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Infection of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicoloides crassus in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) caught from the Gediz Delta (Aegean Sea)

Year 2023, Volume: 40 Issue: 1, 15 - 19, 15.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.02

Abstract



The wild European eels (776 fish, mean total length of 547±91 mm, mean weight 340±198 g) were obtained monthly between October 2015-September 2016 in Gediz Delta (Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea). A total of 263 nematode parasites (Anguillicoloides crassus) were isolated from the swim bladders of 52 parasitized fish. Parasitological indices were found relatively low. The prevalence was 6.7% and the mean intensity was 5.05. The abundance of A. crassus was also calculated as 0.33 in all sampled eels.


Supporting Institution

Tubitak

Thanks

I would like to thank The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) to fund this study with the TÜBİTAK project of 115Y399.

References

  • Abdelmonem, A.A., Metwally, M.M., & Hussein, H.S. (2009). Pathological studies on some parasitic diseases of eel (Anguilla anguilla). Egyptian Journal of Comparative Pathology and Clinical Pathology. 22(3), 96-113.
  • Aly, S.G., El-Nobi G. Ahmed, & El-Dosoky, A.El-Sayed (2007). Occurrence of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculidae) a parasite of European Eel (Anguilla anguilla) in Egypt. Zagazig Veterinary Journal, 35(3), 104-114.
  • Aydın, G.Ş., Salman, A., Oral, R., Şimsek, K. & Koçbaş, F. (2017). Some heavy metal levels of water and sediments from North drainage channels and Lagoon areas (Homa and Kırdeniz) of Gediz Delta (Izmir Bay). XIII. Ecology and Environment Congress 2017 (p. 338) Edirne, TURKİYE: Proceedings Book.
  • Bakaria, F., Belhaoues, S., Djebbari, N., Tahri, M., Ladjama, I., & Bensaad, L. (2018). Metazoan Parasites and Health State of European Eel, Anguilla anguilla (Anguilliformes, Anguillidae), from Tonga Lake and El Mellah Lagoon in the Northeast of Algeria. Vestnik Zoologii, 52(4), 279–288. https://doi.org/10.2478/vzoo-2018-0029
  • Bilecenoğlu, M., Kaya, M., Cihangir, B., & Çiçek, E. (2014). An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 38(6), 901-929. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1405-60
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D, Lotz, J.M. & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83(4), 575-583. PMid:9267395. https://doi.org/10.2307/3284227
  • Cakić, D.P., Stojanovski, S., Kulišić, Z., Hristovski, N., & Lenhardt, M. (2002). Pojava Anguillicola crassus, nematoda: Dracunculoidea, kod jegulje iz Ohridskog jezera, Makedonija. Acta Veterinaria, 52, 163-168. https://doi.org/10.2298/AVB0203163C
  • Çolak, S.Ö., Soylu, E., Erdoğan, F., & Erdoğan, M. (2012). Metazoan parasites of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) from the Köyceğiz Dalyan Estuarine channel system, Turkey. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 32(5), 159-163.
  • De Charleroy, D., Grisez, L., Thomas, K., Belpaire, C., & Ollevier, F. (1990). The life cycle of Anguillicola crassus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 8(2), 77–84. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao008077
  • Durif, C.M.F., Gjosaeter, J., & Vollestad, L.A. (2011). Influence of oceanic factors on Anguilla anguilla (L.) over the twentieth century in coastal habitats of the Skagerrak, southern Norway. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 278, 464–473. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1547
  • El-Hilali, M., Yahyaoui, A., Sadak, A., Maachi, M., & Taghy, Z. (1996). Premières données épidémiologiques sur l’anguillicolose au Maroc. Bulletin Français de la pêche et de la pisciculture, 340, 57-60. https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae:1996005
  • Genç, E., Şahan, A., Altun, T., Cengizler, I., & Nevsat, E. (2005). Occurrence of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculoidea) in European eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Ceyhan River, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 661-663.
  • Genç, E., Sangun, M.K., Dural, M., Can, M.F., & Altunhan, C. (2008). Elements Concentrations in the Swimbladder Parasite Anguillicola crassus Nematoda and Its Host the European Eel, Anguilla anguilla from Asi River (Hatay/Turkey). Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 141, 59-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9878-9
  • Giari, L., Castaldelli, G., Gavioli, A., Lanzoni, M., & Fano, E.A. (2021). Long-term ecological analysis of Anguillicola crassus occurrence and impact on the European eel population in a Mediterranean lagoon (North Italy). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 249, 107117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.107117
  • Gürkan, Ş., Taylan, B., & Taşkavak, E. (2022). Determination of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculoidea) in the European Eel, Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) from the locality Çamalti Tuzla of Izmir Bay, Eastern Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 10(2), 276-279. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v10i2.276-279.4717
  • Hafir-Mansouri, D., Kadji-Djoudad, H., Ramdane, Z., Trilles, J.P., & Amara, R. (2018). Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi & Hagaki, 1974) infecting the European eel in Algeria. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59, 19-24. https://doi.org/10.21411/CBM.A.62B9C0DE
  • Hizem-Hebbechi, B., Kraiem, M.M., & Elie, P. (2012). Etude de la contamination de l’anguille européenne (Anguilla anguilla L. 1758) par Anguillicoloides crassus dans quelques hydrosystèmes de la Tunisie septentrionale: analyse de son impact sur les paramètres de croissance. Cybium, 36, 417-433
