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Ceyhan Nehri (Adana-Türkiye)'nin farklı bölgelerinden yakalanan Afrika kedi balığı (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822)’nda su kalitesinin bazı hematolojik parametreler üzerine etkisi

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4, 375 - 382, 15.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.03

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Ceyhan Nehri’nin evsel, mezbaha ve endüstriyel atıklarının deşarj kaynaklarının yakınında bulunan bölge ile aynı nehir üzerindeki Aslantaş Barajı’nın kret altı bölgesinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmada, su kalitesinin durumu ve bu durumun Afrika kedibalığı (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822)’ndaki bazı hematolojik parametreler üzerindeki etkileri belirlenmiştir. Araştırma, Ceyhan Nehri üzerindeki Aslantaş barajı’nın kret altı bölgesi (istasyon I) ile aynı Nehrin evsel, tarımsal ve endüstriyel atıkların mevcut olduğu (istasyon II) bölgesinde yapılmıştır. Bu iki istasyonda, su sıcaklığı, kimyasal oksijen ihtiyacı (KOİ), pH, nitrat (NO3-N), nitrit (NO2-N), amonyak (NH3-N) ve çözünmüş reaktif fosfor (ÇRF) değerleri tayin edilmiştir. Araştırma, yaz mevsiminde (Haziran, Temmuz, Ağustos) ve her bir istasyondan 45 adet balık örneklenerek gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ayrıca hematolojik parametrelerden eritrosit (RBC) ve RBC indeksleri (MCV: Ortalama Eritrosit Büyüklüğü, MCH: Ortalama Eritrosit Hemoglobini, MCHC: Ortalama Eritrosit Hemoglobin Konsantrasyonu), lökosit (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematokrit (Hct) değerleri ve lökosit hücre formülleri (lenfosit, monosit, nötrofil, eozinofil) ile serum glikoz ve protein seviyeleri gözlenmiştir. İstasyon II’deki fiziko-kimyasal parametre KOİ, NH3-N, NO2-N, pH ve ÇRF seviyeleri, istasyon I’den daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Çalışmada, Ceyhan Nehri’nin deşarj bölgesinden yakalanan C.gariepinus’ta WBC değerleri ve lökosit hücre formüllerinde çevresel stresörlerden dolayı artışlar, RBC, RBC indeksleri, Hb ve Hct değerlerinde ise azalma tespit edilmiştir (p<0,05). Diğer yandan aynı bölgedeki serum glikoz seviyeleri yükselmiş, protein değerleri ise düşmüştür. Çalışma, sucul ekosistemlerin kirliliklerinin biyolojik takiplerinde, hematolojik parametrelerin rasyonel kullanımları açısından önem arz etmektedir.

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Assessment of pollution indicator some hematological biomarkers in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) living in the Ceyhan River (Adana-Turkey)

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4, 375 - 382, 15.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.03

Abstract

This study was carried out in a domestic, slaughter house and industrial discharging region of Ceyhan River and under the crest of the Aslantaş Dam on the same river. In this study, the state of water quality and their effects on some hematological parameters of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) was identified. Reserach, in the area under the crest of the Aslantaş Dam (station I) located on the Ceyhan River and discharging region on the same river (station II). water temperature, chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, nitrate (NO3-N), nitrite (NO2-N), ammonia (NH3-N) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) values were determined in these two stations. The study was realised on 45 fish from each station during the summer seasons (June, July, August). The hematological parameters included erythrocyte (RBC) and RBC indices (MCV: mean corpuscular volume, MCH: mean corpuscular hemoglobin, MCHC: mean corpuscular hemoglobin consentration), leukocyte (WBC), haemoglobine (Hb), hematocrit (Hct) values and leukocyte cell formulas (lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophil, eosinophil), serum glucose and protein levels were evaluated. The physico-chemical parameters observed that the water at station II had higher COD, NH3-N, NO2-N, pH and SRP than at station I. In this study, WBC values and leukocyte cell formulas of C. gariepinus were found increasing by means of environmental stressors and also, RBC, RBC indices, Hb and Hct values were determined decreasing in C. gariepinus collected from station II (p<0.05). On the other hand, serum glucose levels were increased and protein levels were decreased in station II. The study was found to be important in the biomonitoring of pollution of aquatic ecosystems, in terms of rational use of hematological parameters.

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  • Durmaz Bekmezci, H. (2010). Aşağı Seyhan ovası drenaj sistemlerindeki kirlilik etmenlerinin Clarias gariepinus’ta toksik etkileri. Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Biyoloji AnaBilim Dalı, Doktora Tezi. Adana.
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Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Aysel ŞAHAN (Primary Author)
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
orcid.org/0000-0001-8000-8923
Türkiye


Sevkan Özütök
0000-0000-0000-0000
Türkiye


Fatma Çevik
0000-0000-0000-0000
Türkiye

Publication Date December 15, 2017
Application Date June 1, 2017
Acceptance Date July 26, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 4

Cite

APA Şahan, A. , Özütök, S. & Çevik, F. (2017). Assessment of pollution indicator some hematological biomarkers in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) living in the Ceyhan River (Adana-Turkey) . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (4) , 375-382 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.4.03