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The occurrence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) in cagereared rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from Işıklı Spring, Çivril, Turkey

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 255 - 260, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.02

Abstract

Occurrence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Müller, 1776) in cage-reared rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) and the effects of parasitism on the fish condition were studied between July and November 2014 in Işıklı Spring. A total of 221 O. mykiss specimens were examined. In addition to P. laevis, three other parasite species; Trichodina sp., Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet, 1876 and Diplostomum sp. were also recorded. P. laevis was numerically the predominant species with the highest prevalence (77.8%), mean intensity (6.74), and mean abundance (5.24). In total 1160 P. laevis specimens were collected. The mean abundance of P. laevis increased over a period of months from 2.5 individual parasites per fish in July to 7.1 in November. The mean intensity of P. laevis increased with increasing fish host length from 1.5 in the 5.0–6.9 cm length class to 18.4 in the 25.0–26.9 cm length class. Although there was no statistically significant bias in the spatial distribution of P. laevis within the gut (p ˃ 0.05), the parasite tended to prefer the pyloric caeca (47.9%). The larval stage (cystacanth) of the acanthocephalan parasite were obtained from the haemocoel of Gammarus obnixus Karaman and Pinkster, 1977. The value of Fulton’s condition factor (K) ranged from 0.84 to 1.66.

