BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

A short-term study on the phytoplanktonic and epilithic algae of Arda River (Edirne, Turkey)

Yıl 2016, Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3, 299 - 306, 15.08.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.16

Öz

Arda River, being one of the biggest tributaries of Meriç River passes through Bulgaria, Greece and merges to the Meriç River in Edirne provincial borders. Only 500 meter of the river is inside Turkey borders and sampling station selected this area. In this study, the species structure and quantitative development of the summer phytoplankton and epilithic algae were examined in 2011. A total of 57 species was found, belonging to 4 divisions: Bacillariophyta 31 taxa, Chlorophyta 18 taxa, Euglenophyta 5 taxa and Cyanophyta 3 taxa. The most common taxa in the phytoplankton were Pediastrum sp., Cyclotella meneghiniana and Cymatopleura sp. while Cymatopleura sp., Fragilaria sp. and Pinnularia sp. were the most common in the epilithic. Canonical correspondance analyses have been applied to clarify relationships between environmental variables and planktonic and benthic algae. The results of the CCA showed differing relationships between the environmental variables and the phytoplanktonic and epilitic taxa.

Keywords: Phytoplankton, epilithic algae, Turkey, Arda River

Kaynakça

  • Addinsoft. (2015). XLSTAT, Data analysis and statistics with MS Excel. Addinsoft, NY, USA. xlstat available at http:// www.xlstat.com/en/home.
  • Algın, Y. (2013). Meriç River early warning system (in Turkish). III. National Flood Symposium. 29-30 April 2013, İstanbul, Turkey.
  • APHA. 2012. Standard Methods for examination of water and wastewater. 22nd ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; APHA, AWWA, WEF,1360 pp.
  • Aygün, Ş. (2000). Physical, chemical and criteria of plankton quality and seasonal changes in which part of inner lake of the Seyhan River (PhD Thesis), (in Turkish with English abstract). Çukurova University Institute of Science, Adana, pp84.
  • Belkinova, D., Mladenov, R., Dimitrova-Dyulgerova, I., Cheshmedjiev, S. & Angelova I. (2007). Phytoplankton research in Kurdzhali Reservoir. Phytologia Balcanica, 13, 47-52.
  • Cleve-Euler, A. (1952). Die diatomen von schweden und finnland Stockholm. Almquist und Wiksells Bactryckeri Ab. P. Stockholm, 1-153.
  • Descy, J.-P., Reynolds, C.S. & Padisak, J. (1994). Phytoplankton in turbid environments. rivers and shallow lakes. Developments in Hydrobiology, Vol. 100. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 214.
  • EC (European Communities). (2007). “European Communities (drinking water) (no. 2)”, Regulations 2007, S.I. No. 278 of 2007.
  • Guiry, M.D., Rindi, F. & Guiry, G.M. (2010). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. www.algaebase.org.
  • Hillebrand, H., Dürselen, C., Kirschtel, D., Pollingher, U. & Zohary T. (1999). Biovolume calculation for pelagic and benthic microalgae. Journal of Phycology, 35, 403-424. doi: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.1999.3520403.x
  • Husted, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta ( Diyatomeee ) Heft: 10 in a Pascher Die Susswasser Flora Mitteleuropas. Gustav Fischer Published, Jena, Germany, 1-466.
  • Hutchinson, G.E. (1967). A treatise on limnology, v. 2. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. Wiley, New York, US, 1048p.
  • Komarek, J. & Fott, B. (1983). Die binnnengewässer. Band 26, Das phytoplankton des süßwassers. 7 Teil, 1. Hälfte, Chlorophyceae (Grünalgen), Ordnung: Chlorococcales. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart,1-1044.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot H. (1991a) Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/3, 3. Teil: Centrales, Fragillariaceae, Eunoticeae. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1-576.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot H. (1991b) Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/4, 4. Teil: Achnanthaceae. Kritische Ergänzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema Gesamtliteraturverzeichnis. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1-436.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1999). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/2, 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. Berlin: Spectrum Academicher Verlag, 1- 610.
