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Technical efficiency and artisanal fishing households: Any hope in oil extracting locations? Evidence from Nigeria

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 219 - 228, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.03

Abstract



Artisanal fishing household’s production is investigated using stochastic frontier analysis through Cobb-Douglas production function, which incorporates an inefficiency effects model. Descriptive statistics and profitability index were also used to analyzed the data collected. One hundred and twenty eight households were randomly picked through multistage techniques in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Primary data were chosen using structured questionnaire and interview schedule. Results indicates that greater part of respondents were males with an average age of 42 years who were married with household size of 6 persons. Very many of them did not belong to cooperative society with high educational level. The result indicates that labour, baits and capital inputs were significantly related to output. The average technical efficiency was 73%. This means that the households can still improve their efficiency level by 27%. The structure of production suggests that the returns to scale was 0.9584. The estimated gamma parameter was 0.9423 and was significant at 5% level. Access to credit, membership of cooperative society and fishing experience had an inverse relationship with technical inefficiency while age, fishing distance, gender, number of trips and oil spill had a direct relationship with inefficiency. Artisanal fishing was found to be profitable with a net farm income of N135261.21 and a benefit cost ratio (BCR) of N1.20k. The major constraint to artisanal fishing was pollution. Therefore, the study calls for policies that increases the security of oil pipelines in order to stem the tide of oil spillage and invariably water pollution. 


References

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  • Akinrotimi O.A., Abu. O.M.G., Ibemere I.F & Opara C.A. (2009). Economic viability and marketing strategies of periwinkle Tympanotonusfuscatus in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Systems, 3(3), 238-244.
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  • Chaoqing, C.A.O. (2007). The causes of fishery resources decline and countermeasures for sustainable development. Hebei Fisheries, 2, 4-5, 49.
  • Chunlei, F., Hongliang, H & Xuezhong, C. (2007). The theory of SPF and its application to fishing capacity. Journal of Shanghai Fisheries University, 1, 48-53.
  • Fabio, A., Madau, Idda, L & Pulina, P.(2009). Capacity and economic efficiency in small-scale fisheries: Evidence from the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Policy, 33, 860–867. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2009.03.006
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  • Gbigbi, T.M. (2013). Fishing in oil spillage zone: A case study of Burutu Local Government of Area of Delta State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8 (16):1563-1569.
  • Handuo, X (2013). Flowdown of China’s marine fishing industry under the recession of resources: An empirical analysis based on the fishery data from 1956 to 2011. Journal of ShanDong University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 5, 93 (in Chinese).
  • Hannesson, R. (1983). Bioeconomic production function in fisheries: theoretical and empirical analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 40, 968-982. DOI: 10.1139/f83-123
  • Iyiola A.O. (2015). Human Impact on the Water Quality and Benthic Macro-Invertebrate Compositions in Ogunpa River, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2 (2), 120-28. DOI: 10.9734/JAERI/2015/14323
  • Kareem R.O., Dipeolu, A.O., Aromolaran, A.B & Samson A.(2008). Analysis of technical, allocative and economic efficiency of different pond systems in Ogun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(4), 246-254.
  • Kumolu-Johnson C.A & Ndimele P.E (2010). Length-weight relationships and condition factors of Twenty-one fish species in Ologe lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria, Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(4), 174-179.
  • Lawal W.L & Idega E.O. (2004). Analysis of fish marketing in Benue State. Proceeding of Paper Presented at Annual Conference of the Association in Agricultural Economist (NAAE) Held at A.B.U. Zaria, November 3-5.
  • ManKiw, (2013). Principles of economics. Beijing: Peking University Press. 138-139.
  • Mathew S. (2001). Small- scale fisheries perspectives on an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management. paper presented at the Reykjavik conference on responsible fisheries in the marine ecosystem, Reykjavik, Iceland. food and agriculture organization, Rome.
  • Mbanasor J.A & Kalu K.C. (2008). Economic efficiency of commercial vegetable production system in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria: a translog stochastic frontier cost function approach. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 8(3), 313-318.
  • Nwiro E.(2012). Fish farming a lucrative business. Accessed online from http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/fish-farming-a-lucrative-business/119253/
  • Nwosu F.O., Oguoma N.N.O.; Ohajianya D.O & Ibekwe U.C. (2007). Factors influencing output of fish in Imo State, Nigeria International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 10, 37-40.
  • Ojo S.O & Fagbenro O.A .(2004). Poverty reduction strategy in Nigeria: Improving productivity and technical efficiency in artisanal fisheries in Niger Delta region. paper presented at the 12th Bi-annual conference of the international institute of fisheries economics and trade (IIFET), Tokyo, Japan.
  • Olaoye O. J., Idowu A. A., Omoyinmi G. A. K., Akintayo I. A., Odebiyi O. C & Fasina A.O. (2012). Socio-Economic Analysis of Artisanal Fisher Folks in Ogun Water-Side Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Biology,12 (4), 123.
  • Onyenweaku C.E & Nwaru J.C.(2005). Application of stochastic frontier production function to the measurement of technical efficiency in food production in Imo State, Nigeria: Nigeria. Agricultural Journal, 36, 1-12. DOI: 10.4314/naj.v36i1.3202
  • Pascoe, S & Coglan, C. (2002). The contribution of unmeasurable inputs to fisheries production: an analysis of technical efficiency in fishing vessels in the English Channel. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 84, 585-597. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8276.00321
  • Pascoe, S., Andersen, J. L & de Wilde, J. W. (2001). The impact of management regulation on the technical efficiency of vessels in the Dutch beam trawl fishery. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 49, 16-33.
  • Seyoum E. T., Battese, G.E & Flemming E.M .(1998). Technical efficiency and productivity of maize producers in Eastern Ethiopia: A study of farmers within and outside the Sasakawa-Global 2000 project. Agricultural Economics, 19, 341-348. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5150(98)00037-1
  • Tingley, D., Pascoe, S & Coglan, L.(2005). Factors affecting technical efficiency in fisheries: stochastic production frontier versus data envelopment analysis approaches. Fisheries Research, 73, 363–376. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2005.01.008
  • Worgu S.O. (2000). Hydrocarbon exploitation, environmental degradation and poverty in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, Lund University Lumes programme, Lund, Sweden. Pp 2-11.
  • Yuan, Y (2014). Low utilization efficiency of China’s marine fisheries resources. Guangming Daily.
  • Yuke, Y (2009). Study on sustainable utilization of marine fishery resources in China: an economic analysis based on the declining phenomenon of marine fishery resources. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8, 100-104.
  • Zhaoqun, S., Rong, W & Yugui ,Z (2018). Analysis on technical efficiency and influencing factors of fishing vessels: a case study of Haizhou Bay, China. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 17(3) 516-532.
  • Zheng, Y., Fang, S & Zhou, Y(2009). The measuring and analyzing on the fishing capacity for Chinese Marine fleets. Journal of Fisheries of China, 33, 885-891.

