Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Karadeniz ve Ege Denizi’ndeki kültür levrek balıklarında (Dicentrarchus labrax) karşılaştırmalı Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea) enfestasyonları

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 2, 163 - 169, 15.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.2.08

Abstract



Bu araştırmada, Karadeniz’in Yakakent ve Ege Denizi’nin Milas kıyılarındaki ağ kafeslerde yetiştiriciliği yapılan Avrupa levrek balığının (Dicentrarchus labrax) solungaçlarındaki monogen parazitlerin neden olduğu enfestasyonlar araştırıldı. Parazitolojik inceleme eş zamanlı olarak Eylül 2014, Şubat ve Nisan 2015 tarihlerinde alınan balık örneklerinde gerçekleştirildi. Yakakent’teki kafeslerden ortalama boyları 19.37 cm olan toplam 100 adet balık incelenirken, Milas’taki kafeslerden ortalama boyları 22.67 cm olan 88 adet balık incelendi. Her iki örnekleme alanından incelenen balık türünde sadece bir monogen parazit olan Diplectanum aequans türünün varlığı belirlendi. Diplectanum aequans türü monogen parazitin enfestasyon oranı (%) ve enfeste balık başına ortalama sayıları Yakakent örneklerinde sırasıyla %89.0 ve 9.6 ± 0.8 olarak belirlenmişken, enfestasyon parametreleri Milas örneklerinde sırasıyla %90.9 ve 13.3 ± 1.2 olarak belirlendi. Her iki örneklem alanından yakalanan balıklarda belirlenen D. aequans enfestasyon oranları (%) arasındaki fark istatistiki olarak önemli bulunmazken, her iki örneklem alanındaki balıklardaki enfeste balık başına ortalama D. aequans değerleri arasındaki fark istatistiki olarak önemli bulundu. Diplectanum aequans türü parazit incelenen balıkların tüm solungaç yapraklarında homojen bir dağılım gösterdi ve enfestasyon parametrelerinde istatistiki bir fark belirlenmedi. Bu araştırma Karadeniz ve Ege Denizi’nde kültürü yapılan Avrupa levrek balığının (D. labrax) solungaçlarındaki D. aequans türü monegen parazit enfestasyonları üzerine gerçekleştirilen ilk karşılaştırma çalışmasıdır.



  