  • Mitrovic, S., Chessman, B., Davie, A.W., Avery, E.L. & Ryan, N. (2008) Development of blooms of Cyclotella meneghiniana and Nitzschia spp. (Bacillariophyceae) in a shallow river and estimation of effective suppression flows. Hydrobiologia, 596, 1, 173-185.
  • doi: 10.1007/s10750-007-9094-1
  • Mooney, E.P. (1989). A study of Lough Corrib, western Ireland and its phytoplankton. Hydrobiologia, 175: 195-212.
  • doi: 10.1007/BF00006090
  • Nusch, E. (1980). Comparison of different methods for chlorophyll and phaeopigment determination. Archiv für Hydrobiologie-Beiheft Ergebnisse der Limnologie, 14, 14-36.
  • Öterler B., Taş, M. & Kırgız, T., (2012). Seasonal variations of water quality parameters and algal flora of Sazlıdere Stream (Edirne) (in Turkish with English abstract). Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 5 (1): 49-55.
  • Öterler, B., Kırgız, T. & Albay, M. (2014). Seasonal variations of water quality parameters and algal flora of Tundzha (Tunca) River (Edirne, Turkey). Journal of Ecology, 4, 807-819. doi: 10.4236.oje.2014.413069
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The diatoms of the United States, v. 1. Academy of Natural Sciences. AND. 1975. The diatoms of the United States, v. 2. Academy of Natural Sciences.
  • Pestalozzi, H.G. (1982). Das phytoplankton des susswasser Teil: 8 E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlund (Nagele U. Obermiller). Stuttgart, 1-539.
  • Prescott, G. W. (1973). Algae of Western Great Lake Area. Fifth printing. WMC. Brown Comp. Pub. Dubaque, lowa, 1-977.
  • Reynolds, C.S. (1996). Algae. In Petts, G. & Calow, P. [Eds.] River Biota. Diversity and Dynamics. Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 6–26.
  • Reynolds, C.S. & Descy, J.P. (1996). The production, biomass and structure of phytoplankton in large rivers. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 10, 161-187.
  • doi: 10.1127/lr/10/1996/161
  • Round, F.E. (1953). An investigation of two benthic algal communities in Malharm Tarn. Yorkshire. J Ecol 41, 97-174. doi: 10.2307/2257108
  • Soylu, E.N. & Gönülol, A. (2003). Phytoplankton and seasonal variations of the River Yeşilırmak, Amasya, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 3, 17-24.
  • Sun, J. & Liu, D. (2003). Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 25, 1331–1346. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbg096
  • ter Braak, C.J.F. (1986). Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology 67 (6):1167-79. doi: 10.2307/1938672
  • Traykov, I. (2005). Factors influencing the trophic state of Kurdzhali Reservoir. PhD Thesis. Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, 188pp.
  • Tolotti, M. (2001). Phytoplankton and littoral epilithic diatoms in high mountain lakes of the Adamello-Brenta Regional Park (Trentino, Italy) and their relation to trophic status and acidification risk. Journal of Limnology, 60:2, 171-188.doi:10.4081/jlimnol.2001.1.171.
  • TS, 266. (2005). Water-water intended for human consumption (In Turkish). Turkish Institute of Standards, Türk Standartları Enstitüsü, ICS 13.060.20.
  • Utermöhl, H. (1958). Zur Vervollkommung der quantitativen phytoplankton-methodik. Mitteilungen Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 9, 1-38.
  • Wehr, J.D. & Descy, J.P. (1998). Use of phytoplankton in large river management. Journal of Phycologia, 34, 741-749.
  • Wehr, J.D. & Sheath, R.G. (2003). Freshwater Algae of North America: Ecology and Classification. Academic Press, USA, 935 pp.
  • Varol, M. & Şen, B. (2014). Flora of the planktonic algae of the Tigris River (in Turkish with English abstract). Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 8(4): 252-264. doi:10.3153/jfscom.201431
  • YSKYY. (2015). Surface Water Quality Management Framework (In Turkish). Official Journal of the publication: Date 15.04.2015, No. 29327.