  • İnnal, D., Özmen, O., & Genç, E. (2019). Infection of European eel, Anguilla anguilla with the nematode Anguillicoloides crassus from some estuarine systems in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 19, 899–905. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v19_11_01
  • Kantzoura, V., Sapounidis, A., Kouam, M.K., Kolygas, M.N., Krey, G., & Koutrakis, E. (2021). Anguillicola (Anguillicoides) crassus: Morphometric characteristics and pathogenicity in eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Greece. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 25, 100586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2021.100586
  • Kirk, R.S., Lewis, J.W., & Kennedy, C.R. (2000a). Survival and transmission of Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi & Itagaki, 1974 (Nematoda) in seawater eels. Parasitology,120, 289–295. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0031182099005399
  • Kirk, R.S, Kennedy, C.R., & Lewis, J.W. (2000b). Effect of salinity on hatching, survival and infectivity of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) larvae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 40, 211–218. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao040211
  • Kirk, R.S. (2003). The impact of Anguillicola crassus on European eels. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 10, 385–394. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2003.00355.x
  • Koyuncu, C.E., Kaya, D., Özer, S., Barış, M., & Genç, E. (2017). Infection status of Anguillicoloides crassus in wild European eels (Anguilla anguilla) from Four Rivers of the Northeast Mediterranean Region, Turkey. Acta Biologica Turcica, 30(4), 152-156.
  • Lefebvre, F., Fazio, G., Mounaix, B., & Crivelli, AJ. (2013). Is the continental life of the European eel Anguilla anguilla affected by the parasitic invader Anguillicoloides crassus? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280, 20122916. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2916
  • Loukili, A., & Belghyti, D. (2007). The dynamics of the nematode Anguillicola crassus, Kuvahara 1974 in eel Anguilla anguilla (L. 1758) in the Sebou estuary (Morocco). Parasitology Research. 100, 683–686. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-006-0349-y
  • Macnamara, R., Koutrakis, E.T., Saounidis, A., Lachouvaris, D., Arapoglou, F., & McCarthy, T.K. (2014). Reproductive potential of silver European eels (Anguilla anguilla) migrating from Vistonis Lake (Northern Aegean Sea, Greece). Mediterranean Marine Science, 15, 539-544. https://doi.org/10.12681/MMS.614
  • Mayo-Hernandez, E., Penalver, J., Garcıa-Ayala, A., Serrano, E., Munoz, P., & Ruiz de Ybanez, R. (2015). Richness and diversity of helminth species in eels from a hypersaline coastal lagoon, Mar Menor, south-east Spain. Journal of Helminthology, 89, 345–351. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X14000145
  • Moravec, F., & Taraschewski, H. (1988). Revision of the Genus Anguillicola-yamaguti, 1935 (Nematoda, Anguillicolidae) of the Swimbladder of eels, including descriptions of 2 new species, Anguillicola-novaezelandiae sp-n and Anguillicola-papernai sp-n. Folia Parasitologica. 35, 125-46. PMID: 3169643
  • Moriarty, C., & Dekker, W. (1997). Management of the European eel. Fisheries Bulletin (Dublin), 15, 110 pp.
  • Oudjane, F. (2021). Parasitic infection by the nematode Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974) in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces Anguilliidae) of Lake Oubeïra (eastern Algeria). Biodiversity Journal, 12 (1), 255–260. https://doi.org/10.31396/Biodiv.Jour.2021.12.1.255.260
  • Palstra, A.P., Heppener, D.F.M., Van Ginneken, V.J.T., Székely, C., & van den Thillart, G.E.E.J.M. (2007). Swimming performance of silver eels is severely impaired by the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 352, 244-256.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2007.08.003
  • Quadroni, S., Galassi, S., Capoccioni, F., Ciccotti, E., Grandi, G., De Leo, G.A., & Bettinetti, R. (2013). Contamination, parasitism and condition of Anguilla anguilla in three Italian stocks. Ecotoxicology 22, 94–108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-012-1006-0
  • Rolbiecki, L. (2008). New data on the biology of the introduced exotic nematode Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974 in the eel Anguilla anguilla in Lake Wdzydze (Polish waters). Oceanological & Hydrobiological Studies, 37(3), 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10009-008-0006-0
  • Rouag-Laouira, L. (2012). Rythme alimentaire, embonpoint et parasitisme à Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974) chez l’anguille européenne Anguilla Anguilla (L. 1758) de l’Oued El Kébir (Wilaya de Skikda), Mémoire de Magister, Université d’Annaba, 102 pp.
  • Sauvaget, B., Fatin, D., & Briand, C. (2003). Contamination par Anguillicola crassus de cinq populations d’anguilles (Anguilla anguilla) du littoral de Bretagne sud (France). Bulletin français de la pêche et de la pisciculture. 368, 21–26. https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae:2003033
  • Sjöberg, N.B., Petersson, E., Wickström, H., & Hansson, S. (2009). Effects of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus on the migration of European silver eels Anguilla anguilla in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 74, 2158–2170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02296.x
  • Tesch, F.W. (1977). The eel: biology and management of Anguillid eels. Chapman & Hall, London, 408pp.
  • Wariaghli, F., & Yahyaoui, A. (2018). Anguillicoloides crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) infection in eels in Moroccan estuaries. AACL Bioflux 11(1), 194-202.

