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Non-market economic value of artificial reefs in Edremit Bay (Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey)

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 97 - 107, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.02

Abstract

Abstract: Although the history of artificial reef (AR) deployments in Turkey does not extend far back, there has been a considerable increase in the number of ARs. First aim of this study was to indicate the socioeconomic characteristics of AR stakeholders, commercial fishermen, recreational fishermen and local residents that are affected by ARs in Altınoluk under the Turkish National Artificial Reef Project. The AR relations of the interest groups were measured via reef-related activities, such as commercial fishing, recreational fishing and diving. Mainly, the number of visits to the AR site made by these groups was taken into account. Lastly, the non-market economic value of ARs from the residents was calculated as 3,594,606 via contingent valuation method. Variables affecting willingness-to-pay and the amounts of individual willingness to pay were also assessed via probit model. The results of the present study have vital importance for decision-making process of the AR deployment.

Keywords: Artificial reefs, stakeholders, contingent valuation, Altınoluk

References

  • Bateman, I. & Willis, K.G. (2002). Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU and Developing Countries. Oxford University Press, USA, 692 pp.
  • Bell, F., Bonn, M. & Leeworthy, V. (1998). Economic Impact and Importance of Artificial Reefs in Northwest Florida. NOAA Paper Contract Number MR235.
  • Bombace, G., Fabi, G. & Fiorentini, L. (2000). Artificial reefs in the Adriatic Sea. In Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J. and Lockwood, A.P.M. (Eds.) Artificial Reefs in European Seas. Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 31–63.
  • Bortone, S. A., Brandini, P. P., Fabi, S. & Otake, S. (2011). Artificial reefs in fishery management. Florida: CRC Press, 350 p.
  • Brock, R. (1994). Beyond Fisheries Enhancement: Artificial Reefs and Ecotourism. Bulletin of Marine Sciences, 55(2-3): 1181-1188
  • Claudet, J. & Pelletier, D. (2004). Marine protected areas and artificial reefs: A review of the interactions between management and scientific studies. Aquatic Living Resources, 17 (02), 129-138. doi: 10.1051/alr:2004017
  • Ditton, R.B. & T.L. Baker (1999). Demographics, Attitudes, Management Preferences, and Economic Impacts of Sport Divers using Artificial Reefs in Offshore Texas Waters. Report prepared for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department through a research contract with Texas A&M University. 44 pp.
  • Ditton, R. B., Thailing, C.E. Riechers, R. & Osburn, H. (2001). The Economic impacts of sport divers using Artificial Reefs in Texas Offshore Waters. Proceedings of the Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, 54: 349-360.
  • Düzbastılar, F.O. & Tokaç, A. (2003). Determination of effects of artificial reef size on local scouring phenomena resulting from wave action Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science,20 (3-4): 373 – 381.
  • Gómez-Buckley, M. C. & Haroun, R.J. (1994). Artificial reefs in the Spanish coastal zone. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55(2-3), 1021-1028.
  • Gujarati, N.D. (2004). Basic Econometrics. McGraw-Hill, 4th Edition, USA. 1002 pp.
  • Haab, T.C. & McConnell, K.E. (2002). Valuing Environmental and Natural Resources, Econometrics of Non-Market Valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 352 pp. doi: 10.4337/9781843765431
  • Hanemann, W. M. (1994). Valuing the Environment Through Contingent Valuation. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8: 19-43.
  • Hanni, E. & Mathews, H.H. (1977). Benefit-Cost Study of Pinellas County Artificial Reefs. FLSGP-T-77-005, Florida Sea Grant College Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 44 p.
  • Hiett, R. & Milon, J.W. (2002). Economic Impact of Recreational fishing and Diving Associated with Offshore Oil and Gas Structures in the Gulf of Mexico. DOI Minerals Management Service Document MMS Study, 10 p.
  • Jensen, A. (2002). Artificial reefs of Europe: perspective and future. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59 (suppl), S3-S13.
  • doi: 10.1006/jmsc.2002.1298
  • Johns, G., Leeworthy, V.R., Bell, F.W. & Bonn, M.A. (2001). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Southeast Florida, Report prepared for Miami-Dade County, Florida. Hazen and Sawyer P.C., Miami, FL, 348 pp.
  • Johns, G., Leeworthy, V., Bell, F., & Bonn, M. (2003). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Southeast Florida. NOAA Paper.
  • Johns, G. (2004). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Martin County, Florida, Report prepared for Martin County, Florida. Hazen and Sawyer P.C., Hollywood, FL. 120 pp.
