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Tödürge Gölü’ndeki (Sivas) tatlı su kefali, Squalius cephalus (L., 1758)’un populasyon özellikleri

Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 2, 95 - 100, 01.06.2012

Abstract

Sunulan çalışmada Tödürge Gölü’nde yaşayan tatlı su kefali, Squalius cephalus populasyonunun eşey kompozisyonu, yaş, boy ve ağırlık dağılımları, boyca ve ağırlıkça büyüme performansları, boy-ağırlık arasındaki ilişkisi, kondisyon faktörü ve en küçük av büyüklüğü belirlenmiştir. Nisan-Kasım 1997 tarihleri arasında toplam 466 balık örneği yakalanmıştır. Yedi yaş grubundan oluşan populasyonda eşey oranı (dişi-erkek) 1,00:0,25 (373 dişi, 93 erkek) olarak hesaplanmıştır. Tödürge Gölü tatlı su kefali populasyonunda III yaş grubu %33,9’luk oranla baskın durumdadır. Çatal boy ve vücut ağırlığı değerleri 53 mm ve 279 mm, 1,5 g ve 320,8 g arasında dağılım göstermiştir. Dişilerin %35,7’si, erkeklerin %60,2’si 120-150 mm çatal boy grubu içerisinde yer almaktadır. 20-40 g vücut ağırlığına sahip erkek bireyler populasyonun %59,1’ini oluşturmuştur. Dişilerin ortalama çatal boy ve vücut ağırlığı değerleri tüm yaş gruplarında (I ve V yaşları hariç) erkek bireylerinkinden daha büyüktür. Hem dişi hem de erkeklerin izometrik bir büyüme gösterdikleri tespit edilmiştir. Boy-ağırlık ilişkisi eşitliği tüm bireyler için W=0,0106 L=3,0884 şeklinde oluşturulmuştur. İncelenen örneklerin kondisyon faktörü değerleri 0,59 ile 1,70 arasında hesaplanmıştır. Tödürge Gölü’nde 18 cm (çatal boy)’den küçük tatlı su kefali avcılığının yasaklanması önerilmektedir

References

  • Arlinghaus, R., Wolter, C., 2003. Amplitude of ecological potential: chub Leuciscus cephalus (L.) spawning in an artificial lowland canal. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19(1):52-54. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00343.x
  • Bagenal, T.B., 1974. Ageing of Fish. Unwin Brothers Limited, England, 234 p.
  • Balık, S., Sarı, H.M., Ustaoğlu, M.R. İlhan, A., 2004. Age and growth properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) from Lake Işıklı (Çivril- Denizli, Turkey) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 21(3-4):257-262.
  • Balon, E.K., 1975. Reproductive guilds of fishes: a proposal and definition. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 32(6):821-864. doi:10.1139/f75-110
  • Bostancı, D., Polat, N., 2009. Age determination and some population characteristics of chub (Squalius cephalus L., 1758) in the Çamlıdere Dam Lake (Ankara, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Science and Technology, 4(1):25-30.
  • Cowx, I.G., Welcomme, R.L., 1998. Rehabilitation of River for Fish. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and Fishing News Books, Oxford, UK, 260 p.
  • Geldiay, R., Balık, S., 1988. Turkish Freshwater Fishes (in Turkish). Ege University, Science Faculty, Series of Books, No. 97, 519 p.
  • Kalkan, E., Yılmaz, M., Erdemli, A.Ü., 2005. Some biological properties of the Leuciscus cephalus (L. 1758) population living in Karakaya Dam Lake in Malatya (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary Animal Sciences, 29:49- 58.
  • Kara, C., Solak, K., 2004. Growth properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) living in Sır Dam Lake. K.S.Ü. Journal of Science and Engineering, 7(2):1-8.