Gediz Deltası (Ege Denizi)’ndan avlanan Avrupa yılanbalığında (Anguilla anguilla) yüzme kesesi paraziti Anguillicoloides crassus enfeksiyonu

Year 2023, Volume: 40 Issue: 1, 15 - 19, 15.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.02

Abstract



Gediz Deltası'ndan (İzmir Körfezi, Ege Denizi) Ekim 2015-Eylül 2016 tarihleri arasında Avrupa yılan balıkları (776 balık, ortalama boy 547±91 mm, ortalama ağırlık 340±198 g) aylık olarak temin edilmiştir. Parazitli 52 balığın yüzme keselerinden toplam 263 nematod (Anguillicoloides crassus) izole edilmiştir. Parazitolojik indeksler nispeten düşük bulunmuştur. Görülme sıklığı; %6,7 ve ortalama yoğunluk 5,05 olarak belirlenmiştir. A. crassus bolluğu da örneklenen tüm yılan balıklarında 0,33 olarak hesaplanmıştır.



References

  • Abdelmonem, A.A., Metwally, M.M., & Hussein, H.S. (2009). Pathological studies on some parasitic diseases of eel (Anguilla anguilla). Egyptian Journal of Comparative Pathology and Clinical Pathology. 22(3), 96-113.
  • Aly, S.G., El-Nobi G. Ahmed, & El-Dosoky, A.El-Sayed (2007). Occurrence of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculidae) a parasite of European Eel (Anguilla anguilla) in Egypt. Zagazig Veterinary Journal, 35(3), 104-114.
  • Aydın, G.Ş., Salman, A., Oral, R., Şimsek, K. & Koçbaş, F. (2017). Some heavy metal levels of water and sediments from North drainage channels and Lagoon areas (Homa and Kırdeniz) of Gediz Delta (Izmir Bay). XIII. Ecology and Environment Congress 2017 (p. 338) Edirne, TURKİYE: Proceedings Book.
  • Bakaria, F., Belhaoues, S., Djebbari, N., Tahri, M., Ladjama, I., & Bensaad, L. (2018). Metazoan Parasites and Health State of European Eel, Anguilla anguilla (Anguilliformes, Anguillidae), from Tonga Lake and El Mellah Lagoon in the Northeast of Algeria. Vestnik Zoologii, 52(4), 279–288. https://doi.org/10.2478/vzoo-2018-0029
  • Bilecenoğlu, M., Kaya, M., Cihangir, B., & Çiçek, E. (2014). An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 38(6), 901-929. https://doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1405-60
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D, Lotz, J.M. & Shostak, A.W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83(4), 575-583. PMid:9267395. https://doi.org/10.2307/3284227
  • Cakić, D.P., Stojanovski, S., Kulišić, Z., Hristovski, N., & Lenhardt, M. (2002). Pojava Anguillicola crassus, nematoda: Dracunculoidea, kod jegulje iz Ohridskog jezera, Makedonija. Acta Veterinaria, 52, 163-168. https://doi.org/10.2298/AVB0203163C
  • Çolak, S.Ö., Soylu, E., Erdoğan, F., & Erdoğan, M. (2012). Metazoan parasites of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) from the Köyceğiz Dalyan Estuarine channel system, Turkey. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 32(5), 159-163.
  • De Charleroy, D., Grisez, L., Thomas, K., Belpaire, C., & Ollevier, F. (1990). The life cycle of Anguillicola crassus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 8(2), 77–84. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao008077
  • Durif, C.M.F., Gjosaeter, J., & Vollestad, L.A. (2011). Influence of oceanic factors on Anguilla anguilla (L.) over the twentieth century in coastal habitats of the Skagerrak, southern Norway. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 278, 464–473. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1547
  • El-Hilali, M., Yahyaoui, A., Sadak, A., Maachi, M., & Taghy, Z. (1996). Premières données épidémiologiques sur l’anguillicolose au Maroc. Bulletin Français de la pêche et de la pisciculture, 340, 57-60. https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae:1996005
  • Genç, E., Şahan, A., Altun, T., Cengizler, I., & Nevsat, E. (2005). Occurrence of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculoidea) in European eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Ceyhan River, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 661-663.
