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Effects of cycled starvation feeding regimes and gender on growth performance and cost analysis of guppy (Poecilia reticulata)

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4, 423 - 430, 15.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.09

Abstract

Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) is an ornamental fish species which regular feeding has often been applied even it cannot be done on most days for its feeding, in practice. In this study, effects of cycled starvation feeding regimes and gender on growth of guppy were investigated. The study was carried out with three replicates with male and female groups. Female guppies with mean weight of 0.129±0.025 g and mean total lenght of 2.39±0.20 cm and male guppies with mean weight of 0.122±0.019 g and mean total lenght of 2.39±0.14 cm were placed to each aquarium with 30 ind./50 L stocking density. In the experiment, female (D) and male (E) guppies were formed in separate groups, these groups were fed with once a day (K), every other day (AT) and other two days (AAT) starvation cycles. Fish were fed at satiation with flake feeds. Growth and development of fish were measured at every 15 days (weight and total lenght) during 16 weeks. The best weight gain was shown in female control group (KD) while lower in ATD than the KD group and equal weight gain was observed in the AATD, KE, ATE and AATE groups (P<0.05). A significant difference was not appeared between mean total lenghts (P>0.05). The best total lenght gain was shown in KD and KE groups, and also mean total length values of other groups are close to each other. As a result of cost analysis, the most profitable feeding has been stated on KD group. In conclusion, at least once a day feeding is recommended for commercial guppy feeding.

