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Distribution dynamics of ichthyoplankton and recruitment hypotheses

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 355 - 361, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.16

Abstract

Planktonic eggs and larvae of marine teleost fishes are considered as ichthyoplankton until they improve active locomotion. These fishes usually produce a large number of propagules however, the great majority of them die before recruitment due to the extrinsic conditions such as predation, starvation and aberrant drift. In this period, small variations in survival rates may cause important differences in recruitment success. On the other hand, the presence of the ideal habitats which can sustain maximal survival for propagules, can significantly change in space and time. Therefore, it is critically important that emergence of propagules should match with the appearance of ideal habitats. To ensure this match, fishes have advanced different spawning strategies. In this review, intrinsic (spawning strategies) and extrinsic (environmental factors) conditions affecting the spatio-temporal distribution of ichthyoplankton have been evaluated on a theoretical basis by discussing match-mismatch dynamics and recruitment hypotheses.

References

  • Aceves-Medina, G., Jimenez-Rosenberg, S. P. A., Hinojosa-Medina, A., Funes-Rodriguez, R., Saldierna-Martinez, R. J., & Smith, P. E. (2004). Fish larvae assemblages in the Gulf of California. Journal of Fish Biology. 65(3):832-847. doi 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.00490.x
  • Agostini, V. N., & Bakun, A. (2002). “Ocean triads” in the Mediterranean Sea: physical mechanisms potentially structuring reproductive habitat suitability (with example application to European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus). Fisheries Oceanography. 11(3):129-142. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2419.2002.00201.x
  • Ak Örek, Y., & Mavruk, S. (2016). Ichthyoplankton of the Mediterranean Sea. In: Turan, C., Salihoglu, B., Ozbek Ozgur, E., Ozturk, B. (Ed.), The Turkish Part of the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity, Fisheries, Conservation and Governance (pp 226–247). Turkish Marine Research Foundation, Istanbul.
  • Avşar, D. (2006). İhtiyoplanktona Giriş. Çukurova Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Ders Kitabı, No: 14.
  • Bakun, A. (1996). Patterns in the Ocean: Ocean Processes and Marine Population Dynamics. University of California Sea Grant, San Diego, in cooperation with Centro de Investigaciones Biolo´gicas de Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
  • Bakun, A. (1998). Ocean triads and radical inter-decadal stock variability: bane and boon for fishery management science. In: T.J. Pitcher, P.J.B. Hart and D. Pauly (Ed.), Reinventing Fisheries Management, (pp. 331–358). London: Chapman & Hall.
  • Bakun, A. (2006). Fronts and eddies as key structures in the habitat of marine fish larvae: opportunity, adaptive response. In: Olivar, M., Govoni, J.J. (Ed.). Recent Advances in the Study of Fish Eggs and Larvae, (pp 105–122). Scientia Marina, Barcelona.
  • Blaxter, J. (1988). Pattern and variety in development. In: Hoar, W. S., Randall, D. J. (Ed.). Fish physiology, the physiology of developing fish (pp 1-48) Academic Press, INC. California.
  • Bunn, N., Fox, C., & Webb, T. (2000). A Literature Review of Studies on Fish Egg Mortality: Implications for the Estimation of Spawning Stock Biomass by the Annual Egg Production Method. Technical Report Cefas Lowestoft. Sheffield.
  • Bye, V. J. (1984). The role of environmental factors in timing of reproductive cycles. In: Potts, G. W., Wootton, R. J. (Ed.). Fish Reproduction: Strategies and Tactics, (pp 187-205) Academic Press, INC. London.
  • Cowan, J. H., & Shaw, R. F. (2002). Recruitment. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 88-111 ). Blackwell Science.
  • Cowen, R. K., & Sponaugle, S. (1997). Relationships between early life history traits and recruitment among coral reef fishes. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 423-449) Chapman & Hall. London.
  • Cushing, D. H. (1975). Marine Ecology and Fisheries. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
  • Cushing, D. H. (1990). Plankton production and year-class strength in fish populations - an update of the match mismatch hypothesis. Advances in Marine Biology. 26:249-293. doi 10.1016/S0065-2881(08)60202-3
  • Çoker, T., & Mater, S. (2006). İzmir Körfezi İhtiyoplanktonu (1974-2005) Türleri. Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23(3–4): 463–472.
  • Doyle, M. J., Morse, W. W., & Kendall, A. W. (1993). A comparison of larval fish assemblages in the temperate zone of the northeast pacific and northwest atlantic oceans. Bulletin of Marine Science. 53(2):588-644.
  • Edwards, M. E., & Richardson, J. (2004). Impact of climate change on marine pleagic phenology and trophic mismatch. Nature. 430: 881–884.
  • Falk-Petersen, I. B. (2005). Comparative organ differentiation during early life stages of marine fish. Fish and Shellfish Immunology. 19(5):397-412. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2005.03.006
  • Frank, K. T., & Leggett, W. C. (1983). Multispecies larval fish associations - accident or adaptation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 40(6):754-762. doi: 10.1139/f83-098
  • Frommel, A., Maneja, R., & Lowe, D. (2014). Organ damage in Atlantic herring larvae as a result of ocean acidification. Ecological Applications. 24(5): 1131–1143. doi: 10.1890/13-0297.1