  • Genç, E., Sangun, M.K., Dural, M., Can, M.F., & Altunhan, C. (2008). Elements Concentrations in the Swimbladder Parasite Anguillicola crassus Nematoda and Its Host the European Eel, Anguilla anguilla from Asi River (Hatay/Turkey). Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 141, 59-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9878-9
  • Giari, L., Castaldelli, G., Gavioli, A., Lanzoni, M., & Fano, E.A. (2021). Long-term ecological analysis of Anguillicola crassus occurrence and impact on the European eel population in a Mediterranean lagoon (North Italy). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 249, 107117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.107117
  • Gürkan, Ş., Taylan, B., & Taşkavak, E. (2022). Determination of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda, Dracunculoidea) in the European Eel, Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) from the locality Çamalti Tuzla of Izmir Bay, Eastern Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 10(2), 276-279. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v10i2.276-279.4717
  • Hafir-Mansouri, D., Kadji-Djoudad, H., Ramdane, Z., Trilles, J.P., & Amara, R. (2018). Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi & Hagaki, 1974) infecting the European eel in Algeria. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59, 19-24. https://doi.org/10.21411/CBM.A.62B9C0DE
  • Hizem-Hebbechi, B., Kraiem, M.M., & Elie, P. (2012). Etude de la contamination de l’anguille européenne (Anguilla anguilla L. 1758) par Anguillicoloides crassus dans quelques hydrosystèmes de la Tunisie septentrionale: analyse de son impact sur les paramètres de croissance. Cybium, 36, 417-433
  • İnnal, D., Özmen, O., & Genç, E. (2019). Infection of European eel, Anguilla anguilla with the nematode Anguillicoloides crassus from some estuarine systems in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 19, 899–905. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v19_11_01
  • Kantzoura, V., Sapounidis, A., Kouam, M.K., Kolygas, M.N., Krey, G., & Koutrakis, E. (2021). Anguillicola (Anguillicoides) crassus: Morphometric characteristics and pathogenicity in eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Greece. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 25, 100586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2021.100586
  • Kirk, R.S., Lewis, J.W., & Kennedy, C.R. (2000a). Survival and transmission of Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi & Itagaki, 1974 (Nematoda) in seawater eels. Parasitology,120, 289–295. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0031182099005399
  • Kirk, R.S, Kennedy, C.R., & Lewis, J.W. (2000b). Effect of salinity on hatching, survival and infectivity of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) larvae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 40, 211–218. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao040211
  • Kirk, R.S. (2003). The impact of Anguillicola crassus on European eels. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 10, 385–394. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2003.00355.x
  • Koyuncu, C.E., Kaya, D., Özer, S., Barış, M., & Genç, E. (2017). Infection status of Anguillicoloides crassus in wild European eels (Anguilla anguilla) from Four Rivers of the Northeast Mediterranean Region, Turkey. Acta Biologica Turcica, 30(4), 152-156.
  • Lefebvre, F., Fazio, G., Mounaix, B., & Crivelli, AJ. (2013). Is the continental life of the European eel Anguilla anguilla affected by the parasitic invader Anguillicoloides crassus? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280, 20122916. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2916
  • Loukili, A., & Belghyti, D. (2007). The dynamics of the nematode Anguillicola crassus, Kuvahara 1974 in eel Anguilla anguilla (L. 1758) in the Sebou estuary (Morocco). Parasitology Research. 100, 683–686. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-006-0349-y
