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Gonad and gut indices of European Sea Urchin (Paracentrotus lividus, L, 1816) in Çesme Bay of Eastern Agean Sea

Year 2015, Volume 32, Issue 2, 59 - 63, 15.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.2.02

Abstract

 The objective of present study is to determine the gut and gonad yield of Paracentrotus lividus populations occuring along Aegean Sea coastline and to evaluate of the environmental conditions on the gonad indices variability. To achieve this, samples were gathered during twelve months and biometric measurements were done. The wet gonad index peaked (6.22±0.56 %) in one (April-14°C) of the coldest months (between November-May) even though water temperature was not change so much between November and May. It is determined that decreasing temperature affected gonad production but temperature is not only one factor effecting of gonad because of gonad indices were not high during the other cold months (between November-May) in this study. The higher gut index (GII) values were observed between January (6.31±0.71 %) and May (6.07±0.70 %). The gut index was higher in spring than in fall in this study.

References

  • Agatsuma, Y., (1998). Aquaculture of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) transplanted from coralline flats in Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research Vol. 17, No: 5, 1541-1547.
  • Andrew, N.L., Agatsuma, Y., Ballesteros, E., Bazhin, A.G., Creaser, E.P., Barnes, D.K.A., Botsford, L.W., Bradbury, A., Campbell, A., Dixon, J.D., Einarsson, S., Gerring, P., Bebert, K., Hunter, M., Hur, S.B., Johnson, C.R., Juinio-Menez, M.A., Kalvass, P., Miller, R.J., Moreno, C.A., Palleiro, J.S., Rivas, D., Robinson, S.M.L., Schroeter, S.C., Steneck, R.S., Vadas,
  • R.L., Woodby, D.A., Xiaoqi, Z., (2002). Status and management of world sea urchin fisheries. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 40, 343-425.
  • Byrne, M., (1990). Annual reproductive cycles of the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus.lividus from on exposed intertidal and a sheltered subtidal habitat on the west coast of Ireland. Marine Biology, 104: 275-289.
  • doi: 10.1007/BF01313269
  • Crapp, G,B., Willis, M.E., (1975). Age determination in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) with notes on the reproductive cycle. Journal of the Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 20: 157-178.
  • doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(75)90021-0
  • Ebert, T.A., (1988). Allometry, design and contraint of body components and shape in sea urchins. J. Nat Hist 22: 1407-1425.
  • doi: 10.1080/00222938800770841
  • Guidetti, P., Terlizzi, A., Boero, F., (2004). Effects of the edible sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, fishery along the Apulian rocky coast (SE Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Fısheries Research 66, 287-297.
  • doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(03)00206-6
  • Guillou, M., Michel, C., (1994). The influence of environmental factors on the growth of Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) Journal of the Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 178: 97-111. doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(94)90227-5
  • Jangoux, M., (1987). Disease of Echinodermata, I. Agents microorganisms and protistans Dis. Aquat. Org. 2, 147-162. doi: 10.3354/dao002147
  • Keesing, J.K., Hall, K.C., (1998). Review of harvest and status of word sea urchin fisheries point to opportunities for aquaculture J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1505-1506.
  • Kelly, M.S., Cook, E.J., (2001). The ecology of Psammechinus miliaris. Edible Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology. J. M. Lawrence, Elsevier Science: 217-224. doi: 10.1016/s0167-9309(01)80014-4
  • Lawrence, J.M., Lawrence, A.L., Holland, N.D., (1965). Annual cycle in the size of the gut of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson). Nature 205: 1238-1239. doi: 10.1038/2051238a0
  • Lopez, S., Turon, X., Monterio, E., Palacin, C., Duarte, C.M., Tarjuelo, I., (1998). Larval abundance, recruitment and early mortality in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Interannual variability and plankton-benthos coupling. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 172:239-251. doi:10.3354/meps172239
  • Lozano, J., Galero, J., Lopez, S., Turon, X., Polacin, C., Morera, G., (1995). Biological cycles and recruitment of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermota: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 122 197-191. doi: 10.3354/meps122179
  • Murillo-Navarro, R., Jimenez-Guirado, D., (2012). Relationship between algal food and gut and gonad conditions in the Mediterranean sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lam.) Mediterranean Marine Science 13/2, 227-238. doi: 10.12681/mms.302
  • Pearce, C.M., Daggett, T.L., Robinson, S.M.C., (2002). Effect of protein source ratio and protein concentration in prepared diets on gonad yield and quality of the green sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiessis Aquaculture 214. 307-332. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00041-8
  • Sala, E., Zabala, M., (1996). Fish predation and the structure of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus populations in the NW Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 140: 71-81. doi: 10.3354/meps140071
  • Sanchez-Espana, A,I., Martinéz-Pita, I., Garcia, F.J., (2004). Gonadal growth and reproduction in the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from southern Spain. Hydrobiologia. Volume 519, Numbers 1-3. Pages: 61-72.
  • doi: 10.1023/b:hydr.0000026485.40173.02
  • Senaratna, M., Evans, L.H., Southam, L., Tsvetnenko, E., (2005). Effect of different feed formulations on feed efficiency, gonad yield and gonad quality in the purple sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Aquatic Science Research Unit, Muresk Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, W. A., Australia. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2005.00340.x
  • Shpigel, M., Mcbride, S.C., Marciano, S., Ron, S., Ben-Amotz, A., (2005). Improving gonad colour and somatic index in the Eurepan sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Aquaculture 245: 101-109.
  • doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.11.043
  • Siikavuopio, S.I., Chritiansen, J.S., Dale, T., (2006). Effects of temperature and season on gonad growth and feed intake in the gren sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis). Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, N-9018, Tromso, Norway.
  • Soualili, D., Guillou, M., (2009). Variations in the reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in three differently polluted locations near Algiers (Algeria). Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Vol: 2.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., Jangoux, M., (1998). Reproductive cycle of echinoid Paracentrotus lividus:analysis by means of the maturity index. Invertebrote Reproductian and Development, 34:1-69-81 Daleban, Philadelphia.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., Jangoux, M., (2000). Optimization of gonad growth by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod in cultivated sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata). Aquaculture, 185: 85-99. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00340-3
  • Vadas, R.L., (1977). Preferential feeding on optimization strategy in sea urchins. Ecol. Monogr 47:337-371. doi: 10.2307/1942173
  • Turon, X., Giribet, G., Lopez, S., Palacin, C., (1995). Growth and population structure of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 122, 193-204. doi: 10.3354/meps122193
  • Watts, S.A., Boettger, S.A., McClintock, J.B., Lawrence, J.M., (1998). Gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed prepared diets. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1591-1595.