  • Fuiman, L. A., & Higgs, D. M. (1997). Ontogeny, growth and the recruitment process. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 225-249). Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Fuiman, L. A. (2002). Special considerations of fish eggs and larvae. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages (pp 1-32). Blackwell Science.
  • Fuiman, L. A. & Werner, R.G. (2002). The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages. Blackwell Science.
  • Govoni, J. J. (2005). Fisheries oceanography and the ecology of early life histories of fishes: a perspective over fifty years. Scientia Marina. 69:125-137.
  • Hjort, J. (1914). Fluctuations in the Great Fisheries of Northern Europe Viewed in The Light of Biological Research. Rapports et Proces Verbaux des Reunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer.
  • Hoşsucu, B., & Taylan, B. (2015). Ichthyoplankton of the Aegean Sea. In T. Katagan, A. Tokaç, S. Besiktepe, & B. Ozturk (Eds.), The Aegean Sea. Marine Biodiversity, Fisheries, Conservation and Governance (pp. 343–342). Istanbul: Turkish Marine Research Foundation.
  • Houde, E. D. (2008). Emerging from Hjort's shadow. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science. 41:53-70. doi: 10.2960/J.v41.m634
  • Houde, E. D. (2009). Recruitment variability. In: Jakobsen, T., Fogarty, M. J., Megrey, B. A., Moksness, E. (Ed.). Fish Reproductive Biology: Implications for Assessment and Management, (pp 91-171). Willey-BlackWell. West Sussex, UK.
  • Iles, T. D., & Sinclair, M. (1982). Atlantic Herring - stock discreteness and abundance. Science. 215(4533):627-633.
  • Kocataş, A. (2003). Ekoloji, Çevre Biyolojisi. İzmir. Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi.
  • Laprise, R., & Pepin, P. (1995). Factors influencing the spatiotemporal occurrence of fish eggs and larvae in a Northern, physically dynamic coastal environment. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 122(1-3):73-92.
  • Lasker, R. (1978). The relation between oceanographic conditions and larval anchovy food in the California Current: Identification of factors contributing to recruitment failure. Rapports et Proces-Verbaux Des Reunions. Conseil International Pour l’Exploration de La Mer. 173: 212–230.
  • Legendre, P., & Gauthier, O. (2014). Statistical methods for temporal and space-time analysis of community composition data. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences. 281: 1-9. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2728.
  • Mavruk, S. (2015). İskenderun Körfezi İhtiyoplanktonunun Zamansal ve Alansal Değişimi. Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi. 292s.
  • Miller, T. J. (2002). Assemblages , Communities , and Species Interactions. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 183-205) Blackwell Science.
  • Myers, R. A. (2002). Recruitment: Understanding density-dependence in fish populations. In: Hart, P. J. B. (Ed.). Handbook of Fish Biology And Fisheries, (pp 123-148). Blackwell Science. Oxford.
  • Pankhurst, N. W., & Munday, P. L. (2011). Effects of climate change on fish reproduction and early life history stages. Marine and Freshwater Research. 62(9), 1015–1026. http://doi.org/10.1071/MF10269
  • Peck, M. A., Huebert, K. B., & Llopiz, J. K. (2012). Intrinsic and extrinsic factors driving match-mismatch dynamics during the early life history of marine fishes. Advances in Ecological Research, Global Change in Multispecies Systems. 47:177-302. doi 10.1016/B978-0-12-398315-2.00003-X
  • Pörtner, H. O., & Peck, M. A. (2010). Climate change effects on fishes and fisheries: towards a cause-and-effect understanding. Journal of Fish Biology. 77(8):1745-1779. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02783.x
  • Richards, W. J. (2006). Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes: an Identification Guide for the Western Central North Atlantic. USA. CRC Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Rothschild, B. J., & Osborn, T. R. (1988). Small-scale turbulence and plankton contact rates. Journal of Plankton Research, 10(3): 465–474. http://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/ 10.3.465
  • Russell, F. S. (1976). The Eggs and Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes. London. Academic Press.
  • Sinclair, M. (1997). Prologue. Recruitment in fish populations: the paradigm shift generated by ICES Commitee A. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 1-27) Chapman & Hall. London.
  • Somarakis, S., Isari, S., & Machias, A. (2011). Larval fish assemblages in coastal waters of central Greece: reflections of topographic and oceanographic heterogeneity. Scientia Marina. 75(3):605-618. doi: 10.3989/scimar.2011.75n3605
  • Werner, R. G. (2002). Habitat Requirements. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 161-182). Blackwell Science.
  • Westernhagen, H. V. (1988). Sublethal effects of pollutants on fish eggs and larvae. In: Hoar, W. S., Randall, D. J. (Ed.). Fish Physiology, The Physiology of Developing Fish, (pp 253-346). Academic Press, INC. California.
  • Winemiller, K. O., & Rose, K. A. (1992). Patterns of life-history diversification in North-American fishes - implications for population regulation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 49(10):2196-2218
  • Winemiller, K. O. (2005). Life history strategies, population regulation, and implications for fisheries management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 62(4):872-885. doi: 10.1139/f05-040
  • Wootton, R. J. (1984). Introduction: Strategies and Tactics in Fish Reproduction. In: Potts, G. W., Wootton, R. J. (Ed.). Fish Reproduction: Strategies and Tactics, (pp 1-12) Academic Press. London.

