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Kültür koşullarında Nil Tilapyası ve Melez Kırmızı Tilapya (Cichlidae, Oreochromis spp.)’da görülen gaz kabarcığı hastalığı

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 285 - 291, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.09

Abstract



Su içerisinde çözünebilen gazların süpersature olması balıklarda gaz kabarcığı hastalığına yol açabilmekte ve bu durum ölümle sonuçlanabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Nil tilapyası (Oreochromis niloticus) ve melez kırmızı tilapyada (Oreochromis sp.), gaz süpersaturasyonu sonucu gelişen gaz kabarcığı hastalığı vakaları incelenmiştir. Elde edilen makroskobik ve histolojik bulgular kültür koşulları ile birlikte ele alınarak balık yetiştiriciliğinde sıklıkla görülebilen bu hastalık hakkındaki bilgilerin çeşitlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma, deneysel olarak kültürü yapılan balıklar üzerinden; yaz (Ağustos) ve kış (Aralık) aylarında olmak üzere iki adımlı olarak yürütülmüştür. Klinik ve histolojik incelemesi yapılan balıkların genelinde dorsal, pektoral ve kaudal yüzgeçte gaz kabarcıkları, ayrıca pektoral, dorsal, kaudal yüzgeç ve solungaç kapağı çevresinde peteşiyal tip kanamalar olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Nekropside özellikle mide ve bağırsakların gaz kabarcıkları ile dolu olduğu ve solungaçların da kanamalı olduğu izlenmiştir. Histolojik bulgularda solungaçlarda hiperplazi ve ödem, karaciğer ve dalakta kanama, mide ve bağırsak mukozasında yıkımlanmalar izlenmiştir. Birkaç özel durum dışında her iki balıktan elde edilen klinik bulgular benzer olup süpersaturasyonun etkilerinin her iki balık türü için de ağır olduğu gözlenmiştir.




