BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Epiphytic and epipsammic diatom communities of Gölbaşı Lake (Adıyaman-Turkey)

Yıl 2016, Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3, 193 - 199, 15.08.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.02

Öz

The present study examined certain physical and chemical parameters in epiphytic and epipsammic diatoms identified on Potamogeton perfoliatus and Chara sp. collected from an area of one square kilometers in Gölbaşı Lake located within the borders of Adıyaman city from March to October 2014.Over the course of the study, 14 taxa belonging to epiphytic diatoms and 24 taxa of epipsammic diatoms were identified. Among the epiphytic diatoms, Amphora ovalis, Diatoma vulgaris and Ulnaria ulna were the most significant ones in terms of abundance and individual occurrences, while among the epipsammic diatoms the most remarkable ones were Navicula salinarum, Navicula radiosa, Nitzschia linearis and Cyclotella comta with regard to abundance and individual occurrences. According to Sorensen Index the highest similarity (78%) was found between diatoms on Potamageton perfoliatus and Chara sp. The similarity between epiphytic and epipsammic diatoms was only as high as 26% and 30%. Accordingly, the macrophyte preference of diatoms as a substratum was to a large extent similar. Diatoms displayed the highest level of development in late spring and summer, when there is more light and temperatures are higher.

Keywords: Epiphitic diatoms, Epipsammic diatoms, Sorensen Similarity Index, Gölbaşı Lake, East Anatolia, Turkey

Kaynakça

  • Ahıska, S. & Atıcı, T. (2005). Pollution and algae of Ankara stream. Gazi University Journal of Science, 18(1): 51-59.
  • APHA, (1985). Standart Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington.
  • Butcher, R.W. (1946). The algal growth in certain highly calcareous streams. Journal of Ecology, 33, 268-283. doi: 10.2307/2256471
  • Çetin, A.K. & Yavuz, O.G. (2001). Epipelic, epilithic and epiphytic algal flora of Cip Stream (Elazığ). Fırat University Journal of Science, 13(2): 9-14.
  • Chessman, B.C. (1986). Diatom flora of an Australian River system: Spatial Patterns and Environmental Relationships. Freshwater Biology, 16: 805-819. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1986.tb01018.x
  • Cox, E.J. (1984). Observations on some benthic diatoms from North German Lakes: the effect of substratum and light regime. Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie, 22: 924-928.
  • Germain, H. (1981). Flora Des Diatomees Diatomophycees. Societye Nouvelle Des Editions Boubee, Paris.
  • Google, (2014) Gölbaşı Lake, Adıyaman-Turkey [Retrieved, September 15, 2014, from https://goo.gl/maps/]
  • Hutchinson, G.E. (1957). A treatise on Limnology. Vol II. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. John Wiley& Sons, New York.
  • Kılınç, S. & Sıvacı, R. (2000). A study on the past and present diatom flora of two alkaline lakes. Turkish Journal of Botany, 25: 373-378.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae. I. Teil: Naviculaceae in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/1. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Stuttgart, New York, 876p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1988). Bacillariophyceae. II. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 596p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991a). Bacillariophyceae. III. Teil: Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae, in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/3. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 576p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991b). Bacillariophyceae. IV. Teil:Achnanthaceae, Kritische Erganzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema, Gesamtliteraturverzeiichnis Teil I-IV. in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/4. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 437p.
  • Lund, J.W.G., (1965). The Ecology of the Freshwater Phytoplankton, Biological Reviews. 40, 231-293. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1965.tb00803.x
  • Pala, G. & Aker, E. (2014). The Investigation of planktonic and benthic algae in Pınarbaşı (Elbistan/ Kahramanmaraş). Fırat University Journal of Science. 26(2), 105-113.
  • Pala, G. & Çağlar, M. (2006). Epilithic diatoms in Keban Dam Lake and their seasonal variations. Fırat Universty Journal of Science. 18 (3), 323-329.
  • Pala, G. (2007). The planktonic algae and their seasonal variations in Gülüşkür Region of Keban Dam Lake II- Bacillariophyta. Fırat University Journal of Science. 19 (1), 23-32.
  • Pala, G. (2014). Epiphytic diatom flora of Hazar Lake (Suluçayır Düzü). Fırat University Journal of Science. 26 (1), 45-54.
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The Diatoms of the United States, Exclusive of Alaska and Haxaii. Monographs of the Academy of national sciences of Philadelphia no: 13. Pennsylvania, USA, 688p.
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W., (1975). The Diatoms of the United States. Volume II. Acad. Sci Philadelphia.
  • Round, F.E. (1953). An investigation of two benthic algal communities in Malharm Tarn, Yorkshire, Journal of Ecology, 41, 97-174. doi: 10.2307/2257108
  • Round, F.E. (1957). Studies of the English Lake District Part II. The distribution of Bacillariophyceae on the sediments. Journal of Ecology, 45, 343-360. doi: 10.2307/2256951
  • Round, F.E. (1973). The Biology of the Algae, Edward Arnold, London.
  • Round, F.E. (1981). The Ecology of algae, Cambridge University press, USA, 653p.
  • Sorensen, T. (1948). A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 5(4): 1–34.
  • Stanly, D.A., & Daly, R.J. (1976). Environmental control of primary productivity in Alaskan Tundra Ponds. Ecology, 57, 1025-1033. doi: 10.2307/1941067
  • Şahin, B. (1998). Benthic algae flora of Sera Creek (Trabzon), XIV. National Biology Congress, 7-10 September, Samsun, II, 272-281.
  • Temel, M. (1992). Phytoplankton of Sapanca Lake, Turkish Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 1, 25-40.
  • Toroglu, E. & Toroglu, S. (2009). Microbial pollution of water in Golbasi Lake in Adiyaman, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology, 30(1), 33-38.
  • Uslu, O. & Türkman, A. (1987). Water Pollution and Control. Prime Ministry General Directorate of Environment Publications Educations Series,364p, Ankara.
  • Yıldız, K. (1987). A study on algal communities of Altınapa Dam Lake and Meram Stream. Cumhuriyet Science Journal, (5), 191-207.
Yıl 2016, Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3, 193 - 199, 15.08.2016
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.02