İhtiyoplanktonun dağılım dinamikleri ve stoka katılım hipotezleri

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 355 - 361, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.16

Abstract

Denizel kemikli balıkların çoğunda yumurta ve larval aşamalar planktonik özellik göstermektedir. Bu formlar aktif hareket kabiliyeti kazanıncaya dek balık planktonu anlamına gelen ihtiyoplankton kapsamında değerlendirilmektedir. Kemikli balıklar genellikle çok sayıda yumurta üretmekte; bu yumurtalardan önemli bir kısmı, açlık, predasyon, anormal sürüklenmeler ve saçılmalar gibi nedenlerle stoka katılım öncesinde ölmektedir. Bu süreçte, yaşam oranlarındaki küçük değişimler stoka katılımda önemli farklılıklar yaratabilmektedir. Diğer taraftan, maksimum sayıda yavruyu hayatta tutabilecek ideal habitatların varlığı alan ve zamansal açıdan değişkenlik sergilemekte; bu nedenle, yavruların ideal çevresel koşullarla buluşturulması kritik önem arz etmektedir. Balıklar, bu eşleştirmeyi sağlamak amacıyla çeşitli üreme stratejileri geliştirmişlerdir. Bu derleme çalışmasında, ihtiyoplanktonun alansal ve zamansal dağılımını etkileyen iç (yumurtlama stratejisi) ve dış (çevresel koşullar) faktörler teorik bir çerçevede ele alınmış, planktonik evrelerin stoka katılım başarısındaki rollerini vurgulayan hipotezlerle birlikte tartışılmıştır.