KISA ARAŞTIRMA

Yıl 2016, Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3, 299 - 306, 15.08.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.16

Öz

Tunca ve Ergene Nehirleriyle beraber Meriç Nehri’nin en büyük kollarından biri olan Arda Nehri, Bulgaristan’da doğar ve Edirne il merkezi sınırları içinde Meriç Nehri ile birleşir. Nehrin Türkiye sınırları içinde kalan kısmı ise sadece 500 metredir ve örnekleme istasyonu bu bölgeden seçilmiştir. Bu çalışma ile Arda Nehri’nin yaz aylarındaki planktonik ve bentik alg türlerinin kompoziyonunu ve nicel gelişimi belirlemek amacıyla 2011 yılında yapılmıştır. Çalışma sonunda Bacillariophyta’ya ait 31 taxa, Chlorophyta’ya ait 18 taxa, Euglenophyta’ya ait 5 taxa ve Cyanophyta’ya ait 3 taxa olmak üzere 4 divisioya ait toplam 57 tür tespit edilmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda planktonik olarak Pediastrum sp., Cyclotella meneghiniana ve Cymatopleura sp., epilitik olarak ise Cymatopleura sp., Fragilaria sp. ve Pinnularia sp. türleri nehrin hakim organizmaları olmuştur. Canonical Correspondance analizi sonuçlarına göre çevresel değişkenler ile planktonik ve bentik algler arasındaki ilişkiler tespit edilmişlerdir