Öz

Bu çalışmada Adıyaman il sınırları içinde bulunan Gölbaşı Gölü’ nden Mart- Ekim 2014 tarihleri arasında bir kilomerekarelik alandan toplanan Potamogeton perfoliatus ve Chara spp.’ nin epifitik ve epipsammik diyatomeleri bazı fiziksel ve kimyasal parametreler ile birlikte araştırılmıştır. Araştırma süresince epifitik diyatomelere ait toplam 14 takson, epipsammik diyatomelere ait toplam 24 takson kaydedilmiştir. Epifitik diyatomeler içerisinde ortaya çıkış sıklıkları ve birey sayıları ile en dikkat çeken türler Amphora ovalis, Diatoma vulgaris ve Ulnaria ulna olurken; epipsammik diyatomeler içerisinde ise ortaya çıkış sıklığı ve birey sayıları itibariyle en dikkat çeken türler Navicula salinarum, Navicula radiosa, Nitzschia linearis ve Cyclotella comta olmuştur. Potamogeton perfoliatus ve Chara sp üzerindeki diatomeler arasında Sorensen benzerlik indeksi %78 çıkmıştır. Epifitik ve epipsammik diyatomeler arasındaki benzerlikler ise %26 ve % 30 gibi değerlerde çıkmıştır. Substrat olarak diatomelerin makrofitleri tercihinde büyük bir benzerlik görüldü. Diyatomeler en iyi gelişimlerini ışığın ve sıcaklığın arttığı ilkbahar sonları ile yaz aylarında göstermişlerdir