References

  • Alderdice, D.F. & Jensen, J.O.T. (1985). Assessment of the influence of gas supersaturation on salmonids in the Nechako River in relation to Kemano Completion. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, No. 1386.
  • Cao, L., Li, Y., An, R., Wang, Y., Li, K. & Buchmann, K. (2019). Effects of water depth on GBD associated with total dissolved gas supersaturation in Chinese sucker (Myxocyprinus asiaticus) in upper Yangtze River. Scientific Reports 9(6828), 1-8. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-42971-8
  • Chamberlain, G.W., Neill, W.H., Romanowsky, P.A. & Strawn, K. (1980). Vertical responses of Atlantic croaker to gas supersaturation and temperature change. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109, 737-750. DOI:10.1577/1548-8659(1980)109<737:VROACT>2.0.CO;2
  • Chen, S., Liu, X., Jiang, W., Li, K., Du, J., Shen, D. & Gong, Q. (2012). Effects of total dissolved gas supersaturated water on lethality and catalase activity of Chinese sucker (Myxocyprinus asiaticus Bleeker), Journal of Zhejiang University-Science B- Biomedicine & Biotechnology 13(10), 791-796. DOI: 10.1631/jzus.B1200022. PMCID: PMC3468822
  • Colt, J. & Bouck, G. (1984). Design of packed column for degassing. Aquacultural Engineering, 3(4), 251-273. DOI: 10.1016/0144-8609(84)90007-4
  • Colt, J.E. & Orwicz, K. (1991). Aeration in intensive culture. In Aquaculture and water quality, D. E. Brune and J. R. Tomasso (Ed.), World Aquaculture Society, Louisiana State University, (pp 198-271). Louisiana: Baton Rouge.
  • Culling, A.F., Allison, T.R. & Barr, T.W. (1985). Cells and tissues. Cellulary Patholog Technique. 4.rt Ed., (pp 1-5). London: Mid-County Pres.
  • Elston, R., Colt, J., Abernethy, S. & Maslen, W. (1997). Gas bubble reabsorption in chinook salmon: pressurisation effects. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 9(4), 317-321. DOI:10.1577/1548-8667(1997)009<0317:GBRICS>2.3.CO;2
  • Espmark, A.M., Hjelde, K. & Baeverfjord, G. (2010). Development of gas bubble disease in juvenile Atlantic salmon exposed to water supersaturated with oxygen. Aquaculture 306(1-4, 15 August 2010), 198-204. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.05.001
  • Gorham, F.P. (1901). The gas bubble disease of fish and its cause. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 19(1899), 33-37.
  • Hisar, O., Hisar, Ş.A., Sirkecioğlu, A.N., Karataş, M. & Yanık, T. (2007). Using a oxygenating and degassing column to improve water quality in salmonid hatcheries. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Science 1(3), 63-64.
  • Huang, X., Li, K.F., Du, J. & Li, R. (2010). Effects of gas supersaturation on lethality and avoidance responses in juvenile rock carp (Procypris rabaudi Tchang). Journal of Zhejiang University- Science B- (Biomedicine & Biotechnology), 11(10), 806-811. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1000006
  • Jensen, J.O.T., Schnute, J. & Alderdice, D.F. (1986). Assessing juvenile salmonid response to gas supersaturation using a general multivariate dose-response model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 43(9), 1694-1709. DOI: 10.1139/f86-213
  • Ji, Q., Xue, S., Yuan, Q., Yuan, Y., Wang, Y., Liang, R., Feng, J., Li, K. & Li, R. (2019). The tolerance characteristics of resident fish in the upper Yangtze River under varying gas supersaturation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(2021), 1-13. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16112021
  • Kitano, M. (1995). Pathological aspects of decompression sickness. Departmental Bulletin Paper, 25, 47-59.
  • Machova, J., Faina, R., Randak, T., Valentova, O., Steinbach, C., Kroupova, H.K. & Svobodova, Z. (2017). Fish death caused by gas bubble disease: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina 62(04), 231-237. DOI: 10.17221/153/2016-VETMED