  • King, M., 2007. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. 2nd Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, 382 p.
  • Koç, H.T., Erdoğan, Z., Tinci, M., Treer, T., 2007. Age, growth and reproductive characteristics of chub, Leuciscus cephalus (L., 1758) in the İkizcetepeler Dam Lake (Balıkesir), Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(1):19-24. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00787.x
  • Kottelat, M., Freyhof, J., 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. The World Conservation Union (IUCN), Switzerland, 646 p.
  • Kuru, M., 1975. Systematic and geographic analyses of fishes living in Tigris- Euphraticus, Kura-Aras, Lake Van and Black Sea basins (in Turkish). Associate Professor Thesis, Atatürk University, Erzurum, 181 p.
  • Lagler, K.F., 1956. Freshwater Fishery Biology. W.M.C. Brown Company, Dubuque-Iowa, 421 p.
  • Nikolsky, G.V., 1963. The Ecology of Fishes. Academic Press, London and New York, 352 p.
  • Sarıhan, E. 1993. Fishery Biology (in Turkish). Çukurova University, Facultyof Agriculture, Publication No. 65, Adana, 122 p.
  • Slastenenko, E., 1955. Fishes of Black Sea Basin (in Turkish). State Corporation of Meat and Fish Publication, 711 p.
  • Sümbüloğlu, K., Sümbüloğlu, V., 2010. Biostatistics (in Turkish). Hatipoğlu Publication, 299 p.
  • Schiemer, F., Waidbacher, H., 1992. Strategies for conservation of a Danubian fish fauna. In: River Conservation and Management. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., UK, pp. 363-382.
  • Şaşı, H., 2004. The reproduction biology of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Topçam Dam Lake (Aydın, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary Animal Sciences, 28:693-699.
  • Şaşı, H., Balık, S., 2003. Age, growth and sex ratio of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Topçam Dam Lake (Aydın, Turkey) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20:503-515.
  • Şen, F., Saygın, F., 2008. Biological properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Karasu Stream (Mus/Turkey). Journal of Animal and Advances, 7(8):1034-1037.
  • Şişli, M.N., 1980. Ecology (in Turkish). Hacettepe University Publication, No. A31, Ankara, 212 p.
  • Tıraşın, E.M., 1993. Growth parameters of fish populations (in Turkish with English abstract). Doğa Turkish Journal of Zoology, 17:29-82.
  • Ünver, B., Erk’akan, F., 2005. A natural hybrid of Squalius cephalus (L.) and Alburnus chalcoides (Güldenstadt) (Osteichthyes-Cyprinidae) from Lake Tödürge (Sivas, Turkey). Journal of Fish Biology, 66(4):899-910. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00610.x
  • Ünver, B., Kekilli, S., 2010. Growth properties of chub, Squalius cephalus (L., 1758) living in Lake Hafik (Sivas) (in Turkish). S.D.U. Journal of Eğirdir Fisheries Faculty, 6 (1):20-28.
  • Ünver, B., Tanyolaç, J., 1999. Growth properties of chub, (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) from Lake Tödürge (Zara/Sivas) (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(1):257-270.
  • Yerli, S.V., Çalışkan, M. Canpolat, A.F., 1999. Growth criteria of L. cephalus from Çıldır Lake (Ardahan) (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23:271-278.

