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Growth and reproductive characteristics of the Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) in the Marmara Sea

Year 2018, Volume 35, Issue 1, 95 - 101, 15.03.2018
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.1.15

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the growth and reproductive characteristics of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) in Marmara Sea. A total 1023 samples, collected monthly from commercial fishermen between January and December 2014, was investigated. Total length distribution of the samples varied between 12,3-47,3 cm. The length-weight relation of all sample individuals is calculated as W = 0,0107L2,9574. It was determined that the growth pattern was isometric (b=3, P˃0,05) by the constructed t-test. Using the age-length values, the growth equation of von Bertalanffy was calculated as Lt=48,7[1-e-0,247(t+1,677)]. Growth performance index (ɸ´) was computed as 2,757 for all specimens. The monthly values of gonad somatic index (GSI) of females indicated that spawning occurred mainly between May and August with a peak in July.

References

  • Wilk, S. J. (1977). Biological and Fisheries Data on Bluefish, Pomatomus Saltatrix (Linnaeus). Sandy Hook Laboratory, Northeast Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service.
  • Kıng, M. (1995). Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Fishing New Books, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, England.
  • Yılmaz, S. (2006). Samsun İli Tatlı Sularında Yaşayan Bazı Ekonomik Balık Populasyonlarında Yaş Belirleme. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, 179.
  • Artüz, M. L. 2002-2003 senesinin IX. ve III. ayları arasında Boğaziçi’nde avlanmış olan 1. yaş gurubuna ait lüfer balıkları Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) üzerine etüt.
  • Ak, O., Kutlu, S., & Aydın, İ. (2009). Length-weight relationship for 16 fish species from the Eastern Black Sea, Türkiye. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 9(1). 10.2307/1439652
  • Barger, L. E. (1990). Age and growth of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix from the northern Gulf of Mexico and U. S. South Atlantic coast. Fishery Bulletin, 88(4), 805-809.
  • Bernardes, R. A., & Wongtschowski, C. L. D. B. R. (2000). Length-weight relationship of small pelagic fish species of the southeast and South Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone. Naga, the ICLARM Quarterly, 23(4), 30-32.
  • Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak, E., Mater, S., & Kaya, M. (2002). Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa, 113(1), 1-194. doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.113.1.1
  • Cengiz, Ö. (2014). A New Maximum Length Record of the Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix Linnaeus, 1766) for Turkey Seas. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(1).
  • Bök, T. D., Göktürk, D., Kahraman, A. E., & Alicli, T. Z., (2011). Journals, M. (2011). Length-weight relationships of 34 fish species from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10(23), 3037-3042.
  • Sabatés, A., & Martin, P. (1993). Spawning and distribution of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (L.) in the northwestern Mediterranean. Journal of fish biology, 42(1), 109-118. doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1993.tb00309.x
  • Briggs, J. C. (1960). Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution. Copeia, 1960(3), 171-180. doi.org/10.2307/1439652
  • Cengiz, O., Ozekinci, U., & Oztekin, A. (2012). The relationships between total length-otolith length of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix,(Linnaeus, 1766) from Gallipoli Peninsula and Dardanelles (North-eastern Mediterranean, Turkey). Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 2, 31-34. doi.org/10.17798/beufen.12734
  • Bulut, M., Özden, O., Fırat, M. K., & Saka, Ş. (2015). Lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766) Balığının Kültür Sistemlerine Adaptasyonu. E.Ü. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 21 (1-2), 85 – 87.
  • Ceyhan, T. (2005). Kuzey Ege ve Marmara Bölgesinde (Pomatomus saltatrix L.,) Balığı Avcılığı ve Bazı Populasyon Özellikleri Üzerine Araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Doktora Tezi.
  • Ceyhan, T., & Akyol, O. (2006). Marmara Denizi lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766) balıklarının yaş dağılımı ve çatal boy-otolit boyu arasındaki ilişki. EÜ Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 23(1-3), 369-372.
  • Ceyhan, T., Akyol, O., Ayaz, A., & Juanes, F. (2007). Age, growth, and reproductive season of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Marmara region, Turkey. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64(3), 531-536. doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsm026