  • Marking, L.L. (1987). Gas supersaturation in fisheries: causes, concerns, and cures. Us Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish and Wildlife, Leaflet 9, (pp 1-12). Washington: La Crosse Wisconsin.
  • Marsh, M.C. & Gorham, F.P. (1905). The gas disease in fishes. Report of the United Statues Bureau of Fisheries, 1904, 343-376.
  • Meyers, T. (2014). Policies and guidelines for Alaska fish and shellfish health and disease control, 3rd Edition, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Regional Information Report, No. 5J14-04 (pp 90-91). Juneau.
  • Nebeker, A.V., Andros, J.D., McCrady, J.K. & Stevens, D.G. (1978). Survival of steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) eggs, embryos, and fry in air-supersaturated water. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35(2), 261-264.
  • Pribyl, A.L., Schreck, C.B., Kent, M.L. & Parker, S.J. (2009). The differential response to decompression in three species of nearshore Pacific rockfish. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29(5), 1479-1486. DOI: 10.1577/M08-234.1
  • Saeed, M.O. & Al-Thobaiti, A. (1997). Gas bubble disease in farmed fish in Saudi Arabia, Veterinary Record, 140 (26), 682-684. DOI:10.1136/vr.140.26.682
  • Sarıhan, F. (2005). Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)’larda levamisol ve Streptococcus iniae uygulamasından sonra oluşan immün yanıtın izlenmesi, Su Ürünleri Anabilim Dalı, Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimler Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi (pp 24-25). Adana, Türkiye.
  • Schisler, G.J. & Bergersen, E.P. (1999). Evaluation of chronic gas supersaturation on growth, morbidity, and mortality of fingerling rainbow trout infected with Myxobolus cerebralis, North American Journal of Aquaculture, 61(3),175-183. DOI:10.1577/1548-8454(1999)061<0175:EOCGSO>2.0.CO;2
  • Speare, D.J. (1991). Endothelial lesions associated with gas bubble disease in fish. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 104, 327-335. DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9975(08)80044-8
  • Stephens, F.J., Cleary, J.J., Jenkins, G., Jones, B., Raidal, S.R. & Thomas, J.B. (2002). Health problems of the western Australian dhufish, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation Report, FRDC Project 98/328, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences Murdoch University (pp 9-34). Murdoch Western Australia.
  • Stevens, D.G., Nebeker, A.V. & Baker, R.J. (1980). Avoidance responses of salmon and trout to air-super-saturated water. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 109, 751-754.
  • Summerfelt, S.T. (1993). Low-head, roughing filters for enhancing recycle water treatment for aquaculture, Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations (pp 9-13). Iowa, Microfilmed.
  • Wang, Y., Li, K., Li, J., Li, R. & Deng, Y. (2015a). Tolerance and avoidance characteristics of Prenant’s Schizothoracin Schizothorax prenanti to total dissolved gas supersaturated water. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 35(4), 827-834. DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2015.1052160
  • Wang, Y., Liang, R., Tuo, Y., Li, K. & Hodges, B. (2015b). Tolerance and avoidance behavior towards gas supersaturation in rock carp Procypris rabaudi with a history of previous exposure. North American Journal of Aquaculture 77(4), 478-484. DOI:10.1080/15222055.2015.1059913
  • Wang, Y., Li, Y., An, R. & Li, K. (2018). Effects of total dissolved gas supersaturation on the swimming performance of two endemic fish species in the upper Yangtze River. Scientific Reports 8(10063), 1-9. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-28360-7
  • Yuan, Y., Wang, Y., Zhou, C., An, R. & Li, K. (2018). Tolerance of Prenant’s Schizothoracin Schizothorax prenanti to total dissolved gas supersaturated water at varying temperature. North American Journal of Aquaculture 80, 107-115. DOI: 10.1002/naaq.10007