References

  • Aral, O. & Şahin, D. (2015). Sperm storage and sperm reserve usage in female guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Journal of Academic Documents for Fisheries and Aquaculture, 1:161-164.
  • Auer, S.K., Arendt, J.D., Chandramouli, R. & Reznick, D.N. (2010). Juvenile compensatory growth has negative consequences for reproduction in Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Ecology Letters, 13:998-1007. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01491.x
  • Chatakondi, N.G. & Yant, R.D. (2001). Application of compensatory growth to enhance production in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 32(3):278-285. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2001.tb00451.x
  • Çelik, İ., Çelik, P. & Şahin, T. (2014). The current situation of the aquarium sector, problems and suggestions for solutions (in Turkish). In: Proceedings of I. National Aquarium Fisheries and Issues Workshop. Emre, Y., Türkmen, G. (Eds.), 30-31 October 2014, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 11-19.
  • FAO. (2017). Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics <faostat.fao.org>, (Access Date: 25.07.2017).
  • Fujimoto, R.Y., Santos, R.F.B., Dias, H.M., Ramos, F.M., Silva, D.J.F. & Honorato, C.A. (2016). Feeding frequency on the production viability of production and quantitative descriptors of parasitism in angelfish. Ciência Rural, 46(2):304-309. doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20141704
  • Harpaz, S., Slosman, T. & Segev, R. (2005). Effect of feeding guppy fish fry (Poecilia reticulata) diets in the form of powder versus flakes. Aquaculture Research, 36(10):996-1000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2005.01308.x
  • Hill, J.E. & Yanong, R.P.E. (2010). Freshwater ornamental fish commonly cultured in Florida. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Circular 54, 5 p.
  • James, R. & Sampath, K. (2003). Effects of meal frequency on growth and reproduction in the ornamental red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 55(3):197-207.
  • James, R. & Sampath, K. (2004). Effect of feeding frequency on growth and fecundity in an ornamental fish, Betta splendens (Regan). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 56(2):138-147.
  • Jiwyam, W. (2010). Growth and compensatory growth of juvenile Pangasius bocourti Sauvage, 1880 relative to ration. Aquaculture, 306:393-397. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.05.005
  • Karadal, O. & Güroy, D. (2015). Effect of albinism on reproductive performance on cichlid fish: Example of powder blue and snow white (Pseudotropheus socolofi) cichlids (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 32(3):159-163. doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.3.06
  • Karadal, O., Güroy, D. & Türkmen, G. (2017). Effects of feeding frequency and Spirulina on growth performance, skin coloration and seed production on kenyi cichlids (Maylandia lombardoi). Aquaculture International, 25(1):121-134. doi: 10.1007/s10499-016-0017-x
  • Kasiri, M., Farahi, A. & Sudagar, M. (2011). Effects of feeding frequency on growth performance and survival rate of angel fish, Pterophyllum scalare (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Veterinary Research Forum, 2(2):97-102.
  • Kim, M.K. & Lovell, R.T. (1995). Effect of restricted feeding regimens on compensatory weight gain and body tissue changes in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus in ponds. Aquaculture, 135:285-293. doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(95)01027-0
  • Krause, E.T. & Liesenjohann, T. (2012). Predation pressure and food abundance during early life alter risk-taking behaviour and growth of guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Behaviour, 149(1):1-14. doi: 10.1163/156853912X623748
  • Martínez-Llorens, S., Vidal, A.T., Moñino, A.V., Torres, M.P. & Cerdá, M.J. (2007). Effects of dietary soybean oil concentration on growth, nutrient utilization and muscle fatty acid composition of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.). Aquaculture Research, 38(1):76-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2006.01636.x
  • Meffe, G.K. & Vrijenhoek, R.C. (1981). Starvation stress and intraovarian cannibalism in livebearers (Atheriniformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia, 1981(3):702-705. doi: 10.2307/1444578
  • Montajami, S., Vajargah, M.F., Hajiahmadyan, M., Zarandeh, A.S.H., Mirzaie, F.S. & Hosseini, S.A. (2012). Assessment of the effects of feeding frequency on growth performance and survival rate of Texas cichlid larvae (Herichthys cyanoguttatus). Journal of Fisheries International, 7(2):51-54.
  • Okorie, O.E., Bae, J.Y., Kim, K.W., Son, M.H., Kim, J.W. & Bai, S.C. (2013). Optimum feeding rates in juvenile olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, at the optimum rearing temperature. Aquaculture Nutirition, 19:267-277. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2012.00956.x
  • Rohul Amin, A.K.M., Bapary, M.A.J., Islam, M.S., Shahjahan, M. & Hossain, M.A.R. (2005). The impacts of compensatory growth on food intake, growth rate and efficiency of feed utilization in Thai pangas (Pangasius hypophthalmus). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(5):766-770. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.766.770
  • Royle, N.J., Metcalfe, N.B. & Lindström, J. (2006). Sexual selection, growth compensation and fast-start swimming performance in Green Swordtails, Xiphophorus helleri. Functional Ecology, 20:662-669. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01147.x
  • Silva, C.R., Gomes, L.C. & Brandão, F.R. (2007). Effect of feeding rate and frequency on tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) growth, production and feeding costs during the first growth phase in cages. Aquaculture, 264(1):135-139. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.12.007
  • Talbot, C., Corneillie, S. & Korsøen, Ø. (1999). Pattern of feed intake in four species of fish under commercial farming conditions: implications for feeding management. Aquaculture Research, 30(7):509-518. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.1999.00369.x
  • Türkmen, G. & Alpbaz, A. (2001). Studies on aquarium fish imported to Turkey and the results (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(3-4):483-493.
  • Türkmen, G., Bulguroğlu, S.Y. & Aydoğan, G. (2011). Bring in some native osteichtyes marine fish species in Turkey to the marine aquarium (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 28(3):95-98.
  • Woynarovich, A., Hoitsy, G. & Moth-Poulsen, T. (2011). Small-scale rainbow trout farming, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No. 561, Rome, Italy, 81 p.
  • Yiğit, M. & Çelikkol, B. (2011). Feeding strategy in aquaculture (in Turkish with English abstract). Sümder Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 43/48:39-45.
  • Zar, J.H. (2001). Biostatistical analysis, 4th edn, Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, 663 p.
  • Zhu, X., Xie, S., Zou, Z., Lei, W., Cui, Y., Yang, Y. & Wootton, R.J. (2004). Compensatory growth and food consumption in gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio, and Chinese longsnout catfish, Leiocassis longirostris, experiencing cycles of feed deprivation and re-feeding. Aquaculture, 241:235-247. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.07.027

Farklı açlık tokluk besleme döngülerinin lepistes (Poecilia reticulata) balıklarında cinsiyete göre büyüme performansı ve maliyet üzerine etkileri

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4, 423 - 430, 15.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.09