References

  • Altunay, S., & Yıldız, H.J. (2008). Ectoparasitological examination of rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) cage cultured in Kesikköprü Dam Lake. Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Journal of Agricultural Science, 14: 154–162.
  • Aygen, C., & Balık, S. (2005). Işıklı Gölü ve Kaynaklarının (Çivril–Denizli) Crustacea Faunası Üzerine Araştırmalar. Ege University Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Science, 22(3-4): 371-375.
  • Bombarová, M., Marec, F., Nguyen, P., & Špakulová, M. (2007). Divergent location of ribosomal genes in chromosomes of fish thorny-headed worms, Pomphorhynchus laevis and Pomphorhynchus tereticollis (Acanthocephala). Genetica, 131: 141–149.
  • Buchmann, K., Uldal, A., & Lyholt, H. (1995). A checklist of metazoan parasites from rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 36: 299–318.
  • Bullock, W.L. (1963). Intestinal histology of some salmonid fishes with particular reference to the histopathology of acanthocephalan infections. Journal of Morphology, 112: 23–44.
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M., & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83: 575–583.
  • Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I.E., Gussev, A.V., Dubinina, M.N., Izyumova, N.A., Simirnova, T.S., Sokolovskaya, I., Shtein, G.A., Shulman, S., & Epshtein, V.M. (1962). Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the USSR. Izdatelsvi Akademi Nauk SSSR. Moskva Leningrad: 919 pp.
  • Cezilly, F., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., & Rigaud, T. (2014). Cooperation and conflict in host manipulation: interactions among macro-parasites and micro-organisms. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5: 144-153.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Rossette, E., Bellettato, C.M., & Maynard, B.J. (1999). Pomphorhynchus laevis in its intermediate host Echinogammarus stammeri in the river Brenta, Italy. Journal of Helminthology, 73: 95–102.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Pirioni, F., Giari, L., Domeneghini, C. & Bosi, G. (2002). Effect of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) on putative neuromodulators in the intestine of naturally infected Salmo trutta. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 51: 27–35.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Simoni, E., Duclos, L. & Rossetti, E. (2008). Crustacean - acanthocephalan interaction and host cell-mediated immunity: parasite encapsulation and melanization. Folia Parasitologica, 55: 9–53.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Castaldelli, G., Bo, T., Lorenzoni, M., & Giari, L. (2011). Intestinal immune response of Silurus glanis and Barbus barbus naturally infected with Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala). Parasite Immunology, 33: 116–123.
  • Düşen, S., & Oğuz, M.C. (2008). Occurrence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) in the marsh frog (Rana ridibunda Pallas, 1771), from Turkey. Helminthologia, 45: 154–156.
  • Heckmann, R.A., Oguz, M.C., Amin, O.M., Dusen, S., Tepe, Y. & Aslan, B. (2010). Host and geographical distribution of Pomphorhynchus spindletrancatus (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) in Turkey, with enhanced description from new fish and amphibian hosts using SEM, and histopathological notes. Scientia Parasitologica , 11: 129–139.
  • Johansen, L.H., Jense, I., Mikkelsen, H., Bjorn, P.A., Jansen, P.A., & Bergh, O. (2011). Disease interaction and pathogens exchange between wild and farmed fish populations with special reference to Norway. Aquaculture 2011; 315: 167–186.
  • Kaldonski, N., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., Dodet, R., Martinaud, G., & Cezilly, F. (2009). Carotenoid-based colour of acanthocephalan cystacanths plays no role in host manipulation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 276: 169–176.
  • Kirin, D., Hanzelová, V., Shukerova, S., & Kuzmanova, D. (2014). Biodiversity, bioindication and helminth communities of Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Danube River and Lake Srebarna, Bulgaria. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Special Issue 1: 727–733.
  • Lom, J., & Dykova, I. (1992). Protozoan parasites of fishes. Series: Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 315 pp.
  • Merella, P., Garippa, G., & Salati, F. (2006). Parasites of cage cultured European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax and gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata from Sardinia (western Mediterranean): first results. Parassitologia, 48: 1–2.
  • Niewiadomska, K. (2003). The parasites of Polish fish (key to species identification). The flukes–Digenea. Warszawa: P.T.P.169 pp.
  • Özer, S., Koyuncu, E., Dönmez, E., & Bulduklu, P.S. (2010). Protozoan ectoparasites of rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) cultivated in Mersin. Journal of Pendik Veterinary Microbiology, 37: 43–52.
  • Perrot-Minnot, M.J. (2004). Larval morphology, genetic divergence, and contrasting levels of host manipulation between forms of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala). International Journal for Parasitology, 34: 45–54.
  • Scholz, T. (1999). Parasites in cultured and feral fish. Veterinary Parasitology, 84: 317–335.
  • Smales, L.R., Aydogdu, A., & Emre, Y. (2012). Pomphorhynchidae and quadrigyridae (Acanthocephala), including a new genus and species (Pallisentinae), from freshwater fishes, Cobitidae and Cyprinodontidae, in Turkey. Folia Parasitologica, 59: 162–166.
  • Soylu, E. (1996). Protozoan ectoparasites of Oncorhynchus mykiss recorded from farms in Marmara Region, Turkey. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 1: 19–26.
  • Špakulová, M., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., & Neuhaus, B. (2011). Resurrection of Pomphorhynchus tereticollis (Rudolphi, 1809) (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) based on new morphological and molecular data. Helminthologia, 48: 268–277.
  • Taraschewski, H. (2000). Host-parasite interactions in Acanthocephala: a morphological approach. Advances in Parasitology, 46: 1–179.
  • Theo, C., Bakker, M., Mazzi, D., & Zala, S. (1997). Parasite-induced changes in behavior and color make Gammarus pulex more prone to fish predation. Ecology, 78: 1098–1104.
  • Yıldız, K., & Cavusoglu, K.A. (2003). Scanning electron microscope examination of Pomphorhynchus laevis. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 27: 1357–1360.