  • Frota, L. O., Costa, P. A. S., & Braga, A. C. (2004). Length-weight relationships of marine fishes from the central Brazilian coast. NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly, 27(1-2), 20-26.
  • Champagnat, C. (1983). Pêche, biologie et dynamique du tassergal (Pomatomus saltator, Linnaeus, 1766) sur les côtes sénégalo-mauritaniennes (Vol. 168). IRD Editions.
  • Chugunova, N. I. (1963). Age and growth studies in fish. Israel Program.
  • Gordina, A. D. (1996). On bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix L.) spawning in the Black Sea. Marine and Freshwater Research, 47(2), 315-318.doi.org/10.1071/MF9960315
  • Dhieb, K. (2006). Interactions between reproduction and fisheries in Bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Pomatomidae), from Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia).
  • Haimovici, M., & Canziani, G. V. (2000). Length-weight relationship of marine fishes from Southern Brazil.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S., & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-Weight Relationship of 10 Fish Species Caught by Bottom Trawl and Midwater Trawl from Middle Black Sea, Turkey.
  • Karachle, P. K., & Stergiou, K. I. (2008). Length–length and length–weight relationships of several fish species from the North Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Biological Research, 10, 149-157.
  • Lassıter, R.R., (1962). Life history aspects of the bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus), from the coast of North Carolina. M.S. Thesis, NC, North Carolina State University, Carolina.
  • Kasapoglu, N., & Duzgunes, E. (2013). Length-weight relationships of marine species caught by five gears from the Black Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15(1), 95-100.doi.org/10.12681/mms.463
  • Kendall, A. W., & Walford, L. A. (1979). Sources and distribution of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, larvae and juveniles off the east coast of the United States. Fish. Bull, 77(1), 213-227.
  • Morato, T., Afonso, P., Lourinho, P., Barreiros, J. P., Santos, R. S., & Nash, R. D. M. (2001). Length–weight relationships for 21 coastal fish species of the Azores, North-Eastern Atlantic. Fisheries Research, 50(3), 297-302. doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00215-0
  • Akyol, O., & Ceyhan, T. (2007). Exploitation and mortalities of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix L.) in the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 1(3), 25-27.
  • Munro, J. L., & Pauly, D. (1983). A simple method for comparing the growth of fishes and invertebrates. Fishbyte, 1(1), 5-6.
  • Oliver, J. D., Van Den Avyle, M. J., & Bozeman Jr, E. L. (1989). Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Atlantic): Bluefish. GEORGIA COOPERATIVE FISHERY AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNIT ATHENS.
  • Salerno, D. J., Burnett, J., & Ibara, R. M. (2001). Age, growth, maturity, and spatial distribution of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus), off the northeast coast of the United States, 1985-96. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, 29, 31-40.
  • Özdemir, S., Erdem, Y., Özdemir, Z. B., & Erdem, E. (2009). Karadeniz’de dip trolü ile Ekim ve Kasım aylarında avlanan lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix, l.) balığının av verimi ve boy kompozisyonun karşılaştırılması. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 25(1-2).
  • Richards, S. W. (1976). Age, growth, and food of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) from east-central Long Island Sound from July through November 1975. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 105(4), 523-525. doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1976)105<523:AGAFOB>2.0.CO;2
  • Slastenenko, E., (1956). Karadeniz Havzası Balıkları. Et ve Balık Kurumu Umum Müdürlüğü Yayınlarından, 711, İstanbul.
  • Campana, S. E. (1990). How reliable are growth back-calculations based on otoliths?. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 47(11), 2219-2227. doi.org/10.1139/f90-246
  • Tortonese, E. (1975). Osteichthes. Fauna D’Italia, sotto gli auspici Dell’Accademia. Nazionale Italiana Di Entomologia e dell’Unione Zoologica, Italiana. 151- 153.
  • Turan, C., Oral, M., Öztürk, B., & Düzgüneş, E. (2006). Morphometric and meristic variation between stocks of Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Black, Marmara, Aegean and northeastern Mediterranean Seas. Fisheries Research, 79(1-2), 139-147. doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2006.01.015
  • Türgan, G. (1959). Pomatomus saltatrix L.(lüfer balıkları)’in biyolojisi hakkında. Hidrobiologi Mecmuası, İstanbul Üniv. Fen Fakültesi Hidrobiologia Araştırma Enst, 5(1-4), 144-180.
  • Alpbaz, A., & Kınacıgil, H. T. (1988). İzmir Körfezi’nde Lüfer (Pomatomus saltator Lin, 1758) balığı populasyonu üzerine araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi, Su Ürünleri Yük. Ok. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 5, 36-54.