References

  • Aceves-Medina, G., Jimenez-Rosenberg, S. P. A., Hinojosa-Medina, A., Funes-Rodriguez, R., Saldierna-Martinez, R. J., & Smith, P. E. (2004). Fish larvae assemblages in the Gulf of California. Journal of Fish Biology. 65(3):832-847. doi 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.00490.x
  • Agostini, V. N., & Bakun, A. (2002). “Ocean triads” in the Mediterranean Sea: physical mechanisms potentially structuring reproductive habitat suitability (with example application to European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus). Fisheries Oceanography. 11(3):129-142. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2419.2002.00201.x
  • Ak Örek, Y., & Mavruk, S. (2016). Ichthyoplankton of the Mediterranean Sea. In: Turan, C., Salihoglu, B., Ozbek Ozgur, E., Ozturk, B. (Ed.), The Turkish Part of the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity, Fisheries, Conservation and Governance (pp 226–247). Turkish Marine Research Foundation, Istanbul.
  • Avşar, D. (2006). İhtiyoplanktona Giriş. Çukurova Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Ders Kitabı, No: 14.
  • Bakun, A. (1996). Patterns in the Ocean: Ocean Processes and Marine Population Dynamics. University of California Sea Grant, San Diego, in cooperation with Centro de Investigaciones Biolo´gicas de Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
  • Bakun, A. (1998). Ocean triads and radical inter-decadal stock variability: bane and boon for fishery management science. In: T.J. Pitcher, P.J.B. Hart and D. Pauly (Ed.), Reinventing Fisheries Management, (pp. 331–358). London: Chapman & Hall.
  • Bakun, A. (2006). Fronts and eddies as key structures in the habitat of marine fish larvae: opportunity, adaptive response. In: Olivar, M., Govoni, J.J. (Ed.). Recent Advances in the Study of Fish Eggs and Larvae, (pp 105–122). Scientia Marina, Barcelona.
  • Blaxter, J. (1988). Pattern and variety in development. In: Hoar, W. S., Randall, D. J. (Ed.). Fish physiology, the physiology of developing fish (pp 1-48) Academic Press, INC. California.
  • Bunn, N., Fox, C., & Webb, T. (2000). A Literature Review of Studies on Fish Egg Mortality: Implications for the Estimation of Spawning Stock Biomass by the Annual Egg Production Method. Technical Report Cefas Lowestoft. Sheffield.
  • Bye, V. J. (1984). The role of environmental factors in timing of reproductive cycles. In: Potts, G. W., Wootton, R. J. (Ed.). Fish Reproduction: Strategies and Tactics, (pp 187-205) Academic Press, INC. London.
  • Cowan, J. H., & Shaw, R. F. (2002). Recruitment. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 88-111 ). Blackwell Science.
  • Cowen, R. K., & Sponaugle, S. (1997). Relationships between early life history traits and recruitment among coral reef fishes. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 423-449) Chapman & Hall. London.
  • Cushing, D. H. (1975). Marine Ecology and Fisheries. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
  • Cushing, D. H. (1990). Plankton production and year-class strength in fish populations - an update of the match mismatch hypothesis. Advances in Marine Biology. 26:249-293. doi 10.1016/S0065-2881(08)60202-3
  • Çoker, T., & Mater, S. (2006). İzmir Körfezi İhtiyoplanktonu (1974-2005) Türleri. Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23(3–4): 463–472.
  • Doyle, M. J., Morse, W. W., & Kendall, A. W. (1993). A comparison of larval fish assemblages in the temperate zone of the northeast pacific and northwest atlantic oceans. Bulletin of Marine Science. 53(2):588-644.
  • Edwards, M. E., & Richardson, J. (2004). Impact of climate change on marine pleagic phenology and trophic mismatch. Nature. 430: 881–884.
  • Falk-Petersen, I. B. (2005). Comparative organ differentiation during early life stages of marine fish. Fish and Shellfish Immunology. 19(5):397-412. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2005.03.006
  • Frank, K. T., & Leggett, W. C. (1983). Multispecies larval fish associations - accident or adaptation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 40(6):754-762. doi: 10.1139/f83-098
  • Frommel, A., Maneja, R., & Lowe, D. (2014). Organ damage in Atlantic herring larvae as a result of ocean acidification. Ecological Applications. 24(5): 1131–1143. doi: 10.1890/13-0297.1
  • Fuiman, L. A., & Higgs, D. M. (1997). Ontogeny, growth and the recruitment process. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 225-249). Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Fuiman, L. A. (2002). Special considerations of fish eggs and larvae. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages (pp 1-32). Blackwell Science.
  • Fuiman, L. A. & Werner, R.G. (2002). The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages. Blackwell Science.
  • Govoni, J. J. (2005). Fisheries oceanography and the ecology of early life histories of fishes: a perspective over fifty years. Scientia Marina. 69:125-137.
  • Hjort, J. (1914). Fluctuations in the Great Fisheries of Northern Europe Viewed in The Light of Biological Research. Rapports et Proces Verbaux des Reunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer.
  • Hoşsucu, B., & Taylan, B. (2015). Ichthyoplankton of the Aegean Sea. In T. Katagan, A. Tokaç, S. Besiktepe, & B. Ozturk (Eds.), The Aegean Sea. Marine Biodiversity, Fisheries, Conservation and Governance (pp. 343–342). Istanbul: Turkish Marine Research Foundation.
