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Güney-doğu Karadeniz’in üç farklı kıyısından yakalanan mezgit balıklarının, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) boy-ağırlık ilişkilerinin karşılaştırılması

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 1, 57 - 63, 15.03.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.1.07

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı, güney-doğu Karadeniz’deki üç farklı alandan (Ordu ilinin Medreseönu ve Persembe kıyıları ile Giresun ilinin Piraziz kıyısı) yakalanan Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)’un Boy-Ağırlık İlişkilerini (BAİ) karşılaştırmaktır. Bir yıl boyunca 2010 yılında aylık olarak benzer özellikteki uzatma ağları ile üç örnekleme sahasından mezgit örnekleri toplanmıştır. Her bir örneğin total boyu (TL) ve ağırlığı (W) ölçülmüştür. Boy ve ağırlık değerleri kullanılarak erkek, dişi ve örneklerin tamamı için boy-ağırlık ilişkileri hesaplanmıştır. Daha sonra, araştırma sahalarından avlanan mezgit balıkları için hesaplanan b değerleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Medreseonu, Persembe ve Piraziz kıyılarından yakalanan örnekler için b değeri sırasıyla 2.7429, 2.9097 ve 2.8600 hesaplanmıştır. BAİ’lerinin b değerleri, mezgit balıklarının örneklemem sahalarının tamamında negatif allometrik büyüdüklerini göstermiştir. Eşeylere göre ise, sadece Persembe kıyılarından yakalanan dişi mezgitlerin izometrik büyüme gösterdikleri, Medreseonu ve Piraziz kıyılarından yakalanan hem erkek hem de dişi bireyler ile Persembe kıyılarından yakalanan erkek bireylerin negatif allometrik büyüme gösterdikleri saptanmıştır.

References

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  • Atasoy, G. E., Erdem, U., Cebeci, M. & Yerli, B. (2006). Some biological characteristics of the whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus Nordmann, 1840) in the Marmara Sea. Ege Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Sciences, 23(1), 33-37.
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  • Ciloglu, E., Sahin, C., Zengin, M. & Genc, Y. (2001). Determination of Some Population Parameters and Reproduction Period of Whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus Nordmann, 1840) on the Trabzon-Yomra Coast in the Eastern Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 25, 831-837.
  • Demirel, N. & Dalkara, E. M. (2012). Weight-length relationships of 28 fish species in the Sea of Marmara. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36, 785-791. DOI:10.3906/zoo-1111-29
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  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S. & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-weight relationship of 10 fish species caught by bottom trawl and midwater trawl from the Middle Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7, 33-36.
  • Kuriakose, S. (2017). Estimation of length weight relationship in fishes. In: Course Manual Summer School on Advanced Methods for Fish Stock Assessment and Fisheries Management. Lecture Note Series No. 2/2017 . CMFRI; Kochi, Kochi, pp. 215-220.
  • Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 20, 201-219.
  • Mir, J. I., Sarkar, U. K., Dwivedi, A. K. Gusain, O.P., Pal, A. & Jena, J. K. (2012). Pattern of intrabasin variation in condition factor, relative condition factor and form factor of an
  • Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton-Buchanan,1822) in the Ganges Basin, India. European Journal of Biological Sciences, 4, 126-135. DOI:10.5829/idosi.cjbs.2012.4.4.6448
  • Morey, G., Moranta, J., Massuti, E., Grau, A., Linde, M., Riera, F. & Morales-Nin, B. (2003). Weight-length relationships of littoral to lower slope fishes from the Western Mediterranean. Fisheries Research, 62(1), 89-96. DOI:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00250-3
  • Ozdemir, S. & Duyar, H. A. (2013). Length-weight relationships for ten fish species collected by trawl surveys from Black Sea coast, Turkey. International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences, 1, 405-407.