Işıklı Kaynağı, Çivril’de ağ kafeslerde yetiştirilen gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss)’nda Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) varlığı

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3, 255 - 260, 26.09.2017
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.02

Abstract

Ağ kafeslerde yetiştirilen gökkuşağı alabalığı Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792)’nda Pomphorhynchus laevis (Müller, 1776) varlığı ve balık kondüsyonu üzerindeki paraziter etki Işıklı Kaynağı’nda Temmuz ve Kasım 2014 süresinde çalışıldı. Toplam 221 O. mykiss örneği incelendi. P. laevis den başka üç diğer parazit türü; Trichodina sp., Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet, 1876 ve Diplostomum sp. da kaydedildi. P. laevis yaygınlık (%77.8), ortalama yoğunluk (6.74) ve ortalama çokluk (5.24) ile sayısal olarak baskın parazitti. Toplamda 1160 P. laevis örneği toplandı. P. laevis ortalama çokluğu, aylık devrelerde Temmuz’da her balıkta 2.5 parazit bireyinden Kasım’da 7.1’e yükseldi. P. laevis ortalama yoğunluğu, artan balık uzunluğu ile 5.0-6.9 cm lik boy sınıfında 1.5’den 25.0-26.9 cm lik boy sınıfında 18.4’e yükseldi. Sindirim kanalında P. laevis’in uzamsal dağılımında istatistik olarak belirgin bir eğilim olmamasına karşın (p ˃ 0.05) parazit tercihi pilorik çekaya (%47.9) yönelik olmuştur. Acanthocephalan parazitin larval dönemi (cystacanth), Gammarus obnixus Karaman and Pinkster, 1977’ un vücut boşluğunda bulunmuştur. Fulton Kondisyon Faktörü değerleri (K), 0.84 ile 1.66 arasına yayılmıştır.

