2013).
  • Leonardsson, K., 1991. Effects of cannibalism and alternative prey on population dynamics of Saduria entomon (Isopoda). Ecological Society of America, 72(4):1273-1285. doi:10.2307/1941101
  • Mann, K.H., 1953. The life history of Erpobdella octoculata (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Animal Ecology, 22(2):199-207. doi:10.2307/1812
  • Mann, K.H., 1955. The ecology of the British freshwater leeches. Journal of Animal Ecology, 24(1):98-119. doi:10.2307/1881
  • Merilä, J., Sterner, M., 2002. Medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) attacking and killing adult amphibians. Annales Zoologici Fennici. 39:343-346.
  • Neubert, E., Nesemann, H., 1999. Annelida, Clitellata: Branchiobdellida, Acanthobdellea, Hirudinea. Süβwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa 6/2. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg-Berlin, 178 p.
  • Persson, L., Elliott, J.M., 2012. Population variation and individual maximum size in two leech populations: energy extraction from cannibalism or niche widening? Oecologia, 1-9. doi:10.1007/s00442-012-2468-8
  • Polis, G.A., 1981. The evolution and dynamics of intraspecific predation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 12:225-251. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.12.110181.001301
  • Sawyer, R.T., 1986. Leech Biology and Behaviour. Vol: 2, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1065p.
  • Siddall, M.E., Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., Nkamany, M., Macdonald, K.S., 2007. Diverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274:1481-1487. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0248
  • Spencer, W., Jones, G., 2007. The captive breeding and educational display of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus 1758) at Bristol Zoo Gardens. International Zoo Yearbook. 41:138-144. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2007.00005.x
  • Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., 2005. Celebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematics of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 34:616–624. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.012
  • Vaughan, K., 2009. Characterization of a hypothetical protein critical for the symbiotic interaction of Aeromonas veronii and Hirudo verbana. University of Connecticut, Honors Scholar Theses. 47p.

A study on nutrition of medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820): Cannibalism?.

Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 4, 167 - 170, 01.12.2012

Abstract

Bu çalışma ile tıbbi sülük Hirudo verbana’nın yapay koşullarda beslenme esnası ve sonrası davranışlarının araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Sülükler taze sığır kanı ile beslenmişlerdir ve toplu tartım yöntemiyle beslenme sonrasında %97.74 oranında ağırlık artışı olmuştur. Yeteri kadar beslenememiş bazı sülüklerin, hareket kabiliyetlerini kısmen kaybetmiş olan bazı tok sülüklere saldırdıkları, kanibalistik eğilim sergiledikleri, ancak kanibalizmin net olarak şekillenmediği görülmüştür. Bazı sülüklerin beslenmeden 66. gün sonrasında dahi tükettikleri kanın bir kısmını kustukları görülmüştür. Kusulan kanın bazı bireylerin uyarımına neden olduğu, ancak kanın bulunduğu bölgeye gelen sülüklerin kısa süreli bir incelemenin ardından kana ilgisiz davrandıkları ve bölgeden uzaklaştıkları gözlenmiştir. Yetiştiricilik şartlarında periyodik besleme gruplarının oluşturulması, tüm sülüklerin uyarılarak beslenmeye hazır hale gelmeleri ve beslenme sonrasında tok ile yeterince beslenmemiş bireylerin ayrı ortamlara alınmaları ile tıbbi sülük H. verbana’da potansiyel kanibalizm eğiliminden kaynaklı problemlerin önüne geçilebileceği düşünülmektedir

References

  • Davies, R.W., McLoughlin, N.J., 1996. The effects of feeding regime on the growth and reproduction of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 36:563-568. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2427.1996.00121.x
  • Dickinson, M.H., Lent, C.M., 1984. Feeding behavior of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis L. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 154:449- 455. doi:10.1007/BF00610160
  • Elliott, J. M., Mann, K.H., 1979. A key to the British freshwater leeches with notes on their life cycles and ecology. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publications, No. 40.
  • Elliott, J.M., 2008. Population size, weight distribution and food in a persistent population of the rare medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biology, 53:1502-1512. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.01978.x
  • Elliott, J.M., Kutschera, U., 2011. Medicinal leeches: historical use, ecology, genetics and conservation. Freshwater Reviews, 4(1):21-41. doi:10.1608/FRJ-4.1.417
  • Elliott, J.M., Tullett, P.A., 1984. The status of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis in Europe and especially in the British Isles. Biological Conservation, 29:15-26. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(84)90011-9
  • Fox, L.R., 1975. Cannibalism in natural population. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 6:87-106. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.06.110175.000511
  • Grosser, C., Kutschera, U., 2004. Feeding behaviour and reproductive biology of the semiaquatic leech Trocheta haskonis (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae). Lauterbornia, 52:163-169.
  • Kipling, C., Frost, W.E., 1970. A study of the mortality, population numbers, year class strengths, production and food consumption of pike, Esox lucius L., in Windermere from 1944 to 1962. Journal of Animal Ecology, 39(1):115-157. doi:10.2307/2892
  • Kutschera, U., Roth, M., 2005. Cannibalism in a population of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis L.). Biology Bulletin, 32(6):626-628. doi:10.1007/s10525-005-0154-7
  • Leeches USA, 2013. Leeches U.S.A Ltd. Medicinal Leech Price List. <http://www.leechesusa.com/prices_information.asp> (12.02.2013).
  • Leonardsson, K., 1991. Effects of cannibalism and alternative prey on population dynamics of Saduria entomon (Isopoda). Ecological Society of America, 72(4):1273-1285. doi:10.2307/1941101
  • Mann, K.H., 1953. The life history of Erpobdella octoculata (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Animal Ecology, 22(2):199-207. doi:10.2307/1812
  • Mann, K.H., 1955. The ecology of the British freshwater leeches. Journal of Animal Ecology, 24(1):98-119. doi:10.2307/1881
  • Merilä, J., Sterner, M., 2002. Medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) attacking and killing adult amphibians. Annales Zoologici Fennici. 39:343-346.
  • Neubert, E., Nesemann, H., 1999. Annelida, Clitellata: Branchiobdellida, Acanthobdellea, Hirudinea. Süβwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa 6/2. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg-Berlin, 178 p.
  • Persson, L., Elliott, J.M., 2012. Population variation and individual maximum size in two leech populations: energy extraction from cannibalism or niche widening? Oecologia, 1-9. doi:10.1007/s00442-012-2468-8
  • Polis, G.A., 1981. The evolution and dynamics of intraspecific predation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 12:225-251. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.12.110181.001301
  • Sawyer, R.T., 1986. Leech Biology and Behaviour. Vol: 2, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1065p.
  • Siddall, M.E., Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., Nkamany, M., Macdonald, K.S., 2007. Diverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274:1481-1487. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0248
  • Spencer, W., Jones, G., 2007. The captive breeding and educational display of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus 1758) at Bristol Zoo Gardens. International Zoo Yearbook. 41:138-144. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2007.00005.x
  • Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., 2005. Celebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematics of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 34:616–624. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.012
  • Vaughan, K., 2009. Characterization of a hypothetical protein critical for the symbiotic interaction of Aeromonas veronii and Hirudo verbana. University of Connecticut, Honors Scholar Theses. 47p.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mustafa CEYLAN This is me


İsmail ERBATUR This is me

Publication Date December 1, 2012
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date September 28, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 4

Cite

APA Ceylan, M. & Erbatur, İ. (2012). A study on nutrition of medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820): Cannibalism?. . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 29 (4) , 167-170 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/4993/67623