Abstract

Lepistes (Poecilia reticulata), pratikte çoğu zaman düzenli beslemenin uygulanmadığı hatta çoğu günler beslemenin bile yapılmadığı görülen bir süs balığı türüdür. Bu çalışmada, farklı açlık tokluk beslenme döngülerinin lepistes balıklarında cinsiyete göre büyüme ve gelişme üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Çalışma dişi ve erkek bireylerde 3 tekrarlı olarak yürütülmüştür. Başlangıçta ortalama ağırlıkları ve total boyları 0,129±0,025 g ve 2,39±0,20 cm olan dişi ve 0,122±0,019 ve 2,39±0,14 cm olan erkek bireyler 30/50L stok yoğunluğunda kullanılmıştır. Denemede dişi (D) ve erkekler (E) ile ayrı deneme grupları oluşturularak, bu gruplar günde bir (K), bir gün aç bir gün tok (AT) ve iki gün aç bir gün tok (AAT) olarak beslenmişlerdir. Besleme doyana kadar pul yem ile yapılmıştır. Balıklarda büyüme ve gelişim 15 günde bir örnekleme (ağırlık ve total boy) ile 16 hafta boyunca takip edilmiştir. Çalışma sonunda en iyi ağırlık artışı dişi kontrol (KD) grubunda görülürken ATD grubu dişi bireylerde daha az ve AATD, KE, ATE ve AATE gruplarında ise eşit ağırlık artışları görülmüştür (P<0,05). Total boylar arasında anlamlı bir fark görülmese de (P>0,05) en iyi total boy artışı KD ve KE gruplarında görülmüştür, diğer grupların total boy değerleri birbirlerine yakındır. Maliyet analizleri sonucunda ise en karlı besleme KD grubunda saptanmıştır. Sonuç olarak lepisteslerin ticari besiciliğinde en azından günde bir kez beslenmeleri önerilmiştir.