References

  • Investigation of the monogenean, trematods and crustecean parasites of the cultered and wild marine fishes near Salih Island (in Turkish). Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 354-360. DOI: 10.9775/kvfd.2010.2605
  • Antonelli, L., & Marchand, B. (2012). Metazoan parasites of the European Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus 1758) (Pises: Teleostei) From Corsia. Healt and Enviroment in Aquaculture, 43-62. DOI: 10.5772/31054
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M., & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. Regisited. Journal of Parasitology, 84, 575 – 583.
  • Cecchini, S., Saroglia, M., Cognetti-Varriale, A.M., Terova, G., & Sabino, G. (2001). Effect of low environmental temperature on embryonic development and egg hatching of Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea, Diplectanidae) infecting European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Fish Pathology, 36, 33-34. DOI: 10.3147/jsfp.36.33
  • Cognetti-Varialle, A.M., Castelli, A., Cechini, S., & Saroglia, M. (1992). Distribution of Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea) on the Gills of Intensively reared seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.). Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 13(1), 1-4.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Giari, L., Simoni, E., Menegatti, R., Shinn, A.P., & Manera, M. (2007). Gill histology of cultured European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.), infected with
  • Diplectanum aequans (Wagner 1857) Diesing 1958 (Diplectanidae: Monogenea). Parasitology Research, 100, 707 – 713. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-006-0343-4
  • Faliex, E., Da Silva, C., Simon, G., & Sasal, P. (2008). Dynamic expression of immune response genes in the sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax experimentally infected with the monogenean Diplectanum aequans. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 24, 759-767. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2008.02.011
  • FAO, (2016). A fishery Resource under Fisheries and Aquaculture on the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nation website. http:// http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-aquaculture-production/query/en (15.09.2018).
  • Gonzalez-Lanza, C., Alvarez-Pellitero, P., & Sitja-Bobadilla, A. (1991). Diplectanidae (Monogenea) infestations of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.), from the Spanish Mediterranean area. Parasitology Research, 77, 307-314. DOI: 0044325591000396
  • Hadj Kacem, N.H., Aldrin, J.F., & Romestand, B. (1987). Immediate effects of a rapid temperature increase on some blood parameters of European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linne, 1758). Aquaculture, 64, 325-331. DOI: 10.1016/0044-8486(87)90194-3
  • Hughes, G.M. & Shelton, G. (1958). The mechanism of gill ventilation in three freshwater teleosts. Journal of Experimental Biology, 35, 807-823.
  • Lambert, A., & Maillard, C. (1974). Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea) parasites simultanés de Dicentrarchus labrax (Téléostéen). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 50, 691-699.
  • Mccarty, J.P. (2001). Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conservation Biology, 15, 320–331. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.2001.015002320.x
  • Mladineo, I. (2006). Checklist of the parasitofauna in Adriatic Sea cage-reared fish. Acta Veterinaria, 56(2-3), 285-292. DOI: 10.2298/AVB0603285M
  • Mounira, S. (2008). Les ectoparasites branchiaux de poissons Téléostéens (Sparidae; Gadidae; Soleidae; Scorpaenidae; Clupeidae) pêchés dans le golfe d’Annaba. Master Thesis. Faculté des Sciences Département des Sciences de la Mer Annaba University, 143 pp.
  • Noga, E.J. (1995). Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. Mosby. Louis, Missouri: USA.
  • Oliver, G. (1968). Recherches sur les Diplectanidae (Monogenea) parasites de Téléostéens du Golfe du Lion. I. Diplectaninae Monticelli, 1903. Vie et Milieu 19 (l-A), 95-138.
  • Oliver, G. (1982). Quelques aspects de la specificite parasitaire chez les Diplectanidae Bychowsky, 1957 (Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea). Memories du Museum National Hististorie Naturelle, 123, 295-30.
  • Oliver, G. (1987). Les Diplectanidae Bychowsky, 1957 (Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea, Dactylogyridea). Doctoral Thesis. Academie De Montpellier Universite Des Sciences Et Techniques Du Languedoc, 397 pp.
  • Öğüt, H., & Uzun, E. (2014). Incidence and prevalence of Diplectanum aequans and its influence on the fitness of juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in the Black Sea. Aquaculture Research, 45, 742-748. DOI: 10.1111/are.12015
  • Özer, A., & Öztürk, T. (2005). Dactylogyrus cornu Linstow, 1878 (Monogenea) infestations on vimba (Vimba vimba tenella (Nordmann, 1840)) caught in the Sinop region of Turkey in relation to the host factors. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 1119-1123.
  • Özer, A., Özkan, H., Güneydağ, S., & Yurakhno, V. (2015). First report of several myxosporean (Myxozoa) and monogenean parasites from fish species off Sinop coasts of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15, 737-744. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_3_18
  • Öztürk, T., & Özer, A. (2014). Monogenean fish parasites, their host preferences and seasonal distributions in the Lower Kızılırmak Delta (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14, 367-378. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_2_07
  • Paling, J.E. (1968). A method of estimating the relative volumes of water flowing over the different gills of a freshwater fish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 48, 533-544.
  • Reed, P., Francis-Floyd, R., & Klinger, R.E. (2009). Monogenean parasites of fish. Ifas Fa28, 1-10.
  • Santos, M.J. (1996). Observations on the parasitofauna of wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) from Portugal. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 16(3), 77-79.
  • Silan, P, Maillard, C. (1989) Biologie comparee du developement et discrimination des Diplectanidae ectoparasites du Bar (Teleostei). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie 13, 31-45.
  • Thoney, D.A., & Hargis, W.J. (1991). Monogenea Plathyhelminthes as hazards for fish in confinement. Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1, 133 – 153. DOI: 10.1016/0959-8030(91)90027-H
  • Toksen, E. (1999). Metazoan gill parasites of cultured gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) in Aegean Sea coast and their treatment. Ph.D. Thesis, Ege University, Institute of Science and Technology, İzmir, Turkey.
  • Toksen, E. (2007). Ege Denizinde yetiştiriciliği yapılan levrek (Dicentrarchus labrax)’lerin solungaç paraziti Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea: Diplectanidae)’in tedavisi üzerine denemeler. Ekoloji, 16(62), 66-71.
  • Xenopoulos, M.A., Lodge, D.M., & Alcamow, J. (2005). Scenarios of freshwater fish extinctions from climate change and water withdrawal. Global Change Biology, 11, 1557–1564. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.001008.x
  • Yardımcı, B., & Pekmezci, G.Z. (2012). Gill histopathology in cultured sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (L.) co-infected by Diplectanum aequans (Wagener,1857) and
  • Lernanthropus kroyeri (van Beneen,1851). Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 59, 61-64.
  • Whittington, D.I., & Chisholm, L.A. (2008). Diseases caused by Monogenea. In Eiras, J.C, Segner, H. Wahli, T. & Kapoor, B.G. (Ed), Fish Diseases (Vol.2). Science Publishers, USA.
  • Wootten, R. (1974). The spatial distribution of Dactylogyrus amphibothrium on the gills of ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernua and its relation to the relative amount of water passing over the parts of the gills. Journal of Helminthology, 48, 167 - 174. DOI: 10.1017/ S0022149X00022793