Kaynakça

  • Addinsoft. (2015). XLSTAT, Data analysis and statistics with MS Excel. Addinsoft, NY, USA. xlstat available at http:// www.xlstat.com/en/home.
  • Algın, Y. (2013). Meriç River early warning system (in Turkish). III. National Flood Symposium. 29-30 April 2013, İstanbul, Turkey.
  • APHA. 2012. Standard Methods for examination of water and wastewater. 22nd ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; APHA, AWWA, WEF,1360 pp.
  • Aygün, Ş. (2000). Physical, chemical and criteria of plankton quality and seasonal changes in which part of inner lake of the Seyhan River (PhD Thesis), (in Turkish with English abstract). Çukurova University Institute of Science, Adana, pp84.
  • Belkinova, D., Mladenov, R., Dimitrova-Dyulgerova, I., Cheshmedjiev, S. & Angelova I. (2007). Phytoplankton research in Kurdzhali Reservoir. Phytologia Balcanica, 13, 47-52.
  • Cleve-Euler, A. (1952). Die diatomen von schweden und finnland Stockholm. Almquist und Wiksells Bactryckeri Ab. P. Stockholm, 1-153.
  • Descy, J.-P., Reynolds, C.S. & Padisak, J. (1994). Phytoplankton in turbid environments. rivers and shallow lakes. Developments in Hydrobiology, Vol. 100. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 214.
  • EC (European Communities). (2007). “European Communities (drinking water) (no. 2)”, Regulations 2007, S.I. No. 278 of 2007.
  • Guiry, M.D., Rindi, F. & Guiry, G.M. (2010). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. www.algaebase.org.
  • Hillebrand, H., Dürselen, C., Kirschtel, D., Pollingher, U. & Zohary T. (1999). Biovolume calculation for pelagic and benthic microalgae. Journal of Phycology, 35, 403-424. doi: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.1999.3520403.x
  • Husted, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta ( Diyatomeee ) Heft: 10 in a Pascher Die Susswasser Flora Mitteleuropas. Gustav Fischer Published, Jena, Germany, 1-466.
  • Hutchinson, G.E. (1967). A treatise on limnology, v. 2. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. Wiley, New York, US, 1048p.
  • Komarek, J. & Fott, B. (1983). Die binnnengewässer. Band 26, Das phytoplankton des süßwassers. 7 Teil, 1. Hälfte, Chlorophyceae (Grünalgen), Ordnung: Chlorococcales. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart,1-1044.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot H. (1991a) Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/3, 3. Teil: Centrales, Fragillariaceae, Eunoticeae. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1-576.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot H. (1991b) Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/4, 4. Teil: Achnanthaceae. Kritische Ergänzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema Gesamtliteraturverzeichnis. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1-436.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1999). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Band 2/2, 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. Berlin: Spectrum Academicher Verlag, 1- 610.
  • Mitrovic, S., Chessman, B., Davie, A.W., Avery, E.L. & Ryan, N. (2008) Development of blooms of Cyclotella meneghiniana and Nitzschia spp. (Bacillariophyceae) in a shallow river and estimation of effective suppression flows. Hydrobiologia, 596, 1, 173-185.
  • doi: 10.1007/s10750-007-9094-1
  • Mooney, E.P. (1989). A study of Lough Corrib, western Ireland and its phytoplankton. Hydrobiologia, 175: 195-212.
  • doi: 10.1007/BF00006090
  • Nusch, E. (1980). Comparison of different methods for chlorophyll and phaeopigment determination. Archiv für Hydrobiologie-Beiheft Ergebnisse der Limnologie, 14, 14-36.
  • Öterler B., Taş, M. & Kırgız, T., (2012). Seasonal variations of water quality parameters and algal flora of Sazlıdere Stream (Edirne) (in Turkish with English abstract). Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 5 (1): 49-55.
  • Öterler, B., Kırgız, T. & Albay, M. (2014). Seasonal variations of water quality parameters and algal flora of Tundzha (Tunca) River (Edirne, Turkey). Journal of Ecology, 4, 807-819. doi: 10.4236.oje.2014.413069
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The diatoms of the United States, v. 1. Academy of Natural Sciences. AND. 1975. The diatoms of the United States, v. 2. Academy of Natural Sciences.
  • Pestalozzi, H.G. (1982). Das phytoplankton des susswasser Teil: 8 E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlund (Nagele U. Obermiller). Stuttgart, 1-539.
  • Prescott, G. W. (1973). Algae of Western Great Lake Area. Fifth printing. WMC. Brown Comp. Pub. Dubaque, lowa, 1-977.
  • Reynolds, C.S. (1996). Algae. In Petts, G. & Calow, P. [Eds.] River Biota. Diversity and Dynamics. Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 6–26.
  • Reynolds, C.S. & Descy, J.P. (1996). The production, biomass and structure of phytoplankton in large rivers. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 10, 161-187.
  • doi: 10.1127/lr/10/1996/161
  • Round, F.E. (1953). An investigation of two benthic algal communities in Malharm Tarn. Yorkshire. J Ecol 41, 97-174. doi: 10.2307/2257108
  • Soylu, E.N. & Gönülol, A. (2003). Phytoplankton and seasonal variations of the River Yeşilırmak, Amasya, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 3, 17-24.
  • Sun, J. & Liu, D. (2003). Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 25, 1331–1346. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbg096
  • ter Braak, C.J.F. (1986). Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology 67 (6):1167-79. doi: 10.2307/1938672
  • Traykov, I. (2005). Factors influencing the trophic state of Kurdzhali Reservoir. PhD Thesis. Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, 188pp.
  • Tolotti, M. (2001). Phytoplankton and littoral epilithic diatoms in high mountain lakes of the Adamello-Brenta Regional Park (Trentino, Italy) and their relation to trophic status and acidification risk. Journal of Limnology, 60:2, 171-188.doi:10.4081/jlimnol.2001.1.171.
  • TS, 266. (2005). Water-water intended for human consumption (In Turkish). Turkish Institute of Standards, Türk Standartları Enstitüsü, ICS 13.060.20.
  • Utermöhl, H. (1958). Zur Vervollkommung der quantitativen phytoplankton-methodik. Mitteilungen Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 9, 1-38.
  • Wehr, J.D. & Descy, J.P. (1998). Use of phytoplankton in large river management. Journal of Phycologia, 34, 741-749.
  • Wehr, J.D. & Sheath, R.G. (2003). Freshwater Algae of North America: Ecology and Classification. Academic Press, USA, 935 pp.
  • Varol, M. & Şen, B. (2014). Flora of the planktonic algae of the Tigris River (in Turkish with English abstract). Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 8(4): 252-264. doi:10.3153/jfscom.201431
  • YSKYY. (2015). Surface Water Quality Management Framework (In Turkish). Official Journal of the publication: Date 15.04.2015, No. 29327.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Kısa Araştırmalar
Yazarlar

Burak Öterler

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ağustos 2016
Gönderilme Tarihi 29 Mart 2016
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Öterler, B. (2016). A short-term study on the phytoplanktonic and epilithic algae of Arda River (Edirne, Turkey). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 33(3), 299-306. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.16