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Ahtapot (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797)’un tanklarda bireysel yetiştiriciliği: İlk sonuçlar

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 4, 361 - 366, 15.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.36.4.06

Abstract



Bireysel yetiştiriciliğin Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797)’in gelişimi ve yaşama oranı üzerine etkileri araştırıldı. Bunun için doğadan yakalanan ahtapotlar, 10 litre hacmindeki şeffaf, delikli ve kapaklı polietilen tereflat (PET) kaplarda yetiştirildi. Denemeler, bir serbest grup yetiştiricilik (12.7 kg/m3 stok yoğunluğunda, kontrol grubu) ve iki bireysel yetiştiricilik (I1, ve I2 olarak sırasıyla, 13.8 kg/m3 ve I2, 18.3 kg/m3 stok yoğunluğunda) grubu olarak kuruldu. Ahtapotlar, ağırlıklı olarak taze ve/veya taze donmuş çözülmüş balık ile günlük olarak vücut ağırlıklarının %5’i oranında beslendi. Denemeler 120 gün sürdü. Adaptasyon periyodu bireysel yetiştiricilik gruplarında 3-5 günde, serbest grup yetiştiricilik grubunda 7-10 günde tamamlandı. Hayatta kalma oranları kontrol ve I1 için %100, I2 için %85,7 olarak hesaplandı (P>0,05). Ahtapotların gelişimleri veya spesifik gelişim oranları (denemeler için 0,5 ve 0,6%/gün) arasında istatistiksel olarak önemli farklılıklar saptanmadı (P>0.05). Maksimum stok yoğunluğu (30,7 kg/m3) stoklamanın en fazla olduğu I2 denemsinden elde edildi. 