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3, 219 - 228, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.03

Abstract

References

  • Abowei J.F.N & Hart A.(2008). Economic Efficiency in Fish Farming: Hope for Agro-Allied Industriesin Nigeria. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology,26(1), 104-115. DOI: 10.1007/s00343-008-0104-6
  • Adewumi M.O.,. Ayinde O.E.,. Adenuga A.H & Zacchaeus S.T (2012). The profitability analysis of artisanal fishing in Asa River of Kwara state, Nigeria. International Journal of Development and Sustainability. 1 (3 ), 932-938.
  • Adewuyi S.A., Philip B.B., Ayinde I.A & Akerele D.(2010). Analysis of profitability of fish farming in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology,31(3), 179-184. DOI: 10.1080/09709274.2010.11906313
  • Akinrotimi O.A., Abu. O.M.G., Ibemere I.F & Opara C.A. (2009). Economic viability and marketing strategies of periwinkle Tympanotonusfuscatus in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Systems, 3(3), 238-244.
  • Battese G.E & Coelli T. J (1995). A model for technical inefficiency effects in a stochastic frontiers production function for panel data. Empirical Economics, 20, 325-332. DOI: 10.1007/BF01205442
  • Chaoqing, C.A.O. (2007). The causes of fishery resources decline and countermeasures for sustainable development. Hebei Fisheries, 2, 4-5, 49.
  • Chunlei, F., Hongliang, H & Xuezhong, C. (2007). The theory of SPF and its application to fishing capacity. Journal of Shanghai Fisheries University, 1, 48-53.
  • Fabio, A., Madau, Idda, L & Pulina, P.(2009). Capacity and economic efficiency in small-scale fisheries: Evidence from the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Policy, 33, 860–867. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2009.03.006
  • Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. (2007) .N0.24, vol (94) Government notice N0.21, Lagos.
  • Gbigbi, T.M. (2013). Fishing in oil spillage zone: A case study of Burutu Local Government of Area of Delta State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8 (16):1563-1569.
  • Handuo, X (2013). Flowdown of China’s marine fishing industry under the recession of resources: An empirical analysis based on the fishery data from 1956 to 2011. Journal of ShanDong University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 5, 93 (in Chinese).
  • Hannesson, R. (1983). Bioeconomic production function in fisheries: theoretical and empirical analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 40, 968-982. DOI: 10.1139/f83-123
  • Iyiola A.O. (2015). Human Impact on the Water Quality and Benthic Macro-Invertebrate Compositions in Ogunpa River, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2 (2), 120-28. DOI: 10.9734/JAERI/2015/14323
  • Kareem R.O., Dipeolu, A.O., Aromolaran, A.B & Samson A.(2008). Analysis of technical, allocative and economic efficiency of different pond systems in Ogun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(4), 246-254.
  • Kumolu-Johnson C.A & Ndimele P.E (2010). Length-weight relationships and condition factors of Twenty-one fish species in Ologe lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria, Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(4), 174-179.
  • Lawal W.L & Idega E.O. (2004). Analysis of fish marketing in Benue State. Proceeding of Paper Presented at Annual Conference of the Association in Agricultural Economist (NAAE) Held at A.B.U. Zaria, November 3-5.
  • ManKiw, (2013). Principles of economics. Beijing: Peking University Press. 138-139.
  • Mathew S. (2001). Small- scale fisheries perspectives on an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management. paper presented at the Reykjavik conference on responsible fisheries in the marine ecosystem, Reykjavik, Iceland. food and agriculture organization, Rome.
  • Mbanasor J.A & Kalu K.C. (2008). Economic efficiency of commercial vegetable production system in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria: a translog stochastic frontier cost function approach. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 8(3), 313-318.