Gas bubble disease in Nile Tilapia and Hybrid Red Tilapia (Cichlidae, Oreochromis spp.) under culture conditions

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 285 - 291, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.09

Abstract



The supersaturated gases in water can cause gas bubble disease in fish and this can result in death. At the present study a case of gas bubble disease resulted from the gas supersaturation were investigated in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). Macroscopic and histological findings were obtained from the culture conditions to find more knowledge on this disease which is frequently seen in fish farming. Study was conducted as two steps in summer (August) and winter (December) months with experimentally cultured fish. According to clinical and histological examinations gas bubbles were found in the dorsal, pectoral and caudal fin, and petechial bleeding were found on pectoral, dorsal, caudal fins and the gill cover. The necropsy were revealed that the stomach and intestines were filled with gas bubbles and the gills were hemorrhagic. According to the histological findings hyperplasia and edema in the gills and hemorrhage in the liver and spleen were found, and gastrointestinal mucosa destruction was observed. The clinical findings were similar for both fishes except for a few special cases and it was observed that the effects of supersaturation were severe for both fish species.




References

  • Alderdice, D.F. & Jensen, J.O.T. (1985). Assessment of the influence of gas supersaturation on salmonids in the Nechako River in relation to Kemano Completion. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, No. 1386.
  • Cao, L., Li, Y., An, R., Wang, Y., Li, K. & Buchmann, K. (2019). Effects of water depth on GBD associated with total dissolved gas supersaturation in Chinese sucker (Myxocyprinus asiaticus) in upper Yangtze River. Scientific Reports 9(6828), 1-8. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-42971-8
  • Chamberlain, G.W., Neill, W.H., Romanowsky, P.A. & Strawn, K. (1980). Vertical responses of Atlantic croaker to gas supersaturation and temperature change. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109, 737-750. DOI:10.1577/1548-8659(1980)109<737:VROACT>2.0.CO;2
  • Chen, S., Liu, X., Jiang, W., Li, K., Du, J., Shen, D. & Gong, Q. (2012). Effects of total dissolved gas supersaturated water on lethality and catalase activity of Chinese sucker (Myxocyprinus asiaticus Bleeker), Journal of Zhejiang University-Science B- Biomedicine & Biotechnology 13(10), 791-796. DOI: 10.1631/jzus.B1200022. PMCID: PMC3468822
  • Colt, J. & Bouck, G. (1984). Design of packed column for degassing. Aquacultural Engineering, 3(4), 251-273. DOI: 10.1016/0144-8609(84)90007-4
  • Colt, J.E. & Orwicz, K. (1991). Aeration in intensive culture. In Aquaculture and water quality, D. E. Brune and J. R. Tomasso (Ed.), World Aquaculture Society, Louisiana State University, (pp 198-271). Louisiana: Baton Rouge.
  • Culling, A.F., Allison, T.R. & Barr, T.W. (1985). Cells and tissues. Cellulary Patholog Technique. 4.rt Ed., (pp 1-5). London: Mid-County Pres.
  • Elston, R., Colt, J., Abernethy, S. & Maslen, W. (1997). Gas bubble reabsorption in chinook salmon: pressurisation effects. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 9(4), 317-321. DOI:10.1577/1548-8667(1997)009<0317:GBRICS>2.3.CO;2
  • Espmark, A.M., Hjelde, K. & Baeverfjord, G. (2010). Development of gas bubble disease in juvenile Atlantic salmon exposed to water supersaturated with oxygen. Aquaculture 306(1-4, 15 August 2010), 198-204. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.05.001
  • Gorham, F.P. (1901). The gas bubble disease of fish and its cause. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 19(1899), 33-37.
  • Hisar, O., Hisar, Ş.A., Sirkecioğlu, A.N., Karataş, M. & Yanık, T. (2007). Using a oxygenating and degassing column to improve water quality in salmonid hatcheries. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Science 1(3), 63-64.
  • Huang, X., Li, K.F., Du, J. & Li, R. (2010). Effects of gas supersaturation on lethality and avoidance responses in juvenile rock carp (Procypris rabaudi Tchang). Journal of Zhejiang University- Science B- (Biomedicine & Biotechnology), 11(10), 806-811. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1000006
  • Jensen, J.O.T., Schnute, J. & Alderdice, D.F. (1986). Assessing juvenile salmonid response to gas supersaturation using a general multivariate dose-response model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 43(9), 1694-1709. DOI: 10.1139/f86-213
  • Ji, Q., Xue, S., Yuan, Q., Yuan, Y., Wang, Y., Liang, R., Feng, J., Li, K. & Li, R. (2019). The tolerance characteristics of resident fish in the upper Yangtze River under varying gas supersaturation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(2021), 1-13. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16112021
  • Kitano, M. (1995). Pathological aspects of decompression sickness. Departmental Bulletin Paper, 25, 47-59.
  • Machova, J., Faina, R., Randak, T., Valentova, O., Steinbach, C., Kroupova, H.K. & Svobodova, Z. (2017). Fish death caused by gas bubble disease: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina 62(04), 231-237. DOI: 10.17221/153/2016-VETMED