References

  • Aguado Giménez, F. & García García B. (2002). Growth and food intake models in Octopus vulgaris Cuvier (1797): influence of body weight, temperature, sex and diet. Aquaculture International, 10(5), 361-377. DOI:10.1023/A:1023335024053
  • Biandolino, F., Portacci G. & Prato, E. (2010). Influence of natural diet on growth and biochemical composition of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. Aquaculture International, 18(6), 1163-1175. DOI:10.1007/s10499-010-9331-x
  • Boletzky, S.v. & Hanlon, R.T. (1983). A review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 44, 147-187.
  • Cagnetta, P. (2000). Preliminary observations on the productive responses of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris C.) reared free or in individual nets. Recent Advances in Mediterranean aquaculture finfish species diversification (47: 323-329). Seminar of the CIHEAM Network on Technology of Aquaculture in the Mediterranean, 1999/05/24-28, Zaragoza (Spain).
  • Chapela, A., González, Á. F., Dawe, E. G., Rocha, F. J. & Guerra, Á. (2006). Growth of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) in cages suspended from rafts. Scientia Marina, 70(1), 121-129.
  • Delgado, M., Gairín, J.I., Carbó, R. & Aguilera, C. (2011). Growth of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) in tanks in the Ebro Delta (NE Spain): effects of temperature, salinity and culture density. Scientia Marina, 75(1), 53-59. DOI: 10.3989/scimar.2011.75n1053
  • Domingues, P., Garcia, S. & Garrido, D. (2010). Effects of three culture densities on growth and survival of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Aquaculture International, 18(2), 165-174. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-008-9233-3
  • Estefanell, J., Roo, J., Fernández‐Palacios, H., Izquierdo, M., Socorro, J. & Guirao, R. (2012a). Comparison between individual and group rearing systems in Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 43(1), 63-72. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2011.00540.x
  • Estefanell, J., Roo, J., Guirao, R., Izquierdo, M., & Socorro, J. (2012b). Benthic cages versus floating cages in Octopus vulgaris: biological performance and biochemical composition feeding on Boops boops discarded from fish farms. Aquaculture Engineering, 49, 46-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2012.02.001
  • FAO, (2002). The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2002. FAO, Rome.
  • García García, B. & Gimenez, F.A. (2002). Influence of diet on on-growing and nutrient utilization in the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture 211: 171-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00788-8
  • García García, J., González, L.R. & García García, B. (2004). Cost analysis of octopus ongrowing installation in Galicia (Spain). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(4), 531-537. DOI:10.5424/sjar/2004024-109
  • García García, B. & Valverde, J.C. (2006). Optimal proportions of crabs and fish in diet for common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) ongrowing. Aquaculture, 253(1), 502-511. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.04.055
  • García García, B., Valverde, J.C., Aguado‐Giménez, F., García García, J. & Hernández, M.D. (2009). Growth and mortality of common octopus Octopus vulgaris reared at different stocking densities in Mediterranean offshore cages. Aquaculture Research, 40(10), 1202-1212. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02222.x
  • García Garrido, S., Domingues, P., Navarro, J.C., Hachero-Cruzado, I., Garrido, D. & Rosas, C. (2011). Growth, partial energy balance, mantle and digestive gland lipid composition of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) fed with two artificial diets. Aquaculture Nutrition, 17(2), 174-187. DOI: 0.1111/j.1365-2095.2009.00746.x
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, F.J., Othero, J.J. & Moxica, C. (2000a). Culture of octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier): present knowledge, problems and perspectives. Recent advances in Mediterranean Aquaculture Finfish Species Diversification, Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes, 47: 313-322.
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, F.J., Othero, J.J. & Moxica, C. (2000b). Ongrowing, reproduction and larvae rearing of octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier), a new candidate for aquaculture in Galicia (NW Spain). Workshop on New Species for Aquaculture, Faro, Portugal, November.
  • Iglesias, J., Otero, J.J., Moxica, C., Fuentes, L. & Sánchez, F.J. (2004). The completed life cycle of the octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier) under culture conditions: paralarval rearing using Artemia and zoeae, and first data on juvenile growth up to 8 months of age. Aquaculture International, 12, 481–487. DOI: 10.1023/B:AQUI.0000042142.88449.bc