References

  • Aral, O. & Şahin, D. (2015). Sperm storage and sperm reserve usage in female guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Journal of Academic Documents for Fisheries and Aquaculture, 1:161-164.
  • Auer, S.K., Arendt, J.D., Chandramouli, R. & Reznick, D.N. (2010). Juvenile compensatory growth has negative consequences for reproduction in Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Ecology Letters, 13:998-1007. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01491.x
  • Chatakondi, N.G. & Yant, R.D. (2001). Application of compensatory growth to enhance production in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 32(3):278-285. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2001.tb00451.x
  • Çelik, İ., Çelik, P. & Şahin, T. (2014). The current situation of the aquarium sector, problems and suggestions for solutions (in Turkish). In: Proceedings of I. National Aquarium Fisheries and Issues Workshop. Emre, Y., Türkmen, G. (Eds.), 30-31 October 2014, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 11-19.
  • FAO. (2017). Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics <faostat.fao.org>, (Access Date: 25.07.2017).
  • Fujimoto, R.Y., Santos, R.F.B., Dias, H.M., Ramos, F.M., Silva, D.J.F. & Honorato, C.A. (2016). Feeding frequency on the production viability of production and quantitative descriptors of parasitism in angelfish. Ciência Rural, 46(2):304-309. doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20141704
  • Harpaz, S., Slosman, T. & Segev, R. (2005). Effect of feeding guppy fish fry (Poecilia reticulata) diets in the form of powder versus flakes. Aquaculture Research, 36(10):996-1000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2005.01308.x
  • Hill, J.E. & Yanong, R.P.E. (2010). Freshwater ornamental fish commonly cultured in Florida. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Circular 54, 5 p.
  • James, R. & Sampath, K. (2003). Effects of meal frequency on growth and reproduction in the ornamental red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 55(3):197-207.
  • James, R. & Sampath, K. (2004). Effect of feeding frequency on growth and fecundity in an ornamental fish, Betta splendens (Regan). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 56(2):138-147.
  • Jiwyam, W. (2010). Growth and compensatory growth of juvenile Pangasius bocourti Sauvage, 1880 relative to ration. Aquaculture, 306:393-397. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.05.005
  • Karadal, O. & Güroy, D. (2015). Effect of albinism on reproductive performance on cichlid fish: Example of powder blue and snow white (Pseudotropheus socolofi) cichlids (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 32(3):159-163. doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.3.06
  • Karadal, O., Güroy, D. & Türkmen, G. (2017). Effects of feeding frequency and Spirulina on growth performance, skin coloration and seed production on kenyi cichlids (Maylandia lombardoi). Aquaculture International, 25(1):121-134. doi: 10.1007/s10499-016-0017-x
  • Kasiri, M., Farahi, A. & Sudagar, M. (2011). Effects of feeding frequency on growth performance and survival rate of angel fish, Pterophyllum scalare (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Veterinary Research Forum, 2(2):97-102.
  • Kim, M.K. & Lovell, R.T. (1995). Effect of restricted feeding regimens on compensatory weight gain and body tissue changes in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus in ponds. Aquaculture, 135:285-293. doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(95)01027-0
  • Krause, E.T. & Liesenjohann, T. (2012). Predation pressure and food abundance during early life alter risk-taking behaviour and growth of guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Behaviour, 149(1):1-14. doi: 10.1163/156853912X623748
  • Martínez-Llorens, S., Vidal, A.T., Moñino, A.V., Torres, M.P. & Cerdá, M.J. (2007). Effects of dietary soybean oil concentration on growth, nutrient utilization and muscle fatty acid composition of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.). Aquaculture Research, 38(1):76-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2006.01636.x
  • Meffe, G.K. & Vrijenhoek, R.C. (1981). Starvation stress and intraovarian cannibalism in livebearers (Atheriniformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia, 1981(3):702-705. doi: 10.2307/1444578
  • Montajami, S., Vajargah, M.F., Hajiahmadyan, M., Zarandeh, A.S.H., Mirzaie, F.S. & Hosseini, S.A. (2012). Assessment of the effects of feeding frequency on growth performance and survival rate of Texas cichlid larvae (Herichthys cyanoguttatus). Journal of Fisheries International, 7(2):51-54.
  • Okorie, O.E., Bae, J.Y., Kim, K.W., Son, M.H., Kim, J.W. & Bai, S.C. (2013). Optimum feeding rates in juvenile olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, at the optimum rearing temperature. Aquaculture Nutirition, 19:267-277. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2012.00956.x
  • Rohul Amin, A.K.M., Bapary, M.A.J., Islam, M.S., Shahjahan, M. & Hossain, M.A.R. (2005). The impacts of compensatory growth on food intake, growth rate and efficiency of feed utilization in Thai pangas (Pangasius hypophthalmus). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(5):766-770. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.766.770
  • Royle, N.J., Metcalfe, N.B. & Lindström, J. (2006). Sexual selection, growth compensation and fast-start swimming performance in Green Swordtails, Xiphophorus helleri. Functional Ecology, 20:662-669. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01147.x
  • Silva, C.R., Gomes, L.C. & Brandão, F.R. (2007). Effect of feeding rate and frequency on tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) growth, production and feeding costs during the first growth phase in cages. Aquaculture, 264(1):135-139. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.12.007
  • Talbot, C., Corneillie, S. & Korsøen, Ø. (1999). Pattern of feed intake in four species of fish under commercial farming conditions: implications for feeding management. Aquaculture Research, 30(7):509-518. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.1999.00369.x
  • Türkmen, G. & Alpbaz, A. (2001). Studies on aquarium fish imported to Turkey and the results (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(3-4):483-493.
  • Türkmen, G., Bulguroğlu, S.Y. & Aydoğan, G. (2011). Bring in some native osteichtyes marine fish species in Turkey to the marine aquarium (in Turkish with English abstract). Ege Journal Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 28(3):95-98.
  • Woynarovich, A., Hoitsy, G. & Moth-Poulsen, T. (2011). Small-scale rainbow trout farming, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No. 561, Rome, Italy, 81 p.
  • Yiğit, M. & Çelikkol, B. (2011). Feeding strategy in aquaculture (in Turkish with English abstract). Sümder Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 43/48:39-45.
  • Zar, J.H. (2001). Biostatistical analysis, 4th edn, Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, 663 p.
  • Zhu, X., Xie, S., Zou, Z., Lei, W., Cui, Y., Yang, Y. & Wootton, R.J. (2004). Compensatory growth and food consumption in gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio, and Chinese longsnout catfish, Leiocassis longirostris, experiencing cycles of feed deprivation and re-feeding. Aquaculture, 241:235-247. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.07.027

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gürel Türkmen
orcid.org/0000-0002-2683-6258


Onur Karadal (Primary Author)
İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi, Su Ürünleri Fakültesi, Yetiştiricilik Bölümü
0000-0002-6241-5039

Publication Date December 15, 2017
Application Date October 18, 2017
Acceptance Date November 29, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4

Cite

APA Türkmen, G. & Karadal, O. (2017). Farklı açlık tokluk besleme döngülerinin lepistes (Poecilia reticulata) balıklarında cinsiyete göre büyüme performansı ve maliyet üzerine etkileri . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (4) , 423-430 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.09