References

  • Altunay, S., & Yıldız, H.J. (2008). Ectoparasitological examination of rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) cage cultured in Kesikköprü Dam Lake. Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Journal of Agricultural Science, 14: 154–162.
  • Aygen, C., & Balık, S. (2005). Işıklı Gölü ve Kaynaklarının (Çivril–Denizli) Crustacea Faunası Üzerine Araştırmalar. Ege University Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Science, 22(3-4): 371-375.
  • Bombarová, M., Marec, F., Nguyen, P., & Špakulová, M. (2007). Divergent location of ribosomal genes in chromosomes of fish thorny-headed worms, Pomphorhynchus laevis and Pomphorhynchus tereticollis (Acanthocephala). Genetica, 131: 141–149.
  • Buchmann, K., Uldal, A., & Lyholt, H. (1995). A checklist of metazoan parasites from rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 36: 299–318.
  • Bullock, W.L. (1963). Intestinal histology of some salmonid fishes with particular reference to the histopathology of acanthocephalan infections. Journal of Morphology, 112: 23–44.
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M., & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83: 575–583.
  • Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I.E., Gussev, A.V., Dubinina, M.N., Izyumova, N.A., Simirnova, T.S., Sokolovskaya, I., Shtein, G.A., Shulman, S., & Epshtein, V.M. (1962). Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the USSR. Izdatelsvi Akademi Nauk SSSR. Moskva Leningrad: 919 pp.
  • Cezilly, F., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., & Rigaud, T. (2014). Cooperation and conflict in host manipulation: interactions among macro-parasites and micro-organisms. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5: 144-153.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Rossette, E., Bellettato, C.M., & Maynard, B.J. (1999). Pomphorhynchus laevis in its intermediate host Echinogammarus stammeri in the river Brenta, Italy. Journal of Helminthology, 73: 95–102.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Pirioni, F., Giari, L., Domeneghini, C. & Bosi, G. (2002). Effect of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) on putative neuromodulators in the intestine of naturally infected Salmo trutta. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 51: 27–35.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Simoni, E., Duclos, L. & Rossetti, E. (2008). Crustacean - acanthocephalan interaction and host cell-mediated immunity: parasite encapsulation and melanization. Folia Parasitologica, 55: 9–53.
  • Dezfuli, B.S., Castaldelli, G., Bo, T., Lorenzoni, M., & Giari, L. (2011). Intestinal immune response of Silurus glanis and Barbus barbus naturally infected with Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala). Parasite Immunology, 33: 116–123.
  • Düşen, S., & Oğuz, M.C. (2008). Occurrence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) in the marsh frog (Rana ridibunda Pallas, 1771), from Turkey. Helminthologia, 45: 154–156.
  • Heckmann, R.A., Oguz, M.C., Amin, O.M., Dusen, S., Tepe, Y. & Aslan, B. (2010). Host and geographical distribution of Pomphorhynchus spindletrancatus (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) in Turkey, with enhanced description from new fish and amphibian hosts using SEM, and histopathological notes. Scientia Parasitologica , 11: 129–139.
  • Johansen, L.H., Jense, I., Mikkelsen, H., Bjorn, P.A., Jansen, P.A., & Bergh, O. (2011). Disease interaction and pathogens exchange between wild and farmed fish populations with special reference to Norway. Aquaculture 2011; 315: 167–186.
  • Kaldonski, N., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., Dodet, R., Martinaud, G., & Cezilly, F. (2009). Carotenoid-based colour of acanthocephalan cystacanths plays no role in host manipulation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 276: 169–176.
  • Kirin, D., Hanzelová, V., Shukerova, S., & Kuzmanova, D. (2014). Biodiversity, bioindication and helminth communities of Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Danube River and Lake Srebarna, Bulgaria. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Special Issue 1: 727–733.
  • Lom, J., & Dykova, I. (1992). Protozoan parasites of fishes. Series: Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 315 pp.
  • Merella, P., Garippa, G., & Salati, F. (2006). Parasites of cage cultured European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax and gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata from Sardinia (western Mediterranean): first results. Parassitologia, 48: 1–2.
  • Niewiadomska, K. (2003). The parasites of Polish fish (key to species identification). The flukes–Digenea. Warszawa: P.T.P.169 pp.
  • Özer, S., Koyuncu, E., Dönmez, E., & Bulduklu, P.S. (2010). Protozoan ectoparasites of rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) cultivated in Mersin. Journal of Pendik Veterinary Microbiology, 37: 43–52.
  • Perrot-Minnot, M.J. (2004). Larval morphology, genetic divergence, and contrasting levels of host manipulation between forms of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala). International Journal for Parasitology, 34: 45–54.
  • Scholz, T. (1999). Parasites in cultured and feral fish. Veterinary Parasitology, 84: 317–335.
  • Smales, L.R., Aydogdu, A., & Emre, Y. (2012). Pomphorhynchidae and quadrigyridae (Acanthocephala), including a new genus and species (Pallisentinae), from freshwater fishes, Cobitidae and Cyprinodontidae, in Turkey. Folia Parasitologica, 59: 162–166.
  • Soylu, E. (1996). Protozoan ectoparasites of Oncorhynchus mykiss recorded from farms in Marmara Region, Turkey. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology, 1: 19–26.
  • Špakulová, M., Perrot-Minnot, M.J., & Neuhaus, B. (2011). Resurrection of Pomphorhynchus tereticollis (Rudolphi, 1809) (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae) based on new morphological and molecular data. Helminthologia, 48: 268–277.
  • Taraschewski, H. (2000). Host-parasite interactions in Acanthocephala: a morphological approach. Advances in Parasitology, 46: 1–179.
  • Theo, C., Bakker, M., Mazzi, D., & Zala, S. (1997). Parasite-induced changes in behavior and color make Gammarus pulex more prone to fish predation. Ecology, 78: 1098–1104.
  • Yıldız, K., & Cavusoglu, K.A. (2003). Scanning electron microscope examination of Pomphorhynchus laevis. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 27: 1357–1360.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Dilara Sözeren Çevrimel
Türkiye


Erhan SOYLU
orcid.org/0000-0001-9143-2578

Publication Date September 26, 2017
Application Date January 5, 2017
Acceptance Date April 17, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 3

Cite

APA Sözeren Çevrimel, D. & Soylu, E. (2017). The occurrence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) in cagereared rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from Işıklı Spring, Çivril, Turkey . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 34 (3) , 255-260 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.3.02