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, J F.J., Bersano, G.F., Carrasco, J.F., Dhont, J., Fuentes, L., Linares, F., Muñoz, J.L., Okumura, S., Roo, J., Van Der Meeren, T., Vidal, E.A.G & Villanueva, R. (2007). Rearing of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae: present status, bottlenecks and trends. Aquaculture, 266, 1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.02.019
  • Morillo Velarde, P. S., Cerezo Valverde, J., Aguado‐Giménez, F., Hernández, M. D., & García García, B. (2015). Effective use of glucose rather than starch in formulated semimoist diets of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture Nutrition, 21(2), 206-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anu.12152
  • Nicholson, S., Mann, D., Fotedar, R. & Paterson, B. (2008). The effects of holding space on growth and survival of individually reared three-spot crab (Portunus sanguinolentus). Aquacultural Engineering, 39(1), 30-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2008.05.002
  • Otero, C., Sánchez, F.J. & Iglesieas, J. (1999). Engorde de pulpo (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) a diferentes densidades de estabulación, Libro de resumenes, 7 Congreso Nacional Acuicultura. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, International 18: 1177-1189.
  • Querol P., Gairin I., Guerao G., Javer M., & Tomas, A. (2015a). Growth and feed efficiency of Octopus vulgaris fed on dry pelleted. Aquaculture Research, 46(5), 1132-1138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12269
  • Querol, P., Gairin, I., Guerao, G., Monge, R., Javer, M., & Tomas, A. (2015b). Effect of two extruded diets with different fish and squid meal ratio on growth, digestibility and body composition of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Aquaculture Research, 46(10), 2481-2489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12407
  • Perez, G., Uglem, I., Browne, R. & Marino, C. (2010). Culture of juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) in submerged cages. Aquaculture International, 18, 1177-1189. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-010-9332-9
  • Petza, D., Katsanevakis, S. & Verriopoulos, G. (2006). Experimental evaluation of the energy balance in Octopus vulgaris, fed ad libitum on a high-lipid diet. Marine Biology, 148(4), 827-832. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-005-0129-8
  • Prato, E., Portacci, G. & Biandolino, F. (2010). Effect of diet on growth performance, feed efficiency and nutritional composition of Octopus vulgaris. Aquaculture, 309, 203-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.09.036
  • Rodríguez, C., Carrasco, J.F., Arronte, J. C. & Rodríguez, M. (2006). Common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) juvenile ongrowing in floating cages. Aquaculture, 254(1), 293-300. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.10.053
  • Sánchez, F.J., Igleisas, J., Moxica, C. & Otero, J.J. (1998). Growth of octopus (Octopus vulgaris) males and females under culture conditions”, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), CM 1998/m: 47, ICES, Copenhagen, Denmark, 3 pp.
  • Silva, L., Sobrino, I. & Ramos, F. (2002). Reproductive biology of the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris Cuvier,1797 (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in the Gulf of Cádiz (Sw Spain). Bulletin of Marine Science, 71(2), 837-850.
  • Şen, H. (2012). Preliminary study on adaptation of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) by individually stocking technique (in Turkish). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 29(4), 171-174. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2012.29.4.04
  • Valverde, J.C., Hernández, M. D., Aguado-Giménez, F. & García García, B. (2008). Growth, feed efficiency and condition of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) fed on two formulated moist diets. Aquaculture, 275(1), 266-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.01.012
  • Valverde, J.C., Hernández, M.D., Aguado-Giménez, F., Morillo-Velarde, P.S., & García García, B. (2013). Performance offormulated diets with different level of lipids and glutamate supplementation in Octopus vulgaris. Aquaculture Research, 44, 1952-1964. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2012.03201.x
  • Valverde, J.C., Tomás Vidal, A., Martínez-Llorens, S., Pascual, M.C., Gairín, J.I., Estefanell, J., Garrido, D., Carrasco, J.F., Aguado-Giménez, F. & García García, B. (2015). Selection of marine species and meals for cephalopod feeding based on their essential mineral composition. Aquaculture Nutrition, 21, 726-739. DOI;:10.1111/anu.12195
  • Vaz Pires, P., Seixas, P. & Barbosa, A. (2004). Aquaculture potential of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797): a review. Aquaculture, 238(1-4), 221-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.05.018
  • Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs 663 pp.