Marmara Denizi’ndeki Lüfer balığının Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) büyüme ve üreme özellikleri

Year 2018, Volume 35, Issue 1, 95 - 101, 15.03.2018
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.1.15

Abstract

Bu çalışma, 2014 Yılı Ocak-Aralık dönemleri arasında lüfer Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) balığının büyüme ve üreme özelliklerini araştırmak için Marmara Denizi’nden aylık ticari balıkçılardan rastgele yöntemle örnekleme yapılarak toplam 1023 örnek incelenmiştir. Örneklerin total boy dağılımı 12,3-47,3 cm aralığında değişim gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. Tüm örnek bireylerin boy-ağılık ilişkisi W=0,0107L2,9574 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Yapılan t-testi ile büyüme şeklinin izometrik (b=3, P˃0,05) olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Yaş-boy değerleri kullanılarak von Bertalanffy boyca büyüme denklemi Lt=48,7[1-e-0,247(t+1,677)], büyüme performans indeksi (ɸ´) ise 2,757 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Aylık Gonadosomatik indeksin (GSI) takibi ile üremenin ağırlıklı olarak Mayıs ile Ağustos ayları arasında gerçekleştiği ve Temmuz ayında zirveye ulaştığı tespit edilmiştir. 

References

  • Wilk, S. J. (1977). Biological and Fisheries Data on Bluefish, Pomatomus Saltatrix (Linnaeus). Sandy Hook Laboratory, Northeast Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service.
  • Kıng, M. (1995). Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Fishing New Books, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, England.
  • Yılmaz, S. (2006). Samsun İli Tatlı Sularında Yaşayan Bazı Ekonomik Balık Populasyonlarında Yaş Belirleme. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, 179.
  • Artüz, M. L. 2002-2003 senesinin IX. ve III. ayları arasında Boğaziçi’nde avlanmış olan 1. yaş gurubuna ait lüfer balıkları Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) üzerine etüt.
  • Ak, O., Kutlu, S., & Aydın, İ. (2009). Length-weight relationship for 16 fish species from the Eastern Black Sea, Türkiye. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 9(1). 10.2307/1439652
  • Barger, L. E. (1990). Age and growth of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix from the northern Gulf of Mexico and U. S. South Atlantic coast. Fishery Bulletin, 88(4), 805-809.
  • Bernardes, R. A., & Wongtschowski, C. L. D. B. R. (2000). Length-weight relationship of small pelagic fish species of the southeast and South Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone. Naga, the ICLARM Quarterly, 23(4), 30-32.
  • Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak, E., Mater, S., & Kaya, M. (2002). Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa, 113(1), 1-194. doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.113.1.1
  • Cengiz, Ö. (2014). A New Maximum Length Record of the Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix Linnaeus, 1766) for Turkey Seas. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(1).
  • Bök, T. D., Göktürk, D., Kahraman, A. E., & Alicli, T. Z., (2011). Journals, M. (2011). Length-weight relationships of 34 fish species from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10(23), 3037-3042.
  • Sabatés, A., & Martin, P. (1993). Spawning and distribution of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (L.) in the northwestern Mediterranean. Journal of fish biology, 42(1), 109-118. doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1993.tb00309.x
  • Briggs, J. C. (1960). Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution. Copeia, 1960(3), 171-180. doi.org/10.2307/1439652
  • Cengiz, O., Ozekinci, U., & Oztekin, A. (2012). The relationships between total length-otolith length of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix,(Linnaeus, 1766) from Gallipoli Peninsula and Dardanelles (North-eastern Mediterranean, Turkey). Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 2, 31-34. doi.org/10.17798/beufen.12734
  • Bulut, M., Özden, O., Fırat, M. K., & Saka, Ş. (2015). Lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766) Balığının Kültür Sistemlerine Adaptasyonu. E.Ü. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 21 (1-2), 85 – 87.
  • Ceyhan, T. (2005). Kuzey Ege ve Marmara Bölgesinde (Pomatomus saltatrix L.,) Balığı Avcılığı ve Bazı Populasyon Özellikleri Üzerine Araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Doktora Tezi.
  • Ceyhan, T., & Akyol, O. (2006). Marmara Denizi lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766) balıklarının yaş dağılımı ve çatal boy-otolit boyu arasındaki ilişki. EÜ Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 23(1-3), 369-372.
  • Ceyhan, T., Akyol, O., Ayaz, A., & Juanes, F. (2007). Age, growth, and reproductive season of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Marmara region, Turkey. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64(3), 531-536. doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsm026
  • Frota, L. O., Costa, P. A. S., & Braga, A. C. (2004). Length-weight relationships of marine fishes from the central Brazilian coast. NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly, 27(1-2), 20-26.
  • Champagnat, C. (1983). Pêche, biologie et dynamique du tassergal (Pomatomus saltator, Linnaeus, 1766) sur les côtes sénégalo-mauritaniennes (Vol. 168). IRD Editions.
  • Chugunova, N. I. (1963). Age and growth studies in fish. Israel Program.