  • Houde, E. D. (2008). Emerging from Hjort's shadow. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science. 41:53-70. doi: 10.2960/J.v41.m634
  • Houde, E. D. (2009). Recruitment variability. In: Jakobsen, T., Fogarty, M. J., Megrey, B. A., Moksness, E. (Ed.). Fish Reproductive Biology: Implications for Assessment and Management, (pp 91-171). Willey-BlackWell. West Sussex, UK.
  • Iles, T. D., & Sinclair, M. (1982). Atlantic Herring - stock discreteness and abundance. Science. 215(4533):627-633.
  • Kocataş, A. (2003). Ekoloji, Çevre Biyolojisi. İzmir. Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi.
  • Laprise, R., & Pepin, P. (1995). Factors influencing the spatiotemporal occurrence of fish eggs and larvae in a Northern, physically dynamic coastal environment. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 122(1-3):73-92.
  • Lasker, R. (1978). The relation between oceanographic conditions and larval anchovy food in the California Current: Identification of factors contributing to recruitment failure. Rapports et Proces-Verbaux Des Reunions. Conseil International Pour l’Exploration de La Mer. 173: 212–230.
  • Legendre, P., & Gauthier, O. (2014). Statistical methods for temporal and space-time analysis of community composition data. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences. 281: 1-9. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2728.
  • Mavruk, S. (2015). İskenderun Körfezi İhtiyoplanktonunun Zamansal ve Alansal Değişimi. Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi. 292s.
  • Miller, T. J. (2002). Assemblages , Communities , and Species Interactions. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 183-205) Blackwell Science.
  • Myers, R. A. (2002). Recruitment: Understanding density-dependence in fish populations. In: Hart, P. J. B. (Ed.). Handbook of Fish Biology And Fisheries, (pp 123-148). Blackwell Science. Oxford.
  • Pankhurst, N. W., & Munday, P. L. (2011). Effects of climate change on fish reproduction and early life history stages. Marine and Freshwater Research. 62(9), 1015–1026. http://doi.org/10.1071/MF10269
  • Peck, M. A., Huebert, K. B., & Llopiz, J. K. (2012). Intrinsic and extrinsic factors driving match-mismatch dynamics during the early life history of marine fishes. Advances in Ecological Research, Global Change in Multispecies Systems. 47:177-302. doi 10.1016/B978-0-12-398315-2.00003-X
  • Pörtner, H. O., & Peck, M. A. (2010). Climate change effects on fishes and fisheries: towards a cause-and-effect understanding. Journal of Fish Biology. 77(8):1745-1779. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02783.x
  • Richards, W. J. (2006). Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes: an Identification Guide for the Western Central North Atlantic. USA. CRC Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Rothschild, B. J., & Osborn, T. R. (1988). Small-scale turbulence and plankton contact rates. Journal of Plankton Research, 10(3): 465–474. http://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/ 10.3.465
  • Russell, F. S. (1976). The Eggs and Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes. London. Academic Press.
  • Sinclair, M. (1997). Prologue. Recruitment in fish populations: the paradigm shift generated by ICES Commitee A. In: Chambers, R. C., Trippel, E. A. (Ed.). Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations, (pp 1-27) Chapman & Hall. London.
  • Somarakis, S., Isari, S., & Machias, A. (2011). Larval fish assemblages in coastal waters of central Greece: reflections of topographic and oceanographic heterogeneity. Scientia Marina. 75(3):605-618. doi: 10.3989/scimar.2011.75n3605
  • Werner, R. G. (2002). Habitat Requirements. In: Fuiman, L. A., Werner, R. G. (Ed.). Fishery Science, The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages, (pp 161-182). Blackwell Science.
  • Westernhagen, H. V. (1988). Sublethal effects of pollutants on fish eggs and larvae. In: Hoar, W. S., Randall, D. J. (Ed.). Fish Physiology, The Physiology of Developing Fish, (pp 253-346). Academic Press, INC. California.
  • Winemiller, K. O., & Rose, K. A. (1992). Patterns of life-history diversification in North-American fishes - implications for population regulation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 49(10):2196-2218
  • Winemiller, K. O. (2005). Life history strategies, population regulation, and implications for fisheries management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 62(4):872-885. doi: 10.1139/f05-040
  • Wootton, R. J. (1984). Introduction: Strategies and Tactics in Fish Reproduction. In: Potts, G. W., Wootton, R. J. (Ed.). Fish Reproduction: Strategies and Tactics, (pp 1-12) Academic Press. London.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Sinan Mavruk
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ TEMEL BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, DENİZ BİYOLOJİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0003-1958-0634
Türkiye


Dursun Avşar
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ TEMEL BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, DENİZ BİYOLOJİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
Türkiye

Publication Date September 26, 2017
Application Date January 17, 2017
Acceptance Date March 10, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3

Cite

APA Mavruk, S. & Avşar, D. (2017). Distribution dynamics of ichthyoplankton and recruitment hypotheses . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (3) , 355-361 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.16