Individual rearing of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) in tanks: Preliminary results

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 4, 361 - 366, 15.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.36.4.06

Abstract



The effects of individual rearing technique on the growth and survival of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) were investigated. Therefore, wild octopuses were reared in the transparent, perforated and caped polyethylene terephthalate (PET) pots (10 l). The assay was established as one free group rearing as a control (12.7 kg/m3 of stoking density) and two individual rearing groups as I1 and I2 (13.8 kg/m3 and 18.3 kg/m3 of stoking density, respectively). The individuals were fed mainly fresh or thawed fish at 5% body weight per day. The experiments lasted for 120 days. The acclimatization period of the octopuses lasted within 3-5 days in the individual rearing and 7-10 days in the free group rearing. The final survival rates were 100% for the control and I1 or 85.7% for I2 (P>0.05). Statistically, differences were not found among the growth or specific growth rates (between 0.5 and 0.6%/day for the trials) (P>0.05). The maximum density (30.7 kg/m3) was obtained from the I2 trial.




References

  • Aguado Giménez, F. & García García B. (2002). Growth and food intake models in Octopus vulgaris Cuvier (1797): influence of body weight, temperature, sex and diet. Aquaculture International, 10(5), 361-377. DOI:10.1023/A:1023335024053
  • Biandolino, F., Portacci G. & Prato, E. (2010). Influence of natural diet on growth and biochemical composition of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. Aquaculture International, 18(6), 1163-1175. DOI:10.1007/s10499-010-9331-x
  • Boletzky, S.v. & Hanlon, R.T. (1983). A review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 44, 147-187.
  • Cagnetta, P. (2000). Preliminary observations on the productive responses of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris C.) reared free or in individual nets. Recent Advances in Mediterranean aquaculture finfish species diversification (47: 323-329). Seminar of the CIHEAM Network on Technology of Aquaculture in the Mediterranean, 1999/05/24-28, Zaragoza (Spain).
  • Chapela, A., González, Á. F., Dawe, E. G., Rocha, F. J. & Guerra, Á. (2006). Growth of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) in cages suspended from rafts. Scientia Marina, 70(1), 121-129.
  • Delgado, M., Gairín, J.I., Carbó, R. & Aguilera, C. (2011). Growth of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) in tanks in the Ebro Delta (NE Spain): effects of temperature, salinity and culture density. Scientia Marina, 75(1), 53-59. DOI: 10.3989/scimar.2011.75n1053
  • Domingues, P., Garcia, S. & Garrido, D. (2010). Effects of three culture densities on growth and survival of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Aquaculture International, 18(2), 165-174. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-008-9233-3
  • Estefanell, J., Roo, J., Fernández‐Palacios, H., Izquierdo, M., Socorro, J. & Guirao, R. (2012a). Comparison between individual and group rearing systems in Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 43(1), 63-72. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2011.00540.x
  • Estefanell, J., Roo, J., Guirao, R., Izquierdo, M., & Socorro, J. (2012b). Benthic cages versus floating cages in Octopus vulgaris: biological performance and biochemical composition feeding on Boops boops discarded from fish farms. Aquaculture Engineering, 49, 46-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2012.02.001
  • FAO, (2002). The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2002. FAO, Rome.
  • García García, B. & Gimenez, F.A. (2002). Influence of diet on on-growing and nutrient utilization in the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture 211: 171-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00788-8
  • García García, J., González, L.R. & García García, B. (2004). Cost analysis of octopus ongrowing installation in Galicia (Spain). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(4), 531-537. DOI:10.5424/sjar/2004024-109
  • García García, B. & Valverde, J.C. (2006). Optimal proportions of crabs and fish in diet for common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) ongrowing. Aquaculture, 253(1), 502-511. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.04.055
  • García García, B., Valverde, J.C., Aguado‐Giménez, F., García García, J. & Hernández, M.D. (2009). Growth and mortality of common octopus Octopus vulgaris reared at different stocking densities in Mediterranean offshore cages. Aquaculture Research, 40(10), 1202-1212. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02222.x
  • García Garrido, S., Domingues, P., Navarro, J.C., Hachero-Cruzado, I., Garrido, D. & Rosas, C. (2011). Growth, partial energy balance, mantle and digestive gland lipid composition of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) fed with two artificial diets. Aquaculture Nutrition, 17(2), 174-187. DOI: 0.1111/j.1365-2095.2009.00746.x
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, F.J., Othero, J.J. & Moxica, C. (2000a). Culture of octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier): present knowledge, problems and perspectives. Recent advances in Mediterranean Aquaculture Finfish Species Diversification, Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes, 47: 313-322.
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, F.J., Othero, J.J. & Moxica, C. (2000b). Ongrowing, reproduction and larvae rearing of octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier), a new candidate for aquaculture in Galicia (NW Spain). Workshop on New Species for Aquaculture, Faro, Portugal, November.
  • Iglesias, J., Otero, J.J., Moxica, C., Fuentes, L. & Sánchez, F.J. (2004). The completed life cycle of the octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier) under culture conditions: paralarval rearing using Artemia and zoeae, and first data on juvenile growth up to 8 months of age. Aquaculture International, 12, 481–487. DOI: 10.1023/B:AQUI.0000042142.88449.bc