  • Nwiro E.(2012). Fish farming a lucrative business. Accessed online from http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/fish-farming-a-lucrative-business/119253/
  • Nwosu F.O., Oguoma N.N.O.; Ohajianya D.O & Ibekwe U.C. (2007). Factors influencing output of fish in Imo State, Nigeria International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 10, 37-40.
  • Ojo S.O & Fagbenro O.A .(2004). Poverty reduction strategy in Nigeria: Improving productivity and technical efficiency in artisanal fisheries in Niger Delta region. paper presented at the 12th Bi-annual conference of the international institute of fisheries economics and trade (IIFET), Tokyo, Japan.
  • Olaoye O. J., Idowu A. A., Omoyinmi G. A. K., Akintayo I. A., Odebiyi O. C & Fasina A.O. (2012). Socio-Economic Analysis of Artisanal Fisher Folks in Ogun Water-Side Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Biology,12 (4), 123.
  • Onyenweaku C.E & Nwaru J.C.(2005). Application of stochastic frontier production function to the measurement of technical efficiency in food production in Imo State, Nigeria: Nigeria. Agricultural Journal, 36, 1-12. DOI: 10.4314/naj.v36i1.3202
  • Pascoe, S & Coglan, C. (2002). The contribution of unmeasurable inputs to fisheries production: an analysis of technical efficiency in fishing vessels in the English Channel. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 84, 585-597. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8276.00321
  • Pascoe, S., Andersen, J. L & de Wilde, J. W. (2001). The impact of management regulation on the technical efficiency of vessels in the Dutch beam trawl fishery. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 49, 16-33.
  • Seyoum E. T., Battese, G.E & Flemming E.M .(1998). Technical efficiency and productivity of maize producers in Eastern Ethiopia: A study of farmers within and outside the Sasakawa-Global 2000 project. Agricultural Economics, 19, 341-348. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5150(98)00037-1
  • Tingley, D., Pascoe, S & Coglan, L.(2005). Factors affecting technical efficiency in fisheries: stochastic production frontier versus data envelopment analysis approaches. Fisheries Research, 73, 363–376. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2005.01.008
  • Worgu S.O. (2000). Hydrocarbon exploitation, environmental degradation and poverty in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, Lund University Lumes programme, Lund, Sweden. Pp 2-11.
  • Yuan, Y (2014). Low utilization efficiency of China’s marine fisheries resources. Guangming Daily.
  • Yuke, Y (2009). Study on sustainable utilization of marine fishery resources in China: an economic analysis based on the declining phenomenon of marine fishery resources. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8, 100-104.
  • Zhaoqun, S., Rong, W & Yugui ,Z (2018). Analysis on technical efficiency and influencing factors of fishing vessels: a case study of Haizhou Bay, China. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 17(3) 516-532.
  • Zheng, Y., Fang, S & Zhou, Y(2009). The measuring and analyzing on the fishing capacity for Chinese Marine fleets. Journal of Fisheries of China, 33, 885-891.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Fisheries
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Theophilus Miebi GBIGBI (Primary Author)
DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ASABA CAMPUS ASABA
0000-0002-1335-7231
Nigeria

Publication Date September 15, 2019
Application Date December 8, 2018
Acceptance Date May 23, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 3

Cite

APA Gbıgbı, T. M. (2019). Technical efficiency and artisanal fishing households: Any hope in oil extracting locations? Evidence from Nigeria . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (3) , 219-228 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.03