Comparative Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea) infestations in cultured European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 2, 163 - 169, 15.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.2.08

Abstract



In the present study, monogenean infestations were investigated on the gills of the European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax grown in culture cages located at Yakakent coast of the Black Sea and Milas coast of the Aegean Sea. Parasitological investigations were conducted simultaneously at both localities during September 2014, February and April 2015. While a total of 100 fish specimens were examined from Yakakent samples whose average length was 19.37 cm, a total of 88 fish specimens were examined from Milas samples whose length was 22.67 cm in average. Only one monogenean species Diplectanum aequans was recovered from investigated fish specimens at both sampling localities. Infestation prevalence (%) and mean intensity values of D. aequans were 89.0% and 9.6 ± 0.8 in Yakakent samples while those infestation indices were 90.9% and 13.3 ± 1.2 in Milas samples, respectively. The difference between the infestation prevalence (%) values of D. aequans at both sampling localities was not statistically significant, on the other hand, the difference was statistically significant in the mean intensity values at both locations. Diplectanum aequans showed a homogeneous distribution in all gill arches of fish without any statistically significant difference. This is the first comparative study on the infestation of D. aequans on the gills of European sea bass D. labrax cultured in the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea.




References

  • Investigation of the monogenean, trematods and crustecean parasites of the cultered and wild marine fishes near Salih Island (in Turkish). Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 354-360. DOI: 10.9775/kvfd.2010.2605
  • Antonelli, L., & Marchand, B. (2012). Metazoan parasites of the European Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus 1758) (Pises: Teleostei) From Corsia. Healt and Enviroment in Aquaculture, 43-62. DOI: 10.5772/31054
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M., & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. Regisited. Journal of Parasitology, 84, 575 – 583.
  • Cecchini, S., Saroglia, M., Cognetti-Varriale, A.M., Terova, G., & Sabino, G. (2001). Effect of low environmental temperature on embryonic development and egg hatching of Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea, Diplectanidae) infecting European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Fish Pathology, 36, 33-34. DOI: 10.3147/jsfp.36.33
  • Cognetti-Varialle, A.M., Castelli, A., Cechini, S., & Saroglia, M. (1992). Distribution of Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea) on the Gills of Intensively reared seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.). Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 13(1), 1-4.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Giari, L., Simoni, E., Menegatti, R., Shinn, A.P., & Manera, M. (2007). Gill histology of cultured European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.), infected with
  • Diplectanum aequans (Wagner 1857) Diesing 1958 (Diplectanidae: Monogenea). Parasitology Research, 100, 707 – 713. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-006-0343-4
  • Faliex, E., Da Silva, C., Simon, G., & Sasal, P. (2008). Dynamic expression of immune response genes in the sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax experimentally infected with the monogenean Diplectanum aequans. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 24, 759-767. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2008.02.011
  • FAO, (2016). A fishery Resource under Fisheries and Aquaculture on the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nation website. http:// http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-aquaculture-production/query/en (15.09.2018).
  • Gonzalez-Lanza, C., Alvarez-Pellitero, P., & Sitja-Bobadilla, A. (1991). Diplectanidae (Monogenea) infestations of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.), from the Spanish Mediterranean area. Parasitology Research, 77, 307-314. DOI: 0044325591000396
  • Hadj Kacem, N.H., Aldrin, J.F., & Romestand, B. (1987). Immediate effects of a rapid temperature increase on some blood parameters of European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linne, 1758). Aquaculture, 64, 325-331. DOI: 10.1016/0044-8486(87)90194-3
  • Hughes, G.M. & Shelton, G. (1958). The mechanism of gill ventilation in three freshwater teleosts. Journal of Experimental Biology, 35, 807-823.
  • Lambert, A., & Maillard, C. (1974). Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea) parasites simultanés de Dicentrarchus labrax (Téléostéen). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 50, 691-699.
  • Mccarty, J.P. (2001). Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conservation Biology, 15, 320–331. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.2001.015002320.x
  • Mladineo, I. (2006). Checklist of the parasitofauna in Adriatic Sea cage-reared fish. Acta Veterinaria, 56(2-3), 285-292. DOI: 10.2298/AVB0603285M
  • Mounira, S. (2008). Les ectoparasites branchiaux de poissons Téléostéens (Sparidae; Gadidae; Soleidae; Scorpaenidae; Clupeidae) pêchés dans le golfe d’Annaba. Master Thesis. Faculté des Sciences Département des Sciences de la Mer Annaba University, 143 pp.