  • Iglesias, J., Sánchez, J F.J., Bersano, G.F., Carrasco, J.F., Dhont, J., Fuentes, L., Linares, F., Muñoz, J.L., Okumura, S., Roo, J., Van Der Meeren, T., Vidal, E.A.G & Villanueva, R. (2007). Rearing of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae: present status, bottlenecks and trends. Aquaculture, 266, 1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.02.019
  • Morillo Velarde, P. S., Cerezo Valverde, J., Aguado‐Giménez, F., Hernández, M. D., & García García, B. (2015). Effective use of glucose rather than starch in formulated semimoist diets of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture Nutrition, 21(2), 206-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anu.12152
  • Nicholson, S., Mann, D., Fotedar, R. & Paterson, B. (2008). The effects of holding space on growth and survival of individually reared three-spot crab (Portunus sanguinolentus). Aquacultural Engineering, 39(1), 30-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2008.05.002
  • Otero, C., Sánchez, F.J. & Iglesieas, J. (1999). Engorde de pulpo (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) a diferentes densidades de estabulación, Libro de resumenes, 7 Congreso Nacional Acuicultura. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, International 18: 1177-1189.
  • Querol P., Gairin I., Guerao G., Javer M., & Tomas, A. (2015a). Growth and feed efficiency of Octopus vulgaris fed on dry pelleted. Aquaculture Research, 46(5), 1132-1138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12269
  • Querol, P., Gairin, I., Guerao, G., Monge, R., Javer, M., & Tomas, A. (2015b). Effect of two extruded diets with different fish and squid meal ratio on growth, digestibility and body composition of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797). Aquaculture Research, 46(10), 2481-2489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12407
  • Perez, G., Uglem, I., Browne, R. & Marino, C. (2010). Culture of juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) in submerged cages. Aquaculture International, 18, 1177-1189. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-010-9332-9
  • Petza, D., Katsanevakis, S. & Verriopoulos, G. (2006). Experimental evaluation of the energy balance in Octopus vulgaris, fed ad libitum on a high-lipid diet. Marine Biology, 148(4), 827-832. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-005-0129-8
  • Prato, E., Portacci, G. & Biandolino, F. (2010). Effect of diet on growth performance, feed efficiency and nutritional composition of Octopus vulgaris. Aquaculture, 309, 203-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.09.036
  • Rodríguez, C., Carrasco, J.F., Arronte, J. C. & Rodríguez, M. (2006). Common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) juvenile ongrowing in floating cages. Aquaculture, 254(1), 293-300. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.10.053
  • Sánchez, F.J., Igleisas, J., Moxica, C. & Otero, J.J. (1998). Growth of octopus (Octopus vulgaris) males and females under culture conditions”, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), CM 1998/m: 47, ICES, Copenhagen, Denmark, 3 pp.
  • Silva, L., Sobrino, I. & Ramos, F. (2002). Reproductive biology of the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris Cuvier,1797 (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in the Gulf of Cádiz (Sw Spain). Bulletin of Marine Science, 71(2), 837-850.
  • Şen, H. (2012). Preliminary study on adaptation of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) by individually stocking technique (in Turkish). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 29(4), 171-174. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2012.29.4.04
  • Valverde, J.C., Hernández, M. D., Aguado-Giménez, F. & García García, B. (2008). Growth, feed efficiency and condition of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) fed on two formulated moist diets. Aquaculture, 275(1), 266-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.01.012
  • Valverde, J.C., Hernández, M.D., Aguado-Giménez, F., Morillo-Velarde, P.S., & García García, B. (2013). Performance offormulated diets with different level of lipids and glutamate supplementation in Octopus vulgaris. Aquaculture Research, 44, 1952-1964. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2012.03201.x
  • Valverde, J.C., Tomás Vidal, A., Martínez-Llorens, S., Pascual, M.C., Gairín, J.I., Estefanell, J., Garrido, D., Carrasco, J.F., Aguado-Giménez, F. & García García, B. (2015). Selection of marine species and meals for cephalopod feeding based on their essential mineral composition. Aquaculture Nutrition, 21, 726-739. DOI;:10.1111/anu.12195
  • Vaz Pires, P., Seixas, P. & Barbosa, A. (2004). Aquaculture potential of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797): a review. Aquaculture, 238(1-4), 221-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.05.018
  • Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs 663 pp.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Halil ŞEN (Primary Author)
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0878-3583
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TÜBİTAK
Project Number 213O261
Thanks This study has included main results of the project which entitled ‘Investigation of the effects of individual rearing methods and stocking intensity on the fattening of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier (1797)’ funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK-213O261). In addition, the author would like to thank to Selim SEREZLİ (MSc) and Oğuzhan TAKICAK (MSc) for their help.
Publication Date December 15, 2019
Application Date April 8, 2019
Acceptance Date July 30, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 4

Cite

APA Şen, H. (2019). Individual rearing of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) in tanks: Preliminary results . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (4) , 361-366 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.36.4.06