  • Lök, A. (1995). Evaluation of fish fauna associated with experimental artificial reefs in Hekim Island in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Ege University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Master of Science Thesis.
  • Lök, A. & Tokaç, A. (2000). Turkey: A new region for artificial habitats. Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J., and Lockwood, A.P.M. (Eds.) Artificial Reefs in European Seas. Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 21–30. doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-4215-1_2
  • Lök, A., Metin, C., Ulaş, A., Düzbastılar, O.F. & Tokaç, A (2002). Artificial Reefs in Turkey. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 192-195. doi: 10.1006/jmsc.2002.1221
  • Lök & Gül (2005). Evaluation of fish fauna associated with experimental artificial reefs in Hekim Island in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 22: 109-114. ISSN 1300 - 1590
  • MAGRAMA (Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente) (2008). Guía Metodológica para la Instalación de Arrecifes Artificiales. 318 p.
  • McGinnis, M. Fernandez, L. & C. Pomeroy (2001). The Politics, Economics, and Ecology of Decommissioning Offshore Oil and Gas Structures. Minerals Management Service Document, MMS Publication 2001-006.
  • Milon, J.W. (1988a). The Economic Benefits of Artificial Reefs: An Analysis of the Dade County, Florida Reef System. Sea Grant Extension Program, University of Florida. SGR-90, Florida Sea Grant College Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 89 pp.
  • Milon, J.W. (1988b). A Nested Demand Shares Model of Artificial Marine Habitat Choice by Sport Anglers. Marine Resource Economics, 5: 191-213.
  • Milon, J.W. (1989). Artificial Marine Habitat Characteristics and Participation Behavior by Sport Anglers and Divers. Bulletin of Marine Science, 44: 853-862.
  • Milon J.W., Holland, S.M. & Whitmarsh, D.J. (2000). Artificial Reef Evaluation with Application to Natural Marine Habitats, CRC Press, ISBN 0-8493-9061-3, Florida, United States, 246 pp.
  • Miran B. (2003). Basic Statistics. Ege University Press, ISBN 975-9308800, İzmir, Turkey, 297 pp.
  • Oh, C, Ditton, R.B. & Stoll, J.R. (2008). The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artificial Reef Habitats. Society & Natural Resources, 21: 455-468. doi: 10.1080/08941920701681953
  • Parkkila, K., Arlinghaus, R., Artell, J., Gentner, B., Haider, W., Aas, Ø., Barton, D., Roth, E., & Sipponen, M. (2010). Methodologies for assessing socio-economic benefits of European inland recreational fisheries. EIFAC Occasional Paper No. 46, Ankara, FAO, 112 pp.
  • Pendleton, L.H. (2004). Creating Underwater Value: The Economic Value of Artificial Reefs for Recreational Diving, California Artificial Reef Enhancement Program. Prepared for: The San Diego Oceans Foundation. 11 pp.
  • Ramos, J., Santos, M.N., Whitmarsh, D. & Monteiro, C.C. (2007). Stakeholder perceptions regarding the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the Algarve artificial reefs. Hydrobiologia, 580: 181–191. doi: 10.1007/10750-006-0454-z
  • Roberts, J.K., Thompson, M.E., & Pawlyk, P.W. (1985). Contingent Valuation of Recreational Diving at Petroleum Rigs, Gulf of Mexico. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 114: 214-219. doi: 10.1577/1548-8659
  • Seaman Jr, W. & Sprague, L.M. (1991). Artificial habitats for marine and freshwater fisheries, Academic Press, 285 p. ISBN: 978-0-12-634345-8
  • Sempere, J.T.B., Esplá, A.A.R. & Palazón J.A. (2001). Análisis del efecto producción-atracción sobre la ictiofauna litoral de un arrecife artificial alveolar en la reserva marina de Tabarca (Alicante). Bol. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 17 (1 y 2): 73–85. ISSN: 0074-0195
  • Sutton, S.G. & Bushnell, S.L. (2007). Socio economic aspects of artificial reefs Considerations for the Great Barrier. Ocean & Coastal Management, 50: 829–846.
  • Tiryakioğlu, F.Ö. (2008). Socio-Economic Evaluation of Artificial Reefs In Aegean Sea, Turkey. University of Portsmouth Business School, Master of Science Dissertation, Portsmouth, UK, 41 pp.
  • Ulaş, A., Düzbastılar, F.O., Lök, A. & Metin, C. (2007). A pre-study for determining of efficiency of fish sampling methods on artificial reefs. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 24(3-4): 287–293.
  • Wedgwood, A. & Sansom, K. (2003). Willingness-to-pay surveys - a streamlined approach: Guidance notes for small town water services. WEDC, Loughborough University, UK, ISBN 1 84380 014 4, 234 pp.
  • Whitmarsh, D, Santos, M.N., Ramos, J. & Monteiro, C.C. (2008). Marine habitat modification through artificial reefs off the Algarve (southern Portugal): An economic analysis of the fisheries and the prospects for management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 51: 463–468. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.04.004
  • Wilhelmsson, D., Ohman, MC, Stahl H. & Shlesinger, Y. (1988). Artificial Reefs and Dive Tourism in Eilat, Israel. AMBIO, 27(8): 764-766.