  • Marking, L.L. (1987). Gas supersaturation in fisheries: causes, concerns, and cures. Us Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish and Wildlife, Leaflet 9, (pp 1-12). Washington: La Crosse Wisconsin.
  • Marsh, M.C. & Gorham, F.P. (1905). The gas disease in fishes. Report of the United Statues Bureau of Fisheries, 1904, 343-376.
  • Meyers, T. (2014). Policies and guidelines for Alaska fish and shellfish health and disease control, 3rd Edition, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Regional Information Report, No. 5J14-04 (pp 90-91). Juneau.
  • Nebeker, A.V., Andros, J.D., McCrady, J.K. & Stevens, D.G. (1978). Survival of steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) eggs, embryos, and fry in air-supersaturated water. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35(2), 261-264.
  • Pribyl, A.L., Schreck, C.B., Kent, M.L. & Parker, S.J. (2009). The differential response to decompression in three species of nearshore Pacific rockfish. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29(5), 1479-1486. DOI: 10.1577/M08-234.1
  • Saeed, M.O. & Al-Thobaiti, A. (1997). Gas bubble disease in farmed fish in Saudi Arabia, Veterinary Record, 140 (26), 682-684. DOI:10.1136/vr.140.26.682
  • Sarıhan, F. (2005). Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)’larda levamisol ve Streptococcus iniae uygulamasından sonra oluşan immün yanıtın izlenmesi, Su Ürünleri Anabilim Dalı, Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimler Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi (pp 24-25). Adana, Türkiye.
  • Schisler, G.J. & Bergersen, E.P. (1999). Evaluation of chronic gas supersaturation on growth, morbidity, and mortality of fingerling rainbow trout infected with Myxobolus cerebralis, North American Journal of Aquaculture, 61(3),175-183. DOI:10.1577/1548-8454(1999)061<0175:EOCGSO>2.0.CO;2
  • Speare, D.J. (1991). Endothelial lesions associated with gas bubble disease in fish. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 104, 327-335. DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9975(08)80044-8
  • Stephens, F.J., Cleary, J.J., Jenkins, G., Jones, B., Raidal, S.R. & Thomas, J.B. (2002). Health problems of the western Australian dhufish, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation Report, FRDC Project 98/328, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences Murdoch University (pp 9-34). Murdoch Western Australia.
  • Stevens, D.G., Nebeker, A.V. & Baker, R.J. (1980). Avoidance responses of salmon and trout to air-super-saturated water. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 109, 751-754.
  • Summerfelt, S.T. (1993). Low-head, roughing filters for enhancing recycle water treatment for aquaculture, Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations (pp 9-13). Iowa, Microfilmed.
  • Wang, Y., Li, K., Li, J., Li, R. & Deng, Y. (2015a). Tolerance and avoidance characteristics of Prenant’s Schizothoracin Schizothorax prenanti to total dissolved gas supersaturated water. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 35(4), 827-834. DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2015.1052160
  • Wang, Y., Liang, R., Tuo, Y., Li, K. & Hodges, B. (2015b). Tolerance and avoidance behavior towards gas supersaturation in rock carp Procypris rabaudi with a history of previous exposure. North American Journal of Aquaculture 77(4), 478-484. DOI:10.1080/15222055.2015.1059913
  • Wang, Y., Li, Y., An, R. & Li, K. (2018). Effects of total dissolved gas supersaturation on the swimming performance of two endemic fish species in the upper Yangtze River. Scientific Reports 8(10063), 1-9. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-28360-7
  • Yuan, Y., Wang, Y., Zhou, C., An, R. & Li, K. (2018). Tolerance of Prenant’s Schizothoracin Schizothorax prenanti to total dissolved gas supersaturated water at varying temperature. North American Journal of Aquaculture 80, 107-115. DOI: 10.1002/naaq.10007

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sema MİDİLLİ (Primary Author)
ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6284-2949
Türkiye


Deniz ÇOBAN
ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9299-5986
Türkiye


Mehmet GÜLER
ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8257-1138
Türkiye


Semra KÜÇÜK
ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7058-3123
Türkiye

Thanks Bu çalışmanın yapılmasında desteklerinden dolayı Kılıç Deniz Ürünleri AŞ’ne; Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tarımsal Biyoteknoloji ve Gıda Güvenliği Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi - TARBİYOMER’e sağladıkları olanaklar için teşekkür ederiz.
Publication Date September 15, 2019
Application Date April 5, 2019
Acceptance Date June 25, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3

Cite

APA Midilli, S. , Çoban, D. , Güler, M. & Küçük, S. (2019). Kültür koşullarında Nil Tilapyası ve Melez Kırmızı Tilapya (Cichlidae, Oreochromis spp.)’da görülen gaz kabarcığı hastalığı . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (3) , 285-291 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.09