Çeşme Körfezi’ndeki (Doğu Ege Denizi) Avrupa Deniz Kestanesi’nin (Paracentrotus lividus, Lamarck, 1816) gonad ve mide indeksleri

Year 2015, Volume 32, Issue 2, 59 - 63, 15.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.2.02

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı Ege Denizi kıyılarında bulunan Paracentrotus lividus populasyonunun mide ve gonad verimini belirlemek ve gonad indeks değişimi üzerine çevresel koşulların etkisini değerlendirmektir. Bunu gerçekleştirmek içinde, oniki ay boyunca örnekler toplandı ve biyometrik ölçümler yapıldı. Kasım ve Mayıs ayları arasında su sıcaklığı çok fazla değişmemesine rağmen yaş gonad indeksi en soğuk aylardan biri olan Nisan ayında (14°C) pik (6.22±0.56 %) yaptı. Bu çalışmada, su sıcaklığının düşmesi gonad üretimini etkilediği fakat gonadı etkileyenin sadece sıcaklık olmadığı çünkü diğer soğuk aylar boyunca gonad indeksinin yüksek olmadığı belirlendi. Mide indeksi (GII) Ocak (% 6.31±0.71) ve Mayıs (% 6.07±0.70) ayları arasında daha yüksekti. Bu çalışmada mide indeksi ilkbaharda sonbahara gore daha yüksekti.