Edremit Körfezi’ndeki (Doğu Akdeniz, Türkiye) yapay resiflerin piyasa dışı ekonomik değeri Sezgin Tunca1* • Bülent Miran2 • Vahdet Ünal3

Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2, 97 - 107, 15.05.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.02

Abstract

Türkiye’de yapay resif uygulamalarının tarihi çok uzun olmamakla birlikte, son yıllarda yapay resif uygulamalarında dikkate değer bir artış bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın ilk amacı, Türkiye Ulusal Yapay Resif Projesi’nde Altınoluk’da yapay resiflerden etkilenen ticari balıkçılar, amatör balıkçılar ve yöre sakinleri gibi yapay resif paydaşlarının sosyoekonomik özelliklerini ortaya koymaktır. Bu gurupların yapay resif ile ilişkileri resif ilişkili ticari balıkçılık, rekreasyonel balıkçılık ve dalış gibi aktivitelerle tanımlandı. Temel olarak yapay resif alanına gerçekleştirilen ziyaret sayıları dikkate alındı. Son olarak, yapay resif alanından faydalanmak için yöre sakinleri tarafından yapay resiflere verilen pazar dışı ekonomik değer koşullu değerleme metoduyla yaklaşık 3,594,606 olarak hesaplandı. Bireysel ödeme isteği miktarları ve buna etki eden faktörler probit model ile değerlendirildi. Mevcut çalışmanın sonuçları yapay resif yerleştirmesinin karar verme sürecinde çok büyük öneme sahiptir