Kaynakça

  • Ahıska, S. & Atıcı, T. (2005). Pollution and algae of Ankara stream. Gazi University Journal of Science, 18(1): 51-59.
  • APHA, (1985). Standart Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington.
  • Butcher, R.W. (1946). The algal growth in certain highly calcareous streams. Journal of Ecology, 33, 268-283. doi: 10.2307/2256471
  • Çetin, A.K. & Yavuz, O.G. (2001). Epipelic, epilithic and epiphytic algal flora of Cip Stream (Elazığ). Fırat University Journal of Science, 13(2): 9-14.
  • Chessman, B.C. (1986). Diatom flora of an Australian River system: Spatial Patterns and Environmental Relationships. Freshwater Biology, 16: 805-819. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1986.tb01018.x
  • Cox, E.J. (1984). Observations on some benthic diatoms from North German Lakes: the effect of substratum and light regime. Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie, 22: 924-928.
  • Germain, H. (1981). Flora Des Diatomees Diatomophycees. Societye Nouvelle Des Editions Boubee, Paris.
  • Google, (2014) Gölbaşı Lake, Adıyaman-Turkey [Retrieved, September 15, 2014, from https://goo.gl/maps/]
  • Hutchinson, G.E. (1957). A treatise on Limnology. Vol II. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. John Wiley& Sons, New York.
  • Kılınç, S. & Sıvacı, R. (2000). A study on the past and present diatom flora of two alkaline lakes. Turkish Journal of Botany, 25: 373-378.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae. I. Teil: Naviculaceae in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/1. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Stuttgart, New York, 876p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1988). Bacillariophyceae. II. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 596p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991a). Bacillariophyceae. III. Teil: Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae, in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/3. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 576p.
  • Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1991b). Bacillariophyceae. IV. Teil:Achnanthaceae, Kritische Erganzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gomphonema, Gesamtliteraturverzeiichnis Teil I-IV. in Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H. and Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasser flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/4. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. 437p.
  • Lund, J.W.G., (1965). The Ecology of the Freshwater Phytoplankton, Biological Reviews. 40, 231-293. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1965.tb00803.x
  • Pala, G. & Aker, E. (2014). The Investigation of planktonic and benthic algae in Pınarbaşı (Elbistan/ Kahramanmaraş). Fırat University Journal of Science. 26(2), 105-113.
  • Pala, G. & Çağlar, M. (2006). Epilithic diatoms in Keban Dam Lake and their seasonal variations. Fırat Universty Journal of Science. 18 (3), 323-329.
  • Pala, G. (2007). The planktonic algae and their seasonal variations in Gülüşkür Region of Keban Dam Lake II- Bacillariophyta. Fırat University Journal of Science. 19 (1), 23-32.
  • Pala, G. (2014). Epiphytic diatom flora of Hazar Lake (Suluçayır Düzü). Fırat University Journal of Science. 26 (1), 45-54.
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1966). The Diatoms of the United States, Exclusive of Alaska and Haxaii. Monographs of the Academy of national sciences of Philadelphia no: 13. Pennsylvania, USA, 688p.
  • Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W., (1975). The Diatoms of the United States. Volume II. Acad. Sci Philadelphia.
  • Round, F.E. (1953). An investigation of two benthic algal communities in Malharm Tarn, Yorkshire, Journal of Ecology, 41, 97-174. doi: 10.2307/2257108
  • Round, F.E. (1957). Studies of the English Lake District Part II. The distribution of Bacillariophyceae on the sediments. Journal of Ecology, 45, 343-360. doi: 10.2307/2256951
  • Round, F.E. (1973). The Biology of the Algae, Edward Arnold, London.
  • Round, F.E. (1981). The Ecology of algae, Cambridge University press, USA, 653p.
  • Sorensen, T. (1948). A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 5(4): 1–34.
  • Stanly, D.A., & Daly, R.J. (1976). Environmental control of primary productivity in Alaskan Tundra Ponds. Ecology, 57, 1025-1033. doi: 10.2307/1941067
  • Şahin, B. (1998). Benthic algae flora of Sera Creek (Trabzon), XIV. National Biology Congress, 7-10 September, Samsun, II, 272-281.
  • Temel, M. (1992). Phytoplankton of Sapanca Lake, Turkish Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 1, 25-40.
  • Toroglu, E. & Toroglu, S. (2009). Microbial pollution of water in Golbasi Lake in Adiyaman, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology, 30(1), 33-38.
  • Uslu, O. & Türkman, A. (1987). Water Pollution and Control. Prime Ministry General Directorate of Environment Publications Educations Series,364p, Ankara.
  • Yıldız, K. (1987). A study on algal communities of Altınapa Dam Lake and Meram Stream. Cumhuriyet Science Journal, (5), 191-207.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Metin Çağlar

Güneş Pala

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ağustos 2016
Gönderilme Tarihi 12 Ağustos 2016
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016Cilt: 33 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Çağlar, M., & Pala, G. (2016). Epiphytic and epipsammic diatom communities of Gölbaşı Lake (Adıyaman-Turkey). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 33(3), 193-199. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2016.33.3.02