  • Macnamara, R., Koutrakis, E.T., Saounidis, A., Lachouvaris, D., Arapoglou, F., & McCarthy, T.K. (2014). Reproductive potential of silver European eels (Anguilla anguilla) migrating from Vistonis Lake (Northern Aegean Sea, Greece). Mediterranean Marine Science, 15, 539-544. https://doi.org/10.12681/MMS.614
  • Mayo-Hernandez, E., Penalver, J., Garcıa-Ayala, A., Serrano, E., Munoz, P., & Ruiz de Ybanez, R. (2015). Richness and diversity of helminth species in eels from a hypersaline coastal lagoon, Mar Menor, south-east Spain. Journal of Helminthology, 89, 345–351. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X14000145
  • Moravec, F., & Taraschewski, H. (1988). Revision of the Genus Anguillicola-yamaguti, 1935 (Nematoda, Anguillicolidae) of the Swimbladder of eels, including descriptions of 2 new species, Anguillicola-novaezelandiae sp-n and Anguillicola-papernai sp-n. Folia Parasitologica. 35, 125-46. PMID: 3169643
  • Moriarty, C., & Dekker, W. (1997). Management of the European eel. Fisheries Bulletin (Dublin), 15, 110 pp.
  • Oudjane, F. (2021). Parasitic infection by the nematode Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974) in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces Anguilliidae) of Lake Oubeïra (eastern Algeria). Biodiversity Journal, 12 (1), 255–260. https://doi.org/10.31396/Biodiv.Jour.2021.12.1.255.260
  • Palstra, A.P., Heppener, D.F.M., Van Ginneken, V.J.T., Székely, C., & van den Thillart, G.E.E.J.M. (2007). Swimming performance of silver eels is severely impaired by the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 352, 244-256.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2007.08.003
  • Quadroni, S., Galassi, S., Capoccioni, F., Ciccotti, E., Grandi, G., De Leo, G.A., & Bettinetti, R. (2013). Contamination, parasitism and condition of Anguilla anguilla in three Italian stocks. Ecotoxicology 22, 94–108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-012-1006-0
  • Rolbiecki, L. (2008). New data on the biology of the introduced exotic nematode Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974 in the eel Anguilla anguilla in Lake Wdzydze (Polish waters). Oceanological & Hydrobiological Studies, 37(3), 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10009-008-0006-0
  • Rouag-Laouira, L. (2012). Rythme alimentaire, embonpoint et parasitisme à Anguillicola crassus (Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974) chez l’anguille européenne Anguilla Anguilla (L. 1758) de l’Oued El Kébir (Wilaya de Skikda), Mémoire de Magister, Université d’Annaba, 102 pp.
  • Sauvaget, B., Fatin, D., & Briand, C. (2003). Contamination par Anguillicola crassus de cinq populations d’anguilles (Anguilla anguilla) du littoral de Bretagne sud (France). Bulletin français de la pêche et de la pisciculture. 368, 21–26. https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae:2003033
  • Sjöberg, N.B., Petersson, E., Wickström, H., & Hansson, S. (2009). Effects of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicola crassus on the migration of European silver eels Anguilla anguilla in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 74, 2158–2170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02296.x
  • Tesch, F.W. (1977). The eel: biology and management of Anguillid eels. Chapman & Hall, London, 408pp.
  • Wariaghli, F., & Yahyaoui, A. (2018). Anguillicoloides crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) infection in eels in Moroccan estuaries. AACL Bioflux 11(1), 194-202.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Hydrobiology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

M. Alp SALMAN 0000-0002-2853-6507

Project Number TÜBİTAK project of 115Y399
Publication Date March 15, 2023
Submission Date October 6, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 40 Issue: 1

Cite

APA SALMAN, M. A. (2023). Infection of the swim bladder parasite Anguillicoloides crassus in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) caught from the Gediz Delta (Aegean Sea). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 40(1), 15-19. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.02