References

  • Bateman, I. & Willis, K.G. (2002). Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU and Developing Countries. Oxford University Press, USA, 692 pp.
  • Bell, F., Bonn, M. & Leeworthy, V. (1998). Economic Impact and Importance of Artificial Reefs in Northwest Florida. NOAA Paper Contract Number MR235.
  • Bombace, G., Fabi, G. & Fiorentini, L. (2000). Artificial reefs in the Adriatic Sea. In Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J. and Lockwood, A.P.M. (Eds.) Artificial Reefs in European Seas. Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 31–63.
  • Bortone, S. A., Brandini, P. P., Fabi, S. & Otake, S. (2011). Artificial reefs in fishery management. Florida: CRC Press, 350 p.
  • Brock, R. (1994). Beyond Fisheries Enhancement: Artificial Reefs and Ecotourism. Bulletin of Marine Sciences, 55(2-3): 1181-1188
  • Claudet, J. & Pelletier, D. (2004). Marine protected areas and artificial reefs: A review of the interactions between management and scientific studies. Aquatic Living Resources, 17 (02), 129-138. doi: 10.1051/alr:2004017
  • Ditton, R.B. & T.L. Baker (1999). Demographics, Attitudes, Management Preferences, and Economic Impacts of Sport Divers using Artificial Reefs in Offshore Texas Waters. Report prepared for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department through a research contract with Texas A&M University. 44 pp.
  • Ditton, R. B., Thailing, C.E. Riechers, R. & Osburn, H. (2001). The Economic impacts of sport divers using Artificial Reefs in Texas Offshore Waters. Proceedings of the Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, 54: 349-360.
  • Düzbastılar, F.O. & Tokaç, A. (2003). Determination of effects of artificial reef size on local scouring phenomena resulting from wave action Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science,20 (3-4): 373 – 381.
  • Gómez-Buckley, M. C. & Haroun, R.J. (1994). Artificial reefs in the Spanish coastal zone. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55(2-3), 1021-1028.
  • Gujarati, N.D. (2004). Basic Econometrics. McGraw-Hill, 4th Edition, USA. 1002 pp.
  • Haab, T.C. & McConnell, K.E. (2002). Valuing Environmental and Natural Resources, Econometrics of Non-Market Valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 352 pp. doi: 10.4337/9781843765431
  • Hanemann, W. M. (1994). Valuing the Environment Through Contingent Valuation. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8: 19-43.
  • Hanni, E. & Mathews, H.H. (1977). Benefit-Cost Study of Pinellas County Artificial Reefs. FLSGP-T-77-005, Florida Sea Grant College Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 44 p.
  • Hiett, R. & Milon, J.W. (2002). Economic Impact of Recreational fishing and Diving Associated with Offshore Oil and Gas Structures in the Gulf of Mexico. DOI Minerals Management Service Document MMS Study, 10 p.
  • Jensen, A. (2002). Artificial reefs of Europe: perspective and future. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59 (suppl), S3-S13.
  • doi: 10.1006/jmsc.2002.1298
  • Johns, G., Leeworthy, V.R., Bell, F.W. & Bonn, M.A. (2001). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Southeast Florida, Report prepared for Miami-Dade County, Florida. Hazen and Sawyer P.C., Miami, FL, 348 pp.
  • Johns, G., Leeworthy, V., Bell, F., & Bonn, M. (2003). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Southeast Florida. NOAA Paper.
  • Johns, G. (2004). Socioeconomic Study of Reefs in Martin County, Florida, Report prepared for Martin County, Florida. Hazen and Sawyer P.C., Hollywood, FL. 120 pp.
  • Lök, A. (1995). Evaluation of fish fauna associated with experimental artificial reefs in Hekim Island in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Ege University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Master of Science Thesis.
  • Lök, A. & Tokaç, A. (2000). Turkey: A new region for artificial habitats. Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J., and Lockwood, A.P.M. (Eds.) Artificial Reefs in European Seas. Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 21–30. doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-4215-1_2
  • Lök, A., Metin, C., Ulaş, A., Düzbastılar, O.F. & Tokaç, A (2002). Artificial Reefs in Turkey. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 192-195. doi: 10.1006/jmsc.2002.1221
  • Lök & Gül (2005). Evaluation of fish fauna associated with experimental artificial reefs in Hekim Island in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 22: 109-114. ISSN 1300 - 1590