  • Özdemir, S., Söyleyici, H., Özdemir, Z.B., Özsandıkçı, U. & Büyükdeveci, F. (2018). Karadeniz (Sinop-Samsun) kıyılarında avlanan mezgit (Merlangius merlangus euxinus) balığının aylık olarak boy-ağırlık ilişkleri ve boy kompozisyonunun tespiti. Aquatic Research, 1(1), 26-37. DOI: 10.3153/AR18004
  • Pauly, D. (1984). Fish population dynamics in tropical water: a manual for use with programmable calculators. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 8.
  • Pauly, T. A. (1993). General characters for the classification of the cichlid family. In W. E. Ricker (Ed.), Blackwell: Oxford.
  • Pervin, M. R. & Mortuza, M. G. (2008). Notes on length-weight relationship and condition factor of freshwater fish, Labeo boga (Hamilton) (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University, 27, 97-98.
  • Riedel, R., Caskey, L.M. & Hurlbert, S. H. (2007). Length-weight relations and growth rates of dominant fishes of the Salton Sea: implications for predation by fish-eating birds. Lake and Reservoir Management, 23, 528-535. DOI: 10.1080/07438140709354036
  • Rosli, N. A. M. & Isa, M. M. (2012). Length-weight and Length-length Relationship of Longsnouted Catfish, Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes, 1840) in the Northern Part of Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 23(2), 59-65.
  • Saglam, N. E. & Saglam, C. (2012). Population parameters of whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus L., 1758) in the south-Eastern Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12, 831-839. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v12_4_11
  • Samsun, N. & Erkoyuncu, İ. (1998). Investigation of some parameters related to fishery biology of whiting (Gadus merlangus euxinus N. 1840) caught with bottom trawls in Sinop Region (Black Sea). Ege Universitesi Su Urunleri Dergisi, 15(1-2), 19-31.
  • Samsun, O. & Akyol, O. (2017). Exploitation rate of whiting, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Central Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 3(1), 20-26.
  • Samsun, O. (1995). Investigation of whiting (Gadus merlangus Nord., 1840) caught with bottom trawls from the middle Black Sea in the 1991-1994 fishing season in terms of fisheries biology. Suleyman Demirel Universitesi Egirdir Su Urunleri Fakultesi Dergisi, 4, 273-282.
  • Samsun, S. (2010). The determination of some population parameters of the whiting (Merlangius merlangus Linnaeus, 1758) at 2001-2003 fishing season caught in the middle Black Sea. Fırat Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 22(1), 47-54.
  • Sani, R., Gupta, B. K., Sarkar, U. K., Pandey, A., Dubey, V. K. & Lakra, W. S. (2010). Length weight relationship of 14 Indian freshwater species from river Betwa (Yamuna River tributary) and Gomti (Ganga river tributary). J. Appl. Ichthyol., 26, 456-459.
  • Sarkar, U. K., Deepak, P. K., & Negi, R. S. (2008). Length-weight relationship of clown knifefish Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) from the Ganga basin, India. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25, 232-233. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01206.x
  • Singh, N. O., Sarma, D. & Singh, N. G. (2011). Length-weight relationship of Tor putitora (Hamilton) from Kosi River Uttarakhand considering different stages of its lifespan. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 58, 35-38.
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  • Svetnovidov, A.N. (1986). Gadidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.L., Hureau, J.C., Nielsen, J., and Tortonese, E. (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, United Kingdom. 1473 pp.
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  • Thomas, J., Venu, S. & Kurup, B. M. (2003). Length-weight relationship of some deep-sea fish inhabiting continental slope beyond 250 m depth along West coast of India Naga, World Fish Center Quart., 26, 17-21.
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Comparison of length-weight relationships for whiting, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) caught from three different areas of the south-eastern Black Sea

Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 1, 57 - 63, 15.03.2019
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.1.07

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare Length-Weight Relationships (LWRs) of whiting, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) caught from three different areas (Medreseonu and Persembe coastal waters of Ordu province and Piraziz coastal waters of Giresun province, Turkey) of the south-eastern Black Sea. During a year in 2010, whiting specimens were collected monthly by similar mesh-sized experimental gillnets from each sampling areas. Total length (TL) and weight (W) of each fish specimens were measured. LWRs were calculated using length and weight values for males, females and combined sexes. Then, the calculated b values of the whiting caught from the sampling areas were compared. The parameter b values of the LWRs were calculated as 2.7429, 2.9097 and 2.8600 for Medreseonu, Persembe and Piraziz coastal waters, respectively. These b values of the LWRs showed that whiting grows negative allometric in all of the sampling areas. According to the sex groups, only the female individuals captured from of Persembe coast showed isometric growth, while both the male and female individuals captured from the Medreseonu and Piraziz coastal waters and the male individuals caught from Persembe coast showed negative allometric growth.

References

  • Ak, O., Kutlu, S. & Aydın, İ. (2009a). Length-weight relationship for 16 fish species from the eastern Black Sea, Turkiye. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 9, 125-126.
  • Ak, O., Kutlu, S., Genc, Y. & Haliloglu, H. İ. (2009b). Length frequency, length-weight relationship and sex ratio of the whiting, Merlangius merlangus euxinus in the Black Sea, Turkey. BAU, Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu Dergisi, 11(2), 37-43.
  • Atasoy, G. E., Erdem, U., Cebeci, M. & Yerli, B. (2006). Some biological characteristics of the whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus Nordmann, 1840) in the Marmara Sea. Ege Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Sciences, 23(1), 33-37.
  • Ciloglu, E. (1997). Population parameters and vertical distribution of whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus) in the east coast of Trabzon (58 pp). İstanbul Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu. MSc Thesis.
  • Ciloglu, E., Sahin, C., Zengin, M. & Genc, Y. (2001). Determination of Some Population Parameters and Reproduction Period of Whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus Nordmann, 1840) on the Trabzon-Yomra Coast in the Eastern Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 25, 831-837.
  • Demirel, N. & Dalkara, E. M. (2012). Weight-length relationships of 28 fish species in the Sea of Marmara. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 36, 785-791. DOI:10.3906/zoo-1111-29
  • Duzgunes, E. & Karacam, H. (1990). Some population aspects, meat yield and biochemical composition of whiting (Gadus euxinus Nord. 1840) in the eastern Black Sea. Doga Turkish Journal of Zoology, 14, 345-352.
  • Ecoutin, J. M. & Albaret, J. J. (2003). Length-weight relationship of 52 fish species from West African estuaries and lagoons. Cybium, 27, 3-9.
  • Freitas, T. M. S., Prudente, B. S., Fontoura, N. F. & Montag, L. F. A. (2014). Length-weight relationships of dominant fish species from Caxiuanã National Forest, Eastern Amazon, Brazil. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30, 1081-1083. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12436
  • Freitas, T. M. S., Souza, J. B. S, Prudente, B. S. & Montag, L. F. A. (2017). Length-weight relationship in ten fish species from the Nhamundá River, the Amazon Basin, Brazil. Acta Amazonica, 47(1), 75-78. DOI:10.1590/1809-4392201601272
  • Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22, 241-253. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x
  • Froese, R., Tsikliras, A. C. & Stergiou, K. I. (2011). Editorial note on weight–length relations of fishes. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria, 41, 261-263. DOI: 10.3750/AIP2011.41.4.01
  • Genc, Y., Mutlu, C., Zengin, M., Aydın, İ., Zengin, B. & Tabak, İ. (2002). Determination of the effect of fishing effort on benthic fish stocks in the eastern Black Sea (127 s.). Tarım ve Koyisleri Bakanlıgı Tarımsal Arastırmalar Genel Mudurlugu, Proje No: TAGEM/IY/97/17/03/006, Sonuc Raporu, Trabzon, Turkiye: Trabzon Su Urunleri Merkez Arastırma Enstitusu.
  • Genc, Y., Zengin, M., Basar, S., Tabak, İ., Ceylan, B., Ciftci, Y., Ustundag, C., Akbulut, B. & Sahin, T. (1998). Research Project for economic fishes (157 s). Tarım ve Koyisleri Bakanlıgı Tarımsal Arastırmalar Genel Mudurlugu, TAGEM/IY/96/17/3/001 Sonuc Raporu, Trabzon, Turkiye: Trabzon Su Urunleri Merkez Arastırma Enstitusu.
  • Giarrizzo, T., de Sena Oliveira, R. R., Costa Andrade, M., Pedrosa Goncalves, A., Barbosa, T. A. P., Martins, A. R., Marques, D. K., Brito dos Santos, J. L., de Paula da Silva Frois, R., Oliveira de Albuquerque, T. P., Fogaca de Assis Montag, L., Camargo M. & Melo de Sousa, L. (2015). Length-weight and Length-length relationships for 153 fish species from the Xingu River (Amazon Basin, Brazil). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31, 415-424. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12677
  • İsmen, A. (2002). A preliminary study on the population dynamics parameters of whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus) in Turkish Black Sea coast waters. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 26, 157-166.
  • Jobling, M. (2002). Environmental factors and rates of development and growth. In P. J. B. Hart, J. D. Reynolds, (Eds), Handbook of fish biology and fisheries (pp 107-19). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S. & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-weight relationship of 10 fish species caught by bottom trawl and midwater trawl from the Middle Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7, 33-36.