References

  • Agatsuma, Y., (1998). Aquaculture of the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) transplanted from coralline flats in Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research Vol. 17, No: 5, 1541-1547.
  • Andrew, N.L., Agatsuma, Y., Ballesteros, E., Bazhin, A.G., Creaser, E.P., Barnes, D.K.A., Botsford, L.W., Bradbury, A., Campbell, A., Dixon, J.D., Einarsson, S., Gerring, P., Bebert, K., Hunter, M., Hur, S.B., Johnson, C.R., Juinio-Menez, M.A., Kalvass, P., Miller, R.J., Moreno, C.A., Palleiro, J.S., Rivas, D., Robinson, S.M.L., Schroeter, S.C., Steneck, R.S., Vadas,
  • R.L., Woodby, D.A., Xiaoqi, Z., (2002). Status and management of world sea urchin fisheries. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 40, 343-425.
  • Byrne, M., (1990). Annual reproductive cycles of the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus.lividus from on exposed intertidal and a sheltered subtidal habitat on the west coast of Ireland. Marine Biology, 104: 275-289.
  • doi: 10.1007/BF01313269
  • Crapp, G,B., Willis, M.E., (1975). Age determination in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) with notes on the reproductive cycle. Journal of the Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 20: 157-178.
  • doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(75)90021-0
  • Ebert, T.A., (1988). Allometry, design and contraint of body components and shape in sea urchins. J. Nat Hist 22: 1407-1425.
  • doi: 10.1080/00222938800770841
  • Guidetti, P., Terlizzi, A., Boero, F., (2004). Effects of the edible sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, fishery along the Apulian rocky coast (SE Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Fısheries Research 66, 287-297.
  • doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(03)00206-6
  • Guillou, M., Michel, C., (1994). The influence of environmental factors on the growth of Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) Journal of the Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 178: 97-111. doi: 10.1016/0022-0981(94)90227-5
  • Jangoux, M., (1987). Disease of Echinodermata, I. Agents microorganisms and protistans Dis. Aquat. Org. 2, 147-162. doi: 10.3354/dao002147
  • Keesing, J.K., Hall, K.C., (1998). Review of harvest and status of word sea urchin fisheries point to opportunities for aquaculture J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1505-1506.
  • Kelly, M.S., Cook, E.J., (2001). The ecology of Psammechinus miliaris. Edible Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology. J. M. Lawrence, Elsevier Science: 217-224. doi: 10.1016/s0167-9309(01)80014-4
  • Lawrence, J.M., Lawrence, A.L., Holland, N.D., (1965). Annual cycle in the size of the gut of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson). Nature 205: 1238-1239. doi: 10.1038/2051238a0
  • Lopez, S., Turon, X., Monterio, E., Palacin, C., Duarte, C.M., Tarjuelo, I., (1998). Larval abundance, recruitment and early mortality in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Interannual variability and plankton-benthos coupling. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 172:239-251. doi:10.3354/meps172239
  • Lozano, J., Galero, J., Lopez, S., Turon, X., Polacin, C., Morera, G., (1995). Biological cycles and recruitment of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermota: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 122 197-191. doi: 10.3354/meps122179
  • Murillo-Navarro, R., Jimenez-Guirado, D., (2012). Relationship between algal food and gut and gonad conditions in the Mediterranean sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lam.) Mediterranean Marine Science 13/2, 227-238. doi: 10.12681/mms.302
  • Pearce, C.M., Daggett, T.L., Robinson, S.M.C., (2002). Effect of protein source ratio and protein concentration in prepared diets on gonad yield and quality of the green sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiessis Aquaculture 214. 307-332. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00041-8
  • Sala, E., Zabala, M., (1996). Fish predation and the structure of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus populations in the NW Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 140: 71-81. doi: 10.3354/meps140071
  • Sanchez-Espana, A,I., Martinéz-Pita, I., Garcia, F.J., (2004). Gonadal growth and reproduction in the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from southern Spain. Hydrobiologia. Volume 519, Numbers 1-3. Pages: 61-72.
  • doi: 10.1023/b:hydr.0000026485.40173.02
  • Senaratna, M., Evans, L.H., Southam, L., Tsvetnenko, E., (2005). Effect of different feed formulations on feed efficiency, gonad yield and gonad quality in the purple sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Aquatic Science Research Unit, Muresk Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, W. A., Australia. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2005.00340.x
  • Shpigel, M., Mcbride, S.C., Marciano, S., Ron, S., Ben-Amotz, A., (2005). Improving gonad colour and somatic index in the Eurepan sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Aquaculture 245: 101-109.
  • doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.11.043
  • Siikavuopio, S.I., Chritiansen, J.S., Dale, T., (2006). Effects of temperature and season on gonad growth and feed intake in the gren sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis). Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, N-9018, Tromso, Norway.
  • Soualili, D., Guillou, M., (2009). Variations in the reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in three differently polluted locations near Algiers (Algeria). Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Vol: 2.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., Jangoux, M., (1998). Reproductive cycle of echinoid Paracentrotus lividus:analysis by means of the maturity index. Invertebrote Reproductian and Development, 34:1-69-81 Daleban, Philadelphia.
  • Spirlet, C., Grosjean, P., Jangoux, M., (2000). Optimization of gonad growth by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod in cultivated sea urchins, Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata). Aquaculture, 185: 85-99. doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00340-3
  • Vadas, R.L., (1977). Preferential feeding on optimization strategy in sea urchins. Ecol. Monogr 47:337-371. doi: 10.2307/1942173
  • Turon, X., Giribet, G., Lopez, S., Palacin, C., (1995). Growth and population structure of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 122, 193-204. doi: 10.3354/meps122193
  • Watts, S.A., Boettger, S.A., McClintock, J.B., Lawrence, J.M., (1998). Gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed prepared diets. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1591-1595.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Aysun Küçükdermenci


Aynur Lök


Serpil Serdar


Sefa Acarlı


Deniz Acarlı


Harun Yıldız


Selçuk Yiğitkurt
0000-0003-0026-712X


Ali Kırtık

Publication Date January 15, 2016
Application Date January 15, 2016
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 32, Issue 2

Cite

APA Küçükdermenci, A. , Lök, A. , Serdar, S. , Acarlı, S. , Acarlı, D. , Yıldız, H. , Yiğitkurt, S. & Kırtık, A. (2016). Gonad and gut indices of European Sea Urchin (Paracentrotus lividus, L, 1816) in Çesme Bay of Eastern Agean Sea . Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 32 (2) , 59-63 . DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.2.02