  • MAGRAMA (Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente) (2008). Guía Metodológica para la Instalación de Arrecifes Artificiales. 318 p.
  • McGinnis, M. Fernandez, L. & C. Pomeroy (2001). The Politics, Economics, and Ecology of Decommissioning Offshore Oil and Gas Structures. Minerals Management Service Document, MMS Publication 2001-006.
  • Milon, J.W. (1988a). The Economic Benefits of Artificial Reefs: An Analysis of the Dade County, Florida Reef System. Sea Grant Extension Program, University of Florida. SGR-90, Florida Sea Grant College Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 89 pp.
  • Milon, J.W. (1988b). A Nested Demand Shares Model of Artificial Marine Habitat Choice by Sport Anglers. Marine Resource Economics, 5: 191-213.
  • Milon, J.W. (1989). Artificial Marine Habitat Characteristics and Participation Behavior by Sport Anglers and Divers. Bulletin of Marine Science, 44: 853-862.
  • Milon J.W., Holland, S.M. & Whitmarsh, D.J. (2000). Artificial Reef Evaluation with Application to Natural Marine Habitats, CRC Press, ISBN 0-8493-9061-3, Florida, United States, 246 pp.
  • Miran B. (2003). Basic Statistics. Ege University Press, ISBN 975-9308800, İzmir, Turkey, 297 pp.
  • Oh, C, Ditton, R.B. & Stoll, J.R. (2008). The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artificial Reef Habitats. Society & Natural Resources, 21: 455-468. doi: 10.1080/08941920701681953
  • Parkkila, K., Arlinghaus, R., Artell, J., Gentner, B., Haider, W., Aas, Ø., Barton, D., Roth, E., & Sipponen, M. (2010). Methodologies for assessing socio-economic benefits of European inland recreational fisheries. EIFAC Occasional Paper No. 46, Ankara, FAO, 112 pp.
  • Pendleton, L.H. (2004). Creating Underwater Value: The Economic Value of Artificial Reefs for Recreational Diving, California Artificial Reef Enhancement Program. Prepared for: The San Diego Oceans Foundation. 11 pp.
  • Ramos, J., Santos, M.N., Whitmarsh, D. & Monteiro, C.C. (2007). Stakeholder perceptions regarding the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the Algarve artificial reefs. Hydrobiologia, 580: 181–191. doi: 10.1007/10750-006-0454-z
  • Roberts, J.K., Thompson, M.E., & Pawlyk, P.W. (1985). Contingent Valuation of Recreational Diving at Petroleum Rigs, Gulf of Mexico. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 114: 214-219. doi: 10.1577/1548-8659
  • Seaman Jr, W. & Sprague, L.M. (1991). Artificial habitats for marine and freshwater fisheries, Academic Press, 285 p. ISBN: 978-0-12-634345-8
  • Sempere, J.T.B., Esplá, A.A.R. & Palazón J.A. (2001). Análisis del efecto producción-atracción sobre la ictiofauna litoral de un arrecife artificial alveolar en la reserva marina de Tabarca (Alicante). Bol. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 17 (1 y 2): 73–85. ISSN: 0074-0195
  • Sutton, S.G. & Bushnell, S.L. (2007). Socio economic aspects of artificial reefs Considerations for the Great Barrier. Ocean & Coastal Management, 50: 829–846.
  • Tiryakioğlu, F.Ö. (2008). Socio-Economic Evaluation of Artificial Reefs In Aegean Sea, Turkey. University of Portsmouth Business School, Master of Science Dissertation, Portsmouth, UK, 41 pp.
  • Ulaş, A., Düzbastılar, F.O., Lök, A. & Metin, C. (2007). A pre-study for determining of efficiency of fish sampling methods on artificial reefs. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 24(3-4): 287–293.
  • Wedgwood, A. & Sansom, K. (2003). Willingness-to-pay surveys - a streamlined approach: Guidance notes for small town water services. WEDC, Loughborough University, UK, ISBN 1 84380 014 4, 234 pp.
  • Whitmarsh, D, Santos, M.N., Ramos, J. & Monteiro, C.C. (2008). Marine habitat modification through artificial reefs off the Algarve (southern Portugal): An economic analysis of the fisheries and the prospects for management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 51: 463–468. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.04.004
  • Wilhelmsson, D., Ohman, MC, Stahl H. & Shlesinger, Y. (1988). Artificial Reefs and Dive Tourism in Eilat, Israel. AMBIO, 27(8): 764-766.

Details

Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sezgin TUNCA


Bülent MİRAN This is me


Vahdet ÜNAL

Publication Date May 15, 2016
Application Date May 15, 2016
Acceptance Date September 17, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2016, Volume 33, Issue 2

Cite

APA Tunca, S. , Miran, B. & Ünal, V. (2016). Non-market economic value of artificial reefs in Edremit Bay (Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey) . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 33 (2) , 97-107 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.2.02