  • Noga, E.J. (1995). Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. Mosby. Louis, Missouri: USA.
  • Oliver, G. (1968). Recherches sur les Diplectanidae (Monogenea) parasites de Téléostéens du Golfe du Lion. I. Diplectaninae Monticelli, 1903. Vie et Milieu 19 (l-A), 95-138.
  • Oliver, G. (1982). Quelques aspects de la specificite parasitaire chez les Diplectanidae Bychowsky, 1957 (Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea). Memories du Museum National Hististorie Naturelle, 123, 295-30.
  • Oliver, G. (1987). Les Diplectanidae Bychowsky, 1957 (Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea, Dactylogyridea). Doctoral Thesis. Academie De Montpellier Universite Des Sciences Et Techniques Du Languedoc, 397 pp.
  • Öğüt, H., & Uzun, E. (2014). Incidence and prevalence of Diplectanum aequans and its influence on the fitness of juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in the Black Sea. Aquaculture Research, 45, 742-748. DOI: 10.1111/are.12015
  • Özer, A., & Öztürk, T. (2005). Dactylogyrus cornu Linstow, 1878 (Monogenea) infestations on vimba (Vimba vimba tenella (Nordmann, 1840)) caught in the Sinop region of Turkey in relation to the host factors. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 1119-1123.
  • Özer, A., Özkan, H., Güneydağ, S., & Yurakhno, V. (2015). First report of several myxosporean (Myxozoa) and monogenean parasites from fish species off Sinop coasts of the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15, 737-744. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_3_18
  • Öztürk, T., & Özer, A. (2014). Monogenean fish parasites, their host preferences and seasonal distributions in the Lower Kızılırmak Delta (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14, 367-378. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_2_07
  • Paling, J.E. (1968). A method of estimating the relative volumes of water flowing over the different gills of a freshwater fish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 48, 533-544.
  • Reed, P., Francis-Floyd, R., & Klinger, R.E. (2009). Monogenean parasites of fish. Ifas Fa28, 1-10.
  • Santos, M.J. (1996). Observations on the parasitofauna of wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) from Portugal. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 16(3), 77-79.
  • Silan, P, Maillard, C. (1989) Biologie comparee du developement et discrimination des Diplectanidae ectoparasites du Bar (Teleostei). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie 13, 31-45.
  • Thoney, D.A., & Hargis, W.J. (1991). Monogenea Plathyhelminthes as hazards for fish in confinement. Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1, 133 – 153. DOI: 10.1016/0959-8030(91)90027-H
  • Toksen, E. (1999). Metazoan gill parasites of cultured gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) in Aegean Sea coast and their treatment. Ph.D. Thesis, Ege University, Institute of Science and Technology, İzmir, Turkey.
  • Toksen, E. (2007). Ege Denizinde yetiştiriciliği yapılan levrek (Dicentrarchus labrax)’lerin solungaç paraziti Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea: Diplectanidae)’in tedavisi üzerine denemeler. Ekoloji, 16(62), 66-71.
  • Xenopoulos, M.A., Lodge, D.M., & Alcamow, J. (2005). Scenarios of freshwater fish extinctions from climate change and water withdrawal. Global Change Biology, 11, 1557–1564. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.001008.x
  • Yardımcı, B., & Pekmezci, G.Z. (2012). Gill histopathology in cultured sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (L.) co-infected by Diplectanum aequans (Wagener,1857) and
  • Lernanthropus kroyeri (van Beneen,1851). Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 59, 61-64.
  • Whittington, D.I., & Chisholm, L.A. (2008). Diseases caused by Monogenea. In Eiras, J.C, Segner, H. Wahli, T. & Kapoor, B.G. (Ed), Fish Diseases (Vol.2). Science Publishers, USA.
  • Wootten, R. (1974). The spatial distribution of Dactylogyrus amphibothrium on the gills of ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernua and its relation to the relative amount of water passing over the parts of the gills. Journal of Helminthology, 48, 167 - 174. DOI: 10.1017/ S0022149X00022793

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ahmet ÖZER (Primary Author)
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-2890-6766
Türkiye


Sevilay OKKAY
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4440-3525
Türkiye


Türkay ÖZTÜRK
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5568-3214
Türkiye


Birol BAKİ
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-2414-1145
Türkiye


Gökçe ACAR This is me
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-0127-6602
Türkiye


Arzu GÜVEN This is me
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-8220-5282
Türkiye


Dilara KAYA ÖZTÜRK
SİNOP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-2505-231X
Türkiye

Thanks All authors conceived, designed and conducted field and laboratory work. A.Ö. analysed the data and wrote the initial version of the manuscript; all other authors provided editorial advice.
Publication Date June 15, 2019
Application Date February 22, 2019
Acceptance Date March 22, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 2

Cite

APA Özer, A. , Okkay, S. , Öztürk, T. , Baki, B. , Acar, G. , Güven, A. & Kaya Öztürk, D. (2019). Comparative Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea) infestations in cultured European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (2) , 163-169 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.2.08