  • Kuriakose, S. (2017). Estimation of length weight relationship in fishes. In: Course Manual Summer School on Advanced Methods for Fish Stock Assessment and Fisheries Management. Lecture Note Series No. 2/2017 . CMFRI; Kochi, Kochi, pp. 215-220.
  • Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 20, 201-219.
  • Mir, J. I., Sarkar, U. K., Dwivedi, A. K. Gusain, O.P., Pal, A. & Jena, J. K. (2012). Pattern of intrabasin variation in condition factor, relative condition factor and form factor of an
  • Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton-Buchanan,1822) in the Ganges Basin, India. European Journal of Biological Sciences, 4, 126-135. DOI:10.5829/idosi.cjbs.2012.4.4.6448
  • Morey, G., Moranta, J., Massuti, E., Grau, A., Linde, M., Riera, F. & Morales-Nin, B. (2003). Weight-length relationships of littoral to lower slope fishes from the Western Mediterranean. Fisheries Research, 62(1), 89-96. DOI:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00250-3
  • Ozdemir, S. & Duyar, H. A. (2013). Length-weight relationships for ten fish species collected by trawl surveys from Black Sea coast, Turkey. International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences, 1, 405-407.
  • Özdemir, S., Söyleyici, H., Özdemir, Z.B., Özsandıkçı, U. & Büyükdeveci, F. (2018). Karadeniz (Sinop-Samsun) kıyılarında avlanan mezgit (Merlangius merlangus euxinus) balığının aylık olarak boy-ağırlık ilişkleri ve boy kompozisyonunun tespiti. Aquatic Research, 1(1), 26-37. DOI: 10.3153/AR18004
  • Pauly, D. (1984). Fish population dynamics in tropical water: a manual for use with programmable calculators. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 8.
  • Pauly, T. A. (1993). General characters for the classification of the cichlid family. In W. E. Ricker (Ed.), Blackwell: Oxford.
  • Pervin, M. R. & Mortuza, M. G. (2008). Notes on length-weight relationship and condition factor of freshwater fish, Labeo boga (Hamilton) (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University, 27, 97-98.
  • Riedel, R., Caskey, L.M. & Hurlbert, S. H. (2007). Length-weight relations and growth rates of dominant fishes of the Salton Sea: implications for predation by fish-eating birds. Lake and Reservoir Management, 23, 528-535. DOI: 10.1080/07438140709354036
  • Rosli, N. A. M. & Isa, M. M. (2012). Length-weight and Length-length Relationship of Longsnouted Catfish, Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes, 1840) in the Northern Part of Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 23(2), 59-65.
  • Saglam, N. E. & Saglam, C. (2012). Population parameters of whiting (Merlangius merlangus euxinus L., 1758) in the south-Eastern Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12, 831-839. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v12_4_11
  • Samsun, N. & Erkoyuncu, İ. (1998). Investigation of some parameters related to fishery biology of whiting (Gadus merlangus euxinus N. 1840) caught with bottom trawls in Sinop Region (Black Sea). Ege Universitesi Su Urunleri Dergisi, 15(1-2), 19-31.
  • Samsun, O. & Akyol, O. (2017). Exploitation rate of whiting, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Central Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 3(1), 20-26.
  • Samsun, O. (1995). Investigation of whiting (Gadus merlangus Nord., 1840) caught with bottom trawls from the middle Black Sea in the 1991-1994 fishing season in terms of fisheries biology. Suleyman Demirel Universitesi Egirdir Su Urunleri Fakultesi Dergisi, 4, 273-282.
  • Samsun, S. (2010). The determination of some population parameters of the whiting (Merlangius merlangus Linnaeus, 1758) at 2001-2003 fishing season caught in the middle Black Sea. Fırat Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 22(1), 47-54.
  • Sani, R., Gupta, B. K., Sarkar, U. K., Pandey, A., Dubey, V. K. & Lakra, W. S. (2010). Length weight relationship of 14 Indian freshwater species from river Betwa (Yamuna River tributary) and Gomti (Ganga river tributary). J. Appl. Ichthyol., 26, 456-459.
  • Sarkar, U. K., Deepak, P. K., & Negi, R. S. (2008). Length-weight relationship of clown knifefish Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) from the Ganga basin, India. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25, 232-233. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01206.x
  • Singh, N. O., Sarma, D. & Singh, N. G. (2011). Length-weight relationship of Tor putitora (Hamilton) from Kosi River Uttarakhand considering different stages of its lifespan. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 58, 35-38.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rolf, F.J. (1987). Introduction to Biostatistics. 2nd Edition. Freeman. New, York, p. 363.
  • Svetnovidov, A.N. (1986). Gadidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.L., Hureau, J.C., Nielsen, J., and Tortonese, E. (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, United Kingdom. 1473 pp.
  • Teixeira de Mello, F., Iglesias, C., Borthagaray, A. I., Mazzco, N., Vilches, J., Larrea, D. & Ballabio, R. (2006). Onthogenic allometric coefficient changes. Implications of diet shift and morphometric attributes in Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch) (Characiforme, Erythrinidae). J. Fish Biol., 69, 1770-1778. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01245.x
  • Thomas, J., Venu, S. & Kurup, B. M. (2003). Length-weight relationship of some deep-sea fish inhabiting continental slope beyond 250 m depth along West coast of India Naga, World Fish Center Quart., 26, 17-21.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

İsmet BALIK (Primary Author)
0000-0003-2168-8572
Türkiye


Meryem ÖZTAŞ This is me
0000-0002-5604-6003
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2019
Application Date September 7, 2018
Acceptance Date January 16, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 36, Issue 1

Cite

APA Balık, İ. & Öztaş, M. (2019). Comparison of length-weight relationships for whiting, Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) caught from three different areas of the south-eastern Black Sea . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 36 (1) , 57-63 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.1.07