Population characteristics of Squalius cephalus in Lake Tödürge (Sivas)

Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 2, 95 - 100, 01.06.2012

Abstract

In present research, sex composition, age, length and weight distributions, growth performance in length and weight, relation between length-weight, condition factor and smallest prey size of chub, Squalius cephalus population living in Lake Tödürge have been determined. A total of 466 individuals were caught between April-November 1997. Sex ratio (female:male) of population which consisting of seven age groups was calculated as 1.00:0.25 (373 females, 93 males). III age group in chub population of Lake Tödürge was dominant with 33.9%. Fork length and body weight values were ranged between 53 mm and 279 mm, 1.5 g and 320.8 g, respectively. 35.7% of female individuals and 60.2% of males were included in 120-150 mm fork length group. Males with 20-40 g body weight accounted for 59.1% of population. Mean values fork length and body weight of females were bigger than males in all age groups (except for I and V ages). It is determined that both the female and male individuals were determined to follow izometric growth. Length-weight equation was constituted as W= 0.0106 L3.0884 for all specimens. Condition factors of the specimens investigated were calculated between 0.59 and 1.70. Prohibition of fishing of chub individuals smaller than 18 cm (fork length) in Lake Tödürge was recommended

References

  • Arlinghaus, R., Wolter, C., 2003. Amplitude of ecological potential: chub Leuciscus cephalus (L.) spawning in an artificial lowland canal. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 19(1):52-54. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00343.x
  • Bagenal, T.B., 1974. Ageing of Fish. Unwin Brothers Limited, England, 234 p.
  • Balık, S., Sarı, H.M., Ustaoğlu, M.R. İlhan, A., 2004. Age and growth properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) from Lake Işıklı (Çivril- Denizli, Turkey) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 21(3-4):257-262.
  • Balon, E.K., 1975. Reproductive guilds of fishes: a proposal and definition. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 32(6):821-864. doi:10.1139/f75-110
  • Bostancı, D., Polat, N., 2009. Age determination and some population characteristics of chub (Squalius cephalus L., 1758) in the Çamlıdere Dam Lake (Ankara, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Science and Technology, 4(1):25-30.
  • Cowx, I.G., Welcomme, R.L., 1998. Rehabilitation of River for Fish. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and Fishing News Books, Oxford, UK, 260 p.
  • Geldiay, R., Balık, S., 1988. Turkish Freshwater Fishes (in Turkish). Ege University, Science Faculty, Series of Books, No. 97, 519 p.
  • Kalkan, E., Yılmaz, M., Erdemli, A.Ü., 2005. Some biological properties of the Leuciscus cephalus (L. 1758) population living in Karakaya Dam Lake in Malatya (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary Animal Sciences, 29:49- 58.
  • Kara, C., Solak, K., 2004. Growth properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) living in Sır Dam Lake. K.S.Ü. Journal of Science and Engineering, 7(2):1-8.
  • King, M., 2007. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. 2nd Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, 382 p.
  • Koç, H.T., Erdoğan, Z., Tinci, M., Treer, T., 2007. Age, growth and reproductive characteristics of chub, Leuciscus cephalus (L., 1758) in the İkizcetepeler Dam Lake (Balıkesir), Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23(1):19-24. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00787.x
  • Kottelat, M., Freyhof, J., 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. The World Conservation Union (IUCN), Switzerland, 646 p.
  • Kuru, M., 1975. Systematic and geographic analyses of fishes living in Tigris- Euphraticus, Kura-Aras, Lake Van and Black Sea basins (in Turkish). Associate Professor Thesis, Atatürk University, Erzurum, 181 p.
  • Lagler, K.F., 1956. Freshwater Fishery Biology. W.M.C. Brown Company, Dubuque-Iowa, 421 p.
  • Nikolsky, G.V., 1963. The Ecology of Fishes. Academic Press, London and New York, 352 p.
  • Sarıhan, E. 1993. Fishery Biology (in Turkish). Çukurova University, Facultyof Agriculture, Publication No. 65, Adana, 122 p.
  • Slastenenko, E., 1955. Fishes of Black Sea Basin (in Turkish). State Corporation of Meat and Fish Publication, 711 p.
  • Sümbüloğlu, K., Sümbüloğlu, V., 2010. Biostatistics (in Turkish). Hatipoğlu Publication, 299 p.
  • Schiemer, F., Waidbacher, H., 1992. Strategies for conservation of a Danubian fish fauna. In: River Conservation and Management. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., UK, pp. 363-382.
  • Şaşı, H., 2004. The reproduction biology of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Topçam Dam Lake (Aydın, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary Animal Sciences, 28:693-699.
  • Şaşı, H., Balık, S., 2003. Age, growth and sex ratio of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Topçam Dam Lake (Aydın, Turkey) (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20:503-515.
  • Şen, F., Saygın, F., 2008. Biological properties of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Karasu Stream (Mus/Turkey). Journal of Animal and Advances, 7(8):1034-1037.
  • Şişli, M.N., 1980. Ecology (in Turkish). Hacettepe University Publication, No. A31, Ankara, 212 p.
  • Tıraşın, E.M., 1993. Growth parameters of fish populations (in Turkish with English abstract). Doğa Turkish Journal of Zoology, 17:29-82.
  • Ünver, B., Erk’akan, F., 2005. A natural hybrid of Squalius cephalus (L.) and Alburnus chalcoides (Güldenstadt) (Osteichthyes-Cyprinidae) from Lake Tödürge (Sivas, Turkey). Journal of Fish Biology, 66(4):899-910. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00610.x
  • Ünver, B., Kekilli, S., 2010. Growth properties of chub, Squalius cephalus (L., 1758) living in Lake Hafik (Sivas) (in Turkish). S.D.U. Journal of Eğirdir Fisheries Faculty, 6 (1):20-28.
  • Ünver, B., Tanyolaç, J., 1999. Growth properties of chub, (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) from Lake Tödürge (Zara/Sivas) (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(1):257-270.
  • Yerli, S.V., Çalışkan, M. Canpolat, A.F., 1999. Growth criteria of L. cephalus from Çıldır Lake (Ardahan) (in Turkish with English abstract). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23:271-278.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Bülent ÜNVER This is me


Füsun ERK'AKAN This is me

Publication Date June 1, 2012
Application Date December 7, 2015
Acceptance Date September 24, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2012, Volume 29, Issue 2

Cite

APA Ünver, B. & Erk'akan, F. (2012). Tödürge Gölü’ndeki (Sivas) tatlı su kefali, Squalius cephalus (L., 1758)’un populasyon özellikleri . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 29 (2) , 95-100 . Retrieved from http://www.egejfas.org/en/pub/issue/4991/67611