  • Gordina, A. D. (1996). On bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix L.) spawning in the Black Sea. Marine and Freshwater Research, 47(2), 315-318.doi.org/10.1071/MF9960315
  • Dhieb, K. (2006). Interactions between reproduction and fisheries in Bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Pomatomidae), from Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia).
  • Haimovici, M., & Canziani, G. V. (2000). Length-weight relationship of marine fishes from Southern Brazil.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S., & Samsun, O. (2007). Length-Weight Relationship of 10 Fish Species Caught by Bottom Trawl and Midwater Trawl from Middle Black Sea, Turkey.
  • Karachle, P. K., & Stergiou, K. I. (2008). Length–length and length–weight relationships of several fish species from the North Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Biological Research, 10, 149-157.
  • Lassıter, R.R., (1962). Life history aspects of the bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus), from the coast of North Carolina. M.S. Thesis, NC, North Carolina State University, Carolina.
  • Kasapoglu, N., & Duzgunes, E. (2013). Length-weight relationships of marine species caught by five gears from the Black Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15(1), 95-100.doi.org/10.12681/mms.463
  • Kendall, A. W., & Walford, L. A. (1979). Sources and distribution of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, larvae and juveniles off the east coast of the United States. Fish. Bull, 77(1), 213-227.
  • Morato, T., Afonso, P., Lourinho, P., Barreiros, J. P., Santos, R. S., & Nash, R. D. M. (2001). Length–weight relationships for 21 coastal fish species of the Azores, North-Eastern Atlantic. Fisheries Research, 50(3), 297-302. doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00215-0
  • Akyol, O., & Ceyhan, T. (2007). Exploitation and mortalities of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix L.) in the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 1(3), 25-27.
  • Munro, J. L., & Pauly, D. (1983). A simple method for comparing the growth of fishes and invertebrates. Fishbyte, 1(1), 5-6.
  • Oliver, J. D., Van Den Avyle, M. J., & Bozeman Jr, E. L. (1989). Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Atlantic): Bluefish. GEORGIA COOPERATIVE FISHERY AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNIT ATHENS.
  • Salerno, D. J., Burnett, J., & Ibara, R. M. (2001). Age, growth, maturity, and spatial distribution of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus), off the northeast coast of the United States, 1985-96. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, 29, 31-40.
  • Özdemir, S., Erdem, Y., Özdemir, Z. B., & Erdem, E. (2009). Karadeniz’de dip trolü ile Ekim ve Kasım aylarında avlanan lüfer (Pomatomus saltatrix, l.) balığının av verimi ve boy kompozisyonun karşılaştırılması. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 25(1-2).
  • Richards, S. W. (1976). Age, growth, and food of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) from east-central Long Island Sound from July through November 1975. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 105(4), 523-525. doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1976)105<523:AGAFOB>2.0.CO;2
  • Slastenenko, E., (1956). Karadeniz Havzası Balıkları. Et ve Balık Kurumu Umum Müdürlüğü Yayınlarından, 711, İstanbul.
  • Campana, S. E. (1990). How reliable are growth back-calculations based on otoliths?. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 47(11), 2219-2227. doi.org/10.1139/f90-246
  • Tortonese, E. (1975). Osteichthes. Fauna D’Italia, sotto gli auspici Dell’Accademia. Nazionale Italiana Di Entomologia e dell’Unione Zoologica, Italiana. 151- 153.
  • Turan, C., Oral, M., Öztürk, B., & Düzgüneş, E. (2006). Morphometric and meristic variation between stocks of Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Black, Marmara, Aegean and northeastern Mediterranean Seas. Fisheries Research, 79(1-2), 139-147. doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2006.01.015
  • Türgan, G. (1959). Pomatomus saltatrix L.(lüfer balıkları)’in biyolojisi hakkında. Hidrobiologi Mecmuası, İstanbul Üniv. Fen Fakültesi Hidrobiologia Araştırma Enst, 5(1-4), 144-180.
  • Alpbaz, A., & Kınacıgil, H. T. (1988). İzmir Körfezi’nde Lüfer (Pomatomus saltator Lin, 1758) balığı populasyonu üzerine araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi, Su Ürünleri Yük. Ok. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 5, 36-54.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Habib Bal (Primary Author)
Koyunculuk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Su Ürünleri Bölümü, Bandırma/Balıkesir
0000-0001-8875-4867
Türkiye


Telat Yanık
ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ YETİŞTİRİCİLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-0975-0281
Türkiye


Dilek TÜRKER
Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Balıkesir, Türkiye
0000-0002-8725-7604
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2018
Application Date February 7, 2018
Acceptance Date March 4, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 35, Issue 1

Cite

APA Bal, H. , Yanık, T. & Türker, D. (2018). Marmara Denizi’ndeki Lüfer balığının Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) büyüme ve üreme özellikleri . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 35 (1) , 95-101 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.1.15